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Identification
NameZaleplon
Accession NumberDB00962  (APRD00411)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved, Illicit, Investigational
Description

Zaleplon is a sedative/hypnotic, mainly used for insomnia. It is known as a nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic. Zaleplon interacts with the GABA receptor complex and shares some of the pharmacological properties of the benzodiazepines. Zaleplon is a schedule IV drug in the United States.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymLanguageCode
3'-(3-Cyanopyrazolo(1,5-a)pyrimidin-7-yl)-N-ethylacetanilideNot AvailableNot Available
Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralRebel Distributors Corp.2008-05-01Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralRebel Distributors Corp.2008-05-01Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralLake Erie Medical & Surgical Supply DBA Quality Care Products LLC2011-12-05Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Sonatacapsule10 mgoralPhysicians Total Care, Inc.2004-04-01Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Sonatacapsule5 mgoralPhysicians Total Care, Inc.2007-09-05Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Sonatacapsule5 mgoralPfizer Laboratories Div Pfizer Inc1999-08-13Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Sonatacapsule10 mgoralPfizer Laboratories Div Pfizer Inc1999-08-13Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralbryant ranch prepack2008-05-01Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Generic Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralRoxane Laboratories, Inc2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralRoxane Laboratories, Inc2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralTeva Pharmaceuticals USA Inc2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralTeva Pharmaceuticals USA Inc2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralMylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralMylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule, gelatin coated5 mgoralUpsher Smith Laboratories, Inc.2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule, gelatin coated10 mgoralUpsher Smith Laboratories, Inc.2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralNorthstar Rx LLC2010-06-23Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralNorthstar Rx LLC2010-06-23Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralUnichem Pharmaceuticals (USA), Inc.2009-05-05Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralUnichem Pharmaceuticals (USA), Inc.2009-05-05Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralAidarex Pharmaceuticals LLC2009-05-05Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralAidarex Pharmaceuticals LLC2009-05-05Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralLake Erie Medical & Surgical Supply DBA Quality Care Products LLC2009-05-05Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralRebel Distributors Corp2009-05-05Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralRebel Distributors Corp2009-05-05Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralRebel Distributors Corp2009-05-05Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralPd Rx Pharmaceuticals, Inc.2011-12-02Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralPd Rx Pharmaceuticals, Inc.2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralA S Medication Solutions Llc2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralUnit Dose Services2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralH.J. Harkins Company, Inc.2010-12-15Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralA S Medication Solutions Llc2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralPhysicians Total Care, Inc.2008-06-19Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralPhysicians Total Care, Inc.2008-06-19Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralSt Marys Medical Park Pharmacy2010-12-15Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralDIRECT RX2014-01-01Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralbryant ranch prepack2009-05-05Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralAurobindo Pharma Limited2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralAurobindo Pharma Limited2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralDispensing Solutions, Inc.2008-06-06Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule5 mgoralAscend Laboratories, LLC2010-12-15Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Zaleploncapsule10 mgoralAscend Laboratories, LLC2010-12-15Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
International Brands
NameCompany
ZalaplonNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Categories
CAS number151319-34-5
WeightAverage: 305.3339
Monoisotopic: 305.127660127
Chemical FormulaC17H15N5O
InChI KeyHUNXMJYCHXQEGX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C17H15N5O/c1-3-21(12(2)23)15-6-4-5-13(9-15)16-7-8-19-17-14(10-18)11-20-22(16)17/h4-9,11H,3H2,1-2H3
IUPAC Name
N-(3-{3-cyanopyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidin-7-yl}phenyl)-N-ethylacetamide
SMILES
CCN(C(C)=O)C1=CC=CC(=C1)C1=CC=NC2=C(C=NN12)C#N
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenylpyrimidines. These are polycyclic aromatic compounds containing a benzene ring linked to a pyrimidine ring through a CC or CN bond. Pyrimidine is a 6-membered ring consisting of four carbon atoms and two nitrogen centers at the 1- and 3- ring positions.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassDiazines
Sub ClassPyrimidines and pyrimidine derivatives
Direct ParentPhenylpyrimidines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 4-phenylpyrimidine
  • Acetanilide
  • Pyrazolopyrimidine
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Acetamide
  • Tertiary carboxylic acid amide
  • Pyrazole
  • Azole
  • Tertiary amine
  • Carboxamide group
  • Azacycle
  • Nitrile
  • Carbonitrile
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Pharmacology
IndicationFor the treatment of short-term treatment of insomnia in adults.
PharmacodynamicsZaleplon is a nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic from the pyrazolopyrimidine class and is indicated for the short-term treatment of insomnia. While Zaleplon is a hypnotic agent with a chemical structure unrelated to benzodiazepines, barbiturates, or other drugs with known hypnotic properties, it interacts with the gamma-aminobutyric acid-benzodiazepine (GABABZ) receptor complex. Subunit modulation of the GABABZ receptor chloride channel macromolecular complex is hypothesized to be responsible for some of the pharmacological properties of benzodiazepines, which include sedative, anxiolytic, muscle relaxant, and anticonvulsive effects in animal models. Zaleplon also binds selectively to the CNS GABAA-receptor chloride ionophore complex at benzodiazepine(BZ) omega-1 (BZ1, ο1) receptors.
Mechanism of actionZaleplon exerts its action through subunit modulation of the GABABZ receptor chloride channel macromolecular complex. Zaleplon also binds selectively to the brain omega-1 receptor located on the alpha subunit of the GABA-A/chloride ion channel receptor complex and potentiates t-butyl-bicyclophosphorothionate (TBPS) binding.
AbsorptionAbsorption Zaleplon is rapidly and almost completely absorbed following oral administration.
Volume of distribution
  • 1.4 L/kg
Protein bindingApproximately 60% (in vitro plasma protein binding).
Metabolism

Zaleplon is primarily metabolized by aldehyde oxidase.

SubstrateEnzymesProduct
Zaleplon
desethylzaleplonDetails
Route of eliminationZaleplon is metabolized primarily by the liver and undergoes significant presystemic metabolism. After oral administration, zaleplon is extensively metabolized, with less than 1% of the dose excreted unchanged in urine. Renal excretion of unchanged zaleplon accounts for less than 1% of the administered dose.
Half lifeApproximately 1 hour
Clearance
  • 1 L/h/kg
ToxicitySide effects include abdominal pain, amnesia, dizziness, drowsiness, eye pain, headache, memory loss, menstrual pain, nausea, sleepiness, tingling, weakness
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+1.0
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9751
Caco-2 permeable+0.5973
P-glycoprotein substrateNon-substrate0.6094
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.5232
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IIInhibitor0.8239
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.745
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.8607
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.8551
CYP450 3A4 substrateSubstrate0.6341
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.5
CYP450 2C9 substrateInhibitor0.5986
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9507
CYP450 2C19 substrateNon-inhibitor0.5238
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-inhibitor0.8396
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityHigh CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.7673
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.5372
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.6481
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable1.0
Rat acute toxicity2.6277 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9806
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.8931
Pharmacoeconomics
Manufacturers
  • King pharmaceuticals research and development inc sub king pharmaceuticals inc
  • Aurobindo pharma ltd
  • Cipla ltd
  • Mylan pharmaceuticals inc
  • Orchid healthcare div orchid chemicals and pharmaceuticals ltd
  • Roxane laboratories inc
  • Sandoz inc
  • Teva pharmaceuticals usa
  • Unichem laboratories ltd
  • Upsher smith laboratories inc
  • West ward pharmaceutical corp
Packagers
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
Capsuleoral10 mg
Capsuleoral5 mg
Capsule, gelatin coatedoral10 mg
Capsule, gelatin coatedoral5 mg
Prices
Unit descriptionCostUnit
Sonata 10 mg capsule6.83USD capsule
Sonata 5 mg capsule5.26USD capsule
Zaleplon 5 mg capsule2.13USD capsule
Zaleplon 10 mg capsule2.09USD capsule
DrugBank does not sell nor buy drugs. Pricing information is supplied for informational purposes only.
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point157-159 °CNot Available
logP0.9Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0403 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2ALOGPS
logP1.53ChemAxon
logS-3.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)0.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area74.29 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity97.24 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability32.09 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
SpectraMS
References
Synthesis Reference

Farhan Aslam, “Polymorphs of zaleplon and methods for the preparation thereof.” U.S. Patent US20020072527, issued June 13, 2002.

US20020072527
General Reference
  1. Dundar Y, Dodd S, Strobl J, Boland A, Dickson R, Walley T: Comparative efficacy of newer hypnotic drugs for the short-term management of insomnia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hum Psychopharmacol. 2004 Jul;19(5):305-22. Pubmed
  2. Noguchi H, Kitazumi K, Mori M, Shiba T: Electroencephalographic properties of zaleplon, a non-benzodiazepine sedative/hypnotic, in rats. J Pharmacol Sci. 2004 Mar;94(3):246-51. Pubmed
  3. Ramakrishnan K, Scheid DC: Treatment options for insomnia. Am Fam Physician. 2007 Aug 15;76(4):517-26. Pubmed
  4. Barbera J, Shapiro C: Benefit-risk assessment of zaleplon in the treatment of insomnia. Drug Saf. 2005;28(4):301-18. Pubmed
  5. Dooley M, Plosker GL: Zaleplon: a review of its use in the treatment of insomnia. Drugs. 2000 Aug;60(2):413-45. Pubmed
  6. Holm KJ, Goa KL: Zolpidem: an update of its pharmacology, therapeutic efficacy and tolerability in the treatment of insomnia. Drugs. 2000 Apr;59(4):865-89. Pubmed
  7. Patat A, Paty I, Hindmarch I: Pharmacodynamic profile of Zaleplon, a new non-benzodiazepine hypnotic agent. Hum Psychopharmacol. 2001 Jul;16(5):369-392. Pubmed
External Links
ATC CodesN05CF03
AHFS Codes
  • 28:24.92
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelDownload (66.1 KB)
MSDSDownload (57.6 KB)
Interactions
Drug Interactions
Drug
BuprenorphineCNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Buprenorphine.
CimetidineCimetidine may decrease the metabolism of Zaleplon.
DoxylamineMay enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants.
DronabinolMay enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants.
DroperidolMay enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants.
FlumazenilMay diminish the sedative effect of Hypnotics (Nonbenzodiazepine).
HydrocodoneCNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Hydrocodone.
HydroxyzineMay enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants.
Magnesium SulfateMay enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants.
MethotrimeprazineCNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Methotrimeprazine. Methotrimeprazine may enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants.
MetyrosineCNS Depressants may enhance the sedative effect of Metyrosine.
MirtazapineCNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Mirtazapine.
NabiloneMay enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants.
OrphenadrineCNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Orphenadrine.
PerampanelMay enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants.
PramipexoleCNS Depressants may enhance the sedative effect of Pramipexole.
RifampicinRifamycin Derivatives may increase the metabolism of Zaleplon.
RifapentineRifamycin Derivatives may increase the metabolism of Zaleplon.
RopiniroleCNS Depressants may enhance the sedative effect of ROPINIRole.
RotigotineCNS Depressants may enhance the sedative effect of Rotigotine.
RufinamideMay enhance the adverse/toxic effect of CNS Depressants. Specifically, sleepiness and dizziness may be enhanced.
SuvorexantCNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Suvorexant.
TapentadolMay enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants.
ThalidomideCNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Thalidomide.
ZolpidemCNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Zolpidem.
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

1. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1 P14867 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed
  3. Patat A, Paty I, Hindmarch I: Pharmacodynamic profile of Zaleplon, a new non-benzodiazepine hypnotic agent. Hum Psychopharmacol. 2001 Jul;16(5):369-392. Pubmed
  4. Barbera J, Shapiro C: Benefit-risk assessment of zaleplon in the treatment of insomnia. Drug Saf. 2005;28(4):301-18. Pubmed
  5. Sanger DJ, Griebel G, Perrault G, Claustre Y, Schoemaker H: Discriminative stimulus effects of drugs acting at GABA receptors: differential profiles and receptor selectivity. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1999 Oct;64(2):269-73. Pubmed
  6. Terzano MG, Rossi M, Palomba V, Smerieri A, Parrino L: New drugs for insomnia: comparative tolerability of zopiclone, zolpidem and zaleplon. Drug Saf. 2003;26(4):261-82. Pubmed

2. Translocator protein

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: other

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Translocator protein P30536 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

Enzymes

1. Cytochrome P450 3A4

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 3A4 P08684 Details

References:

  1. Flockhart DA. Drug Interactions: Cytochrome P450 Drug Interaction Table. Indiana University School of Medicine (2007). Accessed May 28, 2010.
  2. Williams DA, Foye WO, Lemke TL. Foye’s principles of medicinal chemistry. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.
  3. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

2. Cytochrome P450 3A5

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 3A5 P20815 Details

References:

  1. Flockhart DA. Drug Interactions: Cytochrome P450 Drug Interaction Table. Indiana University School of Medicine (2007). Accessed May 28, 2010.

3. Cytochrome P450 3A7

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 3A7 P24462 Details

References:

  1. Flockhart DA. Drug Interactions: Cytochrome P450 Drug Interaction Table. Indiana University School of Medicine (2007). Accessed May 28, 2010.

4. Aldehyde oxidase

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Aldehyde oxidase Q06278 Details

References:

  1. Lake BG, Ball SE, Kao J, Renwick AB, Price RJ, Scatina JA: Metabolism of zaleplon by human liver: evidence for involvement of aldehyde oxidase. Xenobiotica. 2002 Oct;32(10):835-47. Pubmed
  2. Obach RS: Potent inhibition of human liver aldehyde oxidase by raloxifene. Drug Metab Dispos. 2004 Jan;32(1):89-97. Pubmed

Comments
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Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on September 16, 2013 17:12