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Identification
NameFludiazepam
Accession NumberDB01567
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved, Illicit
Description

Fludiazepam is a drug which is a benzodiazepine derivative. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. It is a scheduled drug in the U.S., but is approved for use in Japan.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
7-chloro-5-(O-Fluorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one
Erispan
Fludiazepamum
External Identifiers Not Available
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International Brands
NameCompany
ErispanSumitomo
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Categories
UNII7F64A2K16Z
CAS number3900-31-0
WeightAverage: 302.731
Monoisotopic: 302.062218928
Chemical FormulaC16H12ClFN2O
InChI KeyInChIKey=ROYOYTLGDLIGBX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C16H12ClFN2O/c1-20-14-7-6-10(17)8-12(14)16(19-9-15(20)21)11-4-2-3-5-13(11)18/h2-8H,9H2,1H3
IUPAC Name
7-chloro-5-(2-fluorophenyl)-1-methyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one
SMILES
CN1C2=C(C=C(Cl)C=C2)C(=NCC1=O)C1=CC=CC=C1F
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1,4-benzodiazepines. These are organic compounds containing a benzene ring fused to a 1,4-azepine.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassBenzodiazepines
Sub Class1,4-benzodiazepines
Direct Parent1,4-benzodiazepines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 1,4-benzodiazepine
  • Halobenzene
  • Fluorobenzene
  • Chlorobenzene
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Aryl halide
  • Aryl fluoride
  • Aryl chloride
  • Tertiary carboxylic acid amide
  • Tertiary amine
  • Lactam
  • Ketimine
  • Carboxamide group
  • Azacycle
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organofluoride
  • Organochloride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Imine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Pharmacology
IndicationUsed for the short-term treatment of anxiety disorders.
PharmacodynamicsFludiazepam is a benzodiazepine derivative. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. Fludiazepam accumulates primarily in the cortex and thalamus.
Mechanism of actionFludiazepam has similar action to diazepam, but binds with four times more affinity to benzodiazepine receptors than diazepam.
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
Metabolism

Hepatic.

Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicitySymptoms of overdose include drowsiness, weakness, nausea, dizziness, abdominal pain, cerebral oedema and renal tubular necrosis, hyperglycaemia and hypoglycaemia, liver damage, encephalopathy, coma and death.
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+1.0
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9946
Caco-2 permeable+0.8567
P-glycoprotein substrateSubstrate0.6618
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IInhibitor0.5293
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.8532
Renal organic cation transporterInhibitor0.592
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.6724
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.9087
CYP450 3A4 substrateSubstrate0.8081
CYP450 1A2 substrateInhibitor0.7925
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.5446
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8884
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorInhibitor0.5598
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorInhibitor0.5153
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityHigh CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.5827
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.8792
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.817
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable1.0
Rat acute toxicity2.2719 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9953
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.8236
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point218.5-219Yamamato, H., Inaba, S.,Okamoto, T., Hirohashi, T., Ishizumi, K., Yamamoto, M., Maruyama, l., Mori, K. and Kobayashi, T.; U.S. Patents 3,723,461; March 27, 1973; 3,828,027; August 6, 1974 and 3,925,364; December 9, 1975; all assigned to Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd.
logP2.75HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0144 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.83ALOGPS
logP3.22ChemAxon
logS-4.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)1.89ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area32.67 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity80.03 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability29.45 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0uk9-2794000000-6f1a3e2e0783b2069f2fView in MoNA
References
Synthesis Reference

Yamamato, H., Inaba, S.,Okamoto, T., Hirohashi, T., Ishizumi, K., Yamamoto, M., Maruyama, l., Mori, K. and Kobayashi, T.; U.S. Patents 3,723,461; March 27, 1973; 3,828,027; August 6, 1974 and 3,925,364; December 9, 1975; all assigned to Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd.

General References
  1. Ishiwata K, Yanai K, Ido T, Miura-Kanno Y, Kawashima K: Synthesis and biodistribution of [11C]fludiazepam for imaging benzodiazepine receptors. Int J Rad Appl Instrum B. 1988;15(4):365-71. [PubMed:2855634 ]
  2. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
External Links
ATC CodesN05BA17
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug Interactions
Drug
AminophyllineThe therapeutic efficacy of Fludiazepam can be decreased when used in combination with Aminophylline.
ClozapineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Fludiazepam is combined with Clozapine.
DyphyllineThe therapeutic efficacy of Fludiazepam can be decreased when used in combination with Dyphylline.
FosphenytoinThe serum concentration of Fosphenytoin can be increased when it is combined with Fludiazepam.
Gamma Hydroxybutyric AcidFludiazepam may increase the central nervous system depressant (CNS depressant) activities of Gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid.
MethadoneFludiazepam may increase the central nervous system depressant (CNS depressant) activities of Methadone.
OlanzapineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Olanzapine is combined with Fludiazepam.
PhenytoinThe serum concentration of Phenytoin can be increased when it is combined with Fludiazepam.
Sodium oxybateFludiazepam may increase the central nervous system depressant (CNS depressant) activities of Sodium oxybate.
TeduglutideThe serum concentration of Fludiazepam can be increased when it is combined with Teduglutide.
TheophyllineThe therapeutic efficacy of Fludiazepam can be decreased when used in combination with Theophylline.
Food Interactions
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Avoid excessive quantities of coffee or tea (Caffeine).
  • Avoid taking with grapefruit juice.

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Inhibitory extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity
Specific Function:
Component of the heteropentameric receptor for GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain. Functions also as histamine receptor and mediates cellular responses to histamine. Functions as receptor for diazepines and various anesthetics, such as pentobarbital; these are bound at a separate allosteric effector binding site. Functions as ligand-gated chloride channel (By si...
Gene Name:
GABRA1
Uniprot ID:
P14867
Molecular Weight:
51801.395 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Inhibitory extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity
Specific Function:
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel.
Gene Name:
GABRA2
Uniprot ID:
P47869
Molecular Weight:
51325.85 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Inhibitory extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity
Specific Function:
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel.
Gene Name:
GABRA3
Uniprot ID:
P34903
Molecular Weight:
55164.055 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Transporter activity
Specific Function:
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel.
Gene Name:
GABRA5
Uniprot ID:
P31644
Molecular Weight:
52145.645 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Inhibitory extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity
Specific Function:
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel.
Gene Name:
GABRG1
Uniprot ID:
Q8N1C3
Molecular Weight:
53594.49 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Inhibitory extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity
Specific Function:
Component of the heteropentameric receptor for GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain. Functions also as histamine receptor and mediates cellular responses to histamine. Functions as receptor for diazepines and various anesthetics, such as pentobarbital; these are bound at a separate allosteric effector binding site. Functions as ligand-gated chloride channel.
Gene Name:
GABRG2
Uniprot ID:
P18507
Molecular Weight:
54161.78 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Inhibitory extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity
Specific Function:
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel.
Gene Name:
GABRG3
Uniprot ID:
Q99928
Molecular Weight:
54288.16 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Ligand-gated ion channel activity
Specific Function:
Component of the heteropentameric receptor for GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain. Functions also as histamine receptor and mediates cellular responses to histamine. Functions as receptor for diazepines and various anesthetics, such as pentobarbital; these are bound at a separate allosteric effector binding site. Functions as ligand-gated chloride channel (By si...
Gene Name:
GABRB1
Uniprot ID:
P18505
Molecular Weight:
54234.085 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Inhibitory extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity
Specific Function:
Component of the heteropentameric receptor for GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain. Functions also as histamine receptor and mediates cellular responses to histamine. Functions as receptor for diazepines and various anesthetics, such as pentobarbital; these are bound at a separate allosteric effector binding site. Functions as ligand-gated chloride channel.
Gene Name:
GABRB2
Uniprot ID:
P47870
Molecular Weight:
59149.895 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Gaba-gated chloride ion channel activity
Specific Function:
Component of the heteropentameric receptor for GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain. Functions also as histamine receptor and mediates cellular responses to histamine. Functions as receptor for diazepines and various anesthetics, such as pentobarbital; these are bound at a separate allosteric effector binding site. Functions as ligand-gated chloride channel.
Gene Name:
GABRB3
Uniprot ID:
P28472
Molecular Weight:
54115.04 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Gaba-a receptor activity
Specific Function:
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel.
Gene Name:
GABRD
Uniprot ID:
O14764
Molecular Weight:
50707.835 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Inhibitory extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity
Specific Function:
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel.
Gene Name:
GABRE
Uniprot ID:
P78334
Molecular Weight:
57971.175 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Gaba-a receptor activity
Specific Function:
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel. In the uterus, the function of the receptor appears to be related to tissue contractility. The binding of this pI subunit with other GABA(A) receptor subunits alters the sensitivity of recombinant receptors to ...
Gene Name:
GABRP
Uniprot ID:
O00591
Molecular Weight:
50639.735 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Gaba-a receptor activity
Specific Function:
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel. Rho-1 GABA receptor could play a role in retinal neurotransmission.
Gene Name:
GABRR1
Uniprot ID:
P24046
Molecular Weight:
55882.91 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Gaba-a receptor activity
Specific Function:
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel. Rho-2 GABA receptor could play a role in retinal neurotransmission.
Gene Name:
GABRR2
Uniprot ID:
P28476
Molecular Weight:
54150.41 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
potentiator
General Function:
Gaba-a receptor activity
Specific Function:
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel.
Gene Name:
GABRR3
Uniprot ID:
A8MPY1
Molecular Weight:
54271.1 Da
References
  1. Nakatsuka I, Shimizu H, Asami Y, Katoh T, Hirose A, Yoshitake A: Benzodiazepines and their metabolites: relationship between binding affinity to the benzodiazepine receptor and pharmacological activity. Life Sci. 1985 Jan 14;36(2):113-9. [PubMed:2857046 ]
Comments
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Drug created on July 31, 2007 07:10 / Updated on August 17, 2016 12:23