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Identification
NameCinolazepam
Accession NumberDB01594
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved
Description

Cinolazepam is a benzodiazepine derivative. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. Cinolazepam is not approved for sale in the United States or Canada.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymLanguageCode
1-(2-Cyanoethyl)-7-chloro-3-hydroxy-5-(2'-fluorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-oneNot AvailableNot Available
7-chloro-5-(2-Fluorophenyl)-2,3-dihydro-3-hydroxy-2-oxo-1H-1,4-benzodiazepine-1-propanenitrileNot AvailableNot Available
7-chloro-5-(O-Fluorophenyl)-2,3-dihydro-3-hydroxy-2-oxo-1H-1,4-benzodiazepine-1-propionitrileNot AvailableNot Available
CinolazepamumLatinINN
Prescription ProductsNot Available
Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
International Brands
NameCompany
GerodormNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Categories
CAS number75696-02-5
WeightAverage: 357.766
Monoisotopic: 357.068032587
Chemical FormulaC18H13ClFN3O2
InChI KeyXAXMYHMKTCNRRZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C18H13ClFN3O2/c19-11-6-7-15-13(10-11)16(12-4-1-2-5-14(12)20)22-17(24)18(25)23(15)9-3-8-21/h1-2,4-7,10,17,24H,3,9H2
IUPAC Name
3-[7-chloro-5-(2-fluorophenyl)-3-hydroxy-2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-1,4-benzodiazepin-1-yl]propanenitrile
SMILES
OC1N=C(C2=CC=CC=C2F)C2=C(C=CC(Cl)=C2)N(CCC#N)C1=O
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1,4-benzodiazepines. These are organic compounds containing a benzene ring fused to a 1,4-azepine.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassBenzodiazepines
Sub Class1,4-benzodiazepines
Direct Parent1,4-benzodiazepines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 1,4-benzodiazepine
  • Halobenzene
  • Fluorobenzene
  • Chlorobenzene
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Aryl halide
  • Aryl fluoride
  • Aryl chloride
  • Tertiary carboxylic acid amide
  • Tertiary amine
  • Lactam
  • Ketimine
  • Carboxamide group
  • Azacycle
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Nitrile
  • Carbonitrile
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Alkanolamine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organofluoride
  • Organochloride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Imine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Pharmacology
IndicationFor the management of anxiety disorders or for the short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety or anxiety associated with depressive symptoms.
PharmacodynamicsCinolazepam is a drug which is a benzodiazepine derivative. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. Cinolazepam is not approved for sale in the United States or Canada.
Mechanism of actionCinolazepam binds to central benzodiazepine receptors which interact allosterically with GABA receptors. This potentiates the effects of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA, increasing the inhibition of the ascending reticular activating system and blocking the cortical and limbic arousal that occurs following stimulation of the reticular pathways.
AbsorptionBioavailability following oral administration is 90-100%.
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
Metabolism

Hepatic.

Route of eliminationNot Available
Half life9 hours
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityThe onset of impairment of consciousness is relatively rapid in benzodiazepine poisoning. Onset is more rapid following larger doses and with agents of shorter duration of action. The most common and initial symptom is somnolence. This may progress to coma Grade I or Grade II following very large ingestions.
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9872
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9778
Caco-2 permeable+0.5712
P-glycoprotein substrateSubstrate0.5264
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IInhibitor0.7371
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IIInhibitor0.9286
Renal organic cation transporterInhibitor0.5421
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.6806
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.8239
CYP450 3A4 substrateSubstrate0.7105
CYP450 1A2 substrateInhibitor0.6771
CYP450 2C9 substrateInhibitor0.5139
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-inhibitor0.8453
CYP450 2C19 substrateInhibitor0.5565
CYP450 3A4 substrateInhibitor0.6491
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.6814
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.757
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.8621
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable1.0
Rat acute toxicity2.0412 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9948
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.5099
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental PropertiesNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.012 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.42ALOGPS
logP2.7ChemAxon
logS-4.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)10.68ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area76.69 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity90.99 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability34.12 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
SpectraNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesN05CD13
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug Interactions
Drug
AminophyllineTheophylline Derivatives may diminish the therapeutic effect of Benzodiazepines.
ClozapineMay enhance the adverse/toxic effect of CloZAPine.
FosphenytoinMay increase the serum concentration of Fosphenytoin. Short-term exposure to benzodiazepines may not present as much risk as chronic therapy. Exceptions: ALPRAZolam.
Gamma Hydroxybutyric AcidMay enhance the CNS depressant effect of Sodium Oxybate.
MethadoneMay enhance the CNS depressant effect of Methadone.
OlanzapineOLANZapine may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Benzodiazepines.
PhenytoinMay increase the serum concentration of Phenytoin. Short-term exposure to benzodiazepines may not present as much risk as chronic therapy. Exceptions: ALPRAZolam.
TeduglutideTeduglutide may increase the serum concentration of Benzodiazepines.
TheophyllineTheophylline Derivatives may diminish the therapeutic effect of Benzodiazepines.
Food Interactions
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Avoid excessive quantities of coffee or tea (Caffeine).
  • Take with food.

Targets

1. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1 P14867 Details

References:

  1. Amin J, Brooks-Kayal A, Weiss DS: Two tyrosine residues on the alpha subunit are crucial for benzodiazepine binding and allosteric modulation of gamma-aminobutyric acidA receptors. Mol Pharmacol. 1997 May;51(5):833-41. Pubmed

2. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2 P47869 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

3. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3 P34903 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

4. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5 P31644 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

5. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1 Q8N1C3 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

6. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2 P18507 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

7. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3 Q99928 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

8. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1 P18505 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

9. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2 P47870 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

10. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3 P28472 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

11. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit delta

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit delta O14764 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

12. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilon

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilon P78334 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

13. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pi

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pi O00591 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

14. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1 P24046 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

15. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2 P28476 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

16. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: potentiator

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3 A8MPY1 Details

References:

  1. Walash MI, Belal F, Metwally ME, Hefnawy MM: A selective fluorimetric method for the determination of some 1,4-benzodiazepine drugs containing a hydroxyl group at C-3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1994 Nov;12(11):1417-23. Pubmed

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Drug created on August 29, 2007 11:43 / Updated on September 16, 2013 17:15