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Identification
NameGlutaric Acid
Accession NumberDB03553  (EXPT01668)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsExperimental
DescriptionNot Available
Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
Prescription ProductsNot Available
Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
International BrandsNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
CategoriesNot Available
CAS number110-94-1
WeightAverage: 132.1146
Monoisotopic: 132.042258744
Chemical FormulaC5H8O4
InChI KeyJFCQEDHGNNZCLN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C5H8O4/c6-4(7)2-1-3-5(8)9/h1-3H2,(H,6,7)(H,8,9)
IUPAC Name
pentanedioic acid
SMILES
OC(=O)CCCC(O)=O
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as dicarboxylic acids and derivatives. These are organic compounds containing exactly two carboxylic acid groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassDicarboxylic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentDicarboxylic acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Fatty acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Pharmacology
IndicationNot Available
PharmacodynamicsNot Available
Mechanism of actionNot Available
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
Metabolism
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organismsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.5167
Blood Brain Barrier+0.8713
Caco-2 permeable-0.6629
P-glycoprotein substrateNon-substrate0.734
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.9848
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.9653
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.9436
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.8292
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.9096
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.7522
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.8704
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9683
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9709
CYP450 2C19 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9812
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-inhibitor0.966
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.9931
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.9462
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.8197
BiodegradationReady biodegradable0.9123
Rat acute toxicity1.5523 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9651
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.9751
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point97.8 °CPhysProp
boiling point303 °CPhysProp
water solubility1.6E+006 mg/L (at 28 °C)YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
logP-0.29HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
logS1ADME Research, USCD
pKa4.34 (at 25 °C)KORTUM,G ET AL (1961)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility56.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.25ALOGPS
logP0.046ChemAxon
logS-0.37ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.76ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area74.6 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity28.14 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability12.17 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
SpectraGC-MSMS/MSLC-MSMS1D NMR2D NMR
References
Synthesis Reference

Guiseppe Gigliotti, Jean-Michel Roul, “Process for the preparation of 3-methyl-3-hydroxy-glutaric acid.” U.S. Patent US4467108, issued June, 1980.

US4467108
General ReferenceNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesNot Available
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB Entries
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNot Available
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

1. Aspartate aminotransferase

Kind: protein

Organism: Escherichia coli (strain K12)

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Aspartate aminotransferase P00509 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

2. Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase

Kind: protein

Organism: Escherichia coli (strain K12)

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase P0AB80 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

3. Glutamate decarboxylase alpha

Kind: protein

Organism: Escherichia coli (strain K12)

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Glutamate decarboxylase alpha P69908 Details

Transporters

1. Solute carrier family 22 member 6

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier family 22 member 6 Q4U2R8 Details

References:

  1. Cihlar T, Ho ES: Fluorescence-based assay for the interaction of small molecules with the human renal organic anion transporter 1. Anal Biochem. 2000 Jul 15;283(1):49-55. Pubmed
  2. Lu R, Chan BS, Schuster VL: Cloning of the human kidney PAH transporter: narrow substrate specificity and regulation by protein kinase C. Am J Physiol. 1999 Feb;276(2 Pt 2):F295-303. Pubmed
  3. Uwai Y, Okuda M, Takami K, Hashimoto Y, Inui K: Functional characterization of the rat multispecific organic anion transporter OAT1 mediating basolateral uptake of anionic drugs in the kidney. FEBS Lett. 1998 Nov 6;438(3):321-4. Pubmed
  4. Aslamkhan A, Han YH, Walden R, Sweet DH, Pritchard JB: Stoichiometry of organic anion/dicarboxylate exchange in membrane vesicles from rat renal cortex and hOAT1-expressing cells. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2003 Oct;285(4):F775-83. Epub 2003 Jul 1. Pubmed

2. Solute carrier family 22 member 8

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier family 22 member 8 Q8TCC7 Details

References:

  1. Cha SH, Sekine T, Fukushima JI, Kanai Y, Kobayashi Y, Goya T, Endou H: Identification and characterization of human organic anion transporter 3 expressing predominantly in the kidney. Mol Pharmacol. 2001 May;59(5):1277-86. Pubmed
  2. Bakhiya A, Bahn A, Burckhardt G, Wolff N: Human organic anion transporter 3 (hOAT3) can operate as an exchanger and mediate secretory urate flux. Cell Physiol Biochem. 2003;13(5):249-56. Pubmed
  3. Ohtsuki S, Kikkawa T, Mori S, Hori S, Takanaga H, Otagiri M, Terasaki T: Mouse reduced in osteosclerosis transporter functions as an organic anion transporter 3 and is localized at abluminal membrane of blood-brain barrier. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004 Jun;309(3):1273-81. Epub 2004 Feb 4. Pubmed

3. Solute carrier family 22 member 11

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier family 22 member 11 Q9NSA0 Details

References:

  1. Cha SH, Sekine T, Kusuhara H, Yu E, Kim JY, Kim DK, Sugiyama Y, Kanai Y, Endou H: Molecular cloning and characterization of multispecific organic anion transporter 4 expressed in the placenta. J Biol Chem. 2000 Feb 11;275(6):4507-12. Pubmed

4. Solute carrier family 22 member 7

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier family 22 member 7 Q9Y694 Details

References:

  1. Kobayashi Y, Ohshiro N, Shibusawa A, Sasaki T, Tokuyama S, Sekine T, Endou H, Yamamoto T: Isolation, characterization and differential gene expression of multispecific organic anion transporter 2 in mice. Mol Pharmacol. 2002 Jul;62(1):7-14. Pubmed

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Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on September 16, 2013 17:21