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Identification
NameDefibrotide
Accession NumberDB04932
TypeBiotech
GroupsApproved, Investigational
Description

Defibrotide is the sodium salt of a mixture of single-stranded oligodeoxyribonucleotides derived from porcine mucosal DNA. It has been shown to have antithrombotic, anti-inflammatory and anti-ischemic properties (but without associated significant systemic anticoagulant effects). It is marketed under the brand names Dasovas (FM), Noravid, and Prociclide in a variety of countries. In the USA it is was approved in March, 2016 as Defitelio.

Protein structureNo structure small
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Protein chemical formulaNot Available
Protein average weightNot Available
SequencesNot Available
SynonymsNot Available
External Identifiers Not Available
Approved Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Defitelioinjection, solution80 mg/mLintravenousJazz Pharmaceuticals, Inc.2016-03-30Not applicableUs
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International Brands
NameCompany
DasovasNot Available
NoravidNot Available
ProciclideNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
Salts
Name/CASStructureProperties
Defibrotide sodium
ThumbNot applicableDBSALT001719
Categories
UNII438HCF2X0M
CAS number83712-60-1
Taxonomy
DescriptionNot Available
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassOrganic Acids
ClassCarboxylic Acids and Derivatives
Sub ClassAmino Acids, Peptides, and Analogues
Direct ParentPeptides
Alternative ParentsNot Available
SubstituentsNot Available
Molecular FrameworkNot Available
External DescriptorsNot Available
Pharmacology
IndicationDefibrotide is used to treat or prevent a failure of normal blood flow (occlusive venous disease, OVD) in the liver of patients who have had bone marrow transplants or received certain drugs such as oral estrogens, mercaptopurine, and many others.
PharmacodynamicsDefibrotide is a deoxyribonucleic acid derivative extracted from mammalian organs, which has been developed for the treatment of a number of vascular disorders. It appears to increase fibrinolysis and may possess antithrombotic, antiatherosclerotic and anti-ischaemic actions, probably due to its ability to selectively increase prostaglandin I2 and E2 levels and to increase tissue plasminogen activator and decrease plasminogen activator inhibitor function. Defibrotide is available as an intravenous and intramuscular preparation, and also as an oral formulation for long term use.
Mechanism of actionThe drug appears to prevent the formation of blood clots and to help dissolve blood clots by increasing levels of prostaglandin I2, E2, and prostacyclin, altering platelet activity, increasing tissue plasminogen activator function, and decreasing activity of tissue plasminogen activator inhibitor. Prostaglandin I2 relaxes the smooth muscle of blood vessels and prevents platelets from adhering to each other. Prostaglandin E2 at certain concentrations also inhibits platelet aggregation. Moreover, the drug provides additional beneficial anti-inflammatory and antiischemic activities as recent sudies have shown. It is yet unclear, if the latter effects can be utilized clinically (e.g., treatment of ischemic stroke).
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AbsorptionBioavailability is 58-70% following oral administration, compared to parenteral forms (i.v. and i.m. = 100%).
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifet1/2-alpha = minutes (10-20 minutes in rat); t1/2-beta = a few hours
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
Injection, solutionintravenous80 mg/mL
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental PropertiesNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General References
  1. Noseda G, Fragiacomo C, Ferrari D: Pharmacokinetics of defibrotide in healthy volunteers. Haemostasis. 1986;16 Suppl 1:26-30. [PubMed:3754833 ]
  2. Palmer KJ, Goa KL: Defibrotide. A review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties, and therapeutic use in vascular disorders. Drugs. 1993 Feb;45(2):259-94. [PubMed:7681375 ]
  3. Fisher J, Johnston AM, Holland TK, McCallum J, Pescador R, Mantovani M, Prino G: Pharmacokinetics, absorption, distribution and disposition of [125I]-defibrotide following intravenous or oral administration in the rat. Thromb Res. 1993 Apr 1;70(1):77-90. [PubMed:8511753 ]
  4. Koehl GE, Geissler EK, Iacobelli M, Frei C, Burger V, Haffner S, Holler E, Andreesen R, Schlitt HJ, Eissner G: Defibrotide: an endothelium protecting and stabilizing drug, has an anti-angiogenic potential in vitro and in vivo. Cancer Biol Ther. 2007 May;6(5):686-90. Epub 2007 Feb 3. [PubMed:17495522 ]
  5. Kornblum N, Ayyanar K, Benimetskaya L, Richardson P, Iacobelli M, Stein CA: Defibrotide, a polydisperse mixture of single-stranded phosphodiester oligonucleotides with lifesaving activity in severe hepatic veno-occlusive disease: clinical outcomes and potential mechanisms of action. Oligonucleotides. 2006 Spring;16(1):105-14. [PubMed:16584299 ]
  6. Pescador R, Porta R, Ferro L: An integrated view of the activities of defibrotide. Semin Thromb Hemost. 1996;22 Suppl 1:71-5. [PubMed:8807733 ]
External Links
ATC CodesB01AX01
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNot Available
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Purine nucleoside binding
Specific Function:
Receptor for adenosine. The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins which inhibit adenylyl cyclase.
Gene Name:
ADORA1
Uniprot ID:
P30542
Molecular Weight:
36511.325 Da
References
  1. Bianchi G, Barone D, Lanzarotti E, Tettamanti R, Porta R, Moltrasio D, Cedro A, Salvetti L, Mantovani M, Prino G: Defibrotide, a single-stranded polydeoxyribonucleotide acting as an adenosine receptor agonist. Eur J Pharmacol. 1993 Jul 20;238(2-3):327-34. [PubMed:8405101 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Identical protein binding
Specific Function:
Receptor for adenosine. The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins which activate adenylyl cyclase.
Gene Name:
ADORA2A
Uniprot ID:
P29274
Molecular Weight:
44706.925 Da
References
  1. Bianchi G, Barone D, Lanzarotti E, Tettamanti R, Porta R, Moltrasio D, Cedro A, Salvetti L, Mantovani M, Prino G: Defibrotide, a single-stranded polydeoxyribonucleotide acting as an adenosine receptor agonist. Eur J Pharmacol. 1993 Jul 20;238(2-3):327-34. [PubMed:8405101 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
G-protein coupled adenosine receptor activity
Specific Function:
Receptor for adenosine. The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins which activate adenylyl cyclase.
Gene Name:
ADORA2B
Uniprot ID:
P29275
Molecular Weight:
36332.655 Da
References
  1. Bianchi G, Barone D, Lanzarotti E, Tettamanti R, Porta R, Moltrasio D, Cedro A, Salvetti L, Mantovani M, Prino G: Defibrotide, a single-stranded polydeoxyribonucleotide acting as an adenosine receptor agonist. Eur J Pharmacol. 1993 Jul 20;238(2-3):327-34. [PubMed:8405101 ]
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Drug created on October 21, 2007 16:23 / Updated on March 30, 2016 23:34