You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on DrugBank.
Identification
NameXL765
Accession NumberDB05241
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsInvestigational
Description

XL765 is an orally available small molecule that has been shown in preclinical studies to selectively inhibit the activity of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). It is being developed by Exelixis, Inc.

Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
External Identifiers Not Available
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International BrandsNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Categories
UNIINot Available
CAS numberNot Available
WeightNot Available
Chemical FormulaNot Available
InChI KeyNot Available
InChINot Available
IUPAC NameNot Available
SMILESNot Available
Taxonomy
ClassificationNot classified
Pharmacology
IndicationFor the treatment of various forms of cancer.
PharmacodynamicsXL765 is an orally available small molecule that has been shown in preclinical studies to selectively inhibit the activity of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Activation of PI3K is a frequent event in human tumors, promoting tumor cell growth, survival, and resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. mTOR is also frequently activated in human tumors and plays a central role in tumor cell growth. mTOR can be activated via upregulation of PI3K, or via PI3K-independent mechanisms. Inactivation of PI3K has been shown to inhibit growth and induce apoptosis (programmed cell death) in tumor cells, whereas inactivation of mTOR has been shown to inhibit the growth of tumor cells. In preclinical studies, XL765 slowed tumor growth or caused tumor shrinkage in multiple preclinical cancer models, including breast, lung, ovarian, and prostate cancers, and gliomas. XL765 has also been shown to enhance the anti-tumor effects of several chemotherapeutic agents in preclinical cancer models. XL765 has at least a 24-hour duration of action against both PI3K and mTOR readouts in tumors in vivo following a single oral (PO) dose of 30-100 mg/kg.
Mechanism of actionXL765 inhibits the activity of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K), which is frequently activated in tumors and promotes cell growth, survival and resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. XL765 also inhibits mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which also is activated frequently in human tumors and plays a central role in tumor cell growth. XL765 potently inhibits Class I PI3K isoforms and mTOR.
Related Articles
AbsorptionOrally available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal AbsorptionNot AvailableNot Available
Blood Brain BarrierNot AvailableNot Available
Caco-2 permeableNot AvailableNot Available
P-glycoprotein substrateNot AvailableNot Available
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INot AvailableNot Available
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINot AvailableNot Available
Renal organic cation transporterNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2C9 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2D6 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 3A4 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 1A2 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityNot AvailableNot Available
Ames testNot AvailableNot Available
CarcinogenicityNot AvailableNot Available
BiodegradationNot AvailableNot Available
Rat acute toxicityNot AvailableNot applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Not AvailableNot Available
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Not AvailableNot Available
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental PropertiesNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General References
  1. Link [Link]
External Links
ATC CodesNot Available
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNot Available
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Protein serine/threonine kinase activity
Specific Function:
Phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) that phosphorylates PtdIns (Phosphatidylinositol), PtdIns4P (Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate) and PtdIns(4,5)P2 (Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate) to generate phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3). PIP3 plays a key role by recruiting PH domain-containing proteins to the membrane, including AKT1 and PDPK1, activating signaling cascades involved in...
Gene Name:
PIK3CA
Uniprot ID:
P42336
Molecular Weight:
124283.025 Da
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Protein serine/threonine kinase activity
Specific Function:
Phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) that phosphorylates PtdIns(4,5)P2 (Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate) to generate phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3). PIP3 plays a key role by recruiting PH domain-containing proteins to the membrane, including AKT1 and PDPK1, activating signaling cascades involved in cell growth, survival, proliferation, motility and morphology. Links G-protein...
Gene Name:
PIK3CG
Uniprot ID:
P48736
Molecular Weight:
126452.625 Da
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase activity
Specific Function:
Phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) that phosphorylates PftdIns(4,5)P2 (Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate) to generate phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3). PIP3 plays a key role by recruiting PH domain-containing proteins to the membrane, including AKT1 and PDPK1, activating signaling cascades involved in cell growth, survival, proliferation, motility and morphology. Mediates immun...
Gene Name:
PIK3CD
Uniprot ID:
O00329
Molecular Weight:
119478.065 Da
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase activity
Specific Function:
Phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) that phosphorylates PtdIns (Phosphatidylinositol), PtdIns4P (Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate) and PtdIns(4,5)P2 (Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate) to generate phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3). PIP3 plays a key role by recruiting PH domain-containing proteins to the membrane, including AKT1 and PDPK1, activating signaling cascades involved in...
Gene Name:
PIK3CB
Uniprot ID:
P42338
Molecular Weight:
122761.225 Da
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Tfiiic-class transcription factor binding
Specific Function:
Serine/threonine protein kinase which is a central regulator of cellular metabolism, growth and survival in response to hormones, growth factors, nutrients, energy and stress signals. MTOR directly or indirectly regulates the phosphorylation of at least 800 proteins. Functions as part of 2 structurally and functionally distinct signaling complexes mTORC1 and mTORC2 (mTOR complex 1 and 2). Activ...
Gene Name:
MTOR
Uniprot ID:
P42345
Molecular Weight:
288889.05 Da
Comments
comments powered by Disqus
Drug created on October 21, 2007 16:24 / Updated on September 13, 2013 12:02