- Accession Number
Biological molecules that possess catalytic activity. They may occur naturally or be synthetically created. Enzymes are usually proteins, however CATALYTIC RNA and CATALYTIC DNA molecules have also been identified.
- ATC Classification
Drug Drug Description Alteplase A recombinant form of human tissue plasminogen activator used in the emergency treatment of myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and pulmonary emboli. Urokinase A low molecular weight form of human urokinase used to treat pulmonary embolism and myocardial infarction as well as to clear IV lines. Anistreplase A form of recombinant human tissue plasminogen activator used in the emergency treatment of myocardial infarction and pulmonary emboli. Collagenase clostridium histolyticum A collagenase enzyme used to promote debridement of necrotic tissue in burns and skin ulcers as well as to treat Dupuytren's contracture and Peyronie's disease. Hyaluronidase (ovine) A purified form of sheep hyaluronidase enzyme used as an adjunct in subcutaneous rehydration therapy and to increase absorption of other drugs and radiopaque imaging agents. Streptokinase A purified fibrinolytic bacterial protein used to breakdown thrombosis in myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, and venous thromboembolism. Agalsidase beta A form of recombinant human alpha-galactosidase A enzyme used to treat Fabry disease, a genetic deficiency in the enzyme leading to buildup of globotriaosylceramide. Alglucosidase alfa An acid alpha- glucosidase (GAA) derivative used as an enzyme replacement therapy for the treatment of Pompe disease in infants and pediatric patients caused by GAA deficiency. Ancrod An anticoagulant purified from the venom of the Malayan pit viper that functions by inactivating circulating plasma fibrinogen. Not currently approved for use or marketed in any country. Chymopapain Chymopapain is indicated for the development of chemonucleolysis which is used for the digestion of the nucleus pulposus in patients with disc herniation confirmed by myelography. A disc herniation occurs... Sacrosidase An enzyme replacement therapy used for the treatment of congenital sucrase-isomaltase deficiency (CSID). Chymotrypsin No therapeutic indications. Trypsin Trypsin is a serine protease that plays an essential role in protein hydrolysis and absorption in mammals. When converted from its zymogen trypsinogen, trypsin is available as an active peptide... Reteplase A purified form of human tissue plasminogen activator used in the emergency treatment of myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and pulmonary emboli. Tenecteplase A modified form of recombinant human tissue plasminogen activator used in the emergency treatment of myocardial infarction and pulmonary emboli. Imiglucerase A form of recombinant human beta-glucocerebrosidase enzyme used to replace the deficient endogenous enzyme in the treatment of Gaucher disease. Alglucerase A form of recombinant beta-glucocerebrosidase enzyme used to replace the deficient endogenous enzyme in the treatment of Gaucher disease. Idursulfase A purified lysosomal enzyme used as a replacement therapy for Hunter syndrome in pediatric and adult patients. Galsulfase A recombinant human enzyme used as replacement enzyme therapy for the treatment of of adults and children with Mucopolysaccharidosis VI, a rare genetic disorder caused by a deficiency of a lysosomal enzyme. Taliglucerase alfa A hydrolytic lysosomal glucocerebroside specific enzyme, used for long term enzyme replacement therapy in patients with Type 1 Gaucher disease. Elosulfase alfa A lysosomal glycosaminoglycan (GAG)-specific enzyme indicated as an enzyme replacement therapy for Mucopolysaccharidosis type IV A. Asfotase alfa An enzyme replacement therapy used for the treatment of perinatal/infantile and juvenile onset hypophosphatasia (HPP). Sebelipase alfa A recombinant lysosomal acid lipase used to treat lysosomal acid lipase deficiency. Fibrinolysin Fibrinolysin assists with the healing of minor burns, superficial wounds, ulcers, surgical wounds, and superficial hematomas. Kallidinogenase Not Annotated Brinase Not Annotated Bromelains Bromelain is a protease enzyme derived from the stems of pineapples that is composed of a mixture of different thiol endopeptidases and other components like phosphatase, glucosidase, peroxidase, cellulase, escharase,... Saruplase Not Annotated Dornase alfa A synthetic form of human deoxyribonuclease I used to break down extracellular DNA in the lungs, a major source of mucous viscosity in cystic fibrosis. Rasburicase A recombinant form of urate-oxidase enzyme used to treat hyperuricemia following chemotherapy for leukemias and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Laronidase A form of recombinant human alpha-L-iduronidase used to treat Hurler and Hurler-Scheie forms of mucopolysaccharidosis, a genetic deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase. Velaglucerase alfa An enzyme replacement therapy used for the long-term treatment of for pediatric and adult patients with type 1 Gaucher disease. Tilactase A beta-D-galactosidase use to treat lactose intolerance. Denileukin diftitox A recombinant cytotoxic protein based on a combination of diphtheria toxin fragments and interleukin-2 used to treat cutaneous T-cell lymphoma by targeting the interleukin-2 receptor. Asparaginase Escherichia coli An asparaginase enzyme from E. coli used as part of treatment regimens for acute lymphoblastic leukemias. Coagulation factor VIIa Recombinant Human A form of recombinant human coagulation Factor VII used to treat hemophilia A and B. Botulinum Toxin Type B A purified form of botulinum toxin type B used to block acetylcholine release in the treatment of cervical dystonia and sialorrhea. Pegaspargase A modified form of L-asparagine amidohydrolase used to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia, which is dependent on an external source of asparagine. Pegademase A modified form of bovine adenosine deaminase used to treat adenosine deaminase deficiency, a condition which leads to the formation of adenosine metabolites which are cytotoxic to lymphocytes. Botulinum toxin type A A purified form of botulinum toxin type A used to block acetylcholine release in the treatment of chronic sialorrhea, muscle spasticity, and dystonia, as well as in cosmetic applications. Pancrelipase A purified form of porcine pancreatic lipase, amylase, and protease enzymes used to treat malabsorption associated with pancreatic insufficiency resulting from cystic fibrosis and pancreatitis. Adenosine A medication used in myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. Sitimagene ceradenovec Intended for the treatment of brain cancer. Alfimeprase Alfimeprase is being evaluated as a potential treatment for acute ischemic stroke, catheter occlusion (CO) and acute peripheral arterial occlusion (PAO). Desmoteplase Investigated for use/treatment in cerebral ischemia and strokes. Ranpirnase For the treatment of various forms of cancer. PEG-uricase Investigated for use/treatment in hyperuricemia. ALTU-135 Investigated for use/treatment in cystic fibrosis and pancreatic disorders. Praconase Investigated for use/treatment in spinal cord injuries. Alkaline Phosphatase Investigated for use/treatment in ulcerative colitis. Lanoteplase Investigated for use/treatment in myocardial infarction. Latiglutenase Investigated for use/treatment in gastrointestinal diseases and disorders (miscellaneous) and autoimmune diseases such as celiac disease. Pegargiminase Investigated for use/treatment in melanoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. Amediplase Investigated for use/treatment in myocardial infarction and thrombosis. Serotonin For temporary relief of nervousness, anxiety, mood swings, joint pains, weakness, drowsiness, itching and lethargy. Not evaluated by the FDA, homeopathic product. Aflibercept A vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor used to treat Neovascular (Wet) Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD), various types of macular edema and diabetic retinopathy. Ocriplasmin A proteolytic enzyme used to treat symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion by dissolving the protein matrix responsible for the adhesion between the vitreous and macula. Glucarpidase A carboxypeptidase enzyme used to treat toxic plasma methotrexate concentrations by providing an alternate elimination pathway for methotrexate in patients who have impaired renal function. Batroxobin No approved indications. Batroxobin is a defibrongenating agent which has been observed to reduce fibrinogen levels and thus reduce clot risk when used intravenously. Pegloticase A recombinant uricase used for the treatment of chronic gout in adult patients refractory to conventional therapy. Pancrelipase amylase A lipase used to treat pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. Papain No FDA-approved therapeutic indications. Thrombin A coagulation factor used to stop bleeding during surgery. Recombinant Cholera Toxin B Subunit Recombinant Cholera Toxin B Subunit is an ingredient in the EMA-authorised product Dukoral. Rusalatide acetate Chrysalin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Radius Fracture. Vonapanitase Vonapanitase is under investigation for the treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease. Stem bromelain The primary medical purpose for which stem bromelain (SB) is currently indicated for is the removal of eschar in adults with deep partial- and full-thickness thermal burns [FDA Label]. Besides... Vatreptacog alfa Vatreptacog Alfa (Activated) has been used in trials studying the treatment of Haemophilia B, Haemophilia A, Congenital Bleeding Disorder, Haemophilia A With Inhibitors, and Haemophilia B With Inhibitors. Aviscumine Cy 503 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00658437 (Aviscumine for the Treatment of Malignant Melanoma Stage IV After Failure of Prior Therapy). Monteplase Monteplase has been used in trials studying the treatment of Pulmonary Embolism. Olipudase alfa Olipudase alfa has been used in trials studying the treatment of Sphingomyelin Lipidosis and Human Acid Sphingomyelinase Deficiency. Glucose Oxidase Glucose Oxidase has been investigated for the treatment of Upper Respiratory Tract Infections. Factor XIII (human) A purified form of Factor XIII that is used to prevent and treat surgical bleeding in patients with a Factor XIII deficiency. Serrapeptase Serrapeptase is a proteolytic enzyme preparation used concomitantly with an antibiotic in osteoarticular infections. Serratiopeptidase is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02493179 (Efficacy Evaluation of the (Serodase 5 mg Tablet)... Pepsin Used as a pancreatic enzyme replacement in pancreatic insufficiency . It is intended to mimic naturally produced human pepsin . Pepsin powder is prepared from the gastric mucosa of pigs,... Lysozyme Not Annotated Ferric pyrophosphate citrate A soluble iron compound used to maintain hemoglobin levels in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Drotrecogin alfa A form of recombinant activated human protein C used to reduce mortality in patients with severe sepsis by inhibiting coagulation Factors V and VIII. Desoxyribonuclease Desoxyribonuclease is a crystalline enzyme that aids in the digestion of the thymus nucleic acid. The mechanism of action of the enzyme involves the splitting of thymus nucleic acid into... Protein C A medication used to treat protein C deficiency leading to purpura fulminans or coumarin-induced skin necrosis. Alpha-1-proteinase inhibitor A purified form of human alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor used to treat emphysema patients with associated alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor deficiency. Andexanet alfa A recombinant Factor Xa used to reverse anticoagulation caused by rivaroxaban and apixaban. Sutilain Sutilain was indicated, in the form of an ointment, as a biochemical debridement of second and third-degree burns, incisional traumatic and pyrogenic wounds and ulcers occurring due to peripheral vascular... Calaspargase pegol An asparagine specific enzyme used to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia. DiaPep 277 Investigated for use/treatment in diabetes mellitus type 1, autoimmune diseases, and diabetes mellitus type 2. Hyaluronidase An enzyme used to improve the absorption and dispersion of parenterally administered fluids, drugs, and contrast agents. Vestronidase alfa A recombinant beta-glucuronidase used to treat mucopolysaccharidosis VII. Velmanase alfa Recombinant Human Alpha Mannosidase has been investigated for the treatment of Alpha Mannosidosis and Alpha-Mannosidosis. Cerliponase alfa An enzyme replacement therapy used to treat neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis type 2 (CLN2) disease, also known as tripeptidyl peptidase 1 (TPP1) deficiency. Dalantercept Dalantercept is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00996957 (Study of ACE-041 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors or Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma). Nattokinase Nattokinase is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00749801 (Efficacy and Safety of Geneferm Nattokinase). Valanafusp alfa Valanafusp alfa is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03071341 (Extension Study Evaluating Long Term Safety and Activity of AGT-181 in Children With MPS I). Thrombin alfa A platelet activating factor used to treat minor bleeding. Pegvaliase An enzyme used to treat phenylketonuria in patients with phenylalanine levels that are too high on current treatment. Vocimagene amiretrorepvec Vocimagene amiretrorepvec is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02576665 (A Study of Toca 511, a Retroviral Replicating Vector, Combined With Toca FC in Patients With Solid Tumors or Lymphoma (Toca... Pancrelipase lipase A lipase used to treat pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. Vorhyaluronidase alfa Indicated as an adjuvant to increase the absorption and dispersion of other injected drugs; for hypodermoclysis; and as an adjunct in subcutaneous urography for improving resorption of radiopaque agents.
- Drugs & Drug Targets