Anti-Allergic Agents

Agents that are used to treat allergic reactions. Most of these drugs act by preventing the release of inflammatory mediators or inhibiting the actions of released mediators on their target cells. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p475)
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00716NedocromilFor the treatment of mild to moderate asthma
DB00768OlopatadineFor the treatment of ocular itching associated with allergic conjunctivitis.
DB00920KetotifenIndicated as an add-on or prophylactic oral medication in the chronic treatment of mild atopic asthmatic children. Also used as self-medication for the temporary relief of itching of the eye due to allergic conjunctivitis (ophthalmic).
DB06794LodoxamideIndicated in the treatment of the ocular disorders referred to by the terms vernal keratoconjunctivitis, vernal conjunctivitis, and vernal keratitis.
DB00043OmalizumabFor treatment of asthma caused by allergies
DB00283ClemastineFor the relief of symptoms associated with allergic rhinitis such as sneezing, rhinorrhea, pruritus and acrimation. Also for the management of mild, uncomplicated allergic skin manifestations of urticaria and angioedema. Used as self-medication for temporary relief of symptoms associated with the common cold.
DB00324FluorometholoneFor the ophthalmic treatment of corticosteroid-responsive inflammation of the palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva, cornea and anterior segment of the globe.
DB00341CetirizineFor the relief of symptoms associated with seasonal allergic rhinitis, perennial allergic rhinitis and the treatment of the uncomplicated skin manifestations of chronic idiopathic urticaria
DB00427TriprolidineFor the symptomatic relief of seasonal or perennial allergic rhinitis or nonallergic rhinitis; allergic conjunctivitis; and mild, uncomplicated allergic skin manifestations of urticaria and angioedema. Also used in combination with other agents for the symptomatic relief of symptoms associated with the common cold.
DB00434CyproheptadineFor treatment of perennial and seasonal allergic rhinitis, vasomotor rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis due to inhalant allergens and foods, mild uncomplicated allergic skin manifestations of urticaria and angioedema, amelioration of allergic reactions to blood or plasma, cold urticaria, dermatographism, and as therapy for anaphylactic reactions adjunctive to epinephrine.
DB00455LoratadineA self-medication that is used alone or in combination with pseudoephedrine sulfate for the symptomatic relief of seasonal allergic rhinitis. Also used for the symptomatic relief of pruritus, erythema, and urticaria associated with chronic idiopathic urticaria in patients (not for children under 6 unless directed by a clincian).
DB00588Fluticasone propionateFluticasone propionate, a medium-potency synthetic corticosteroid, is used topically to relieve inflammatory and pruritic symptoms of dermatoses and psoriasis, intranasally to manage symptoms of allergic and non-allergic rhinitis, and orally for the maintenance treatment of asthma as prophylactic therapy and for patients requiring oral corticosteroid therapy for asthma.
DB00637AstemizoleAstemizole was indicated for use in the relieving allergy symptoms, particularly rhinitis and conjunctivitis. It has been withdrawn from the market however due to concerns of arrhythmias.
DB00737MeclizineFor the prevention and treatment of nausea, vomiting, or dizziness associated with motion sickness.
DB00764MometasoneThe inhaler is indicated for the maintenance treatment of asthma as prophylactic therapy. The nasal spray is indicated for the treatment of the nasal symptoms of seasonal allergic and perennial allergic rhinitis.
DB00792TripelennamineUsed for the symptomatic relief of hypersensitivity reactions, coughs, and the common cold.
DB00835BrompheniramineFor the treatment of the symptoms of the common cold and allergic rhinitis, such as runny nose, itchy eyes, watery eyes, and sneezing.
DB00873LoteprednolAs an ophthalmic it is used for the treatment of steroid responsive inflammatory conditions of the eye such as allergic conjunctivitis, uveitis, acne rosacea, superficial punctate keratitis, herpes zoster keratitis, iritis, cyclitis, and selected infective conjunctivitides. As a nasal spray, used for the treatment and management of seasonal allergic rhinitis.
DB00950FexofenadineFor management of Seasonal allergic rhinitis
DB00972AzelastineFor the symptomatic treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis and non-allergic rhinitis, as well as symptomatic relief of ocular itching associated with allergic conjunctivitis.
DB01025AmlexanoxUsed as a paste in the mouth to treat aphthous ulcers (canker sores).
DB01047FluocinonideA topical anti-inflammatory product for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses.
DB01069PromethazineFor the treatment of allergic disorders, and nausea/vomiting.
DB01071MequitazineFor the treatment of Hay fever, urticaria (hives) and allergic rhinitis
DB01075DiphenhydramineFor the treatment of symptoms associated with Vertigo/Meniere's disease, nausea and vomiting, motion sickness and insect bite.
DB01084EmedastineFor the temporary relief of the signs and symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis.
DB01114ChlorphenamineFor the treatment of rhinitis, urticaria, allergy, common cold, asthma and hay fever.
DB01410CiclesonideFor the treatment of nasal symptoms associated with seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis in adults and adolescents 12 years of age and older.
DB01620PheniraminePheniramine is an antihistamine used to treat allergic conditions such as hay fever or urticaria.
DB04819MethapyrileneNot Available
DB06691MepyramineMepyramine is a first generation antihistamine used in treating allergies, ymptomatic relief of hypersensitivity reaction, and in pruritic skin disorders.
DB07615TranilastFor the treatment of bronchial asthma, keloid and hypertrophic scar, and allergic disorders such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis.
DB08799AntazolineUsed to relieve nasal congestion and in eye drops, usually in combination with naphazoline, to relieve the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis.
DB08801DimetindeneIndicated as symptomatic treatment of allergic reactions: urticaria, allergies of the upper respiratory tract such as hey fever and perennial rhinitis, food and drug allergies; pruritus of various origins, except pruritus due to cholestasis; insect bites. Dimethindene is also indicated for pruritus in eruptive skin diseases such as chicken-pox. Dimethindene can also be used as an adjuvant in eczema and other pruriginous dermatoses of allergic origin.
DB09091TixocortolTixocortol is indicated for the treatment of rhinitis as a nasal suspension or aerosol. It is also used in the form of lozenges for the treatment of pharyngitis and in the form of enemas or rectal solution for the treatment of ulcerative colitis. Tixocortol can be used orally in a suspension or powder for the treatment of inflammatory conditions.[L1077] It is also the substance used for the screening of contact allergies to class A steroids.[A31435]
DB12877OxatomideNot Available
DB01003Cromoglicic acidFor the management of patients with bronchial asthma. Also used in the treatment of vernal keratoconjunctivitis, vernal conjunctivitis, and vernal keratitis.
DB01106LevocabastineAs an ophthalmic for the temporary relief of the signs and symptoms of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis. Also used as a nasal spray for allergic rhinitis.
DB04890BepotastineFor the symptomatic treatment of itchy eyes (caused by IgE-induced mast cell degranulation) due to allergic conjunctivitis.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00716NedocromilCysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1target
DB00716NedocromilCysteinyl leukotriene receptor 2target
DB00716NedocromilProstaglandin D2 receptortarget
DB00716NedocromilfMet-Leu-Phe receptortarget
DB00716NedocromilHeat shock protein HSP 90-alphatarget
DB00768OlopatadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-A1target
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-A12target
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-Btarget
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-A13target
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-A2target
DB00768OlopatadineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00920KetotifenHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00920Ketotifen6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, decarboxylatingtarget
DB00043OmalizumabHigh affinity immunoglobulin epsilon receptor subunit alphatarget
DB00043OmalizumabHigh affinity immunoglobulin epsilon receptor subunit betatarget
DB00283ClemastineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00283ClemastineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00283ClemastineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00324FluorometholoneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00324FluorometholoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00324FluorometholoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00341CetirizineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00427TriprolidineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00427TriprolidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00434Cyproheptadine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB00434CyproheptadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00434CyproheptadineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00434CyproheptadineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00434CyproheptadineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00434Cyproheptadine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
DB00434CyproheptadineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00434Cyproheptadine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
DB00455LoratadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00455LoratadineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00455LoratadinePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2target
DB00588Fluticasone propionateCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00588Fluticasone propionateCytosolic phospholipase A2target
DB00588Fluticasone propionateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00588Fluticasone propionateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00588Fluticasone propionateProgesterone receptortarget
DB00588Fluticasone propionateMineralocorticoid receptortarget
DB00588Fluticasone propionateCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00588Fluticasone propionateCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00637AstemizoleHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00637AstemizolePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2target
DB00637AstemizoleCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00637AstemizoleCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00637AstemizoleCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00637AstemizoleMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00637AstemizoleCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00637AstemizoleCytochrome P450 2J2enzyme
DB00637AstemizolePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 1target
DB00637AstemizoleMicrotubule-associated protein tautarget
DB00737MeclizineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00737MeclizineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00737MeclizineNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 3target
DB00764MometasoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00764MometasoneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00764MometasoneProgesterone receptortarget
DB00792TripelennamineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00792TripelennamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00835BrompheniramineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00835BrompheniramineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00835BrompheniramineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00835BrompheniramineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00835BrompheniramineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB00835BrompheniramineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB00835BrompheniramineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00835BrompheniramineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00835BrompheniramineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00835BrompheniramineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00835BrompheniramineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00835BrompheniramineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00835BrompheniramineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00873LoteprednolGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00950FexofenadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00950FexofenadineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00950FexofenadineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB00950FexofenadineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00950FexofenadineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00950FexofenadineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00950FexofenadineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB00972AzelastineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00972AzelastineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01025AmlexanoxInterleukin-3target
DB01025AmlexanoxProtein S100-A12target
DB01025AmlexanoxProtein S100-A13target
DB01025AmlexanoxFibroblast growth factor 1target
DB01047FluocinonideCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB01047FluocinonideGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01047FluocinonideSmoothened homologtarget
DB01069PromethazineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB01069PromethazineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB01069PromethazineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01069Promethazine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB01069PromethazineCalmodulintarget
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01069PromethazineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01069PromethazineHistamine H2 receptortarget
DB01071MequitazineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01071MequitazineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01071MequitazineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01075DiphenhydramineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01075DiphenhydramineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01075DiphenhydramineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01075DiphenhydramineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01075DiphenhydramineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01075DiphenhydramineCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DB01075DiphenhydramineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01075DiphenhydramineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB01075DiphenhydramineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB01075DiphenhydramineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB01075DiphenhydramineProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DB01075DiphenhydramineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB01084EmedastineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01114ChlorphenamineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01114ChlorphenamineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01114ChlorphenamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01114ChlorphenamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB01114ChlorphenamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB01114ChlorphenamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB01114ChlorphenamineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01114ChlorphenamineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01114ChlorphenamineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB01114ChlorphenamineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB01410CiclesonideCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB01410CiclesonideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01410CiclesonideCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01410CiclesonideGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01410CiclesonideLiver carboxylesterase 1enzyme
DB01620PheniramineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01620PheniramineNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 3target
DB06691MepyramineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB06691MepyramineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB06691MepyramineSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
DB06691MepyramineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB07615TranilastHematopoietic prostaglandin D synthasetarget
DB08799AntazolineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB08801DimetindeneMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB08801DimetindeneHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB09091TixocortolGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB09091TixocortolHistone deacetylase 2target
DB01003Cromoglicic acidCalcium-activated potassium channel subunit alpha-1target
DB01003Cromoglicic acidProtein S100-Ptarget
DB01106LevocabastineNeurotensin receptor type 2target
DB01106LevocabastineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB04890BepotastineHistamine H1 receptortarget