|DB00132||alpha-Linolenic acid||For nutritional supplementation and for treating dietary shortage or imbalance.|
|DB00159||Icosapent||EPA can be used for lowering elevated triglycerides in those who are hyperglyceridemic. In addition, EPA may play a therapeutic role in patients with cystic fibrosis by reducing disease severity and may play a similar role in type 2 diabetics in slowing the progression of diabetic nephropathy.|
|DB02955||Ricinoleic Acid||Not Available|
|DB08887||Icosapent ethyl||Icosapent ethyl is used as adjunct therapy to reduce triglyceride (TG) levels in adults with severe (>500 mg/dL) hypertriglyceridemia. |
|DB09422||Soybean oil||Indicated for parenteral nutrition as a source of calories and essential fatty acids when oral or enteral nutrition is not possible, insufficient, or contraindicated. |
|DB09446||Safflower oil||No approved therapeutic indications.|
|DB09539||Omega-3-acid ethyl esters||Omega-3-Acid Ethyl Esters capsules, USP are indicated as an adjunct to diet to reduce triglyceride (TG) levels in adult patients with severe (≥500 mg/dL) hypertriglyceridemia (HTG)[FDA Label][A176687].|
|DB09567||Olive oil||For use in adults as a source of calories and fatty acids in total parenteral nutrition [FDA Label]. Sometimes used as an additive in cosmetic products.|
|DB11086||Cocoa butter||Indicated for topical use in over-the-counter skin products for the treatment of skin dryness and reduction of striae gravidarum (stretch marks). |
|DB11113||Castor oil||Indicated for over-the-counter use as a laxative for oral use and as a soothing agent for topical use on skin and hair. |
|DB11133||Omega-3 fatty acids||Provided as daily supplements. Aa preparation of omega-3-acid ethyl esters is licensed in UK for prevention of recurrent events after myocardial infarction in addition to treatment of hypertriglyceridaemia. |
|DB11172||Sesame oil||Not Available|
|DB11321||Cod liver oil||Cod liver oil is predominantly manufactured, marketed, and used by the population at large as a general nutraceutical dietary supplement [A27154, A33159, L2872].
Historically, cod liver oil was often given to children because the vitamin d content in the oil had been shown to prevent or treat vitamin D deficiency and condition of rickets associated with it [A33159]. Over time, this common use in children growing up may have conferred upon cod liver oil its identity as a healthy and useful all-purpose dietary supplement.
However, since cod liver oil is a composite of several other nutritional compounds including the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) as well as vitamin A and vitamin D [A33159, L2872, L2871], the presence in varying amounts of all of these compounds at once makes it difficult to recommend or use cod liver oil as an appropriate supplement to confer any one particular health effect or for any one particular nutritional deficiency.
Regardless, because it does contain a combination of a number of important and healthy nutritional compounds, cod liver oil has sometimes been recommended in the literature for conferring the health effects of some of these compounds, such as the potential use of cod liver oil supplements in post-heart attack patients for secondary prophylaxis associated with the use of omega-3 fatty acids [A33165].|
|DB11357||Linseed oil||Not Available|
|DB13038||Glyceryl Trioleate||Not Available|
|DB13105||Resolvin E1||Not Available|
|DB03756||Doconexent||Used as a high-docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) oral supplement. |