The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00138CystineAn oxidated derivative of the amino acid cysteine found in various nutritional products and creams to treat cervical injury or inflammation.
DB00435Nitric OxideA vasodilating agent used in the treatment of hypoxic respiratory failure in premature neonates.
DB00822DisulfiramA carbamate derivative used to treat alcohol addiction.
DB024862-Hydroxyethyl DisulfideNot Available
DB04570LatamoxefLatamoxef is an oxacephem antibiotic usually grouped with the cephalosporins. It is used to treat bacterial infections. Latamoxef is primarily indicated in conditions like Bone and joint infection, GI infections,...
DB06690Nitrous oxideAn inhalatory gas used as an adjunct to improve oxygenation and reduce the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in certain neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure.
DB076234,4'-DIPYRIDYL DISULFIDENot Available
DB09140OxygenAn essential element for human survival used in clinical conditions in which there is a lack of oxygen, such as, but not limited to, anoxia, hypoxia or dyspnea.
DB09152NitrogenA cryogenic agent used to treat various benign and malignant skin lesions.
DB09155HeliumA gas used for medical conditions where there is a need for increased oxygen intake, such as upper airway obstruction in asthma and COPD.
DB09157Carbon dioxideA naturally-occurring gas used as a insufflation gas during minimally invasive surgeries to enlarge and stabilize body cavities to provide better visibility of the surgical area.
DB11104Sulfur hexafluorideA medication used in ultrasound to enhance viewing of blood vessels and the urinary tract.
DB11109ChlorineChlorine is a stongly oxidizing agent and the third most electronegative element which belongs to the group of halogens with the atomic number 17 and symbol Cl. Being a yellow-green...
DB11118AmmoniaIndicated for use as a smelling salt to treat or prevent fainting. (when radiolabelled) Indicated for diagnostic PET imaging of the myocardium under rest or pharmacologic stress conditions to evaluate...
DB11159Sodium sulfideSodium sulfide is a chemical compound with a chemical formula Na2S. Sodium sulfide is used in the pulp and paper industry, water treatment, textile industry, and various chemical manufacturing processes...
DB11588Carbon monoxideA gas used as a marker of respiratory status in spirometry tests.
DB11589NeonA diagnostic tracer gas used in pulmonary function tests.
DB11645PF-4191834PF-4191834 has been investigated for the basic science of Asthma.
DB12109CPI-613CPI-613 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Cancer, Lymphoma, Solid Tumors, Advanced Cancer, and Pancreatic Cancer, among others.
DB12237GW-274150GW274150 has been used in trials studying the treatment and prevention of Asthma, Migraine, Migraine Disorders, and Arthritis, Rheumatoid.
DB12354ImrecoxibImrecoxib has been used in trials studying the treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis.
DB12510OzoneOzone has been used in trials studying the treatment of Mild Asthma and Primary Apical Periodontite.
DB13107QGC-001QGC001 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Essential Hypertension.
DB13344Mercuric amidochlorideNot Annotated
DB13356MesulfenNot Annotated
DB13453XenonNot Annotated
DB13473Antimony pentasulfideNot Annotated
DB13712DixanthogenNot Annotated
DB05389TetrachlorodecaoxideInvestigated for use/treatment in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and aids-related infections, cancer/tumors (unspecified), HIV infection, and inflammatory disorders (unspecified).
DB05448PX-12Investigated for use/treatment in cancer/tumors (unspecified), gastric cancer, and pancreatic cancer.
DB15127HydrogenHydrogen is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02830854 (Molecular Hydrogen for Cognitive Function and Performance in Elderly).
DB09315Xenon-133An inhaled radionuclide used to measure lung function and organ blood flow.
DB12940Helium He-3Helium He-3 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00846014 (Asthma Exacerbation and Helium-3 MRI).
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00138CystineCystine/glutamate transportertarget
DB00138CystineB(0,+)-type amino acid transporter 1target
DB00138CystineNeutral and basic amino acid transport protein rBATtarget
DB00138CystineMonocarboxylate transporter 10transporter
DB00435Nitric OxideGuanylate cyclase soluble subunit alpha-2target
DB00435Nitric OxideAldehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
DB00435Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00435Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00435Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00435Nitric OxideMetallothionein-1Atarget
DB00435Nitric OxideIndoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1target
DB00822DisulfiramAldehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialtarget
DB00822DisulfiramCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00822DisulfiramDopamine beta-hydroxylasetarget
DB00822DisulfiramCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00822DisulfiramCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00822DisulfiramBile salt export pumptransporter
DB024862-Hydroxyethyl DisulfideLysozymetarget
DB024862-Hydroxyethyl DisulfideGlutathione S-transferase A1target
DB024862-Hydroxyethyl DisulfideGlutathione S-transferase A1enzyme
DB04570LatamoxefPenicillin-binding protein 3target
DB04570LatamoxefPenicillin-binding protein 1Atarget
DB04570LatamoxefPenicillin-binding protein 1Btarget
DB04570LatamoxefD-alanyl-D-alanine carboxypeptidase DacBtarget
DB076234,4'-DIPYRIDYL DISULFIDECytochrome P450 2A6target
DB09140OxygenNADPH oxidase 1target
DB09140OxygenCytochrome c oxidase subunit 1target
DB09140OxygenHemoglobin subunit alphatarget
DB09140OxygenHemoglobin subunit betatarget
DB11118AmmoniaGlutaminase liver isoform, mitochondrialenzyme
DB11118AmmoniaGlutamine synthetaseenzyme
DB11118AmmoniaCarbamoyl-phosphate synthase [ammonia], mitochondrialenzyme
DB11588Carbon monoxideMyoglobintarget
DB11588Carbon monoxideAlveolar cellstarget
DB05389TetrachlorodecaoxideMacrophage erythroblast attachertarget
DB05389TetrachlorodecaoxideScavenger receptor cysteine-rich type 1 protein M130target
DB05448PX-12Thioredoxin reductase 1, cytoplasmictarget