Name
Gases
Accession Number
DBCAT000320
Description

The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
CystineAn oxidated derivative of the amino acid cysteine found in various nutritional products and creams to treat cervical injury or inflammation.
Nitric OxideA vasodilating agent used in the treatment of hypoxic respiratory failure in premature neonates.
DisulfiramA carbamate derivative used to treat alcohol addiction.
2-Hydroxyethyl DisulfideNot Available
LatamoxefLatamoxef is an oxacephem antibiotic usually grouped with the cephalosporins. It is used to treat bacterial infections. Latamoxef is primarily indicated in conditions like Bone and joint infection, GI infections,...
Nitrous oxideAn inhalatory gas used as an adjunct to improve oxygenation and reduce the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in certain neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure.
4,4'-DIPYRIDYL DISULFIDENot Available
OxygenAn essential element for human survival used in clinical conditions in which there is a lack of oxygen, such as, but not limited to, anoxia, hypoxia or dyspnea.
NitrogenA cryogenic agent used to treat various benign and malignant skin lesions.
HeliumA gas used for medical conditions where there is a need for increased oxygen intake, such as upper airway obstruction in asthma and COPD.
Carbon dioxideA naturally-occurring gas used as a insufflation gas during minimally invasive surgeries to enlarge and stabilize body cavities to provide better visibility of the surgical area.
Sulfur hexafluorideA medication used in ultrasound to enhance viewing of blood vessels and the urinary tract.
ChlorineChlorine is a stongly oxidizing agent and the third most electronegative element which belongs to the group of halogens with the atomic number 17 and symbol Cl. Being a yellow-green...
AmmoniaIndicated for use as a smelling salt to treat or prevent fainting. (when radiolabelled) Indicated for diagnostic PET imaging of the myocardium under rest or pharmacologic stress conditions to evaluate...
Sodium sulfideSodium sulfide is a chemical compound with a chemical formula Na2S. Sodium sulfide is used in the pulp and paper industry, water treatment, textile industry, and various chemical manufacturing processes...
Calcium sulfideNot Annotated
Carbon monoxideA gas used as a marker of respiratory status in spirometry tests.
NeonA diagnostic tracer gas used in pulmonary function tests.
PF-4191834PF-4191834 has been investigated for the basic science of Asthma.
CPI-613CPI-613 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Cancer, Lymphoma, Solid Tumors, Advanced Cancer, and Pancreatic Cancer, among others.
GW-274150GW274150 has been used in trials studying the treatment and prevention of Asthma, Migraine, Migraine Disorders, and Arthritis, Rheumatoid.
ImrecoxibImrecoxib has been used in trials studying the treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis.
OzoneOzone has been used in trials studying the treatment of Mild Asthma and Primary Apical Periodontite.
QGC-001QGC001 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Essential Hypertension.
Mercuric amidochlorideNot Annotated
MesulfenNot Annotated
XenonNot Annotated
Antimony pentasulfideNot Annotated
DixanthogenNot Annotated
TetrachlorodecaoxideInvestigated for use/treatment in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and aids-related infections, cancer/tumors (unspecified), HIV infection, and inflammatory disorders (unspecified).
PX-12Investigated for use/treatment in cancer/tumors (unspecified), gastric cancer, and pancreatic cancer.
HydrogenHydrogen is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02830854 (Molecular Hydrogen for Cognitive Function and Performance in Elderly).
Xenon-133An inhaled radionuclide used to measure lung function and organ blood flow.
Helium He-3Helium He-3 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00846014 (Asthma Exacerbation and Helium-3 MRI).
Xenon Xe-127Not Annotated
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
CystineCystine/glutamate transportertarget
CystineCystinosintarget
CystineMonocarboxylate transporter 10transporter
CystineB(0,+)-type amino acid transporter 1transporter
CystineNeutral and basic amino acid transport protein rBATtransporter
Nitric OxideGuanylate cyclase soluble subunit alpha-2target
Nitric OxideAldehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
Nitric OxideMetallothionein-1Atarget
Nitric OxideIndoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1target
DisulfiramAldehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialtarget
DisulfiramCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DisulfiramDopamine beta-hydroxylasetarget
DisulfiramCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DisulfiramCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DisulfiramBile salt export pumptransporter
2-Hydroxyethyl DisulfideLysozymetarget
2-Hydroxyethyl DisulfideGlutathione S-transferase A1target
2-Hydroxyethyl DisulfideGlutathione S-transferase A1enzyme
LatamoxefPenicillin-binding protein 3target
LatamoxefPenicillin-binding protein 1Atarget
LatamoxefPenicillin-binding protein 1Btarget
LatamoxefD-alanyl-D-alanine carboxypeptidase DacBtarget
4,4'-DIPYRIDYL DISULFIDECytochrome P450 2A6target
OxygenNADPH oxidase 1target
OxygenCytochrome c oxidase subunit 1target
OxygenHemoglobin subunit betacarrier
OxygenHemoglobin subunit alphacarrier
AmmoniaGlutaminase liver isoform, mitochondrialenzyme
AmmoniaGlutamine synthetaseenzyme
AmmoniaCarbamoyl-phosphate synthase [ammonia], mitochondrialenzyme
Carbon monoxideMyoglobintarget
Carbon monoxideAlveolar cellstarget
TetrachlorodecaoxideMacrophage erythroblast attachertarget
TetrachlorodecaoxideScavenger receptor cysteine-rich type 1 protein M130target
PX-12Thioredoxin reductase 1, cytoplasmictarget