Radiation-Sensitizing Agents

Drugs used to potentiate the effectiveness of radiation therapy in destroying unwanted cells.
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00140RiboflavinFor the treatment of ariboflavinosis (vitamin B2 deficiency).
DB00361Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate is indicated for adults in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), as a single therapy or in combination with other chemotherapeutic drugs [L1998]. Used in relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma, in combination with other chemotherapy agents [L2011]. For the treatment of desmoid tumor or aggressive fibromatosis, in combination with methotrexate [L2011]. For the treatment of recurrent or metastatic squamous cell head and neck cancer [L2011]. For the treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer [L2011]. For the treatment of metastatic breast cancer, in patients previously treated with anthracyline and/or taxane therapy [L2011]. For the treatment of HER2-positive, trastuzumab-resistant, advanced breast cancer in patients previously treated with a taxane, in combination with trastuzumab and everolimus [L2011].
DB00441GemcitabineGemcitabine is indicated for the treatment of advanced ovarian cancer that has relapsed at least 6 months after completion of platinum-based therapy; metastatic ovarian cancer; inoperable, locally advanced (Stage IIIA or IIIB), or metastatic (Stage IV) non-small cell lung cancer; and locally advanced (nonresectable Stage II or Stage III) or metastatic (Stage IV) adenocarcinoma of the pancreas.
DB00460VerteporfinFor the treatment of patients with predominantly classic subfoveal choroidal neovascularization due to age-related macular degeneration, pathologic myopia or presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome. Verteporfin can also be used to destroy tumors.
DB00515CisplatinFor the treatment of metastatic testicular tumors, metastatic ovarian tumors and advanced bladder cancer.
DB00553MethoxsalenFor the treatment of psoriasis and vitiligo
DB00707Porfimer sodiumIndicated in the treatment of esophageal cancer.
DB00762IrinotecanFor the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (first-line therapy when administered with 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin). Also used in combination with cisplatin for the treatment of extensive small cell lung cancer. Irinotecan is currently under investigation for the treatment of metastatic or recurrent cervical cancer. Also used in combination with fluorouracil and leucovorin for the treatment of patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas after disease progression following gemcitabine-based therapy.
DB00821CarprofenFor use as a pain reliever in the treatment of joint pain and post-surgical pain.
DB00855Aminolevulinic acidAminolevulinic acid plus blue light illumination using a blue light photodynamic therapy illuminator is indicated for the treatment of minimally to moderately thick actinic keratoses of the face or scalp.
DB00916MetronidazoleFor the treatment of anaerobic infections and mixed infections, surgical prophylaxis requiring anaerobic coverage, Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea and colitis, Helicobacter pylori infection and duodenal ulcer disease, bacterial vaginosis, Giardia lamblia gastro-enteritis, amebiasis caused by Entamoeba histolytica, acne rosacea (topical treatment), and Trichomonas infections.
DB01878BenzophenoneNot Available
DB02285ProtoporphyrinNot Available
DB04253TretazicarNot Available
DB04571TrioxsalenTrioxsalen is a pigmenting photosensitizing agent used in conjunction with ultraviolet light in the treatment of vitiligo.
DB04619ACETOPHENONENot Available
DB04858TirapazamineFor the treatment of head and neck cancer.
DB05296Motexafin lutetiumInvestigated for use/treatment in brain cancer, breast cancer, cervical dysplasia/cancer, prostate cancer, cancer/tumors (unspecified), coronary artery disease, macular degeneration, and peripheral vascular disease.
DB05428motexafin gadoliniumInvestigated for use/treatment in brain cancer, cancer/tumors (unspecified), lung cancer, and lymphoma (non-hodgkin's).
DB05786IrofulvenInvestigated for use/treatment in brain cancer, breast cancer, endometrial cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, pediatric indications, prostate cancer, and sarcoma.
DB05791PerflubronInvestigated for use/treatment in cardiac surgery, hemorrhage, and ileus.
DB06266LonidamineInvestigated for use/treatment in benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate disorders, and cancer/tumors (unspecified).
DB06433TezacitabineInvestigated for use/treatment in colorectal cancer, lung cancer, leukemia (unspecified), and gastric cancer.
DB06659RostaporfinInvestigated for use/treatment in macular degeneration.
DB08486EfaproxiralNot Available
DB08908Dimethyl fumarateUsed in multiple sclerosis patients with relapsing forms.
DB09536Titanium dioxideIn the pharmaceutical industry, titanium dioxide is used in most sunscreens to block UVA and UVB rays, similar to zinc oxide. It is also commonly used as pigment for pharmaceutical products such as gelatin capsules, tablet coatings and syrups.
DB11630TemoporfinFor use in the treatment of patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck failing standard therapies and who are unsuitable for radiotherapy, surgery, or systemic chemotherapy [FDA Label].
DB11716MisonidazoleNot Available
DB11812TalaporfinNot Available
DB12027SerdemetanNot Available
DB12028BroxuridineNot Available
DB12216BergaptenNot Available
DB12250CixutumumabNot Available
DB12406LisofyllineNot Available
DB12485PimonidazoleNot Available
DB12736EtanidazoleNot Available
DB12870Buthionine SulfoximineNot Available
DB12983PhthalocyanineNot Available
DB13014HypericinNot Available
DB13026OrnidazoleNot Available
DB08059WortmanninNot Available
DB12257PlatinumNot Available
DB054827-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecinInvestigated for use/treatment in colorectal cancer.
DB11948LapachoneNot Available
DB00992Methyl aminolevulinateFor topical use, in combination with 570 to 670 nm wavelength red light illumination, in the treatment of non-hyperkeratotic actinic keratoses of the face and scalp in immunocompetent patients when used in conjunction with lesion preparation (debridement using a sharp dermal curette).
DB15426GiripladibNot Available
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00140RiboflavinFlavin reductase (NADPH)target
DB00140RiboflavinRiboflavin kinasetarget
DB00140RiboflavinRiboflavin synthasetarget
DB00140RiboflavinAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00140RiboflavinMethylenetetrahydrofolate reductaseenzyme
DB00140RiboflavinSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00361VinorelbineTubulin beta chaintarget
DB00361VinorelbineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00361VinorelbineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00361VinorelbineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00441GemcitabineRibonucleoside-diphosphate reductase large subunittarget
DB00441GemcitabineUMP-CMP kinasetarget
DB00441GemcitabineThymidylate synthasetarget
DB00441GemcitabineCytidine deaminaseenzyme
DB00441GemcitabineDeoxycytidine kinaseenzyme
DB00441GemcitabineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00441GemcitabineMultidrug resistance-associated protein 7transporter
DB00441GemcitabineEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 1transporter
DB00441GemcitabineDNAtarget
DB00441GemcitabineSodium/nucleoside cotransporter 1transporter
DB00441GemcitabineEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 2transporter
DB00441GemcitabineSolute carrier family 28 member 3transporter
DB00515CisplatinDNAtarget
DB00515CisplatinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 2transporter
DB00515CisplatinMultidrug resistance-associated protein 5transporter
DB00515CisplatinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00515CisplatinSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00515CisplatinHigh affinity copper uptake protein 1transporter
DB00515CisplatinProbable low affinity copper uptake protein 2transporter
DB00515CisplatinMultidrug resistance-associated protein 6transporter
DB00515CisplatinMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00515CisplatinCopper-transporting ATPase 2transporter
DB00515CisplatinCopper-transporting ATPase 1transporter
DB00515CisplatinProstaglandin G/H synthase 2enzyme
DB00515CisplatinMyeloperoxidaseenzyme
DB00515CisplatinXanthine dehydrogenase/oxidaseenzyme
DB00515CisplatinArylamine N-acetyltransferaseenzyme
DB00515CisplatinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00515CisplatinCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00515CisplatinCholinesteraseenzyme
DB00515CisplatinCytochrome P450 4A11enzyme
DB00515CisplatinATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00515CisplatinGlutathione S-transferase theta-1enzyme
DB00515CisplatinMetallothionein-1Aenzyme
DB00515CisplatinMetallothionein-2enzyme
DB00515CisplatinSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]enzyme
DB00515CisplatinGlutathione S-transferase Penzyme
DB00515CisplatinNAD(P)H dehydrogenase [quinone] 1enzyme
DB00515CisplatinGlutathione S-transferase Mu 1enzyme
DB00515CisplatinDNA-3-methyladenine glycosylasetarget
DB00515CisplatinAlpha-2-macroglobulintarget
DB00515CisplatinSerum albumincarrier
DB00515CisplatinSerotransferrintarget
DB00515CisplatinCopper transport protein ATOX1target
DB00553MethoxsalenDNAtarget
DB00553MethoxsalenCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00553MethoxsalenCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00553MethoxsalenCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00553MethoxsalenCytochrome P450 2A13enzyme
DB00707Porfimer sodiumLow-density lipoprotein receptortarget
DB00707Porfimer sodiumHigh affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc receptor Itarget
DB00762IrinotecanDNA topoisomerase I, mitochondrialtarget
DB00762IrinotecanDNA topoisomerase 1target
DB00762IrinotecanCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00762IrinotecanCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00762IrinotecanUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00762IrinotecanUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00762IrinotecanLiver carboxylesterase 1enzyme
DB00762IrinotecanCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00762IrinotecanCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00762IrinotecanSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00762IrinotecanSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00762IrinotecanMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
DB00762IrinotecanATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00762IrinotecanSerum albumincarrier
DB00762IrinotecanCocaine esteraseenzyme
DB00762IrinotecanCholinesteraseenzyme
DB00762IrinotecanMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00762IrinotecanCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00821CarprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00821CarprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00821CarprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00855Aminolevulinic acidDelta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratasetarget
DB00855Aminolevulinic acidSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
DB00855Aminolevulinic acidSolute carrier family 15 member 2transporter
DB00916MetronidazoleIron hydrogenase 1target
DB00916MetronidazoleDNAtarget
DB00916MetronidazoleOxygen-insensitive NADPH nitroreductasetarget
DB00916MetronidazoleCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00916MetronidazoleCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00916MetronidazoleCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00916MetronidazoleLanosterol 14-alpha demethylasetarget
DB00916MetronidazoleUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB01878BenzophenoneEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB01878BenzophenoneEstrogen receptor betatarget
DB02285ProtoporphyrinFerritin light chaintarget
DB04253TretazicarOxygen-insensitive NAD(P)H nitroreductasetarget
DB04253TretazicarRibosyldihydronicotinamide dehydrogenase [quinone]target
DB04571TrioxsalenDNAtarget
DB04619ACETOPHENONER-specific alcohol dehydrogenasetarget
DB04858TirapazamineDNAtarget
DB04858TirapazamineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB05428motexafin gadoliniumThioredoxin reductase 1, cytoplasmictarget
DB05428motexafin gadoliniumThioredoxin reductase 2, mitochondrialtarget
DB05428motexafin gadoliniumRibonucleoside-diphosphate reductase subunit M2target
DB05786IrofulvenFar upstream element-binding protein 1target
DB06266LonidamineCystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulatortarget
DB06266LonidamineHexokinase-1target
DB06433TezacitabineRibonucleoside-diphosphate reductase large subunittarget
DB06433TezacitabineThymidine phosphorylaseenzyme
DB08486EfaproxiralHemoglobin subunit alphatarget
DB08486EfaproxiralHemoglobin subunit betatarget
DB08908Dimethyl fumarateKelch-like ECH-associated protein 1target
DB08908Dimethyl fumarateTranscription factor p65target
DB09536Titanium dioxideMacrophage receptor MARCOtarget
DB11630TemoporfinHigh density lipoproteincarrier
DB11630TemoporfinLow density lipoproteincarrier
DB11630TemoporfinVery low density lipoproteincarrier
DB12250CixutumumabInsulin-like growth factor 1 receptortarget
DB12406LisofyllineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB13014HypericinSerum albumincarrier
DB13014HypericinGlutathione S-transferase A1target
DB13014HypericinGlutathione S-transferase Ptarget
DB08059WortmanninPhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma isoformtarget
DB08059WortmanninSerine/threonine-protein kinase PLK1target
DB08059WortmanninPhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit alphatarget
DB08059WortmanninPhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoformtarget
DB054827-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecinDNA topoisomerase 1target
DB054827-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB11948LapachoneRetinol-binding protein 3target
DB00992Methyl aminolevulinateHigh affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc receptor Itarget