- Accession Number
A family of 6-membered heterocyclic compounds occurring in nature in a wide variety of forms. They include several nucleic acid constituents (CYTOSINE; THYMINE; and URACIL) and form the basic structure of the barbiturates.
Drug Drug Description Thiamine A vitamin used to correct vitamin B1 deficiency. Pyrimethamine An antiparasitic drug used in the prevention and treatment of toxoplasmosis and malaria. Butabarbital A barbiturate drug used as a sedative and hypnotic. Butalbital A barbiturate drug used for symptomatic treatment of tension-type headache in various combinations with acetaminophen, aspirin, caffeine, and codeine. Idoxuridine A pyrimidine analog antiviral used for the treatment of viral eye infections, including herpes simplex keratitis. Talbutal For use as a sedative and hypnotic. Pentobarbital A barbiturate drug used to induce sleep, cause sedation, and control certain types of seizures. Floxuridine An antimetabolite used as palliative management for liver metastases of gastrointestinal malignancy. Minoxidil An antihypertensive vasodilating agent used for resistant hypertension that is symptomatic or has caused end organ damage. Cidofovir An antiviral agent used to treat Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in patients with AIDS. Secobarbital A barbiturate used for the short-term treatment of insomnia. Trifluridine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor used to treat keratoconjunctivitis and epithelial keratitis caused by simplex virus, and as a part of chemotherapy for certain types of metastatic gastrointestinal cancers. Trimethoprim An antifolate antibiotic often used in combination with sulfamethoxazole to treat a number of infections, including those of the urinary tract, respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal tract. Gemcitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor used as adjunct therapy in the treatment of certain types of ovarian cancer, non-small cell lung carcinoma, metastatic breast cancer, and as a single agent for pancreatic cancer. Metharbital Metharbital is used for the treatment of epilepsy. Methohexital An anesthetic used to induce deep sedation. Chlordiazepoxide A benzodiazepine used to treat the withdrawal symptoms of acute alcoholism, to treat preoperative anxiety, and to treat anxiety over a short term period. Buspirone An anxiolytic agent used for short-term treatment of generalized anxiety and second-line treatment of depression. Zidovudine A dideoxynucleoside used in the treatment of HIV infection. Fluorouracil A pyrimidine analog used to treat basal cell carcinomas, and as an injection in palliative cancer treatment. Propylthiouracil A thiourea antithyroid agent used to treat hyperthyroidism. Pentostatin An adenosine deaminase inhibitor used to treat hairy cell leukemia. Thiopental A barbiturate used to induce general anesthesia, treat convulsions, and reduce intracranial pressure. Imatinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat a number of leukemias, myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease, systemic mastocytosis, hypereosinophilic syndrome, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Stavudine A dideoxynucleoside used in the treatment of HIV infection. Lamivudine A reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV and hepatitis B infections. Risperidone A second-generation antipsychotic medication used to treat a number of mental health disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar mania, psychosis, or as an adjunct in severe depression. Uracil mustard Used for its antineoplastic properties. Primidone An antiepileptic used to treat grand mal, psychomotor, and focal epileptic seizures. Methylphenobarbital For the relief of anxiety, tension, and apprehension, also used as an anticonvulsant for the treatment of epilepsy. Emtricitabine A nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used for the treatment and prophylaxis of HIV. Pemirolast A medication used to treat allergies such as hay fever and allergic conjunctivitis. Azacitidine A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used to treat certain subtypes of myelodysplastic syndrome. Zalcitabine A dideoxynucleoside used to treat HIV. Dipyridamole A phosphodiesterase inhibitor used to prevent postoperative thromboembolic events. Cytarabine A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used to treat acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, lymphocytic leukemia, and the blast phase of chronic myelocytic leukemia. Rosuvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke. Flucytosine An antifungal indicated only to treat severe infections throughout the body caused by susceptible strains of Candida or Cryptococcus. Capecitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor indicated to treat colon, colorectal and breast cancer. Thiamylal Used for the production of complete anaesthesia of short duration, for the induction of general anaesthesia, and for inducing a hypnotic state. Phenobarbital A long-lasting barbiturate and anticonvulsant used in the treatment of all types of seizures, except for absent seizures. Dasatinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of lymphoblastic or chronic myeloid leukemia with resistance or intolerance to prior therapy. Decitabine A chemotherapeutic pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) by inducing DNA hypomethylation and corresponding alterations in gene expression. Telbivudine A thymidine nucleoside analog used for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B with clinical evidence of viral replication or persistent elevations in serum aminotransferases (ALT or AST). Paliperidone An atypical antipsychotic used in the treatment of schizophrenia and other schizoaffective or delusional disorders. Amobarbital A barbiturate derivative used for the induction of sedation during procedures, short-term management of insomnia, and acute management of refractory tonic-clonic seizures. Aprobarbital Aprobarbital is a barbiturate derivative synthesized in the 1920s by Ernst Preiswerk. It was determined that the substance was capable of demonstrating sedative, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant effects. A primary treatment... Butobarbital For the treatment of insomnia. Heptabarbital Used mainly for sedation and hypnosis. Hexobarbital For the induction of anesthesia prior to the use of other general anesthetic agents and for induction of anesthesia for short surgical, diagnostic, or therapeutic procedures associated with minimal painful... Barbital A long-acting barbiturate that depresses most metabolic processes at high doses. It is used as a hypnotic and sedative and may induce dependence. Barbital is also used in veterinary practice... 5-fluorouridine 5-fluorouridine is also known as FUrd, 5-Fluorouracil 1-beta-D-ribofuranoside, 5-Fur, or 5-Fluoro-uridine. 5-fluorouridine is a solid. This compound belongs to the pyrimidine nucleosides and analogues. These are compounds comprising a pyrimidine... Thymidine monophosphate 5-Thymidylic acid. A thymine nucleotide containing one phosphate group esterified to the deoxyribose moiety. Cytidine Not Available Immucillin-G Not Available Orotic acid Not Available Formycin Not Available Uridine Not Available UDP-alpha-D-glucuronic acid A nucleoside diphosphate sugar which serves as a source of glucuronic acid for polysaccharide biosynthesis. It may also be epimerized to UDP iduronic acid, which donates iduronic acid to polysaccharides.... Zebularine A chemically stable, cytidine analog that displays anti-tumor properties. It acts as a transition state analog inhibitor of cytidine deaminase by binding to the active site as covalent hydrates. Also... Deoxycytidylyl-3',5'-guanosine Not Available Uracil Not Available Thymine Not Available Galactose-uridine-5'-diphosphate A nucleoside diphosphate sugar which can be epimerized into UDPglucose for entry into the mainstream of carbohydrate metabolism. Serves as a source of galactose in the synthesis of lipopolysaccharides, cerebrosides,... Eniluracil For the treatment of cancer in combination with 5-fluorouracil. 5-Iodouracil Not Available 6-aza uridine 5'-monophosphate Not Available Deoxyuridine monophosphate Not Available 5,6-Diaminouracil Not Available 3-Methylcytosine Not Available Willardiine Willardiine is a compound isolated from seeds of Acacia willariana. Formycin B Not Available Sparsomycin An antitumor antibiotic produced by Streptomyces sparsogenes. It inhibits protein synthesis in 70S and 80S ribosomal systems. [PubChem] 1-Methylcytosine Not Available 3-Deazacytidine Not Available Thymidine Thymidine is a pyrimidine deoxynucleoside. Thymidine is the DNA nucleoside T, which pairs with deoxyadenosine (A) in double-stranded DNA. In cell biology it is used to synchronize the cells in... Cyclouridine Not Available Metoprine Not Available Cyclic 3',5'-thymidine monophosphate Not Available Troxacitabine Investigated for use/treatment in leukemia (myeloid). Denufosol For use as an inhaled treatment for cystic fibrosis. Thymectacin Investigated for use/treatment in colorectal cancer. Oxypurinol Intended for the treatment of congestive heart failure and hyperuricemia. Elacytarabine Investigated for use/treatment in leukemia (unspecified) and melanoma. Forodesine Investigated for use/treatment in lymphoma (non-hodgkin's) and leukemia (lymphoid). Alogliptin A dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor used to treat hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Ocaperidone Investigated for use/treatment in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders. Elvucitabine Investigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, B) and HIV infection. Darapladib Investigated for use/treatment in atherosclerosis. Sapacitabine Investigated for use/treatment in solid tumors, cutaneous t-cell lymphoma, myelodysplastic syndrome, and leukemia (lymphoid). Tezacitabine Investigated for use/treatment in colorectal cancer, lung cancer, leukemia (unspecified), and gastric cancer. TAS-106 Investigated for use/treatment in solid tumors and cancer/tumors (unspecified). Clevudine Investigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, B). Rilpivirine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) used in combination with other antiretrovirals to specifically treat human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Trametinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with specific types of melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and thyroid cancer. Sofosbuvir A direct-acting antiviral agent used to treat specific hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in combination with other antiviral agents. TAS-102 TAS-102 (Taiho Pharma USA, Inc.) is an anti-cancer drug under development and in stage 3 clinical trials for the treatment of colorectal cancer. It is composed of the thymidine phosphorylase... Hexetidine An topical antiseptic agent used for disinfection and prevention of bacterial, fungal and yeast infections of the oral and vaginal mucosa. Fursultiamine Compound used for therapy of thiamine deficiency. It has also been suggested for several non-deficiency disorders but has not yet proven useful. Fursultiamine is a vitamin B1 derivative. Epirizole Epirizole is an oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used for muscle and joint pain. Barbexaclone Created for the treatment for epilepsy, with the intent of creating an antiepileptic with less sedative properties than phenobarbital. Carmofur Carmofur is a derivative of fluorouracil, and is an antineoplastic agent that has been used in the treatment of breast and colorectal cancer. Carmofur has been known to induce leukoencephalopathy. Uridine triacetate A pyrimidine analog used for the reversal of overdose, regardless of the presence of symptoms, and early-onset, severe or life-threatening CNS toxicity or cardiotoxicity of fluorouracil or capecitabine. Dasabuvir A direct-acting antiviral agent used to treat specific hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in combination with other antiviral agents. Tegafur An antineoplastic agent used in combination with other anticancer medications to treat advanced gastric and colorectal cancers. Trapidil Used in the treatment of chronic stable angina . Pyrantel An anthelmintic used to treat helminth infections. 2'-cyano-2'-deoxy-1-(beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)cytosine 2'-cyano-2'-deoxy-1-(beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)cytosine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Advanced Colorectal Cancer. AZD-4877 AZD4877 has been used in trials studying the treatment of NHL, Tumors, Cancer, Lymphoma, and Neoplasms, among others. Daprodustat Daprodustat has been used in trials studying the other, treatment, and basic science of Anaemia, Wound Healing, Tendon Injuries, Surgical Procedures, and Vascular Disease, Peripheral. PF-06282999 Pf 06282999 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01626976 (A Study To Assess The Safety, Tolerability And Pharmacokinetics Of PF-06282999 Administered Orally In Healthy Adult Subjects). Benfotiamine Benfotiamine has been investigated for the treatment and prevention of Diabetic Nephropathy and Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2. Mirodenafil Mirodenafil has been used in trials studying the treatment and supportive care of Kidney Diseases, Urologic Diseases, Renal Insufficiency, Erectile Dysfunction, and Male Erectile Dysfunction. Relugolix Relugolix has been used in trials studying the treatment of Endometriosis, Prostate Cancer, Uterine Fibroids, and Androgen Deprivation Treatment-naïve Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer. Gisadenafil Gisadenafil has been investigated for the treatment of Prostatic Hyperplasia. Guadecitabine Guadecitabine is under investigation for the treatment of Previously Treated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer. PF-04447943 PF-04447943 has been investigated for the treatment of Alzheimer's Disease. Letaxaban Letaxaban has been used in trials studying the treatment and prevention of Venous Thromboembolism and Acute Coronary Syndrome. Sorivudine Sorivudine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Chickenpox and HIV Infections. Broxuridine Broxuridine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Leukemia, Stage I Prostate Cancer, Stage IIB Prostate Cancer, and Stage IIA Prostate Cancer. Mericitabine Mericitabine has been investigated for the treatment of Hepatitis C, Chronic. Mericitabine is a polymerase inhibitor being developed for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. Mericitabine is a prodrug of... Censavudine Censavudine has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV-1 Infection. CE-224535 CE-224535 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Osteoarthritis. Brincidofovir Brincidofovir is under investigation for the prevention of Outcomes, Survival Rates, and Cytomegalovirus Disease. Brincidofovir has been investigated for the prevention and treatment of CMV, Adenovirus, BK Virus (BKV), Adenoviruses... TAK-733 TAK-733 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Advanced Metastatic Melanoma, Advanced Nonhematologic Malignancies, and Advanced Non-hematologic Malignancies. Fozivudine Tidoxil Fozivudine Tidoxil has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections. Verdiperstat Verdiperstat has been used in trials studying the basic science and treatment of Multiple System Atrophy (MSA). Dexelvucitabine Dexelvucitabine has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections and Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Tetrahydrouridine Tetrahydrouridine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Neoplasms, Lung Neoplasms, Breast Neoplasms, Sickle Cell Disease, and Head and Neck Cancer, among others. Gemcitabine elaidate Gemcitabine elaidate has been used in trials studying the treatment of Solid Tumor, Lung Cancer, Non-small-cell Lung Cancer, and Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma. Netivudine Netivudine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Chickenpox and HIV Infections. Ritanserin Ritanserin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Cocaine-Related Disorders. Racivir Racivir, also known as RCV, is an oxothiolane nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor similar to emtricitabine and lamivudine. Racivir is a 50:50 mixture of emtricitabine DB00879 and its positive enantiomer. Racivir... Zoliflodacin Zoliflodacin has been used in trials studying the basic science and treatment of Gonorrhoea. Apricitabine Apricitabine has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections. Fiacitabine Fiacitabine has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections and Cytomegalovirus Infections. LY-2334737 LY2334737 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Solid Tumor, Metastatic Tumor, and Malignant Solid Tumor. MGL-3196 MGL-3196 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia. Doxifluridine Doxifluridine has been investigated for the treatment of Stomach Cancer. 5-fluoro-2'-deoxycytidine 5-fluoro-2'-deoxycytidine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Neoplasms, Lung Neoplasms, Breast Neoplasms, Head and Neck Neoplasms, and Urinary Bladder Neoplasms, among others. 2'-fluoro-5-ethylarabinosyluracil 2'-fluoro-5-ethylarabinosyluracil (FAU) has been used in trials studying the treatment of Small Intestine Lymphoma, Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma, Waldenström Macroglobulinemia, Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma, and Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma,... Tunicamycin Tunicamycin is a mixture of homologous nucleoside antibiotics that inhibits the UDP-HexNAc: polyprenol-P HexNAc-1-P family of enzymes. One member of this family is the enzyme GlcNAc phosphotransferase (GPT), which catalyzes... Enibomal Not Annotated Proxibarbal Proxibarbal is a derivative of barbiturates, which has been used to treat migraines. Proxibarbal was approved in France but was withdrawn from the market due to the risk of inducing... Rimazolium Rimazolium is an experimental analgesic drug . Febarbamate Not Annotated Sulbutiamine Sulbutiamine is a synthetic derivative of thiamine (vitamin B1) under the market name Arcalion that is composed of two modified thiamine molecules to form a dimer. It is highly lipophilic,... Edoxudine A deoxythymidine analog used to treat herpetic keratitis. Allobarbital Not Annotated Methylthiouracil Not Annotated Oxantel Not Annotated Cyclobarbital Not Annotated Vinylbital Not Annotated Magnesium orotate Magnesium orotate is a magnesium salt of orotic acid and is poorly soluble in water. It is a source of magnesium and is used as a mineral supplement to treat... Brodimoprim Not Annotated Benzylthiouracil Not Annotated Valopicitabine The 3-O-valine ester prodrug of the nucleoside analog 2'-C-methylcytidine with anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) activity. Upon administration, valopicitabine is converted into 2'-C-methylcytidine; upon phosphorylation into its 5-triphosphate form, this metabolite... 2'-C-methylcytidine A nucleoside analog with anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) activity. Upon phosphorylation into its 5-triphosphate form, this metabolite inhibits viral RNA chain elongation and viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity. This blocks... Uridine diphosphate glucose A key intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism. Serves as a precursor of glycogen, can be metabolized into UDPgalactose and UDPglucuronic acid which can then be incorporated into polysaccharides as galactose and... Cocarboxylase The coenzyme form of Vitamin B1 present in many animal tissues. It is a required intermediate in the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and the ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex. 3'-Uridinemonophosphate Not Available 2'-Deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate Not Available Brivudine Brivudine is used in the treatment of herpes zoster. Although not approved in the U.S. or Canada, it is approved in several European countries. Cytidine-5'-Monophosphate A pyrimidine ribonucleoside 5'-monophosphate having cytosine as the nucleobase. Uridine monophosphate 5'-Uridylic acid. A uracil nucleotide containing one phosphate group esterified to the sugar moiety in the 2', 3' or 5' position. Uridine 5'-triphosphate Uridine 5'-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate). A uracil nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. Emivirine Emivirine has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections. Citicoline Citicoline is a donor of choline in biosynthesis of choline-containing phosphoglycerides. It has been investigated for the treatment, supportive care, and diagnostic of Mania, Stroke, Hypomania, Cocaine Abuse, and Bipolar... Ulodesine Ulodesine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Gout, Arthritis, Hyperuricemia, and Joint Disease. Freselestat Investigated for use/treatment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Lumicitabine Lumicitabine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03010059 (A Study to Assess the Relative Bioavailability of JNJ64041575 Administered as 2 Different New Concept Formulations (Oral Suspension and Tablet) Compared to... IQP-0528 IQP-0528 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03082690 (ImQuest (IQP) DuoGel Phase 1 Pharmacokinetic Study). Vibegron Vibegron is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03806127 (Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Vibegron Administered Orally for 12 Weeks to Women With Irritable Bowel Syndrome). AZD-6482 AZD-6482 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00688714 (Study to Investigate Safety and Tolerability of a Single Dose of AZD6482). NUC-1031 NUC-1031 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03610100 (Acelarin First Line Randomised Pancreatic Study). Trelagliptin Trelagliptin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03555591 (Specified Drug-Use Survey of Trelagliptin Tablets "Survey on Long-term Use in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus"). Fialuridine Fialuridine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01337466 (Biodistribution and Dosimetry Evaluation of [124I]FIAU). Bosentan A dual endothelin receptor antagonist used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension. Tipiracil A thymidine phosphorylase inhibitor used as an adjunct treatment of adult patients with certain types of gastric or colorectal malignancies. Adafosbuvir Adafosbuvir is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02894905 (A Study to Evaluate the Effect of Renal Impairment on the Pharmacokinetics of AL-335). Mavacamten Mavacamten is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03442764 (A Phase 2 Study of Mavacamten in Adults With Symptomatic Non-Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (nHCM)). PRI-724 PRI-724 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03620474 (Safety and Effectiveness of PRI-724 for Hepatitis C or B Virus Derived Liver Cirrhosis). ABT-072 ABT-072 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00890318 (A Study in Healthy Adult Subjects to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetic Profiles of Multiple Doses of ABT-072 Used to Treat... Uprifosbuvir Uprifosbuvir is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02332707 (Efficacy and Safety of Grazoprevir (MK-5172) and Uprifosbuvir (MK-3682) With Elbasvir (MK-8742) or Ruzasvir (MK-8408) for Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype (GT)1 and... Cambinol An investigational histone deacetylase inhibitor that may have future use in cancer treatment. 5-methylcytidine 5'-monophosphate Not Available Zidovudine monophosphate Not Available Zidovudine diphosphate Not Available TMP Not Available Bropirimine Not Available 5-Benzylacyclouridine Not Available Stavudine triphosphate Not Available Dihydrouracil Not Available Thymidine 5'-triphosphate Not Available Orotidylic acid Not Available 5-Aminouracil Not Available N4-Hydroxycytidine A cytidine analog being investigated to treat COVID-19.
- Drugs & Drug Targets