A group of 1,2-benzenediols that contain the general formula R-C6H5O2.
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00179MasoprocolUsed for the treatment of actinic keratoses (precancerous skin growths that can become malignant if left untreated).
DB00423MethocarbamolMethocarbamol tablets and intramuscular injections are indicated in the United States as an adjunct to rest, physical therapy, and other measures for the relief of discomforts associated with acute, painful musculoskeletal conditions.[Label,L6268] Oral methocarbamol in America may be given up to 1500mg 4 times daily for 2-3 days.[A31312] In Canada, methocarbamol containing oral formulations are sold over the counter for pain associated with muscle spasm.[L6295] However, if these combination formulations include codeine, they are prescription only.[L6295]
DB00874GuaifenesinGuaifenesin is an expectorant that is indicated for providing temporary symptomatic relief from congested chests and coughs which may be due to a cold, bronchitis, and/or other breathing illnesses [FDA Label, F4510, L6079].
DB06774CapsaicinThe capsaicin 8% patch is indicated in the treatment of neuropathic pain associated with post-herpetic neuralgia. There are multiple topical capsaicin formulations available, including creams and solutions, indicated for temporary analgesia in muscle and join pain as well as neuropathic pain.
DB09120ZucapsaicinIndicated to be used in conjunction with oral COX-2 inhibitors or NSAIDs for the relief of severe pain in adult patients with osteoarthritis of the knee, not controlled with oral COX-2 inhibitors or NSAIDs alone, for a duration of no more than three months.
DB11324Nonivamide Nonivamide is used as a topical analgesic and is also used as a flavoring ingredient [L2641], [A32884], [L2642].
DB11359GuaiacolIt is used medicinally as an expectorant, antiseptic, and local anesthetic. Guaiacol is used in traditional dental pulp sedation, and has the property of inducing cell proliferation; guaiacol is a potent scavenger of reactive oxygen radicals and its radical scavenging activity may be associated with its effect on cell proliferation.
DB11672CurcuminNo approved therapeutic indications.
DB12226TerameprocolNot Available
DB13735Potassium GuaiacolsulfonateNot Available
DB15398DihydrocapsiateNot Available
DB00182AmphetamineAmphetamine is indicated for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) as well as for the treatment of central nervous system disorders such as narcolepsy.[A18540] ADHD is a complex disorder associated with the substantial heterogeneity in etiology, clinical presentation, and treatment outcome. ADHD comes from a complex interplay between interdependent genetic and non-genetic factors which cause complex mental disorders in children and teenagers.[A174271] On the other hand, narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder typically resenting during adolescence and characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness.[A174274] Amphetamine is also being used nowadays off-label for the treatment of obesity, depression and chronic pain.[A174268, A174283]
DB00190CarbidopaCarbidopa is indicated with [levodopa] for the treatment of symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson disease, postencephalitic parkinsonism and symptomatic parkinsonism followed by carbon monoxide or manganese intoxication.[FDA label] The combination therapy is administered for the reduction of [levodopa]-driven nausea and vomiting.[FDA label] The product of carbidopa should be used in patients where the combination therapy of carbidopa/[levodopa] provide less than the adequate daily dosage.[FDA label] As well carbidopa can be used in patients where the dosages of carbidopa and [levodopa] require individual titration.[FDA label]
DB00368NorepinephrineMainly used to treat patients in vasodilatory shock states such as septic shock and neurogenic shock and has shown a survival benefit over dopamine. Also used as a vasopressor medication for patients with critical hypotension.
DB00404AlprazolamAlprazolam is indicated for the management of anxiety disorder, anxiety associated with depression, panic disorder, and panic disorder with agoraphobia.[Label] Alprazolam may also be prescribed off label for insomnia, premenstrual syndrome, and depression.[A177973]
DB00449DipivefrinDipivefrin is a prodrug which is used as initial therapy for the control of intraocular pressure in chronic open-angle glaucoma.
DB00668EpinephrineEpinephrine injection is indicated in the emergency treatment of allergic reactions (Type I) including anaphylaxis to stinging insects (e.g., order Hymenoptera, which include bees, wasps, hornets, yellow jackets and fire ants) and biting insects (e.g., triatoma, mosquitos), allergen immunotherapy, foods, drugs, diagnostic testing substances (e.g., radiocontrast media) and other allergens, as well as idiopathic anaphylaxis or exercise-induced anaphylaxis. Injectable epinephrine is intended for immediate/urgent administration in patients, who are found to be at increased risk for anaphylaxis, including individuals with a history of anaphylaxis. Selection of the appropriate dosage strength is determined according to body weight [FDA label]. Epinephrine's cardiac effects may be of use in restoring cardiac rhythm in cardiac arrest due to various causes but is not used in cardiac failure or in hemorrhagic, traumatic, or cardiogenic shock [F1247]. Epinephrine is used as a hemostatic agent. It is also used in treating mucosal congestion of hay fever, rhinitis, and acute sinusitis; to relieve bronchial asthmatic paroxysms; in syncope due to complete heart block or carotid sinus hypersensitivity; for symptomatic relief of serum sickness, urticaria, angioneurotic edema; for resuscitation in cardiac arrest following anesthetic accidents; in simple (open angle) glaucoma; for relaxation of uterine musculature and to inhibit uterine contractions. Epinephrine injection can be utilized to prolong the action of local anesthetics [F1247]. In addition to the above, epinephrine is used as an over the counter (OTC) agent for the intermittent symptoms of asthma, such as wheezing, tightness of chest and shortness of breath [F2131]. It is also used for the maintenance of mydriasis during intraocular surgery [L4825].
DB00816OrciprenalineFor the treatment of bronchospasm, chronic bronchitis, asthma, and emphysema.
DB00841DobutamineIndicated when parenteral therapy is necessary for inotropic support in the short-term treatment of patients with cardiac decompensation due to depressed contractility resulting either from organic heart disease or from cardiac surgical procedures.
DB00968MethyldopaFor use in the treatment of hypertension.
DB00988DopamineFor the correction of hemodynamic imbalances present in the shock syndrome due to myocardial infarction, trauma, endotoxic septicemia, open-heart surgery, renal failure, and chronic cardiac decompensation as in congestive failure
DB01064IsoprenalineFor the treatment of mild or transient episodes of heart block that do not require electric shock or pacemaker therapy also used in management of asthma and chronic bronchitis
DB01102ArbutamineUsed to elicit acute cardiovascular responses (cardiac stumulant), similar to those produced by exercise, in order to aid in diagnosing the presence or absence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients who cannot exercise adequately.
DB01235LevodopaLevodopa on its own is formulated as an oral inhalation powder indicated for intermittent treatment of off episodes in Parkinson's patients who are already being treated with carbidopa and levodopa[FDA Label]. Levodopa is most commonly formulated as an oral tablet with a peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor indicated for treatment of Parkinson's disease, post-encephalitic parkinsonism, and symptomatic parkinsonism following carbon monoxide intoxication or manganese intoxication[F4579].
DB01288FenoterolFenoterol is used for the treatment of asthma.
DB043346-hydroxydopa quinoneNot Available
DB06262DroxidopaFor treatment of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (NOH) associated with various disorders including Multiple System Atrophy, Familial Amyloid Polyneuropathy, hemodialysis induced hypotension and Parkinson's Disease. Also investigated for use/treatment in neurologic disorders, nephropathy, blood (blood forming organ disorders, unspecified), and dizzy/fainting spells.
DB06535EtilevodopaInvestigated for use/treatment in parkinson's disease.
DB06707LevonordefrinUsed as a topical nasal decongestant and vasoconstrictor in dentistry.
DB06814ProtokylolNot Available
DB11124RacepinephrineIndicated for temporary relief of mild symptoms of intermittent asthma.
DB12313DopexamineNot Available
DB12803DichloroisoproterenolNot Available
DB12846ReproterolNot Available
DB12927TheodrenalineNot Available
DB13313MelevodopaNot Available
DB13316IbopamineNot Available
DB13394AdrenaloneNot Available
DB13848Fluorodopa (18F)Not Available
DB13917DeoxyepinephrineNot Available
DB13957J147Not Available
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00179MasoprocolArachidonate 5-lipoxygenasetarget
DB00179MasoprocolCytochrome P450 2J2enzyme
DB00179MasoprocolSex hormone-binding globulintarget
DB00423MethocarbamolCarbonic anhydrase 1target
DB00874GuaifenesinNMDA receptortarget
DB06774CapsaicinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB06774CapsaicinProstaglandin G/H synthase 2enzyme
DB06774CapsaicinMyeloperoxidaseenzyme
DB06774CapsaicinCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB06774CapsaicinCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB06774CapsaicinAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB06774CapsaicinDopamine beta-hydroxylaseenzyme
DB06774CapsaicinGlutamine synthetaseenzyme
DB06774CapsaicinCholinesteraseenzyme
DB06774CapsaicinTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1target
DB06774CapsaicinProhibitin-2target
DB09120ZucapsaicinTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1target
DB09120ZucapsaicinCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB09120ZucapsaicinCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB09120ZucapsaicinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB09120ZucapsaicinCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB11324NonivamideTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1target
DB11359GuaiacolSerum albumintarget
DB11672CurcuminPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammatarget
DB11672CurcuminVitamin D3 receptortarget
DB11672CurcuminMultidrug resistance-associated protein 5target
DB11672CurcuminCarbonyl reductase [NADPH] 1target
DB11672CurcuminGlutathione S-transferase Ptarget
DB11672CurcuminCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB11672CurcuminCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB11672CurcuminCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB11672CurcuminCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB11672CurcuminCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB11672CurcuminGlutathione S-transferase A1enzyme
DB11672CurcuminGlutathione S-transferase Mu 1enzyme
DB11672CurcuminGlutathione S-transferase Penzyme
DB11672CurcuminMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00182AmphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineCocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript proteintarget
DB00182AmphetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
DB00182AmphetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00182AmphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00182AmphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00182AmphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00182AmphetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineAlpha adrenergic receptortarget
DB00182AmphetamineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
DB00182AmphetamineDopamine D2 receptortarget
DB00182AmphetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
DB00182AmphetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineMonoamine oxidasetarget
DB00182Amphetaminevesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2)target
DB00190CarbidopaAromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylasetarget
DB00368NorepinephrinePhenylalanine-4-hydroxylasetarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00368NorepinephrinePOU domain, class 5, transcription factor 1transporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertransporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB00368NorepinephrineChromaffin granule amine transportertarget
DB00404AlprazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00404AlprazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00404AlprazolamTranslocator proteintarget
DB00404AlprazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00404AlprazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00404AlprazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00404AlprazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00404AlprazolamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00404AlprazolamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00404AlprazolamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00404AlprazolamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00404AlprazolamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00404AlprazolamSerum albumincarrier
DB00404Alprazolamalpha1-acid glycoproteincarrier
DB00449DipivefrinAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00449DipivefrinCholinesterasetarget
DB00449DipivefrinBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00449DipivefrinAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00449DipivefrinAcetylcholinesterasetarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00668EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00668EpinephrineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00668EpinephrineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineTumor necrosis factortarget
DB00668EpinephrineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB00668EpinephrineMonoamine oxidaseenzyme
DB00816OrciprenalineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00841DobutamineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00841DobutamineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB00841DobutamineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00841DobutamineAlpha-1 adrenergic receptorstarget
DB00841DobutamineEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB00968MethyldopaAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00968MethyldopaCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB00968MethyldopaSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
DB00968MethyldopaAromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylasetarget
DB00988DopamineDopamine D1 receptortarget
DB00988DopamineDopamine beta-hydroxylasetarget
DB00988DopamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00988DopamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Benzyme
DB00988DopamineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB00988DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00988DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00988DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00988DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00988DopaminePOU domain, class 5, transcription factor 1transporter
DB00988DopamineDopamine D5 receptortarget
DB00988DopamineDopamine D2 receptortarget
DB00988DopamineDopamine D3 receptortarget
DB00988DopamineDopamine D4 receptortarget
DB00988DopamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00988DopamineDopamine beta-hydroxylaseenzyme
DB00988Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB00988Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
DB00988DopamineD(1) dopamine receptortarget
DB00988DopamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00988DopamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00988Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
DB00988Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Btarget
DB00988DopamineSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]target
DB00988DopamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB01064IsoprenalineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01064IsoprenalineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01064IsoprenalinePhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit alphatarget
DB01064IsoprenalineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01064IsoprenalineMitogen-activated protein kinase 1target
DB01064IsoprenalinePhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit betatarget
DB01064IsoprenalinePhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit gammatarget
DB01064IsoprenalineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01064IsoprenalineCAMP phosphodiesterasetarget
DB01064IsoprenalineSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]target
DB01102ArbutamineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01102ArbutamineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01102ArbutamineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01235LevodopaDopamine D1 receptortarget
DB01235LevodopaDopamine D2 receptortarget
DB01235LevodopaAromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylaseenzyme
DB01235LevodopaSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
DB01235LevodopaMonocarboxylate transporter 10transporter
DB01235LevodopaDopamine D3 receptortarget
DB01235LevodopaDopamine D4 receptortarget
DB01235LevodopaDopamine D5 receptortarget
DB01235LevodopaLarge neutral amino acids transporter small subunit 1transporter
DB01235LevodopaLarge neutral amino acids transporter small subunit 2transporter
DB01235LevodopaSerum albumincarrier
DB01288FenoterolBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01288FenoterolBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01288FenoterolBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB043346-hydroxydopa quinoneMembrane primary amine oxidasetarget
DB043346-hydroxydopa quinonePrimary amine oxidasetarget
DB043346-hydroxydopa quinonePhenylethylamine oxidasetarget
DB06262DroxidopaPhenylalanine-4-hydroxylasetarget
DB06262DroxidopaAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaAromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylaseenzyme
DB06262DroxidopaMonocarboxylate transporter 10transporter
DB06262DroxidopaSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertransporter
DB06707LevonordefrinAlpha-2 adrenergic receptorstarget
DB06814ProtokylolBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget