Benzodiazepinones

DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00186LorazepamLorazepam is FDA-approved for the short-term relief of anxiety symptoms related to anxiety disorders and anxiety associated with depressive symptoms such as anxiety-associated insomnia. It is as well used as an anesthesia premedication in adults to relieve anxiety or to produce sedation/amnesia and for the treatment of status epilepticus.[T385] Some off-label indications of lorazepam include rapid tranquilization of an agitated patient, alcohol withdrawal delirium, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, muscle spasms, insomnia, panic disorder, delirium, chemotherapy-associated anticipatory nausea and vomiting, and psychogenic catatonia.[T385]
DB00670PirenzepineFor the treatment of peptic ulcer, gastric ulcer, and duodenal ulcer.
DB00690FlurazepamFor short-term and intermittent use in patients with recurring insomnia and poor sleeping habits
DB00829DiazepamIn general, diazepam is useful in the symptomatic management of mild to moderate degrees of anxiety in conditions dominated by tension, excitation, agitation, fear, or aggressiveness such as may occur in psychoneurosis, anxiety reactions due to stress conditions, and anxiety states with somatic expression [F3160]. Moreover, in acute alcoholic withdrawal, diazepam may be useful in the symptomatic relief of acute agitation, tremor, and impending acute delirium tremens [F3160]. Furthermore, diazepam is a useful adjunct for the relief of skeletal muscle spasm due to reflex spasm to local pathologies, such as inflammation of the muscle and joints or secondary to trauma; spasticity caused by upper motor neuron disorders, such as cerebral palsy and paraplegia; athetosis and the rare "stiff man syndrome" [F3160]. Particular label information from the United Kingdom also lists particular age-specific indications, including for adults: (1) The short-term relief (2-4 weeks) only, of anxiety which is severe, disabling, or subjecting the individual to unacceptable distress, occurring alone or in association with insomnia or short-term psychosomatic, organic or psychotic illness, (2) cerebral palsy, (3) muscle spasm, (4) as an adjunct to certain types of epilepsy (eg. myoclonus), (5) symptomatic treatment of acute alcohol withdrawal, (6) as oral premedication for the nervous dental patient, and (7) for premedication before surgery [L5188]. In the same UK label information, diazepam is indicated in children for: (1) control of tension and irritability in cerebral spasticity in selected cases, (2) as an adjunct to the control of muscle spasm in tetanus, and for (3) oral premedication [L5188].
DB00842OxazepamFor the treatment of anxiety disorders and alcohol withdrawal.
DB01068ClonazepamClonazepam is indicated as monotherapy or as an adjunct in the treatment of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (petit mal variant), akinetic, and myoclonic seizures [FDA Label] [F3787]. Furthermore, clonazepam may also be of some value in patients with absence spells (petit mal) who have failed to respond to succinimides [FDA Label] [F3787]. Additionally, clonazepam is also indicated for the treatment of panic disorder, with or without agoraphobia, as defined in the DSM-V [FDA Label]. Alternatively, some regional prescribing information note that clonazepam is indicated for all clinical forms of epileptic disease and seizures in adults, especially absence seizures (petit mal) including atypical absence; primary or secondarily generalised tonic-clonic (grand mal), tonic or clonic seizures; partial (focal) seizures with elementary or complex symptomatology; various forms of myoclonic seizures, myoclonus and associated abnormal movements [L5572, F3796]. Such regional label data also has clonazepam indicated for most types of epilepsy in infants and children, especially absences (petit mal), myoclonic seizures and tonic-clonic fits, whether due to primary generalized epilepsy or to secondary generalization of partial epilepsy [F3796].
DB01205FlumazenilFor the complete or partial reversal of the sedative effects of benzodiazepines in cases where general anesthesia has been induced and/or maintained with benzodiazepines, and where sedation has been produced with benzodiazepines for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Also for the management of benzodiazepine overdose as an adjunct for appropriate supportive and symptomatic measures.
DB01489CamazepamCamazepam has been used in placebo controlled studies for the treatment of patients suffering from anxiety and depression.
DB01511DelorazepamMainly used as an anti-anxiety agent. Studies have found delorazepam to be more effective in the first 4 weeks of use than antidepressants; however, after 4 weeks, antidepressants showed superior anti-anxiety effects. [Wikipedia] Anti-anxiety effects also appear to be weaker in elderly patients. [1] Effectiveness has also been observed in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal. Delorazapam was reported to be a manageable drug in that it did not exhibit severe side effects and did not require further therapies to control symptoms of withdrawal. [3]
DB01544FlunitrazepamFor short-term treatment of severe insomnias, that are not responsive to other hypnotics.
DB01558BromazepamFor the short-term treatment of insomnia, short-term treatment of anxiety or panic attacks, if a benzodiazepine is required, and the alleviation of the symptoms of alcohol- and opiate-withdrawal.
DB01567FludiazepamUsed for the short-term treatment of anxiety disorders.
DB01588PrazepamFor the treatment of anxiety disorders.
DB01595NitrazepamUsed to treat short-term sleeping problems (insomnia), such as difficulty falling asleep, frequent awakenings during the night, and early-morning awakening.
DB09166EtizolamIndicated for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder with depression, panic disorder and insomnia.
DB13837DoxefazepamNot Available
DB13872LormetazepamFor the treatment of short-term insomnia [L927]
DB14028NordazepamNot Available
DB14672Oxazepam acetateNot Available
DB14971IomazenilNot Available
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00186LorazepamTranslocator proteintarget
DB00186LorazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
DB00186LorazepamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00186LorazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00670PirenzepineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetatarget
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB00690FlurazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00690FlurazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB00690FlurazepamMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00690FlurazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00690FlurazepamCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00690FlurazepamSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00829DiazepamTranslocator proteintarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00829DiazepamSerum albumincarrier
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetatarget
DB00829DiazepamMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00829DiazepamProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00829DiazepamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetatarget
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB00842OxazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00842OxazepamCytochrome P450 3A43enzyme
DB00842OxazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
DB00842OxazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00842OxazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00842OxazepamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB01068ClonazepamTranslocator proteintarget
DB01068ClonazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01068ClonazepamSerum albumincarrier
DB01068ClonazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01068ClonazepamArylamine N-acetyltransferase 2enzyme
DB01068ClonazepamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB01068ClonazepamNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB01205FlumazenilGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01205FlumazenilGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB01205FlumazenilGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB01205FlumazenilGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB01544FlunitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB01544FlunitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB01544FlunitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB01544FlunitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB01544FlunitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB01544FlunitrazepamTranslocator proteintarget
DB01544FlunitrazepamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01544FlunitrazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB01544FlunitrazepamCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB01544FlunitrazepamCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01544FlunitrazepamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01544FlunitrazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01544FlunitrazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01544FlunitrazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB01544FlunitrazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB01544FlunitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01544FlunitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB01544FlunitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB01558BromazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetatarget
DB01558BromazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB01558BromazepamCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01558BromazepamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01558BromazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB01567FludiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB01588PrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB01588PrazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01588PrazepamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01595NitrazepamSodium channel protein type 1 subunit alphatarget
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB01595NitrazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetatarget
DB01595NitrazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01595NitrazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB09166EtizolamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB09166EtizolamCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DB09166EtizolamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB09166EtizolamPlatelet-activating factor receptortarget
DB09166EtizolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB09166EtizolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB09166EtizolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB09166EtizolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB13872LormetazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB13872LormetazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB13872LormetazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB13872LormetazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB13872LormetazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target