Purinergic Antagonists

Drugs that bind to and block the activation of PURINERGIC RECEPTORS.
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00201CaffeineFor management of fatigue, orthostatic hypotension, and for the short term treatment of apnea of prematurity in infants.
DB00208TiclopidineUsed in patients, who have had a stroke or stroke precursors and who cannot take aspirin or aspirin has not worked, to try to prevent another thrombotic stroke.
DB00277TheophyllineFor the treatment of the symptoms and reversible airflow obstruction associated with chronic asthma and other chronic lung diseases, such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
DB00758ClopidogrelFor the reduction of atherosclerotic events (myocardial infarction, stroke, and vascular death) in patients with atherosclerosis documented by recent stroke, recent myocardial infarction, or established peripheral arterial disease.
DB00824EnprofyllineUsed in the management of symptoms of asthma. Also used in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases and in the management of cerebrovascular insufficiency, sickle cell disease, and diabetic neuropathy.
DB01223AminophyllineFor the treatment of bronchospasm due to asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
DB05553RegrelorInvestigated for use/treatment in cardiac surgery, coronary artery disease, thrombosis, and transfusion.
DB06441CangrelorFor use as an adjunct to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for reducing the risk of periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI), repeat coronary revascularization, and stent thrombosis (ST) in patients in who have not been treated with a P2Y12 platelet inhibitor and are not being given a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor.
DB06471NaxifyllineInvestigated for use/treatment in congestive heart failure.
DB06625VipadenantInvestigated for use/treatment in parkinson's disease.
DB08816TicagrelorTicagrelor is indicated for the prevention of thrombotic events like stroke or heart attack in patients with acute coronary syndrome or myocardial infarction with ST elevation.
DB11757IstradefyllineNot Available
DB129468-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthineNot Available
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00201CaffeineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00201CaffeinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB00201CaffeineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00201CaffeineRyanodine receptor 1target
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00201CaffeineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00201CaffeineDNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunittarget
DB00201CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoformtarget
DB00201CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoformtarget
DB00201CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit beta isoformtarget
DB00201CaffeineInositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptortarget
DB00201CaffeineSerine-protein kinase ATMtarget
DB00208TiclopidineP2Y purinoceptor 12target
DB00208TiclopidineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00208TiclopidineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00208TiclopidineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00208TiclopidineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00208TiclopidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00208TiclopidineMyeloperoxidaseenzyme
DB00208TiclopidineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00208TiclopidineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00208TiclopidineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00208TiclopidineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00277TheophyllinecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB00277TheophyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB00277TheophyllineAdenosine receptor A2btarget
DB00277TheophyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB00277TheophyllinecGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00277TheophyllineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00277TheophyllineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineAdenosine deaminaseenzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineHistone deacetylase 2target
DB00277TheophyllineCopine-1target
DB00277TheophyllineMinor histocompatibility antigen H13target
DB00277TheophyllineNodal modulator 1target
DB00277TheophyllinePoly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1target
DB00277TheophyllineProtein RIC-3target
DB00277TheophyllineTubulin monoglycylase TTLL3target
DB00758ClopidogrelP2Y purinoceptor 12target
DB00758ClopidogrelCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00758ClopidogrelCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00758ClopidogrelCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00758ClopidogrelCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00758ClopidogrelCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00758ClopidogrelCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00758ClopidogrelCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00758ClopidogrelLiver carboxylesterase 1enzyme
DB00758ClopidogrelMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00758ClopidogrelSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00758ClopidogrelSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00824EnprofyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB00824EnprofyllineAdenosine receptor A2btarget
DB00824EnprofyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB00824EnprofyllineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00824EnprofyllineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00824EnprofyllineAdenosine receptor A3target
DB01223AminophyllinecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB01223AminophyllineAdenosine receptor A3target
DB01223AminophyllineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB01223AminophyllineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01223AminophyllineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01223AminophyllineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01223AminophyllineHistone deacetylase 2target
DB01223AminophyllineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB05553RegrelorP2Y purinoceptor 12target
DB06441CangrelorP2Y purinoceptor 12target
DB06471NaxifyllineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB08816TicagrelorCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB08816TicagrelorP2Y purinoceptor 12target
DB08816TicagrelorMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB08816TicagrelorCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB08816TicagrelorCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme