Glucocorticoids

A group of CORTICOSTEROIDS that affect carbohydrate metabolism (GLUCONEOGENESIS, liver glycogen deposition, elevation of BLOOD SUGAR), inhibit ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE secretion, and possess pronounced anti-inflammatory activity. They also play a role in fat and protein metabolism, maintenance of arterial blood pressure, alteration of the connective tissue response to injury, reduction in the number of circulating lymphocytes, and functioning of the central nervous system.
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB01384ParamethasoneFor the treatment of all conditions in which corticosteroid therapy is indicated except adrenal-deficiency states for which its lack of sodium-retaining properties makes it less suitable than hydrocortisone with supplementary fludrocortisone.
DB00223DiflorasoneFor relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid responsive dermatoses.
DB00240AlclometasoneFor the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses.
DB00253MedrysoneFor the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis, vernal conjunctivitis, episcleritis, and epinephrine sensitivity.
DB00288AmcinonideFor the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses.
DB00324FluorometholoneFor the ophthalmic treatment of corticosteroid-responsive inflammation of the palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva, cornea and anterior segment of the globe.
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateUsed in the maintenance treatment of asthma as prophylactic therapy in patients 5 years of age and older, and in treating symptoms for allergic rhinitis (seasonal or perennial) in patients 12 years of age and older. Also being investigated for oral treatment in mild-to-moderate Crohn's disease of ileal or ileal-right colonic localisation and for "topical" use mild-to-moderate graft versus host disease.
DB00443BetamethasoneTopical use (cream, lotion and ointment): for relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Topical use (foam): relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses of the scalp. Systemic use: for the treatment of edocrine disorders, rheumatic disorders, collagen diseases, dermatological diseases, allergic states, ophthalmic diseases, respiratory diseases, hematologic disorders, neoplastic diseases, edematous states, gastrointestinal diseases, tuberculous meningitis and trichinosis.
DB00547DesoximetasoneFor the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses.
DB00591Fluocinolone AcetonideFor the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Also for the treatment of chronic non-infectious uveitis affecting the posterior segment of the eye (Retisert).
DB00620TriamcinoloneFor the treatment of perennial and seasonal allergic rhinitis.
DB00635PrednisoneFor the treatment of drug-induced allergic reactions, perennial or seasonal allergic rhinitis, serum sickness, giant cell arteritis acute rheumatic or nonrheumatic carditis, systemic dermatomyositis, systemic lupus erythematosus, atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, exfoliative dermatitis, bullous dermatitis herpetiformis, severe seborrheic dermatitis, severe (Stevens-Johnson syndrome) erythema multiforme, mycosis fungoides, pemphigus, severe psoriasis, acute adrenocortical insufficiency, Addison's disease, secondary adrenocortical insufficiency, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, hypercalcemia associated with neoplasms, nonsuppurative thyroiditis, ulceratice colitis, Crohn's disease, acquired hemolytic anemia, congenital hypoplastic anemia, erythroblastopenia, adult secondary thrombocytopenia, adult idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura, acute or subacute bursitis, epicondylitis, acute nonspecific tenosynovitis, acute or chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Hodgkin's or non-Hodgkin's lynphomas, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, primary brain tumors (adjunct), nephrotic syndrome, tuberculous meningitis, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis. cerebral edema, chorioretinitis, diffuse posterior choroiditis, aleergic conjunctivitis, Herpes zoster ophthalmicus, anterior segment inflammation, iridocyclitis, iritis, keratitis, optoc neuritis, sympathetic ophthalmia, corneal marginal allergic ulcers, symptomatic sarcoidosis, Loeffler's syndrome not manageable by other means, berylliosis, fulminating or disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis when used concurrently with appropriate antituberculous chemotherapy and aspiration pneumonitis.
DB00663FlumethasoneFor the treatment of contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, exczema, psoriasis, diaper rash and other skin conditions
DB00838ClocortoloneFor short-term topical treatment of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of moderate to severe corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses of the scalp.
DB00846FlurandrenolideFor relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses, particularly dry, scaling localized lesions
DB00860PrednisoloneFor the treatment of primary or secondary adrenocortical insufficiency, such as congenital adrenal hyperplasia, thyroiditis. Also used to treat psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, bursitis, acute gouty arthritis and epicondylitis. Also indicated for treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus, pemphigus and acute rhematic carditis. Can be used in the treatment of leukemias, lymphomas, thrombocytopenia purpura and autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Can be used to treat celiac disease, insulin resistance, ulcerative colitis and liver disorders.
DB00896RimexoloneFor the treatment of postoperative inflammation following ocular surgery and in the treatment of anterior uveitis.
DB00959MethylprednisoloneAdjunctive therapy for short-term administration in rheumatoid arthritis.
DB01013Clobetasol propionateFor short-term topical treatment of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of moderate to severe corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses of the scalp.
DB01047FluocinonideA topical anti-inflammatory product for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses.
DB01130PrednicarbateFor the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses.
DB01222BudesonideThe oral capsule is used for the treatment of mild to moderate active Crohn's disease. The oral tablet is used for induction of remission in patients with active, mild to moderate ulcerative colitis. The oral inhalation formulation is used for the treatment of asthma, non-infectious rhinitis (including hay fever and other allergies), and for treatment and prevention of nasal polyposis.
DB01234DexamethasoneInjection: for the treatment of endocrine disorders, rheumatic D=disorders, collagen diseases, dermatologic diseases, allergic statesc, ophthalmic diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, respiratory diseases, hematologic disorders, neoplastic diseases, edematous states, cerebral edema.
Ophthalmic ointment and solution: for the treatment of steroid responsive inflammatory conditions of the palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva, cornea, and anterior segment of the globe.
Ophthalmic solution only: for the treatment of steroid responsive inflammatory conditions of the external auditory meatus
Topic cream: for relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses
Oral aerosol: for the treatment of bronchial asthma and related corticosteroid responsive bronchospastic states intractable to adequate trial of conventional therapy
Intranasal aerosol: for the treatment of allergic ot inflammatory nasal conditions, and nasal polyps
DB01410CiclesonideFor the treatment of nasal symptoms associated with seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis in adults and adolescents 12 years of age and older.
DB06781DifluprednateFor the treatment of inflammation and pain associated with ocular surgery.
DB08970FluprednideneNot Available
DB08971FluocortoloneNot Available
DB09095DifluocortoloneDifluocortolone is used as a topical treatment of the symptoms of inflammatory skin disorders like eczema, seborrheic eczema, lichen planus and psoriasis. All these disorders present as a common characteristic the occurrence of symptoms as itching, swelling, redness and scaling.[L1083]
DB09378FluprednisoloneNot Available
DB11750ClobetasolNot Available
DB13158ClobetasoneIn dermatology, topical clobestasone butyrate helps to reduce the itchiness and erythema associated with eczema and dermatitis. In ophthalmology, clobetasone butyrate 0.1% eye drops have been shown to be safe and effective in the treatment of dry eyes in Sjögren's Syndrome.
DB00180FlunisolideFor the maintenance treatment of asthma as a prophylactic therapy.
DB08906Fluticasone furoateFluticasone furoate nasal spray is indicated for the treatment of the symptoms of seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis in patients aged 2 years and older. Breo Ellipta, a mixture of fluticasone furoate and vilanterol is indicated for the long-term, once-daily maintenance treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with COPD, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. It is also indicated for once-daily maintenance treatment of asthma in patients aged 18 or older with reversible obstructive airways disease. Breo Ellipta should not be used for the relief of acute symptoms of asthma or COPD.
DB09383MeprednisoneNot Available
DB11921Deflazacort is a corticosteroid indicated for the treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in patients 5 years of age and older
DB13003CortivazolNot Available
DB13843CloprednolNot Available
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB01384ParamethasoneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB01384ParamethasoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01384ParamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00223DiflorasoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00240AlclometasoneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00240AlclometasoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00240AlclometasoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00253MedrysoneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00253MedrysoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00288AmcinonideGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00288AmcinonideAnnexin A1target
DB00324FluorometholoneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00324FluorometholoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00324FluorometholoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00443BetamethasoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00443BetamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00443BetamethasoneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00443BetamethasoneCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DB00547DesoximetasoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00591Fluocinolone AcetonideCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00591Fluocinolone AcetonideGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00591Fluocinolone AcetonideCytosolic phospholipase A2enzyme
DB00620TriamcinoloneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00620TriamcinoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00620TriamcinoloneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00620TriamcinoloneProstaglandin G/H synthase 2enzyme
DB00620TriamcinoloneCholinesteraseenzyme
DB00635PrednisoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00635PrednisoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00635PrednisoneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00635PrednisoneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00635PrednisoneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00635PrednisoneSerum albumincarrier
DB00635PrednisoneCorticosteroid 11-beta-dehydrogenase isozyme 1target
DB00663FlumethasoneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00663FlumethasoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00838ClocortoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00846FlurandrenolideCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00846FlurandrenolideGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00860PrednisoloneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00860PrednisoloneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00860PrednisoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00860PrednisoloneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00860PrednisoloneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00860PrednisoloneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00896RimexoloneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00896RimexoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00959MethylprednisoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00959MethylprednisoloneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01013Clobetasol propionateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01013Clobetasol propionateCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01013Clobetasol propionateCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01047FluocinonideCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB01047FluocinonideGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01047FluocinonideSmoothened homologtarget
DB01130PrednicarbateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01222BudesonideGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01222BudesonideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01234DexamethasoneAnnexin A1target
DB01234DexamethasoneNitric oxide synthase, inducibletarget
DB01234DexamethasoneNuclear receptor subfamily 0 group B member 1target
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneBile salt export pumptransporter
DB01234DexamethasoneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneCholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrialenzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneSteroid 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20 lyaseenzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A43enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 4A11enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB01410CiclesonideCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB01410CiclesonideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01410CiclesonideCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01410CiclesonideGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01410CiclesonideLiver carboxylesterase 1enzyme
DB06781DifluprednateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB09095DifluocortoloneAnnexin A3target
DB09095DifluocortoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB13158ClobetasoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00180FlunisolideCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00180FlunisolideGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00180FlunisolideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB08906Fluticasone furoateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB08906Fluticasone furoateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB08906Fluticasone furoateMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB09383MeprednisoneSerum albumincarrier
DB11921DeflazacortCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB11921DeflazacortCarboxylesteraseenzyme
DB13003CortivazolGlucocorticoid receptortarget