|DB00265||Crotamiton||For eradication of scabies (Sarcoptes scabiei) and for symptomatic treatment of pruritic skin.|
|DB00431||Lindane||For the treatment of patients infested with Sarcoptes scabiei or pediculosis capitis who have either failed to respond to adequate doses, or are intolerant of other approved therapies.|
|DB00602||Ivermectin||For the treatment of intestinal (i.e., nondisseminated) strongyloidiasis due to the nematode parasite Strongyloides stercoralis. Also for the treatment of onchocerciasis (river blindness) due to the nematode parasite Onchocerca volvulus. Can be used to treat scabies caused by Sarcoptes scabiei.|
|DB00676||Benzyl benzoate||Used to kill lice and the mites responsible for the skin condition scabies.|
1) Prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolism and related pulmonary embolism.
2) Prophylaxis and treatment of thromboembolism associated with atrial fibrillation.
3) Prophylaxis and treatment of thromboembolism associated with cardiac valve replacement.
4) Use as adjunct therapy to reduce mortality, recurrent myocardial infarction, and thromboembolic events post myocardial infarction.
**Off-label** uses include:
1) Secondary prevention of stroke and transient ischemic attacks in patients with rheumatic mitral valve disease but without atrial fibrillation.[A179182]|
|DB00772||Malathion||For patients infected with Pediculus humanus capitis (head lice and their ova) of the scalp hair.|
|DB03895||Malachite Green||Not Available|
|DB04930||Permethrin||For the treatment of infestation with Sarcoptes scabiei (scabies).|
|DB06803||Niclosamide||For the treatment of tapeworm and intestinal fluke infections: Taenia saginata (Beef Tapeworm), Taenia solium (Pork Tapeworm), Diphyllobothrium latum (Fish Tapeworm), Fasciolopsis buski (large intestinal fluke). Niclosamide is also used as a molluscicide in the control of schistosomiasis.|
|DB08823||Spinosad||Spinosad is indicated for the topical treatment of head lice in children four years old and over and in adults.|
|DB09350||Piperonyl butoxide||For the treatment of head, pubic (crab), and body lice.|
|DB11087||Pyrethrum extract||Not Available|
|DB11282||Diethyltoluamide||Diethyltoluamide, or DEET, is an active ingredient that is predominantly indicated for as an insect repellant used to repel biting pests like mosquitoes and ticks [L2774]. Products containing DEET currently are available to the public in a variety of liquids, lotions, sprays, and impregnated materials like towelettes or roll-ons [L2774].|
|DB11326||Boric acid||No FDA- or EMA-approved therapeutic indications on its own.|
|DB11431||Moxidectin||Moxidectin is indicated for the treatment of river blindness, also called onchocerciasis, in patients aged 12 years and older. River blindness is caused by a parasitic worm _Onchocerca volvulus_ and it is manifested as severe itching, disfiguring skin conditions and visual impairment caused by the worm's larvae.[L2971]
The transmission of _Onchocerca volvulus_ is performed person to person by black flies that breed in fast-flowing rivers in sub-Saharan Africa, Yemen and South and Central America. The larvae released by the adult parasite invade skin and eyes where they can produce the severe disease manifestations.[L2971]|
|DB13746||Bioallethrin||Bioallethrin was used for lice and scabies infestation. Other pyrethroids are now used in place of bioallethrin.|
|DB14150||Chloric acid||Not Available|
|DB02994||Cacodylic acid||Not Available|