Contraceptives, Oral

Name
Contraceptives, Oral
Accession Number
DBCAT000707  (DBCAT001844)
Description

Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
DesogestrelA synthetic progestin used in contraception, often in combination with ethinyl estradiol.
Megestrol acetateA progestin that is administered orally to treat anorexia and cachexia or serious unexplained weight loss and is also used as an antineoplastic agent to treat certain types of malignancy.
LevonorgestrelA progestin found in oral and IUD contraceptives and at higher doses in emergency contraceptives.
Medroxyprogesterone acetateA progestin used as a contraceptive and in the treatment of secondary amenorrhea, abnormal uterine bleeding, pain from endometriosis, endometrial and renal carcinomas, paraphilia in males, and GnRH-dependent precocious puberty.
NorethisteroneA synthetic second-generation progestin used for contraception, prevention of endometrial hyperplasia in hormone replacement therapy, and in the treatment of other hormone-mediated illnesses such as endometriosis.
Ethynodiol diacetateAn oral contraceptive used to prevent pregnancy.
MifepristoneA cortisol receptor blocker used to treat Cushing's syndrome, and to terminate pregnancies up to 70 days gestation.
NorgestimateA progesterone used as a contraceptive and to treat acne vulgaris.
GestodeneGestodene is a progestogen hormonal contraceptive. Products containing gestoden include Meliane, which contains 20 mcg of ethinylestradiol and 75 mcg of gestodene; and Gynera, which contains 30 mcg of ethinylestradiol...
DienogestAn oral progestin used for the treatment of endometriosis as monotherapy or contraception in combination with ethinylestradiol.
NorethynodrelA synthetic progestational hormone with actions and uses similar to those of PROGESTERONE. It has been used in the treatment of functional uterine bleeding and endometriosis. As a contraceptive, it...
NorgestrelA progestin used in combination with ethinyl estradiol for oral contraception and prevention of pregnancy in women.
GestrinoneEndometriosis with or without accompanying sterility. Treatment is limited to a single course of 6 months duration per lifetime [L1699, L1700].
LynestrenolLynestrenol has been used in trials studying the basic science of Transsexualism and Gender Dysphoria.
ChlormadinoneNot Annotated
NorgestrienoneNot Annotated
OrmeloxifeneNot Annotated
Cyproterone acetateA steroid used in combination with ethinyl estradiol to treat women with severe acne and symptoms of androgenization. Also used alone at much higher doses for palliative treatment of patients with prostate cancer
DrospirenoneA progestin used in oral contraceptive pills for the prevention of pregnancy and other conditions.
Nomegestrol acetateNomegestrol acetate, also known as NOMAC, is a progestin used in oral contraceptives, menopausal hormone therapy, and for the treatment of gynecological disorders.
QuingestanolNot Annotated
EthinylestradiolAn estradiol used as a contraceptive.
EstradiolAn estrogenic steroid used to treat vasomotor symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy in menopause, hypoestrogenism, prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis, treatment of breast cancer, and advanced androgen-dependent carcinoma of the prostate.
DemegestoneDemegestone is a progesterone receptor agonist that was previously used to treat luteal insufficiency. It was previously marketed in France as Lutionex, but has since been discontinued.
Norethindrone enanthateNot Annotated
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
DesogestrelProgesterone receptortarget
DesogestrelEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DesogestrelCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DesogestrelSerum albumincarrier
DesogestrelSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
DesogestrelCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DesogestrelUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
Megestrol acetateProgesterone receptortarget
Megestrol acetateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
Megestrol acetateP-glycoprotein 1transporter
Megestrol acetateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
LevonorgestrelProgesterone receptortarget
LevonorgestrelEstrogen receptor alphatarget
Levonorgestrel3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenase 1target
LevonorgestrelCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
LevonorgestrelAndrogen receptortarget
LevonorgestrelSex hormone-binding globulintarget
LevonorgestrelGlucocorticoid receptortarget
LevonorgestrelCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
Medroxyprogesterone acetateProgesterone receptortarget
Medroxyprogesterone acetateEstrogen receptor alphatarget
Medroxyprogesterone acetateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
Medroxyprogesterone acetateCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
Medroxyprogesterone acetate3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Delta 5-->4-isomerase type 2enzyme
Medroxyprogesterone acetateCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
Medroxyprogesterone acetateCytochrome P450 3A1enzyme
Medroxyprogesterone acetateSerum albumincarrier
Medroxyprogesterone acetateP-glycoprotein 1target
Medroxyprogesterone acetateGABA(A) Receptortarget
Medroxyprogesterone acetateP-glycoprotein 1transporter
NorethisteroneProgesterone receptortarget
NorethisteroneP-glycoprotein 1transporter
NorethisteroneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
NorethisteroneSerum albumincarrier
NorethisteroneSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
NorethisteroneAldo-keto reductase family 1 member C4enzyme
Norethisterone3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Delta 5-->4-isomerase type 2enzyme
Norethisterone3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenaseenzyme
Norethisterone3-oxo-5-beta-steroid 4-dehydrogenaseenzyme
NorethisteroneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
NorethisteroneCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
NorethisteroneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
NorethisteroneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
NorethisteroneAndrogen receptortarget
Ethynodiol diacetateEstrogen receptor alphatarget
Ethynodiol diacetateProgesterone receptortarget
Ethynodiol diacetateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
MifepristoneProgesterone receptortarget
MifepristoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
MifepristoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
MifepristoneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
MifepristoneP-glycoprotein 1transporter
MifepristoneMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
MifepristoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
MifepristoneProstate-specific antigentarget
MifepristoneNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
MifepristoneBile salt export pumptransporter
MifepristoneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
MifepristoneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
MifepristoneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
MifepristoneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
NorgestimateProgesterone receptortarget
NorgestimateEstrogen receptor alphatarget
NorgestimateCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
NorgestimateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
NorgestimateAndrogen receptortarget
NorgestimateCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
NorgestimateCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
NorgestimateUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
NorgestimateSerum albumincarrier
NorgestimateSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
NorgestimateP-glycoprotein 1transporter
GestodeneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
GestodeneCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
GestodeneProgesterone receptortarget
GestodeneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
GestodeneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DienogestCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DienogestProgesterone receptortarget
DienogestAndrogen receptortarget
NorethynodrelEstrogen receptor alphatarget
NorethynodrelAndrogen receptortarget
NorethynodrelSex hormone-binding globulintarget
NorethynodrelCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
NorgestrelProgesterone receptortarget
Norgestrel3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenase 1target
NorgestrelAndrogen receptortarget
NorgestrelCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
NorgestrelCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
GestrinoneSex hormone-binding globulintarget
GestrinoneProgesterone receptortarget
GestrinoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
GestrinoneAndrogen receptortarget
GestrinoneGonadotropin-releasing hormone receptortarget
GestrinoneEstrogen receptor alphatarget
GestrinoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
LynestrenolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
LynestrenolCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
LynestrenolCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
ChlormadinoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
Cyproterone acetateAndrogen receptortarget
Cyproterone acetateProstate-specific antigentarget
Cyproterone acetateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
Cyproterone acetateCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DrospirenoneProgesterone receptortarget
DrospirenoneMineralocorticoid receptortarget
DrospirenoneAndrogen receptortarget
DrospirenoneProstaglandin G/H synthase 2enzyme
DrospirenoneSerum paraoxonase/arylesterase 1enzyme
DrospirenoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DrospirenoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
Nomegestrol acetateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
QuingestanolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
EthinylestradiolEstrogen receptor alphatarget
EthinylestradiolNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
EthinylestradiolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
EthinylestradiolCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
EthinylestradiolBile salt export pumptransporter
EthinylestradiolSodium/bile acid cotransportertransporter
EthinylestradiolCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
EthinylestradiolP-glycoprotein 1transporter
EthinylestradiolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
EthinylestradiolCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
EthinylestradiolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-4enzyme
EthinylestradiolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
EthinylestradiolCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
EthinylestradiolCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
EthinylestradiolEstrogen sulfotransferaseenzyme
EthinylestradiolSulfotransferase 1A3/1A4enzyme
EthinylestradiolCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
EthinylestradiolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
EthinylestradiolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
EthinylestradiolCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
EthinylestradiolSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
EthinylestradiolSerum albumincarrier
EthinylestradiolSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
EstradiolEstrogen receptor alphatarget
EstradiolNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
EstradiolSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
EstradiolEstrogen receptor betatarget
EstradiolCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
EstradiolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
EstradiolSerum albumincarrier
EstradiolFatty acid-binding protein, intestinalcarrier
EstradiolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
EstradiolCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
EstradiolCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
EstradiolSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
EstradiolSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
EstradiolMultidrug resistance-associated protein 7transporter
EstradiolSolute carrier family 22 member 11transporter
EstradiolATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
EstradiolSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
EstradiolP-glycoprotein 1transporter
EstradiolCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
EstradiolCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
EstradiolCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
EstradiolCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
EstradiolCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
EstradiolSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
EstradiolSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
EstradiolSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1C1transporter
EstradiolNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
EstradiolG-protein coupled estrogen receptor 1target
EstradiolATP synthase subunit atarget
EstradiolBeclin-1target
EstradiolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
EstradiolCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
EstradiolUDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs)enzyme
DemegestoneProgesterone receptortarget
DemegestoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
Norethindrone enanthateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme