- Accession Number
Polymers synthesized by living organisms. They play a role in the formation of macromolecular structures and are synthesized via the covalent linkage of biological molecules, especially AMINO ACIDS; NUCLEOTIDES; and CARBOHYDRATES.
Drug Drug Description Inulin Historically used in an important medical test of renal function, specifically a measure of glomerular filtration rate. Sometimes used to help relieve symptoms of diabetes mellitus - a condition characterised... Icodextrin An iso-osmotic solution used for continuous peritoneal dialysis or automated peritoneal dialysis. Hydroxypropyl cellulose A cellulose ether used to treat dry eyes. Iron Dextran An iron supplement used to treat iron deficiency in patients who cannot take oral iron. Quinidine A medication used to restore normal sinus rhythm, treat atrial fibrillation and flutter, and treat ventricular arrhythmias. Cellobiose A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units in beta (1-4) glycosidic linkage. Obtained from the partial hydrolysis of cellulose. [PubChem] Maltotetraose Not Available Trehalose-6-Phosphate Not Available Cellotetraose Not Available Maltose A dextrodisaccharide from malt and starch. It is used as a sweetening agent and fermentable intermediate in brewing. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) Crofelemer An antidiarrheal agent used for the symptomatic relief of drug-induced non-infectious diarrhea in adult patients with HIV/AIDS receiving antiretroviral therapy. IT-101 Investigated for use/treatment in cancer/tumors (unspecified) and solid tumors. Sugammadex A modified gamma cyclodextrin used to reverse neuromuscular blockade induced by vecuronium bromide and rocuronium bromide which are agents used for anesthesia. Endostatin Investigated for use/treatment in cancer/tumors (unspecified), macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy. Sodium cellulose phosphate Sodium cellulose phosphate is used to treat hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria. It has been used to prevent kidney stones. This compound is an ion-exchange resin that can not be absorbed by... Ferric carboxymaltose An iron replacement therapy used to treat iron deficiency anemia in adults with intolerance or inadequate clinical response to oral iron or those who have non-dialysis dependent chronic kidney disease. Hydroxyethyl Starch A plasma volume substitute used to treat and prevent hypovolemia. Pentastarch A plasma volume expander used as an adjunct in the management of shock due to hemorrhage, surgery, sepsis, burns or other trauma. Dextran A low molecular weight dextran used as an adjunctive treatment of shock or impending shock due to hemorrhage, burns, surgery or other trauma, as well as the prophylaxis of venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism during high-risk medical procedures. Ferumoxides Not Annotated Karaya gum An extract from Karaya gum used in allergy testing. Tragacanth An extract from Tragacanth used in allergy testing. Carob An extract from Carob used in allergy testing. Carboxymethylcellulose A compound used as an ophthalmic lubricant. Hypromellose An ingredient used in a wide variety of medications, and is not an approved medication. Turpentine A medication used to treat minor aches and pains of muscles and joints. Pectin Pectin is used in food as a gelling agent and stabilizer. As a medical drug, it has obtained a great interest in its potential use as a source of dietary... Rosin An extract from Rosin used in allergy testing. Tolu balsam Not Annotated Methylcellulose A compound used as a bulk forming laxative and is not an approved medication. Poliglusam Poliglusam, or chitosan, is a linear polysaccharide consisting of D-glucosamine and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine. Naturally-occuring poliglusam is found in the cell walls of fungi, soil and sediments where it is produced from... Gleptoferron Colloid solution of ferric hydroxide, dextran & glucoheptonic acid. Balsam of Peru Balsam of Peru is found in diverse cosmetics and perfumes as well as a flavoring agent in cough syrups, lozenges, chewing gum, and candies. As a medical agent, balsam of... Starch, corn Corn starch refers to the starch extracted from the corn grain that is commonly used as a food ingredient and chemical additive. Starch is any of a group of polysaccharides... Hydroxyethyl cellulose An ingredient used in formulations to alleviate irritation of the skin. Trehalose Cabaletta has been used in trials studying the treatment of Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy. Sizofiran A beta-D-glucan obtained from the Aphyllophoral fungus Schizophyllum commune. It is used as an immunoadjuvant in the treatment of neoplasms, especially tumors found in the stomach. Sizofiran has been used... Guar gum Not Annotated Lentinan Not Annotated Dextranomer Not Annotated Oxidized cellulose Not Annotated Hydroxyethyl ethylcellulose Hydroxyethyl ethylcellulose modulates bacterial binding to salivary pellicle; moderately effective in preventing plaque formation. Microcrystalline cellulose A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material,... Amber Amber is a plant/plant extract used in some OTC (over-the-counter) products. It is not an approved drug. Betadex Not Available Dextrin 2-sulfate Investigated for use/treatment in HIV prevention. Polydextrose Polydextrose is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02258750 (Assessing a Polydextrose Containing Soup on Food Intake, Appetite and Biomarkers of Satiation and Satiety). Amylopectin Amylopectin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01708694 (Role of Slowly Digesible Starch on Diabetes Risk Factors). Amylose Amylose is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01027325 (Resistant Starch Insulin Sensitivity Trial). Hydroxypropyl betadex Hydroxypropyl betadex is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03471143 (Study of IV VTS-270 for Infantile Liver Disease Associated With Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C). Endostar Endostar is under investigation for the treatment of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma. Endostar has been investigated for the treatment of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer. Brexanolone Brexanolone is a synthetic neuroactive steroid gamma-aminobutyric acid A (GABA(a)) receptor positive modulator indicated for the treatment of postpartum depression (PPD) in adult women [FDA Label][A176080, A176083, F4063, F4066, F4072]. Silk sericin Not Annotated Acacia An extract from Acacia used in allergy testing.
- Drugs & Drug Targets