Propionates

3-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00647DextropropoxypheneFor the relief of mild to moderate pain
DB00712FlurbiprofenFlurbiprofen tablets are indicated for the acute or long-term symptomatic treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteorarthritis and anklosing spondylitis. It may also be used to treat pain associated with dysmenorrhea and mild to moderate pain accompanied by inflammation (e.g. bursitis, tendonitis, soft tissue trauma). Topical ophthalmic formulations may be used pre-operatively to prevent intraoperative miosis.
DB05289TarenflurbilInvestigated for use/treatment in alzheimer's disease and prostate cancer.
DB06793LevopropoxypheneLevopropoxyphene was used as an antitussive. An antitussive is a medication often recommended for the treatment of cough and associated respiratory tract disorders.[A32160] Its enantiomer, dextropropoxyphene, presents an analgesic effect.[A32161]
DB00573FenoprofenFor relief of the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Also for the relief of mild to moderate pain.
DB00870SuprofenUsed as eye drops to inhibit the miosis (pupil constriction) that may occur during ocular surgery.
DB00991OxaprozinUsed to relieve the inflammation, swelling, stiffness, and joint pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
DB01009KetoprofenFor symptomatic treatment of acute and chronic rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, primary dysmenorrhea and mild to moderate pain associated with musculotendinous trauma (sprains and strains), postoperative (including dental surgery) or postpartum pain.
DB01600Tiaprofenic acidTiaprofenic acid is used to treat pain, especially arthritic pain.
DB04812BenoxaprofenNot Available
DB06682NaproxcinodInvestigated for use/treatment in pain (acute or chronic), inflammatory disorders (unspecified), osteoarthritis, and arthritis and arthritic pain.
DB08951IndoprofenNot Available
DB08955IbuproxamNot Available
DB08981FenbufenNot Available
DB09213DexibuprofenFor more information, refer to [ibuprofen].
DB09214DexketoprofenFor short-term treatment of mild to moderate pain, including dysmenorrhoea, musculoskeletal pain and toothache [L1302].
DB13314AlminoprofenNot Available
DB13722PirprofenNot Available
DB00736EsomeprazoleEsomeprazole is indicated for the treatment of acid-reflux disorders including healing and maintenance of erosive esophagitis, and symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), peptic ulcer disease, H. pylori eradication, prevention of gastrointestinal bleeds with NSAID use, and for the long-term treatment of pathological hypersecretory conditions including Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome.
DB00788NaproxenNaproxen is indicated for the management of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis, tendinitis, bursitis, acute gout, primary dysmenorrhea, and for the relief of mild to moderate pain.[L6582][L6583][A178975] Further, it is first-line therapy for osteoarthritis, acute gouty arthritis, dysmenorrhea, and musculoskeletal inflammation and pain.[A178975]
DB00929MisoprostolIndicated for the treatment of ulceration (duodenal, gastric and NSAID induced) and prophylaxis for NSAID induced ulceration. Misoprostol is also indicated for other uses that are not approved in Canada, including the medical termination of an intrauterine pregnancy used alone or in combination with methotrexate,as well as the induction of labour in a selected population of pregnant women with unfavourable cervices. This indication is avoided in women with prior uterine surgery or cesarean surgery due to an increased risk of possible uterine rupture. Misoprostol is also used for the prevention or treatment of serious postpartum hemorrhage.
DB01050IbuprofenIbuprofen is the most commonly used and prescribed NSAID. It is very common over the counter medication widely used as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic.[A39096] The use of ibuprofen and its enantiomer [DB09213] in a racemic mix is common for the management of mild to moderate pain related to dysmenorrhea, headache, migraine, postoperative dental pain, spondylitis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and soft tissue disorder.[A39097] Due to its activity against prostaglandin and thromboxane synthesis, ibuprofen has been attributed to alteration of platelet function and prolongation of gestation and labor.[A39092] As ibuprofen is a widely used medication, the main therapeutic indications are: * Patent Ductus Arteriosus - it is a neonatal condition wherein the ductus arteriosus (blood vessel that connects the main pulmonary artery to the proximal descending aorta) fails to close after birth causing severe risk of heart failure. The prostaglandin inhibition of ibuprofen has been studied for the treatment of this condition as it is known that prostaglandin E2 is responsible for keeping the ductus arteriosus open.[A39100] * Rheumatoid- and osteo-arthritis - ibuprofen is very commonly used in the symptomatic treatment of inflammatory, musculoskeletal and rheumatic disorders.[A39176] * Cystic fibrosis - the use of high dosages of ibuprofen has been proven to decrease inflammation and decreasing polymorphonuclear cell influx in the lungs.[A39177] * Orthostatic hypotension - ibuprofen can induce sodium retention and antagonize the effect of diuretics which has been reported to be beneficial for patients with severe orthostatic hypotension.[A1651] * Dental pain - ibuprofen is used to manage acute and chronic orofacial pain.[A10901] * Minor pain - ibuprofen is widely used to reduce minor aches and pains as well as to reduce fever and manage dysmenorrhea. It is very commonly used for the relief of acute indications such as fever and tension headaches.[A39092] * Investigational uses - efforts have been put into developing ibuprofen for the prophylaxis of Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson disease, and breast cancer.[A39092]
DB13317FlunoxaprofenNot Available
DB14938Flurbiprofen axetilNot Available
DB00899RemifentanilFor use during the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00647DextropropoxypheneMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00647DextropropoxypheneDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00647DextropropoxypheneKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00647DextropropoxypheneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00647DextropropoxypheneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00647DextropropoxypheneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00647DextropropoxypheneLiver carboxylesterase 1target
DB00712FlurbiprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00712FlurbiprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00712FlurbiprofenCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00712FlurbiprofenSerum albumincarrier
DB00712FlurbiprofenMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB00712FlurbiprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00712FlurbiprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00712FlurbiprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00712FlurbiprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00712FlurbiprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00712FlurbiprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB05289TarenflurbilNF-kappa-B essential modulatortarget
DB00573FenoprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00573FenoprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00573FenoprofenSerum albumincarrier
DB00573FenoprofenPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphatarget
DB00573FenoprofenPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammatarget
DB00870SuprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00870SuprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00870SuprofenCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00870SuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00870SuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00991OxaprozinProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00991OxaprozinProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB01009KetoprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB01009KetoprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB01009KetoprofenC-X-C chemokine receptor type 1target
DB01009KetoprofenSerum albumincarrier
DB01009KetoprofenMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB01009KetoprofenSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB01009KetoprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB01009KetoprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB01009KetoprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 11transporter
DB01009KetoprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB01009KetoprofenCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01009KetoprofenCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01009KetoprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB01600Tiaprofenic acidProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB01600Tiaprofenic acidProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB09213DexibuprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB09213DexibuprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB09213DexibuprofenApoptosis regulator Bcl-2target
DB09213DexibuprofenThrombomodulintarget
DB09213DexibuprofenTissue-type plasminogen activatortarget
DB09213DexibuprofenFatty acid-binding protein, intestinaltarget
DB09213DexibuprofenPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammatarget
DB09213DexibuprofenCystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulatortarget
DB09213DexibuprofenCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB09213DexibuprofenSerum albumincarrier
DB09213DexibuprofenMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB09213DexibuprofenMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
DB09213DexibuprofenSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB09213DexibuprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB09213DexibuprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB09213DexibuprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 11transporter
DB09213DexibuprofenSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB09213DexibuprofenMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB09213DexibuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB09213DexibuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB09213DexibuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB09213DexibuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB09213DexibuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB09213DexibuprofenCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB09213DexibuprofenCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB09213DexibuprofenSolute carrier family 15 member 1target
DB09213DexibuprofenPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphatarget
DB09213DexibuprofenPlatelet glycoprotein Ib alpha chaintarget
DB09213DexibuprofenProtein S100-A7target
DB09213DexibuprofenAlpha-methylacyl-CoA racemaseenzyme
DB09214DexketoprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB09214DexketoprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB09214DexketoprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DB09214DexketoprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2enzyme
DB00736EsomeprazolePotassium-transporting ATPase alpha chain 1target
DB00736EsomeprazoleCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00736EsomeprazoleCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00736EsomeprazoleN(G),N(G)-dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 1target
DB00736EsomeprazoleMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00736EsomeprazoleSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00788NaproxenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00788NaproxenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00788NaproxenSerum albumincarrier
DB00788NaproxenCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00788NaproxenCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00788NaproxenSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00788NaproxenSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00788NaproxenCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00788NaproxenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00788NaproxenPeptostreptococcal albumin-binding proteintarget
DB00788NaproxenBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00788NaproxenMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00788NaproxenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1enzyme
DB00788NaproxenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00788NaproxenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6enzyme
DB00788NaproxenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-7enzyme
DB00788NaproxenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8enzyme
DB00788NaproxenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00788NaproxenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-10enzyme
DB00788NaproxenSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00929MisoprostolProstaglandin E2 receptor EP2 subtypetarget
DB00929MisoprostolProstaglandin E2 receptor EP3 subtypetarget
DB00929MisoprostolProstaglandin E2 receptor EP4 subtypetarget
DB01050IbuprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB01050IbuprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB01050IbuprofenCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenSerum albumincarrier
DB01050IbuprofenMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB01050IbuprofenMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 11transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB01050IbuprofenMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01050IbuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenApoptosis regulator Bcl-2target
DB01050IbuprofenThrombomodulintarget
DB01050IbuprofenFatty acid-binding protein, intestinaltarget
DB01050IbuprofenPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammatarget
DB01050IbuprofenCystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulatortarget
DB01050IbuprofenPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphatarget
DB01050IbuprofenPlatelet glycoprotein Ib alpha chaintarget
DB01050IbuprofenProtein S100-A7target
DB01050IbuprofenAlpha-methylacyl-CoA racemaseenzyme
DB00899RemifentanilMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00899RemifentanilDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00899RemifentanilKappa-type opioid receptortarget