Plant Preparations

Material prepared from plants.
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00908QuinidineFor the treatment of ventricular pre-excitation and cardiac dysrhythmias
DB00965Ethiodized oilFor use as a radio-opaque medium for hysterosalpingography and lymphography, and as an antineoplastic agent when part of the iodine is 131-I. It is also used in follow-up imaging for chemoembolization.
DB01744CamphorNot Available
DB02955Ricinoleic AcidNot Available
DB04660Choline alfoscerateNot Available
DB05051BZL101Investigated for use/treatment in breast cancer.
DB05767AndrographolideInvestigated for use/treatment in ulcerative colitis.
DB05771LLL-3348Investigated for use/treatment in psoriasis and psoriatic disorders.
DB09094Podophyllin25% podophyllin (in benzoin tincture) is indicated for the removal of soft genital (venereal) warts (condylomata acuminata).
DB09422Soybean oilIndicated for parenteral nutrition as a source of calories and essential fatty acids when oral or enteral nutrition is not possible, insufficient, or contraindicated.
DB09446Safflower oilNo approved therapeutic indications.
DB09543Methyl salicylateOintments or liniments containing methyl salicylate are applied topically as counter irritant for relief of acute pain associated with lumbago,sciatica and rheumatic conditions. Local analgesics for human and veterinary medicine.
DB09567Olive oilFor use in adults as a source of calories and fatty acids in total parenteral nutrition [FDA Label]. Sometimes used as an additive in cosmetic products.
DB11097Plantago seedIndications include the treatment of patients needing a high fibre regime, perhaps for: (a) the relief of constipation, including constipation in pregnancy and the maintenance of regularity; (b) the management of bowel function in patients with colostomy, ileostomy, hemorrhoids, anal fissure, chronic diarrhea with diverticular disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and ulcerative colitis [L1865].
DB11113Castor oilIndicated for over-the-counter use as a laxative for oral use and as a soothing agent for topical use on skin and hair.
DB11130OpiumOpium and its derivatives are the most commonly used medications for the treatment of acute and chronic pain. Opium and its alkaloid-derivatives can also be used as tranquilizers, antitussives and in the treatment of diarrhea.[T138] The direct use of opium is not common nowadays but the use of some of its derivatives such as morphine and codeine, as well as the use of a tincture of opium for severe diarrhea can be seen in medical practice.[T139] Illegal use of opium has been registered to be for both recreational and medicinal purposes.[A32182]
DB11131Capsicum oleoresinIndicated for the temporary relief of minor aches and pains of muscles and joints associated with simple backache, arthritis, strains and sprains.
DB11158PectinPectin is used in food as a gelling agent and stabilizer. As a medical drug, it has obtained a great interest in its potential use as a source of dietary fiber, lipid, cholesterol, serum glucose and insulin level lowering effect, gastric emptying delay.[A32327] Some recent studies have researched the possibility of using pectin for the formation of nanoparticles as a delivery vehicle of drugs.[A32331]
DB11172Sesame oilNot Available
DB11198Peppermint oilIndicated for the over-the-counter use for: -the symptomatic relief of minor spasms of the gastrointestinal tract, flatulence and abdominal pain, especially in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. -the temporary relief of itching associated with insect bites, eczema, minor burn, sunburn, minor skin irritations, minor cuts, scrapes, atopic dermatitis and other skin disorders. -the temporary symptomatic relief of mild joint and muscle pain as a local topical analgesic. -the temporary relief of tension-type headache.
DB11218Tea tree oilIndicated for topical use to help protect against infection in minor cuts, scrapes, and burns. No FDA-approved therapeutic indications.
DB11222Benzoin resinIndicated for mild antisepsis of skin, cuts, and abrasions.
DB11238Borage oilNot Available
DB11293Rice bran oilNot Available
DB11338Clove oilClove oil is primarily indicated in conditions like colic, flatulence, and toothache [L2849].
DB11357Linseed oilNot Available
DB11358Evening primrose oilEvening primrose oil is used as part of over-the-counter dietary supplements.[L1113] It is also used for the treatment of systemic inflammatory diseases and for women's health conditions such as cyclical mastalgia. These indications do not have sufficient evidence of their effectiveness. It was used for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in the United Kingdom but it is currently withdrawn due to lack of evidence of effectiveness.[A33131]
DB11365SennosidesFor the over the counter treatment of constipation[FDA Label][L771].
DB13153LevomenolLevomenol has been known to elicit a number of potentially beneficial pharmacological effects, including anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-microbial actions. Bisabolol is also demonstrated to enhance the percutaneous absorption of certain molecules
DB13293IpecacIpecac is indicated as an emetic agent for the induction of vomiting in poisoning victims who ingested systemic poison in order to prevent absorption of the chemicals through the gastrointestinal tract. In low doses, ipecac was also used as an expectorant.[L2753] Reports have suggested that ipecac was vastly used in patients with eating disorders to produce vomiting.[T49]
DB13964Peanut oilPeanut oil is widely used in food and it is even the component for the adulteration of olive oil.[T41] It is used in over-the-counter ear drops to help lubricate the ear wax.[F124] It was also used as an ingredient in cleansing soaps, in emollient cream preparations or in laxatives.[L2892, F125] Peanut oil is also used usually to solubilize drugs with poor water solubility as part of the oral formulation.[T224] When orally administered, peanut oil has as well been researched and used to prevent heart diseases and lower cholesterol levels as well as to aid in weight loss and decrease appetite.[L2897]
DB14276TurmericNot Available
DB14304Panax notoginseng rootNot Available
DB14309Meadowfoam seed oilNot Available
DB14310Argan oilNot Available
DB14316Tangerine peelNot Available
DB14322Coconut oilNot Available
DB14329Sunflower oilNot Available
DB14333Nelumbo nucifera flowerNot Available
DB14335Bergamot oilNot Available
DB14336Angelica sinensis rootNot Available
DB14345Forsythia suspensa fruitNot Available
DB14360Saw palmettoNot Available
DB14364Scutellaria baicalensis rootNot Available
DB14377Palm oilNot Available
DB14565Sophora flavescens rootNot Available
DB14566Lavender oilNot Available
DB14337Salvia miltiorrhiza rootNot Available
DB14585Plantago ovata seedNot Available
DB07715EmodinNot Available
DB01381Ginkgo bilobaAppears to be effective in: alleviating age-related memory impairment in some elderly people with mild to moderate age-related memory or cognitive impairment; improving cognitive function in healthy young to middle-aged people; improving symptoms of Alzheimer's, vascular or mixed dementia; improving damage to the visual field in patients with normal tension glaucoma; decreasing the number of painful attacks in patients with Raynaud's syndrome; and may improve symptoms of vertigo and dizziness in some patients.
DB15259VB-201Not Available
DB11114Eucalyptus oilAs an active agent, eucalyptus oil has been indicated for relief of the symptoms of catarrhal colds, and/or the relief of the symptoms of minor muscular sprains and cramps [L1857].
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00908QuinidineSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB00908QuinidineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
DB00908QuinidinePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2target
DB00908QuinidinePotassium channel subfamily K member 1target
DB00908QuinidinePotassium channel subfamily K member 6target
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00908QuinidineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00908QuinidineCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00908QuinidineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00908QuinidineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00908QuinidineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00908QuinidineBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01744CamphorCamphor 5-monooxygenasetarget
DB01744CamphorTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1target
DB01744CamphorTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 3target
DB01744CamphorTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily A member 1target
DB01744CamphorTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 8target
DB02955Ricinoleic AcidCannabinoid receptor 1target
DB02955Ricinoleic AcidCannabinoid receptor 2target
DB02955Ricinoleic AcidTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1target
DB04660Choline alfoscerateGanglioside GM2 activatortarget
DB05767AndrographolideTumor necrosis factortarget
DB05767AndrographolideInterleukin-1 betatarget
DB05767AndrographolideNuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunittarget
DB05767AndrographolideNuclear factor NF-kappa-B p105 subunittarget
DB09422Soybean oilPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphatarget
DB11113Castor oilProstaglandin E2 receptor EP3 subtypetarget
DB11113Castor oilProstaglandin E2 receptor EP4 subtypetarget
DB11130OpiumDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB11130OpiumKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB11130OpiumMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB11130OpiumSerum albumincarrier
DB11130OpiumCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB11130OpiumCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB11131Capsicum oleoresinTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1target
DB11198Peppermint oilCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB11198Peppermint oilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB11338Clove oilVascular cell adhesion protein 1target
DB11338Clove oilC-X-C motif chemokine 10target
DB11338Clove oilCollagen alpha-1(I) chaintarget
DB11338Clove oilGranulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor subunit alphatarget
DB11358Evening primrose oilElongation of very long chain fatty acids protein 5enzyme
DB11358Evening primrose oilFatty acid desaturase 1enzyme
DB11358Evening primrose oilFatty acid desaturase 2enzyme
DB11365SennosidesReverse transcriptase/RNaseHtarget
DB13153LevomenolSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB13153LevomenolSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB13293IpecacCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB13293IpecacCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB07715EmodinCasein kinase II subunit alphatarget
DB07715EmodinPutative ketoacyl reductasetarget
DB07715Emodin3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] dehydratase FabZtarget
DB07715EmodinAryl hydrocarbon receptortarget
DB01381Ginkgo bilobaCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01381Ginkgo bilobaPhospholipase A2, membrane associatedtarget
DB01381Ginkgo bilobaSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB01381Ginkgo bilobaGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01381Ginkgo bilobaGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01381Ginkgo bilobaGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB01381Ginkgo bilobaGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target