Angiotensin II Antagonists and Calcium Channel Blockers

DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00275OlmesartanOlmesartan is indicated for the treatment of hypertension either alone or associated with other antihypertensive agents.[FDA label] Hypertension is a sustained elevation of resting blood pressure. The hypertensive effect can affect the systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure or both. This condition tends to be asymptomatic until it reaches a severe or long-standing state.[L5569]
DB00177Valsartan**Monotherapy** Valsartan may be used alone for the management of hypertension [FDA label] **Combination therapy** Valsartan is indicated for the management of hypertension in patients for whom combination therapy is deemed appropriate [F3139]. It is combined with other anthypertensive agents such as hydrochlorothiazide, amlodipine, nevibolol and sacubitril [F3139], [F3136], [F3145], [F3148]. **Heart Failure** Valsartan is indicated for the treatment of heart failure (NYHA class II-IV) in patients who are intolerant to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) for various reasons, including those who experience ACE inhibitor adverse effects. In a clinical study of 5010 patients, hospitalizations due to heart failure were markedly decreased when valsartan was taken regularly over a 2-year span [FDA label].
DB00381AmlodipineAmlodipine may be used alone or in combination with other antihypertensive and antianginal agents for the treatment of the following conditions [FDA label]: • Hypertension • Coronary artery disease • Chronic stable angina • Vasospastic angina (Prinzmetal’s or Variant angina) • Angiographically documented coronary artery disease in patients without heart failure or an ejection fraction < 40%
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00275OlmesartanType-1 angiotensin II receptortarget
DB00275OlmesartanCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00275OlmesartanSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB00275OlmesartanSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00275OlmesartanBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00275OlmesartanSerum albumincarrier
DB00177ValsartanType-1 angiotensin II receptortarget
DB00177ValsartanCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00177ValsartanSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB00177ValsartanSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00177ValsartanCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00381AmlodipineCarbonic anhydrase 1target
DB00381AmlodipineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Ctarget
DB00381AmlodipineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00381AmlodipineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent N-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Btarget
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channel subunit beta-1target
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent calcium channel subunit alpha-2/delta-3target
DB00381AmlodipineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00381AmlodipineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00381AmlodipineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00381AmlodipineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00381AmlodipineSphingomyelin phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00381AmlodipineLactose monohydratecarrier
DB00381AmlodipineMagnesium stearatecarrier
DB00381AmlodipineMicrocrystalline cellulosecarrier
DB00381AmlodipineMaize starchcarrier
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent calcium channeltarget
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Itarget
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent N-type calcium channeltarget