Antiinfectives for Treatment of Acne

DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB13092MeclocyclineCurrently under investigation for the topical treatment of ulcerative oral mucositis [L797]
DB00634SulfacetamideFor the treatment of bacterial vaginitis, keratitis, acute conjunctivitis, and blepharitis.
DB01190ClindamycinFor the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible anaerobic bacteria, including Bacteroides spp., Peptostreptococcus, anaerobic streptococci, Clostridium spp., and microaerophilic streptococci. May be useful in polymicrobic infections such as intra-abdominal or pelvic infections, osteomyelitis, diabetic foot ulcers, aspiration pneumonia and dental infections. May also be used to treat MSSA and respiratory infections caused by S. pneumoniae and S. pyogenes in patients who are intolerant to other indicated antibiotics or who are infected with resistant organism. May be used vaginally to treat vaginosis caused by Gardnerella vaginosa. Clindamycin reduces the toxin producing effects of S. aureus and S. pyogenes and as such, may be particularly useful for treating necrotizing fasciitis. May be used topically to treat acne.
DB12447NadifloxacinNot Available
DB00199ErythromycinFor use in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of microorganisms in the following diseases: respiratory tract infections (upper and lower) of mild to moderate degree, pertussis (whooping cough), as adjunct to antitoxin in infections due to Corynebacterium diphtheriae, in the treatment of infections due to Corynebacterium minutissimum, intestinal amebiasis caused by Entamoeba histolytica, acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, skin and soft tissue infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus, primary syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum, infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, nongonococcal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum, and Legionnaires' disease caused by Legionella pneumophila.
DB00446ChloramphenicolUsed in treatment of cholera, as it destroys the vibrios and decreases the diarrhea. It is effective against tetracycline-resistant vibrios. It is also used in eye drops or ointment to treat bacterial conjunctivitis.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB13092MeclocyclineOuter membrane protein Ftransporter
DB13092MeclocyclineOuter membrane porin Ctransporter
DB13092Meclocycline30S ribosomal protein S7target
DB13092MeclocyclineTetX family tetracycline inactivation enzymeenzyme
DB00634SulfacetamideDihydropteroate synthasetarget
DB00634SulfacetamideDihydropteroate synthase type-1target
DB00634SulfacetamideFolic acid synthesis protein FOL1target
DB01190Clindamycin50S ribosomal protein L10target
DB01190ClindamycinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01190Clindamycin23S rRNAtarget
DB00199Erythromycin23S rRNAtarget
DB00199ErythromycinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00199ErythromycinCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00199ErythromycinMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00199ErythromycinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00199ErythromycinCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00199ErythromycinCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00199ErythromycinMotilin receptortarget
DB00199ErythromycinPotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2target
DB00199ErythromycinSerum albumintarget
DB00199ErythromycinCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00446ChloramphenicolComplement decay-accelerating factortarget
DB00446ChloramphenicolDr hemagglutinin structural subunittarget
DB00446ChloramphenicolCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00446ChloramphenicolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00446ChloramphenicolCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00446ChloramphenicolCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00446ChloramphenicolSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00446Chloramphenicol50S ribosomal protein L16target
DB00446ChloramphenicolChloramphenicol acetyltransferase 3enzyme
DB00446ChloramphenicolChloramphenicol acetyltransferaseenzyme
DB00446ChloramphenicolChloramphenicol 3-O phosphotransferaseenzyme
DB00446ChloramphenicolCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00446ChloramphenicolCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme