Natural Opium Alkaloids

DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00497OxycodoneFor the treatment of diarrhoea, pulmonary oedema and for the relief of moderate to moderately severe pain.
DB01551DihydrocodeineDihydrocodeine is used for the treatment of moderate to severe pain, including post-operative and dental pain [2]. It can also be used to treat chronic pain [1], breathlessness and coughing. In heroin addicts, dihydrocodeine has been used as a substitute drug, in doses up to 2500mg/day to treat addiction. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2014322/]
DB00295MorphineFor the relief and treatment of severe pain.
DB00318CodeineFor treatment and management of pain (systemic). It is also used as an antidiarrheal and as a cough suppressant.
DB00327HydromorphoneFor the relief of moderate to severe pain such as that due to surgery, cancer, trauma/injury, or burns.
DB11130OpiumOpium and its derivatives are the most commonly used medications for the treatment of acute and chronic pain. Opium and its alkaloid-derivatives can also be used as tranquilizers, antitussives and in the treatment of diarrhea.[T138] The direct use of opium is not common nowadays but the use of some of its derivatives such as morphine and codeine, as well as the use of a tincture of opium for severe diarrhea can be seen in medical practice.[T139] Illegal use of opium has been registered to be for both recreational and medicinal purposes.[A32182]
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00497OxycodoneMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00497OxycodoneKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00497OxycodoneDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00497OxycodoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00497OxycodoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00497OxycodoneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00497OxycodoneKappa-type opioid receptor 2btarget
DB00497Oxycodonealpha1-acid glycoproteintarget
DB01551DihydrocodeineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01551DihydrocodeineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00295MorphineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00295MorphineDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00295MorphineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00295MorphineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00295MorphineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00295MorphineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00295MorphineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00295MorphineLymphocyte antigen 96target
DB00318CodeineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00318CodeineDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00318CodeineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00318CodeineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00318CodeineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00318CodeineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00318CodeineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00318CodeineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00318CodeineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00318CodeineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB00318CodeineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00327HydromorphoneMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00327HydromorphoneDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00327HydromorphoneKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00327HydromorphoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00327HydromorphoneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00327HydromorphoneProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DB00327HydromorphoneUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB11130OpiumDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB11130OpiumKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB11130OpiumMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB11130OpiumSerum albumincarrier
DB11130OpiumBeta-2-microglobulincarrier
DB11130OpiumCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB11130OpiumCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme