Semi-synthetic Opioids

DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB01565DihydromorphineDihydromorphine is an opioid analgesic used for moderate to severe pain relief.
DB00956HydrocodoneFor relief of moderate to moderately severe pain. Also used for the symptomatic relief of nonproductive cough, alone or in combination with other antitussives or expectorants.
DB00327HydromorphoneHydromorphone is indicated for the management of moderate to severe acute pain and severe chronic pain. Due to its addictive potential and overdose risk, hydromorphone is only prescribed when other first-line treatments have failed.[A176468] The WHO has proposed a three-step ladder for the management of pain in which it is suggested to start with a non-opioid medication followed by addition of weak opioids to the non-opioid treatment for moderate pain and finishing in the use of strong opioids such as hydromorphone along with the existing regimen for cases of severe pain.[A176471] Off-label, hydromorphone can be administered for the suppression of refractory cough.[A176468]
DB01551DihydrocodeineDihydrocodeine is used for the treatment of moderate to severe pain, including post-operative and dental pain [2]. It can also be used to treat chronic pain [1], breathlessness and coughing. In heroin addicts, dihydrocodeine has been used as a substitute drug, in doses up to 2500mg/day to treat addiction. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2014322/]
DB00844NalbuphineFor the relief of moderate to severe pain.
DB11490NalorphineUsed to reverse opioid overdose.
DB00497OxycodoneFor the treatment of diarrhoea, pulmonary oedema and for the relief of moderate to moderately severe pain.