Benzodiazepine hypnotics and sedatives

Name
Benzodiazepine hypnotics and sedatives
Accession Number
DBCAT003883
Description

Benzodiazepines can be useful for short-term treatment of insomnia. Their use beyond 2 to 4 weeks is not recommended due to the risk of dependence. It is preferred that benzodiazepines be taken intermittently and at the lowest effective dose. They improve sleep-related problems by shortening the time spent in bed before falling asleep, prolonging the sleep time, and, in general, reducing wakefulness. Their mechanism of action is primarily at GABAA receptors.

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
BromazepamA short-acting benzodiazepine with intermediate onset commonly used to treat panic disorders and severe anxiety.
BrotizolamBrotizolam is indicated for 2-4 weeks in the treatment of severe or debilitating insomnia.
CinolazepamFor the management of anxiety disorders or for the short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety or anxiety associated with depressive symptoms.
EstazolamA benzodiazepine used for the short-term management of insomnia.
EtizolamIndicated for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder with depression, panic disorder and insomnia.
FlunitrazepamFor short-term treatment of severe insomnias, that are not responsive to other hypnotics.
LoprazolamLoprazolam is an imidazobenzodiazepine with anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. It is indicated for the short-term treatment of insomnia including difficulty in falling asleep and/or frequent...
LorazepamA long-acting benzodiazepine commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, and seizures.
MidazolamA short-acting injectable benzodiazepine with rapid onset that is commonly used in seizures, anesthesia and anxiety disorders.
NitrazepamA long-acting benzodiazepine with intermediate onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, insomnia, and seizures.
QuazepamA long -acting benzodiazepine used to manage insomnia.
TemazepamA short-acting benzodiazepine commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, and insomnia.
TriazolamA benzodiazepine used for short term treatment of insomnia.
EszopicloneA sedative-hypnotic used in the treatment of insomnia, improving both the latency phase and the maintenance phase of sleep.
ZaleplonA sedative used for short term treatment of insomnia in adults.
ZolpidemA sedative hypnotic used for the short-term treatment of insomnia to improve sleep latency.
ZopicloneA nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic used for the short-term management of insomnia.
DiazepamA long-acting benzodiazepine with rapid onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures.
OxazepamAn intermediate-acting benzodiazepine with slow onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, alcohol withdrawals, and insomnia.
MedazepamNot Annotated
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
BromazepamCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
BromazepamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
BromazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
BromazepamGABA(A) Receptortarget
BromazepamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
BrotizolamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
BrotizolamGABA(A) Receptortarget
BrotizolamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
CinolazepamGABA(A) Receptortarget
CinolazepamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
EstazolamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
EstazolamGABA(A) Receptortarget
EstazolamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
EtizolamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
EtizolamCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
EtizolamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
EtizolamPlatelet-activating factor receptortarget
EtizolamGABA(A) Receptortarget
EtizolamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
FlunitrazepamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
FlunitrazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
FlunitrazepamCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
FlunitrazepamCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
FlunitrazepamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
FlunitrazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
FlunitrazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
FlunitrazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
FlunitrazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
FlunitrazepamGABA(A) Receptortarget
FlunitrazepamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
LoprazolamGABA(A) Receptortarget
LoprazolamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
LorazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
LorazepamGABA(A) Receptortarget
LorazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
LorazepamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
MidazolamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
MidazolamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
MidazolamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-4enzyme
MidazolamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
MidazolamGABA(A) Receptortarget
MidazolamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
NitrazepamSodium channel protein type 1 subunit alphatarget
NitrazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
NitrazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
NitrazepamGABA(A) Receptortarget
NitrazepamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
QuazepamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
QuazepamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
QuazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
QuazepamGABA(A) Receptortarget
QuazepamCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
QuazepamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
TemazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
TemazepamCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
TemazepamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
TemazepamGABA(A) Receptortarget
TemazepamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
TriazolamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
TriazolamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
TriazolamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
TriazolamCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
TriazolamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
TriazolamGABA(A) Receptortarget
EszopicloneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
EszopicloneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
EszopicloneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
EszopicloneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
EszopicloneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
EszopicloneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
EszopicloneGABA(A) Receptortarget
ZaleplonGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
ZaleplonCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
ZaleplonAldehyde oxidaseenzyme
ZaleplonCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
ZaleplonCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
ZolpidemGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
ZolpidemCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
ZolpidemCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
ZolpidemGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
ZolpidemGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
ZolpidemCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
ZolpidemCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
ZolpidemCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
ZolpidemGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
ZopicloneTranslocator proteintarget
ZopicloneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
ZopicloneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
ZopicloneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
ZopicloneProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
ZopicloneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
ZopicloneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
ZopicloneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
ZopicloneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
ZopicloneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DiazepamSerum albumincarrier
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DiazepamP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DiazepamProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DiazepamGABA(A) Receptortarget
DiazepamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
OxazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
OxazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
OxazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
OxazepamGABA(A) Receptortarget
OxazepamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
OxazepamSerum albumincarrier
MedazepamGABA(A) Receptortarget
MedazepamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget