Osmotic Activity

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00742MannitolA sugar alcohol used to test for asthma, to reduce intracranial and intraocular pressure, and to measure glomerular filtration rate.
DB09287Polyethylene glycolA laxative used to treat constipation and used for bowel preparation before colonoscopies and other procedures.
DB00581LactuloseA disaccharide derivative of lactose used to treat constipation and portal systemic encephalopathy.
DB09106Hydroxyethyl StarchA plasma volume substitute used to treat and prevent hypovolemia.
DB09255DextranA low molecular weight dextran used as an adjunctive treatment of shock or impending shock due to hemorrhage, burns, surgery or other trauma, as well as the prophylaxis of venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism during high-risk medical procedures.
DB09111PentastarchA plasma volume expander used as an adjunct in the management of shock due to hemorrhage, surgery, sepsis, burns or other trauma.
DB00062Albumin humanA purified form of human serum albumin used to replace lost albumin in patients with hypoalbuminemia, to treat hypovolemia and ascites, and as a part of some diagnostic imaging kits.
DB01378Magnesium cationMagnesium hydroxide is used primarily in "Milk of Magnesia", a white aqueous, mildly alkaline suspension of magnesium hydroxide formulated at about 8%w/v. Milk of magnesia is primarily used to alleviate...
DB14546Sulfate ionNot Annotated
DB14516Sodium cationNot Annotated
DB01345Potassium cationPotassium is used to regulate hypokalemia as a primary condition or secondary to other medical conditions.