Neuraxial Anesthetics

Spinal anesthesia, epidural anesthesia, caudal anesthesia
DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00297BupivacaineA local anesthetic used in a wide variety of superficial and invasive procedures.
DB00296RopivacaineAn analgesic drug used for local or regional anesthesia for surgery and short-term management of pain.
DB00281LidocaineA local anesthetic used in a wide variety of superficial and invasive procedures.
DB01002LevobupivacaineFor the production of local or regional anesthesia for surgery and obstetrics, and for post-operative pain management
DB00295MorphineAn opioid agonist used for the relief of moderate to severe acute and chronic pain.
DB00813FentanylAn opioid analgesic used in anesthesia, for breakthrough cancer pain, or round the clock pain management.
DB00708SufentanilAn opioid used to induce and maintain anesthesia, to act as an analgesic in labor and delivery, and to treat severe, acute pain.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00297BupivacaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
DB00297BupivacaineProstaglandin E2 receptor EP1 subtypetarget
DB00297BupivacaineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00297BupivacaineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00297BupivacaineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00296RopivacaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
DB00296RopivacaineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00296RopivacaineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00296RopivacaineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00281LidocaineSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB00281LidocaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
DB00281LidocaineEpidermal growth factor receptortarget
DB00281LidocaineSodium channel protein type 9 subunit alphatarget
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00281LidocaineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00281LidocaineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00281LidocaineSodium channel protein type 4 subunit alphatarget
DB00281LidocaineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1target
DB00281LidocaineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 2target
DB01002LevobupivacaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
DB01002LevobupivacaineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01002LevobupivacaineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00295MorphineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00295MorphineDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00295MorphineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00295MorphineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00295MorphineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00295MorphineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00295MorphineLymphocyte antigen 96target
DB00295MorphineSerum albumincarrier
DB00813FentanylMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00813FentanylDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00813FentanylCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00813FentanylCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00813FentanylP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00813FentanylKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00813FentanylP-glycoprotein 1target
DB00813FentanylSerum albumincarrier
DB00813Fentanylalpha1-acid glycoproteincarrier
DB00708SufentanilMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00708SufentanilDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00708SufentanilKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00708SufentanilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme