Showing BioInteractions for Valproic acid (DB00313)

BioInteractor utilizes data on drug-target, -enzyme and -transporter associations to provide insight on drug-drug interactions. It allows you to identify, for instance, which drugs act similarly on the same target. Such drugs may have additive pharmacodynamic effects if given concomitantly. Conversely, two drugs may antagonize the beneficial effects of each other by having opposite actions on a specific drug target. BioInteractor uses ranked drug-enzyme association information to predict enzyme-mediated drug interactions that may be clinically relevant.
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Histone deacetylase 9 inhibitor
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Short/branched chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial inhibitor
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase, mitochondrial inhibitor
12-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase, mitochondrial cofactorsXanthinol
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Succinate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrial inhibitor
1Succinate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrial inhibitorsChlormerodrin, Succinic acid
2Succinate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrial substratesSodium oxybate
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Sodium channel protein inhibitor
1Sodium channel protein inhibitorsBrivaracetam, Fish oil, Oxcarbazepine, Ranolazine
2Sodium channel protein antagonistsDichlorobenzyl alcohol
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Histone deacetylase 2 inhibitor
1Histone deacetylase 2 inhibitorsAtorvastatin, Fluvastatin, Pravastatin, Romidepsin, Simvastatin, Vorinostat
2Histone deacetylase 2 activatorsAminophylline, Oxtriphylline, Theophylline
3Histone deacetylase 2 antagonistsRomidepsin
4Histone deacetylase 2 stimulatorsTixocortol
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Cytochrome P450 2A6 substrate
1Cytochrome P450 2A6 substratesAcetaminophen, Antipyrine, Apremilast, Arformoterol, Artesunate, Asunaprevir, Azelastine, Cenobamate, Chlorzoxazone, Cinnarizine, Cisapride, Clomethiazole, Clozapine, Cyclophosphamide, Dapagliflozin, Flunarizine, Flunitrazepam, Fluorouracil, Flurazepam, Formoterol, Halothane, Ifosfamide, Letrozole, Lidocaine, Lorcaserin, Methoxyflurane, Metronidazole, Montelukast, Nevirapine, Nicotine, Nifedipine, Norethisterone, Phenacetin, Phenytoin, Plitidepsin, Selegiline, Sevoflurane, Tamoxifen, Tegafur, Tegafur-uracil, Tretinoin, Vortioxetine, Zidovudine
2Cytochrome P450 2A6 inhibitorsAmiodarone, Amphetamine, Azelastine, Clotrimazole, Fenofibrate, Fomepizole, Isoniazid, Ketoconazole, Letrozole, Memantine, Menadione, Methimazole, Methoxsalen, Metyrapone, Miconazole, Nicotine, Nilvadipine, Pilocarpine, Rosiglitazone, Selegiline, Seratrodast, Tranylcypromine, Triclabendazole
3Cytochrome P450 2A6 inducersBudesonide, Dexamethasone, Eletriptan, Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone, Pentobarbital, Phenobarbital, Prednisone, Progesterone, Rifampicin
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Cytochrome P450 2A6 inducer
1Cytochrome P450 2A6 substratesAcetaminophen, Antipyrine, Apremilast, Arformoterol, Artesunate, Asunaprevir, Azelastine, Cenobamate, Chlorzoxazone, Cinnarizine, Cisapride, Clomethiazole, Clozapine, Cyclophosphamide, Dapagliflozin, Flunarizine, Flunitrazepam, Fluorouracil, Flurazepam, Formoterol, Halothane, Ifosfamide, Letrozole, Lidocaine, Lorcaserin, Methoxyflurane, Metronidazole, Montelukast, Nevirapine, Nicotine, Nifedipine, Norethisterone, Phenacetin, Phenytoin, Plitidepsin, Selegiline, Sevoflurane, Tamoxifen, Tegafur, Tegafur-uracil, Tretinoin, Vortioxetine, Zidovudine
2Cytochrome P450 2A6 inhibitorsAmiodarone, Amphetamine, Azelastine, Clotrimazole, Fenofibrate, Fomepizole, Isoniazid, Ketoconazole, Letrozole, Memantine, Menadione, Methimazole, Methoxsalen, Metyrapone, Miconazole, Nicotine, Nilvadipine, Pilocarpine, Rosiglitazone, Selegiline, Seratrodast, Tranylcypromine, Triclabendazole
3Cytochrome P450 2A6 inducersBudesonide, Dexamethasone, Eletriptan, Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone, Pentobarbital, Phenobarbital, Prednisone, Progesterone, Rifampicin
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Cytochrome P450 2B6 substrate
1Cytochrome P450 2B6 substratesAmitriptyline, Amlodipine, Antipyrine, Artemether, Artemisinin, Asunaprevir, Banoxantrone, Benzphetamine, Brivaracetam, Bupropion, Carbamazepine, Cenobamate, Cinnarizine, Cisapride, Clobazam, Clomethiazole, Clopidogrel, Clotiazepam, Cyclophosphamide, Dexloxiglumide, Dextromethorphan, Diazepam, Diclofenac, Domperidone, Efavirenz, Enasidenib, Epinastine, Esketamine, Estrone, Ethylmorphine, Flunitrazepam, Fluoxetine, Halothane, Hydrocodone, Ifosfamide, Imipramine, Irinotecan, Isoflurane, Istradefylline, Ixazomib, Ketamine, Ketobemidone, Lidocaine, Loperamide, Loratadine, Lorcaserin, Malathion, Meperidine, Mephenytoin, Methadone, Methoxyflurane, Methylphenobarbital, Methyltestosterone, Mexiletine, Mianserin, Nevirapine, Nicotine, Ospemifene, Perampanel, Perhexiline, Permethrin, Phenytoin, Prasugrel, Promethazine, Propofol, Ritonavir, Romidepsin, Ropivacaine, Selegiline, Seratrodast, Sertraline, Sevoflurane, Tamoxifen, Temazepam, Testosterone, Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone undecanoate, Tramadol, Tretinoin, Trifarotene, Velpatasvir, Verapamil, Vortioxetine, Voxelotor
2Cytochrome P450 2B6 inducersArmodafinil, Artemether, Artemisinin, Atorvastatin, Budesonide, Carbamazepine, Cenobamate, Cerivastatin, Clotrimazole, Cyclophosphamide, Dabrafenib, Dexamethasone, Efavirenz, Enasidenib, Esketamine, Fluvastatin, Fosphenytoin, Hydrocortisone, Idelalisib, Isavuconazole, Isoflurane, Ivosidenib, Lemborexant, Letermovir, Lorlatinib, Lumacaftor, Metamizole, Methadone, Methylprednisolone, Midostaurin, Modafinil, Nevirapine, Nicardipine, Nifedipine, Nilotinib, Olaparib, Perampanel, Permethrin, Pexidartinib, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin, Pitolisant, Prednisone, Rifabutin, Rifampicin, Rifamycin, Rifapentine, Ritonavir, Simvastatin, Sulfinpyrazone, Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone undecanoate, Troglitazone, Vemurafenib, Zanubrutinib
3Cytochrome P450 2B6 inhibitorsAbemaciclib, Amlodipine, Amprenavir, Azelastine, Cenobamate, Cisplatin, Clopidogrel, Clotrimazole, Colchicine, Crisaborole, Crizotinib, Curcumin, Curcumin sulfate, Desipramine, Doxorubicin, Efavirenz, Elexacaftor, Enasidenib, Enzalutamide, Ethanol, Fluvoxamine, Isoflurane, Itraconazole, Ketoconazole, Lenvatinib, Lopinavir, Manidipine, Memantine, Methimazole, Miconazole, Modafinil, Nelfinavir, Nitric Oxide, Orphenadrine, Paroxetine, Pexidartinib, Phencyclidine, Piperaquine, Quazepam, Quinidine, Raloxifene, Regorafenib, Rifamycin, Rilpivirine, Ritonavir, Roxithromycin, Safinamide, Selegiline, Sertraline, Simvastatin, Sorafenib, Sulfaphenazole, Tamoxifen, Thiotepa, Ticlopidine, Triclabendazole, Voriconazole
4Cytochrome P450 2B6 activatorsVerapamil
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Cytochrome P450 2C9 substrate
1Cytochrome P450 2C9 inhibitorsAbemaciclib, Abiraterone, Acetyl sulfisoxazole, Agomelatine, Amiodarone, Amodiaquine, Anastrozole, Aprepitant, Armodafinil, Atazanavir, Atorvastatin, Atovaquone, Avasimibe, Azelastine, Belinostat, Benzbromarone, Bicalutamide, Black cohosh, Bortezomib, Candesartan, Capecitabine, Ceritinib, Cerivastatin, Cimetidine, Cisapride, Cisplatin, Clevidipine, Clinafloxacin, Clopidogrel, Clotrimazole, Crisaborole, Curcumin, Curcumin sulfate, Cyclizine, Delavirdine, Dexloxiglumide, Diacerein, Diethylstilbestrol, Doconexent, Dosulepin, Efavirenz, Elexacaftor, Enasidenib, Epinephrine, Estrone sulfate, Ethanol, Etoricoxib, Etravirine, Felbamate, Felodipine, Fenofibrate, Flecainide, Floxuridine, Fluconazole, Fluorouracil, Fluoxetine, Fluvastatin, Fluvoxamine, Gefitinib, Gemfibrozil, Genistein, Ginkgo biloba, Glyburide, Imatinib, Iproniazid, Isavuconazole, Isoniazid, Ketoconazole, Ketoprofen, Lansoprazole, Leflunomide, Lenvatinib, Levofloxacin, Lifitegrast, Lobeglitazone, Lopinavir, Lumacaftor, Manidipine, Medical Cannabis, Medroxyprogesterone acetate, Methimazole, Metronidazole, Miconazole, Midostaurin, Mifepristone, Modafinil, Nabilone, Nelfinavir, Nicardipine, Nifedipine, Nilotinib, Noscapine, Olanzapine, Oritavancin, Oxandrolone, Paroxetine, Pexidartinib, Phenylbutazone, Phenytoin, Piperine, Pranlukast, Probenecid, Progesterone, Promethazine, Quinidine, Rabeprazole, Regorafenib, Rhein, Rifamycin, Rucaparib, Safinamide, Seproxetine, Sertraline, Sildenafil, Simvastatin, Sitaxentan, Sorafenib, Stiripentol, Sulconazole, Sulfadiazine, Sulfadimethoxine, Sulfamethizole, Sulfamethoxazole, Sulfamoxole, Sulfaphenazole, Sulfapyridine, Sulfinpyrazone, Sulfisoxazole, Suprofen, Tamoxifen, Teniposide, Ticagrelor, Ticlopidine, Tienilic acid, Tolcapone, Topiroxostat, Torasemide, Tranylcypromine, Troglitazone, Ubrogepant, Valdecoxib, Vemurafenib, Verapamil, Vismodegib, Voriconazole, Zafirlukast, Zucapsaicin
2Cytochrome P450 2C9 substrates(R)-warfarin, (S)-Warfarin, Aceclofenac, Acenocoumarol, Acetohexamide, Acetylsalicylic acid, Alosetron, Alprazolam, Aminophenazone, Amiodarone, Amitriptyline, Amprenavir, Antipyrine, Apixaban, Arachidonic Acid, Arformoterol, Artemether, Asunaprevir, Atazanavir, Avapritinib, Azelastine, Bioallethrin, Bortezomib, Bosentan, Brivaracetam, Buprenorphine, Bupropion, Cabozantinib, Caffeine, Candesartan, Candesartan cilexetil, Cannabidiol, Capravirine, Carbutamide, Carvedilol, Celecoxib, Chlorpropamide, Cinnarizine, Clopidogrel, Clozapine, Coumarin, Cyclophosphamide, Dacomitinib, Dapagliflozin, Dapsone, Desogestrel, Dexibuprofen, Dexloxiglumide, Dextromethorphan, Diazepam, Diclofenac, Dicoumarol, Diphenhydramine, Doconexent, Dolasetron, Donepezil, Dorzolamide, Doxazosin, Doxepin, Dronabinol, Duloxetine, Eletriptan, Enasidenib, Enzalutamide, Erdafitinib, Esketamine, Estradiol, Estradiol acetate, Estradiol benzoate, Estradiol cypionate, Estradiol dienanthate, Estradiol valerate, Estrone, Estrone sulfate, Etodolac, Etoricoxib, Etravirine, Fluindione, Flunarizine, Flunitrazepam, Fluoxetine, Flurbiprofen, Fluvastatin, Formoterol, Fosphenytoin, Glibornuride, Gliclazide, Glimepiride, Glipizide, Gliquidone, Glisoxepide, Glyburide, Haloperidol, Halothane, Hexobarbital, Hydromorphone, Ibuprofen, Idarubicin, Ifosfamide, Imatinib, Indisulam, Indomethacin, Irbesartan, Istradefylline, Ixazomib, Ketamine, Ketobemidone, Ketoprofen, Ketorolac, Lacosamide, Leflunomide, Lesinurad, Licofelone, Lidocaine, Loratadine, Lornoxicam, Losartan, Lumiracoxib, Lynestrenol, Medical Cannabis, Mefenamic acid, Melatonin, Meloxicam, Mephenytoin, Mestranol, Metahexamide, Methadone, Methoxyflurane, Moclobemide, Montelukast, Nabiximols, Nabumetone, Naproxen, Nateglinide, Netupitant, Niclosamide, Nicotine, Olodaterol, Omeprazole, Ondansetron, Ospemifene, Paramethadione, Parecoxib, Perphenazine, Phenacetin, Phenobarbital, Phenprocoumon, Phenylbutazone, Phenytoin, Piperaquine, Piroxicam, Pitavastatin, Prasugrel, Primidone, Progesterone, Proguanil, Promazine, Propacetamol, Propofol, Quazepam, Quinidine, Quinine, Ramelteon, Rofecoxib, Rosiglitazone, Rosuvastatin, Rupatadine, Salicylic acid, Selegiline, Seratrodast, Sertraline, Sildenafil, Siponimod, Sitaxentan, Sulfamethoxazole, Suprofen, Tamoxifen, Tapentadol, Temazepam, Tenoxicam, Terbinafine, Testosterone, Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone undecanoate, Thalidomide, Thiamylal, Tolazamide, Tolbutamide, Tolterodine, Torasemide, Trabectedin, Tranilast, Treprostinil, Tretinoin, Triclabendazole, Trifarotene, Trimethadione, Trimethoprim, Trimipramine, Troglitazone, Valdecoxib, Valsartan, Verapamil, Vicriviroc, Vismodegib, Voriconazole, Vortioxetine, Voxelotor, Warfarin, Ximelagatran, Zafirlukast, Zaltoprofen, Zidovudine, Zileuton, Zolpidem, Zopiclone
3Cytochrome P450 2C9 inducersAlpelisib, Apalutamide, Aprepitant, Avatrombopag, Bosentan, Budesonide, Carbamazepine, Dabrafenib, Dapsone, Delafloxacin, Enzalutamide, Etravirine, Fosaprepitant, Fosphenytoin, Hydrocortisone, Isavuconazole, Ivosidenib, Lansoprazole, Letermovir, Lopinavir, Lumacaftor, Methylprednisolone, Midostaurin, Modafinil, Nevirapine, Nifedipine, Peginterferon alfa-2b, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin, Prednisone, Primidone, Rifabutin, Rifampicin, Rifamycin, Rifapentine, Ritonavir, Secobarbital, Vigabatrin, Warfarin
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Cytochrome P450 2C9 inhibitor
1Cytochrome P450 2C9 inhibitorsAbemaciclib, Abiraterone, Acetyl sulfisoxazole, Agomelatine, Amiodarone, Amodiaquine, Anastrozole, Aprepitant, Armodafinil, Atazanavir, Atorvastatin, Atovaquone, Avasimibe, Azelastine, Belinostat, Benzbromarone, Bicalutamide, Black cohosh, Bortezomib, Candesartan, Capecitabine, Ceritinib, Cerivastatin, Cimetidine, Cisapride, Cisplatin, Clevidipine, Clinafloxacin, Clopidogrel, Clotrimazole, Crisaborole, Curcumin, Curcumin sulfate, Cyclizine, Delavirdine, Dexloxiglumide, Diacerein, Diethylstilbestrol, Doconexent, Dosulepin, Efavirenz, Elexacaftor, Enasidenib, Epinephrine, Estrone sulfate, Ethanol, Etoricoxib, Etravirine, Felbamate, Felodipine, Fenofibrate, Flecainide, Floxuridine, Fluconazole, Fluorouracil, Fluoxetine, Fluvastatin, Fluvoxamine, Gefitinib, Gemfibrozil, Genistein, Ginkgo biloba, Glyburide, Imatinib, Iproniazid, Isavuconazole, Isoniazid, Ketoconazole, Ketoprofen, Lansoprazole, Leflunomide, Lenvatinib, Levofloxacin, Lifitegrast, Lobeglitazone, Lopinavir, Lumacaftor, Manidipine, Medical Cannabis, Medroxyprogesterone acetate, Methimazole, Metronidazole, Miconazole, Midostaurin, Mifepristone, Modafinil, Nabilone, Nelfinavir, Nicardipine, Nifedipine, Nilotinib, Noscapine, Olanzapine, Oritavancin, Oxandrolone, Paroxetine, Pexidartinib, Phenylbutazone, Phenytoin, Piperine, Pranlukast, Probenecid, Progesterone, Promethazine, Quinidine, Rabeprazole, Regorafenib, Rhein, Rifamycin, Rucaparib, Safinamide, Seproxetine, Sertraline, Sildenafil, Simvastatin, Sitaxentan, Sorafenib, Stiripentol, Sulconazole, Sulfadiazine, Sulfadimethoxine, Sulfamethizole, Sulfamethoxazole, Sulfamoxole, Sulfaphenazole, Sulfapyridine, Sulfinpyrazone, Sulfisoxazole, Suprofen, Tamoxifen, Teniposide, Ticagrelor, Ticlopidine, Tienilic acid, Tolcapone, Topiroxostat, Torasemide, Tranylcypromine, Troglitazone, Ubrogepant, Valdecoxib, Vemurafenib, Verapamil, Vismodegib, Voriconazole, Zafirlukast, Zucapsaicin
2Cytochrome P450 2C9 substrates(R)-warfarin, (S)-Warfarin, Aceclofenac, Acenocoumarol, Acetohexamide, Acetylsalicylic acid, Alosetron, Alprazolam, Aminophenazone, Amiodarone, Amitriptyline, Amprenavir, Antipyrine, Apixaban, Arachidonic Acid, Arformoterol, Artemether, Asunaprevir, Atazanavir, Avapritinib, Azelastine, Bioallethrin, Bortezomib, Bosentan, Brivaracetam, Buprenorphine, Bupropion, Cabozantinib, Caffeine, Candesartan, Candesartan cilexetil, Cannabidiol, Capravirine, Carbutamide, Carvedilol, Celecoxib, Chlorpropamide, Cinnarizine, Clopidogrel, Clozapine, Coumarin, Cyclophosphamide, Dacomitinib, Dapagliflozin, Dapsone, Desogestrel, Dexibuprofen, Dexloxiglumide, Dextromethorphan, Diazepam, Diclofenac, Dicoumarol, Diphenhydramine, Doconexent, Dolasetron, Donepezil, Dorzolamide, Doxazosin, Doxepin, Dronabinol, Duloxetine, Eletriptan, Enasidenib, Enzalutamide, Erdafitinib, Esketamine, Estradiol, Estradiol acetate, Estradiol benzoate, Estradiol cypionate, Estradiol dienanthate, Estradiol valerate, Estrone, Estrone sulfate, Etodolac, Etoricoxib, Etravirine, Fluindione, Flunarizine, Flunitrazepam, Fluoxetine, Flurbiprofen, Fluvastatin, Formoterol, Fosphenytoin, Glibornuride, Gliclazide, Glimepiride, Glipizide, Gliquidone, Glisoxepide, Glyburide, Haloperidol, Halothane, Hexobarbital, Hydromorphone, Ibuprofen, Idarubicin, Ifosfamide, Imatinib, Indisulam, Indomethacin, Irbesartan, Istradefylline, Ixazomib, Ketamine, Ketobemidone, Ketoprofen, Ketorolac, Lacosamide, Leflunomide, Lesinurad, Licofelone, Lidocaine, Loratadine, Lornoxicam, Losartan, Lumiracoxib, Lynestrenol, Medical Cannabis, Mefenamic acid, Melatonin, Meloxicam, Mephenytoin, Mestranol, Metahexamide, Methadone, Methoxyflurane, Moclobemide, Montelukast, Nabiximols, Nabumetone, Naproxen, Nateglinide, Netupitant, Niclosamide, Nicotine, Olodaterol, Omeprazole, Ondansetron, Ospemifene, Paramethadione, Parecoxib, Perphenazine, Phenacetin, Phenobarbital, Phenprocoumon, Phenylbutazone, Phenytoin, Piperaquine, Piroxicam, Pitavastatin, Prasugrel, Primidone, Progesterone, Proguanil, Promazine, Propacetamol, Propofol, Quazepam, Quinidine, Quinine, Ramelteon, Rofecoxib, Rosiglitazone, Rosuvastatin, Rupatadine, Salicylic acid, Selegiline, Seratrodast, Sertraline, Sildenafil, Siponimod, Sitaxentan, Sulfamethoxazole, Suprofen, Tamoxifen, Tapentadol, Temazepam, Tenoxicam, Terbinafine, Testosterone, Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone undecanoate, Thalidomide, Thiamylal, Tolazamide, Tolbutamide, Tolterodine, Torasemide, Trabectedin, Tranilast, Treprostinil, Tretinoin, Triclabendazole, Trifarotene, Trimethadione, Trimethoprim, Trimipramine, Troglitazone, Valdecoxib, Valsartan, Verapamil, Vicriviroc, Vismodegib, Voriconazole, Vortioxetine, Voxelotor, Warfarin, Ximelagatran, Zafirlukast, Zaltoprofen, Zidovudine, Zileuton, Zolpidem, Zopiclone
3Cytochrome P450 2C9 inducersAlpelisib, Apalutamide, Aprepitant, Avatrombopag, Bosentan, Budesonide, Carbamazepine, Dabrafenib, Dapsone, Delafloxacin, Enzalutamide, Etravirine, Fosaprepitant, Fosphenytoin, Hydrocortisone, Isavuconazole, Ivosidenib, Lansoprazole, Letermovir, Lopinavir, Lumacaftor, Methylprednisolone, Midostaurin, Modafinil, Nevirapine, Nifedipine, Peginterferon alfa-2b, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin, Prednisone, Primidone, Rifabutin, Rifampicin, Rifamycin, Rifapentine, Ritonavir, Secobarbital, Vigabatrin, Warfarin
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Cytochrome P450 3A5 substrate
1Cytochrome P450 3A5 substratesAlfentanil, Alprazolam, Ambrisentan, Amitriptyline, Amlodipine, Amprenavir, Anastrozole, Apixaban, Argatroban, Aripiprazole, Aripiprazole lauroxil, Artemether, Astemizole, Asunaprevir, Atorvastatin, Axitinib, Azelastine, Azimilide, Benidipine, Bimatoprost, Boceprevir, Buprenorphine, Buspirone, Cabazitaxel, Cannabidiol, Carbamazepine, Cenobamate, Cerivastatin, Cethromycin, Chloroquine, Chlorpheniramine, Cilostazol, Cisapride, Clarithromycin, Clonidine, Clopidogrel, Cobicistat, Cocaine, Copanlisib, Crizotinib, Cyclophosphamide, Cyclosporine, Daclatasvir, Dapsone, Dasatinib, Deutetrabenazine, Dexamethasone, Dexloxiglumide, Diazepam, Diltiazem, Disulfiram, Docetaxel, Domperidone, Dronedarone, Dutasteride, Elbasvir, Elexacaftor, Enzalutamide, Eplerenone, Erlotinib, Erythromycin, Estradiol, Estradiol acetate, Estradiol benzoate, Estradiol cypionate, Estradiol dienanthate, Estradiol valerate, Estrone, Etoposide, Felodipine, Finasteride, Fluoxetine, Flutamide, Fluticasone, Fluticasone furoate, Fluticasone propionate, Fluvastatin, Gefitinib, Glyburide, Halofantrine, Haloperidol, Hydrocortisone, Hydrocortisone aceponate, Hydrocortisone acetate, Hydrocortisone butyrate, Hydrocortisone cypionate, Hydrocortisone phosphate, Hydrocortisone probutate, Hydrocortisone valerate, Hydroxyprogesterone caproate, Hydroxyzine, Ibrutinib, Icotinib, Idelalisib, Ifosfamide, Iloperidone, Imatinib, Indinavir, Irinotecan, Isavuconazole, Istradefylline, Ivacaftor, Lapatinib, Lemborexant, Lercanidipine, Levacetylmethadol, Levonorgestrel, Lidocaine, Loratadine, Lorlatinib, Metronidazole, Midazolam, Mifepristone, Mycophenolate mofetil, Nabiximols, Nateglinide, Nevirapine, Nifedipine, Nisoldipine, Nitrendipine, Nortriptyline, Olaparib, Ondansetron, Oxybutynin, Oxycodone, Paclitaxel, Paliperidone, Paritaprevir, Pentamidine, Perampanel, Phenytoin, Pimozide, Ponatinib, Praziquantel, Progesterone, Propranolol, Quetiapine, Quinacrine, Quinine, Ritonavir, Rivaroxaban, Romidepsin, Salmeterol, Saquinavir, Saxagliptin, Sildenafil, Simvastatin, Sirolimus, Sorafenib, Sunitinib, Tacrolimus, Tadalafil, Tamoxifen, Tegafur, Temsirolimus, Tenapanor, Teniposide, Terfenadine, Testosterone, Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone undecanoate, Tezacaftor, Trastuzumab emtansine, Trazodone, Tretinoin, Triamcinolone, Triazolam, Udenafil, Valbenazine, Vardenafil, Verapamil, Vicriviroc, Vincristine, Vortioxetine, Zaleplon, Zonisamide
2Cytochrome P450 3A5 inhibitorsAcalabrutinib, Amlodipine, Boceprevir, Cannabidiol, Cenobamate, Chloramphenicol, Cimetidine, Ciprofloxacin, Clarithromycin, Cobicistat, Crizotinib, Curcumin sulfate, Delavirdine, Diltiazem, Ditiocarb, Dronedarone, Elbasvir, Erythromycin, Fluconazole, Fluticasone, Fluticasone furoate, Fluticasone propionate, Gestodene, Idelalisib, Imatinib, Indinavir, Isavuconazole, Itraconazole, Ketoconazole, Letermovir, Medical Cannabis, Mibefradil, Modafinil, Nabiximols, Nelfinavir, Nicardipine, Oxcarbazepine, Oxymetholone, Phenelzine, Ritonavir, Rucaparib, Safinamide, Saquinavir, Seproxetine, Temsirolimus, Troglitazone, Troleandomycin, Verapamil, Voriconazole
3Cytochrome P450 3A5 inducersAmcinonide, Armodafinil, Asunaprevir, Beclomethasone dipropionate, Betamethasone, Betamethasone phosphate, Budesonide, Carbamazepine, Clobetasol, Clobetasol propionate, Clocortolone acetate, Cloprednol, Cortisone, Cortisone acetate, Cortivazol, Daunorubicin, Deflazacort, Dexamethasone, Dexamethasone isonicotinate, Difluocortolone, Efavirenz, Enzalutamide, Fluocinonide, Fluocortolone, Fluorometholone, Fluprednidene, Fluprednidene acetate, Fluticasone, Fluticasone furoate, Halometasone, Icotinib, Medrysone, Melengestrol acetate, Meprednisone, Methylprednisolone hemisuccinate, Midostaurin, Modafinil, Mometasone, Mometasone furoate, Oxcarbazepine, Paramethasone, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin, Prednisolone hemisuccinate, Prednisolone phosphate, Prednisone, Prednisone acetate, Prednylidene, Reserpine, Rifampicin, Rimexolone, Ritonavir, Thalidomide, Triamcinolone
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9 substrate
1UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9 substratesAcetaminophen, Ambrisentan, Artenimol, Ataluren, Canagliflozin, Dabigatran etexilate, Dapagliflozin, Dexibuprofen, Diclofenac, Dolutegravir, Enasidenib, Entacapone, Ertugliflozin, Etodolac, Ezogabine, Fenofibrate, Flurbiprofen, Formoterol, Fostamatinib, Gavestinel, Gemfibrozil, Glasdegib, Haloperidol, Ibuprofen, Indomethacin, Irinotecan, Ketobemidone, Labetalol, Lumiracoxib, Mycophenolate mofetil, Mycophenolic acid, Naproxen, Nateglinide, Oxazepam, Phenytoin, Propacetamol, Propofol, Regorafenib, Seratrodast, Sorafenib, Sulfamethoxazole, Tapentadol, Topiroxostat, Troglitazone, Vadimezan, Valdecoxib, Zileuton
2UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9 inhibitorsDeferasirox, Diflunisal, Eltrombopag, Fosphenytoin, Isavuconazole, Mefenamic acid, Morniflumate, Niflumic acid, Phenytoin, Regorafenib, Rifampicin, Sorafenib
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 substrate
1Prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 inhibitorsAceclofenac, Acetaminophen, Acetylsalicylic acid, Antipyrine, Antrafenine, Balsalazide, Bromfenac, Bufexamac, Cannabidiol, Carprofen, Choline magnesium trisalicylate, Dexibuprofen, Dexketoprofen, Diclofenac, Diethylcarbamazine, Diflunisal, Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid, Droxicam, Etodolac, Fenoprofen, Flurbiprofen, Hyperforin, Ibuprofen, Icosapent, Indomethacin, Ketoprofen, Ketorolac, Lornoxicam, Lumiracoxib, Magnesium salicylate, Meclofenamic acid, Medical Cannabis, Mefenamic acid, Meloxicam, Mesalazine, Nabiximols, Nabumetone, Naproxen, Nepafenac, Nitroaspirin, Oxaprozin, Phenylbutazone, Piroxicam, Resveratrol, Salicylic acid, Salsalate, Sulfasalazine, Sulindac, Suprofen, Talniflumate, Tenoxicam, Tiaprofenic acid, Tolmetin, Trolamine salicylate
2Prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 inducersDesmopressin, Minoxidil
3Prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 substratesCandesartan, Candesartan cilexetil, Chlorpropamide, Dapsone, Diazepam, Diphenhydramine, Dronabinol, Eletriptan, Etoposide, Hexobarbital, Ifosfamide, Imatinib, Irbesartan, Ketamine, Ketobemidone, Montelukast, Nateglinide, Nortriptyline, Rofecoxib, Rosiglitazone, Seratrodast, Sulfamethoxazole, Terbinafine, Thalidomide, Trabectedin, Voriconazole, Zafirlukast, Zaltoprofen, Zileuton, Zopiclone
4Prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 antagonistsAcemetacin, Dexketoprofen, Glycol salicylate, Loxoprofen, Menthyl salicylate, Phenyl salicylate, Propacetamol, Talniflumate, Tolfenamic acid, Triflusal
5Prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 ligandsFerrous sulfate anhydrous
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Cytochrome P450 1A2 inhibitor
1Cytochrome P450 1A2 substrates(R)-warfarin, 8-azaguanine, 8-chlorotheophylline, 9-Deazaguanine, 9-Methylguanine, Acefylline, Acenocoumarol, Acetaminophen, Agomelatine, Alosetron, Aminophenazone, Aminophylline, Amitriptyline, Anagrelide, Antipyrine, Apixaban, Apremilast, Asenapine, Axitinib, Azathioprine, Azelastine, Bamifylline, Bendamustine, Benzyl alcohol, Betaxolol, Bicifadine, Binimetinib, Bortezomib, Bromazepam, Bromotheophylline, Bufylline, Caffeine, Capsaicin, Carvedilol, Chlorpromazine, Chlorzoxazone, Cilostazol, Cinacalcet, Cinnarizine, Clomipramine, Clonidine, Clopidogrel, Clozapine, Conjugated estrogens, Cyclobenzaprine, Dacarbazine, Dapagliflozin, Dasatinib, Desipramine, Deutetrabenazine, Dexfenfluramine, Diclofenac, Dihydralazine, Disopyramide, Domperidone, Doxepin, Doxofylline, Duloxetine, Efavirenz, Eltrombopag, Enasidenib, Erlotinib, Estradiol, Estradiol acetate, Estradiol benzoate, Estradiol cypionate, Estradiol dienanthate, Estradiol valerate, Estrone, Estrone sulfate, Etamiphylline, Ethanol, Etoposide, Etoricoxib, Fenethylline, Flecainide, Flunarizine, Fluorouracil, Fluoxetine, Flutamide, Fluvoxamine, Frovatriptan, Genistein, Grepafloxacin, GTS-21, Guanabenz, Haloperidol, Hesperetin, Hypoxanthine, Icotinib, Imatinib, Imipramine, Istradefylline, Ixazomib, Leflunomide, Levobupivacaine, Lidocaine, Lisofylline, Lofexidine, Lomefloxacin, Loratadine, Lorcaserin, Lumiracoxib, Malathion, Maprotiline, Melatonin, Mephenytoin, Methadone, Methoxyflurane, Metoclopramide, Mexiletine, Mianserin, Mirtazapine, Muraglitazar, Nabumetone, Naproxen, Nicotine, Nifedipine, Norethisterone, Nortriptyline, Olanzapine, Ondansetron, Oxtriphylline, Palonosetron, Paroxetine, Pazopanib, Pentifylline, Pentoxifylline, Perampanel, Perphenazine, Phenacetin, Pimobendan, Pimozide, Pirfenidone, Pomalidomide, Praziquantel, Primaquine, Promazine, Propacetamol, Propafenone, Propentofylline, Propranolol, Proxyphylline, Quinine, Ramelteon, Ramosetron, Ranitidine, Rasagiline, Resveratrol, Riluzole, Rofecoxib, Ropinirole, Ropivacaine, Rucaparib, Selegiline, Sorafenib, Stiripentol, Tacrine, Tamoxifen, Tasimelteon, Tegafur, Temafloxacin, Terbinafine, Theobromine, Theophylline, Thiabendazole, Thiothixene, Tizanidine, Tocainide, Tolperisone, Triamterene, Triclabendazole, Trifluoperazine, Ulipristal, Vadimezan, Verapamil, Voxilaprevir, Warfarin, Xanthine, Zileuton, Zolmitriptan, Zolpidem, Zotepine
2Cytochrome P450 1A2 inhibitorsAbemaciclib, Abiraterone, Albinterferon Alfa-2B, Alosetron, Amiodarone, Anagrelide, Anastrozole, Atazanavir, Avasimibe, Besifloxacin, Black cohosh, Bortezomib, Caffeine, Cannabidiol, Carbamazepine, Cepeginterferon alfa-2B, Cimetidine, Cinoxacin, Ciprofloxacin, Citalopram, Clinafloxacin, Clozapine, Conjugated estrogens, Curcumin, Curcumin sulfate, Deferasirox, Dexmedetomidine, Diacerein, Difloxacin, Dihydralazine, Dosulepin, Efavirenz, Elexacaftor, Enasidenib, Enoxacin, Enrofloxacin, Estradiol, Estradiol acetate, Estradiol benzoate, Estradiol cypionate, Estradiol dienanthate, Estradiol valerate, Famotidine, Flumequine, Fluoxetine, Fluvoxamine, Furafylline, Garenoxacin, Gatifloxacin, Gemfibrozil, Gemifloxacin, Genistein, Grepafloxacin, Human interferon beta, Imipramine, Interferon alfa, Interferon alfa-2a, Recombinant, Interferon alfa-2b, Interferon alfa-2c, Interferon alfa-n1, Interferon alfa-n3, Interferon alfacon-1, Interferon beta-1a, Interferon beta-1b, Interferon gamma-1b, Isoniazid, Ketoconazole, Lenvatinib, Levofloxacin, Lidocaine, Lobeglitazone, Lomefloxacin, Medical Cannabis, Methimazole, Methoxsalen, Mexiletine, Mibefradil, Midostaurin, Moxifloxacin, Nabiximols, Nalidixic acid, Nemonoxacin, Nevirapine, Niclosamide, Nifedipine, Nitric Oxide, Norfloxacin, Obeticholic acid, Ofloxacin, Omeprazole, Ondansetron, Orbifloxacin, Orphenadrine, Oxolinic acid, Paroxetine, Pazufloxacin, Pefloxacin, Peginterferon alfa-2a, Peginterferon alfa-2b, Peginterferon beta-1a, Peppermint oil, Pipemidic acid, Pirfenidone, Promazine, Propafenone, Propofol, Prulifloxacin, Quinidine, Ranitidine, Resveratrol, Rhein, Rifamycin, Ritonavir, Rofecoxib, Ropeginterferon alfa-2b, Rosiglitazone, Rosoxacin, Rucaparib, Rufloxacin, Safinamide, Sarafloxacin, Selegiline, Simeprevir, Sitafloxacin, Sparfloxacin, Stiripentol, Sulconazole, Technetium Tc-99m ciprofloxacin, Tegaserod, Temafloxacin, Thiabendazole, Ticlopidine, Tocainide, Tranylcypromine, Triclabendazole, Trovafloxacin, Vemurafenib, Viloxazine, Zafirlukast, Zucapsaicin
3Cytochrome P450 1A2 inducersAlbendazole, Armodafinil, Belinostat, beta-Naphthoflavone, Capsaicin, Carbamazepine, Dovitinib, Fosphenytoin, Griseofulvin, Insulin aspart, Insulin beef, Insulin degludec, Insulin detemir, Insulin glargine, Insulin glulisine, Insulin human, Insulin lispro, Insulin peglispro, Insulin pork, Insulin tregopil, Menadione, Meperidine, Midostaurin, Modafinil, Nafcillin, Nicotine, NN344, Omeprazole, Osimertinib, Phenobarbital, Phenylephrine, Phenytoin, Pitolisant, Primaquine, Primidone, Rabeprazole, Rifampicin, Ritonavir, Rucaparib, Secobarbital, Streptozocin, Teriflunomide
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Cytochrome P450 2C19 substrate
1Cytochrome P450 2C19 substrates(R)-warfarin, (S)-Warfarin, Acenocoumarol, Adinazolam, Albendazole, Almotriptan, Ambrisentan, Aminophenazone, Amiodarone, Amitriptyline, Antipyrine, Apixaban, Aprepitant, Arformoterol, Artemether, Asunaprevir, Atomoxetine, Axitinib, Azelastine, Barbital, Binimetinib, Bioallethrin, Bortezomib, Brivaracetam, Bromazepam, Bupivacaine, Cannabidiol, Capravirine, Carisoprodol, Cenobamate, Chlorpropamide, Cilostazol, Cisapride, Citalopram, Clobazam, Clomethiazole, Clomipramine, Clopidogrel, Clotiazepam, Clozapine, Cyclophosphamide, Dapsone, Dexibuprofen, Dexlansoprazole, Dexrabeprazole, Dextromethorphan, Diazepam, Diclofenac, Diltiazem, Diphenhydramine, Doxazosin, Doxepin, Eletriptan, Enasidenib, Encorafenib, Enfuvirtide, Escitalopram, Esketamine, Esomeprazole, Estradiol, Estradiol acetate, Estradiol benzoate, Estradiol cypionate, Estradiol dienanthate, Estradiol valerate, Etizolam, Etravirine, Fedratinib, Flunitrazepam, Fluoxetine, Flutamide, Formoterol, Fosphenytoin, Gliclazide, Glyburide, Guanfacine, Haloperidol, Hexobarbital, Hydrocodone, Ibuprofen, Ifosfamide, Imatinib, Imipramine, Indomethacin, Ixazomib, Ketobemidone, Labetalol, Lacosamide, Lansoprazole, Lapatinib, Levomilnacipran, Lofexidine, Loratadine, Lorcaserin, Lorlatinib, Lovastatin, Lumiracoxib, Lynestrenol, Macitentan, Medical Cannabis, Melatonin, Meperidine, Mephenytoin, Methadone, Methohexital, Methsuximide, Methylphenobarbital, Moclobemide, Nabiximols, Nebivolol, Nelfinavir, Nicotine, Nilutamide, Norethisterone, Nortriptyline, Omeprazole, Ospemifene, Oxiconazole, Pantoprazole, Paroxetine, Pentamidine, Pentobarbital, Perphenazine, Phenacetin, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin, Piperaquine, Pipotiazine, Prasugrel, Praziquantel, Primidone, Progesterone, Proguanil, Promazine, Propofol, Propranolol, Quazepam, Quetiapine, Quinine, Rabeprazole, Ramelteon, Rilpivirine, Romidepsin, Rupatadine, Selegiline, Seratrodast, Sertraline, Sildenafil, Simvastatin, St. John's Wort, Stiripentol, Tamoxifen, Tapentadol, Teniposide, Terbinafine, Testosterone, Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone undecanoate, Thalidomide, Thiopental, Thioridazine, Ticlopidine, Timolol, Tipranavir, Tofacitinib, Tolbutamide, Tolterodine, Trabectedin, Triclabendazole, Trimethadione, Trimipramine, Verapamil, Vilazodone, Voriconazole, Vortioxetine, Voxelotor, Warfarin, Zolpidem, Zonisamide
2Cytochrome P450 2C19 inhibitorsAbiraterone, Alpelisib, Aminophenazone, Amiodarone, Amitriptyline, Amprenavir, Aprepitant, Armodafinil, Artenimol, Atorvastatin, Avasimibe, Azelastine, Benzbromarone, Bicalutamide, Bortezomib, Buprenorphine, Carbamazepine, Cenobamate, Chloramphenicol, Cimetidine, Cisapride, Citalopram, Clevidipine, Clinafloxacin, Clozapine, Curcumin sulfate, Cyclosporine, Delavirdine, Dexlansoprazole, Diazepam, Dimethyl sulfoxide, Dosulepin, Dovitinib, Efavirenz, Elexacaftor, Enasidenib, Eslicarbazepine, Eslicarbazepine acetate, Esomeprazole, Ethanol, Ethinylestradiol, Etoricoxib, Etravirine, Felbamate, Fenofibrate, Fluconazole, Fluoxetine, Fluvastatin, Fluvoxamine, Gefitinib, Gemfibrozil, Gestodene, Idelalisib, Imipramine, Indomethacin, Isavuconazole, Isoniazid, Ketoconazole, Lansoprazole, Lenvatinib, Lobeglitazone, Lopinavir, Loratadine, Losartan, Luliconazole, Lynestrenol, Manidipine, Memantine, Mephenytoin, Methimazole, Methsuximide, Miconazole, Midostaurin, Moclobemide, Modafinil, Naloxegol, Nicardipine, Nilutamide, Nilvadipine, Olanzapine, Omeprazole, Oritavancin, Oxcarbazepine, Pantoprazole, Paroxetine, Phenelzine, Piperaquine, Progesterone, Quinine, Rabeprazole, Rifamycin, Ritonavir, Rucaparib, Safinamide, Seproxetine, Sertraline, Sildenafil, Sitaxentan, Sorafenib, Stiripentol, Sulfanilamide, Telmisartan, Thalidomide, Ticlopidine, Tioconazole, Tipranavir, Topiramate, Topiroxostat, Tranylcypromine, Triclabendazole, Troglitazone, Ubrogepant, Vismodegib, Voriconazole, Warfarin, Zafirlukast, Zonisamide, Zucapsaicin
3Cytochrome P450 2C19 inducersAcetylsalicylic acid, Aminoglutethimide, Apalutamide, Artemether, Barbital, Budesonide, Carbamazepine, Dexamethasone, Efavirenz, Enzalutamide, Hydrocortisone, Hydroxyprogesterone caproate, Letermovir, Lumacaftor, Methylprednisolone, Midostaurin, Nelfinavir, Norethisterone, Opicapone, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin, Prednisone, Primidone, Rifabutin, Rifampicin, Rifamycin, Rifapentine, Rifaximin, Ritonavir, Secobarbital, St. John's Wort
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Cytochrome P450 2C19 inhibitor
1Cytochrome P450 2C19 substrates(R)-warfarin, (S)-Warfarin, Acenocoumarol, Adinazolam, Albendazole, Almotriptan, Ambrisentan, Aminophenazone, Amiodarone, Amitriptyline, Antipyrine, Apixaban, Aprepitant, Arformoterol, Artemether, Asunaprevir, Atomoxetine, Axitinib, Azelastine, Barbital, Binimetinib, Bioallethrin, Bortezomib, Brivaracetam, Bromazepam, Bupivacaine, Cannabidiol, Capravirine, Carisoprodol, Cenobamate, Chlorpropamide, Cilostazol, Cisapride, Citalopram, Clobazam, Clomethiazole, Clomipramine, Clopidogrel, Clotiazepam, Clozapine, Cyclophosphamide, Dapsone, Dexibuprofen, Dexlansoprazole, Dexrabeprazole, Dextromethorphan, Diazepam, Diclofenac, Diltiazem, Diphenhydramine, Doxazosin, Doxepin, Eletriptan, Enasidenib, Encorafenib, Enfuvirtide, Escitalopram, Esketamine, Esomeprazole, Estradiol, Estradiol acetate, Estradiol benzoate, Estradiol cypionate, Estradiol dienanthate, Estradiol valerate, Etizolam, Etravirine, Fedratinib, Flunitrazepam, Fluoxetine, Flutamide, Formoterol, Fosphenytoin, Gliclazide, Glyburide, Guanfacine, Haloperidol, Hexobarbital, Hydrocodone, Ibuprofen, Ifosfamide, Imatinib, Imipramine, Indomethacin, Ixazomib, Ketobemidone, Labetalol, Lacosamide, Lansoprazole, Lapatinib, Levomilnacipran, Lofexidine, Loratadine, Lorcaserin, Lorlatinib, Lovastatin, Lumiracoxib, Lynestrenol, Macitentan, Medical Cannabis, Melatonin, Meperidine, Mephenytoin, Methadone, Methohexital, Methsuximide, Methylphenobarbital, Moclobemide, Nabiximols, Nebivolol, Nelfinavir, Nicotine, Nilutamide, Norethisterone, Nortriptyline, Omeprazole, Ospemifene, Oxiconazole, Pantoprazole, Paroxetine, Pentamidine, Pentobarbital, Perphenazine, Phenacetin, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin, Piperaquine, Pipotiazine, Prasugrel, Praziquantel, Primidone, Progesterone, Proguanil, Promazine, Propofol, Propranolol, Quazepam, Quetiapine, Quinine, Rabeprazole, Ramelteon, Rilpivirine, Romidepsin, Rupatadine, Selegiline, Seratrodast, Sertraline, Sildenafil, Simvastatin, St. John's Wort, Stiripentol, Tamoxifen, Tapentadol, Teniposide, Terbinafine, Testosterone, Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone undecanoate, Thalidomide, Thiopental, Thioridazine, Ticlopidine, Timolol, Tipranavir, Tofacitinib, Tolbutamide, Tolterodine, Trabectedin, Triclabendazole, Trimethadione, Trimipramine, Verapamil, Vilazodone, Voriconazole, Vortioxetine, Voxelotor, Warfarin, Zolpidem, Zonisamide
2Cytochrome P450 2C19 inhibitorsAbiraterone, Alpelisib, Aminophenazone, Amiodarone, Amitriptyline, Amprenavir, Aprepitant, Armodafinil, Artenimol, Atorvastatin, Avasimibe, Azelastine, Benzbromarone, Bicalutamide, Bortezomib, Buprenorphine, Carbamazepine, Cenobamate, Chloramphenicol, Cimetidine, Cisapride, Citalopram, Clevidipine, Clinafloxacin, Clozapine, Curcumin sulfate, Cyclosporine, Delavirdine, Dexlansoprazole, Diazepam, Dimethyl sulfoxide, Dosulepin, Dovitinib, Efavirenz, Elexacaftor, Enasidenib, Eslicarbazepine, Eslicarbazepine acetate, Esomeprazole, Ethanol, Ethinylestradiol, Etoricoxib, Etravirine, Felbamate, Fenofibrate, Fluconazole, Fluoxetine, Fluvastatin, Fluvoxamine, Gefitinib, Gemfibrozil, Gestodene, Idelalisib, Imipramine, Indomethacin, Isavuconazole, Isoniazid, Ketoconazole, Lansoprazole, Lenvatinib, Lobeglitazone, Lopinavir, Loratadine, Losartan, Luliconazole, Lynestrenol, Manidipine, Memantine, Mephenytoin, Methimazole, Methsuximide, Miconazole, Midostaurin, Moclobemide, Modafinil, Naloxegol, Nicardipine, Nilutamide, Nilvadipine, Olanzapine, Omeprazole, Oritavancin, Oxcarbazepine, Pantoprazole, Paroxetine, Phenelzine, Piperaquine, Progesterone, Quinine, Rabeprazole, Rifamycin, Ritonavir, Rucaparib, Safinamide, Seproxetine, Sertraline, Sildenafil, Sitaxentan, Sorafenib, Stiripentol, Sulfanilamide, Telmisartan, Thalidomide, Ticlopidine, Tioconazole, Tipranavir, Topiramate, Topiroxostat, Tranylcypromine, Triclabendazole, Troglitazone, Ubrogepant, Vismodegib, Voriconazole, Warfarin, Zafirlukast, Zonisamide, Zucapsaicin
3Cytochrome P450 2C19 inducersAcetylsalicylic acid, Aminoglutethimide, Apalutamide, Artemether, Barbital, Budesonide, Carbamazepine, Dexamethasone, Efavirenz, Enzalutamide, Hydrocortisone, Hydroxyprogesterone caproate, Letermovir, Lumacaftor, Methylprednisolone, Midostaurin, Nelfinavir, Norethisterone, Opicapone, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin, Prednisone, Primidone, Rifabutin, Rifampicin, Rifamycin, Rifapentine, Rifaximin, Ritonavir, Secobarbital, St. John's Wort
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitor
1Cytochrome P450 3A4 substrates(R)-warfarin, (S)-Warfarin, 3,5-diiodothyropropionic acid, 4-hydroxycoumarin, 5-androstenedione, 6-O-benzylguanine, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin, 9-aminocamptothecin, Abemaciclib, Abiraterone, Acenocoumarol, Acetaminophen, Adinazolam, Agmatine, Albendazole, Alclometasone, Aldosterone, Alfentanil, Alfuzosin, Aliskiren, Almotriptan, Alogliptin, Alosetron, Alpelisib, alpha-Tocopherol acetate, Alprazolam, Ambrisentan, Ambroxol, Amcinonide, Aminophenazone, Aminophylline, Amiodarone, Amitriptyline, Amlodipine, Amprenavir, Anastrozole, Androstenedione, Antipyrine, Apalutamide, Apixaban, Apremilast, Aprepitant, Aranidipine, Argatroban, Aripiprazole, Aripiprazole lauroxil, Artemether, Artesunate, Asenapine, Astemizole, Asunaprevir, Atazanavir, Atorvastatin, Atovaquone, Avanafil, Avapritinib, Axitinib, Azelastine, Azelnidipine, Azimilide, Azithromycin, Balaglitazone, Baloxavir marboxil, Banoxantrone, Baricitinib, Barnidipine, Beclomethasone dipropionate, Bedaquiline, Bencyclane, Benidipine, Benzodiazepine, Benzphetamine, Bepridil, Betamethasone, Bexarotene, Bezafibrate, Bicalutamide, Bictegravir, Bimatoprost, Bioallethrin, Bisoprolol, Blonanserin, Boceprevir, Bortezomib, Bosentan, Bosutinib, Brentuximab vedotin, Brexpiprazole, Brigatinib, Brinzolamide, Brivaracetam, Bromocriptine, Brotizolam, Budesonide, Bupivacaine, Buprenorphine, Buspirone, Busulfan, Butyrfentanyl, Cabazitaxel, Cabergoline, Cabozantinib, Caffeine, Calanolide A, Calcitriol, Canagliflozin, Cannabidiol, Capravirine, Carbamazepine, Carboxyamidotriazole, Cariprazine, Caroverine, Carvedilol, Celecoxib, Cenobamate, Ceritinib, Cerivastatin, Cevimeline, Chenodeoxycholic acid, Chlormadinone, Chloroquine, Chlorpheniramine, Chlorzoxazone, Cholecalciferol, Ciclesonide, Ciglitazone, Cilnidipine, Cilostazol, Cinacalcet, Cinnarizine, Cisapride, Citalopram, Clarithromycin, Clevidipine, Clindamycin, Clobazam, Clobetasol, Clobetasol propionate, Clobetasone, Clofibrate, Clomethiazole, Clomipramine, Clonazepam, Clonidine, Clopidogrel, Clorazepic acid, Clorindione, Clotiazepam, Clotrimazole, Clozapine, Cobicistat, Cobimetinib, Cocaine, Codeine, Colchicine, Conivaptan, Conjugated estrogens, Copanlisib, Corticosterone, Corticotropin, Cortisone acetate, Crizotinib, Cyclandelate, Cyclobenzaprine, Cyclophosphamide, Cyclosporine, Cyproterone acetate, Cytarabine, Dabrafenib, Daclatasvir, Dacomitinib, Dapagliflozin, Dapoxetine, Dapsone, Darifenacin, Darodipine, Darolutamide, Darunavir, Dasabuvir, Dasatinib, Daunorubicin, Deflazacort, Delamanid, Delavirdine, Demegestone, Desipramine, Desogestrel, Desonide, Desoxycorticosterone acetate, Desoxycorticosterone pivalate, Desvenlafaxine, Deutetrabenazine, Dexamethasone, Dexamethasone isonicotinate, Dexchlorpheniramine maleate, Dexlansoprazole, Dexloxiglumide, Dexniguldipine, Dextromethorphan, Dextropropoxyphene, Dexverapamil, Diazepam, Diclofenac, Dienogest, Diethylstilbestrol, Difluocortolone, Difluprednate, Digitoxin, Dihydro-alpha-ergocryptine, Dihydrocodeine, Dihydroergocornine, Dihydroergocristine, Dihydroergocryptine, Dihydroergotamine, Diltiazem, Diphenadione, Disopyramide, Disulfiram, Docetaxel, Dofetilide, Dolasetron, Domperidone, Donepezil, Doravirine, Dotarizine, Doxazosin, Doxepin, Doxorubicin, Doxycycline, Dronabinol, Dronedarone, Drospirenone, Duvelisib, Dydrogesterone, Ebastine, Efavirenz, Efonidipine, Elbasvir, Eletriptan, Elexacaftor, Eliglustat, Elvitegravir, Emopamil, Enasidenib, Encorafenib, Enfortumab vedotin, Entrectinib, Enzalutamide, Eperisone, Epinastine, Eplerenone, Equilenin, Equilin, Eravacycline, Erdafitinib, Ergoloid mesylate, Ergometrine, Ergotamine, Erlotinib, Erythromycin, Escitalopram, Esketamine, Esomeprazole, Estazolam, Esterified estrogens, Estradiol, Estradiol acetate, Estradiol benzoate, Estradiol cypionate, Estradiol dienanthate, Estradiol valerate, Estramustine, Estrone, Estrone sulfate, Eszopiclone, Ethanol, Ethinylestradiol, Ethosuximide, Ethyl biscoumacetate, Ethylmorphine, Ethynodiol diacetate, Etizolam, Etonogestrel, Etoposide, Etoricoxib, Etravirine, Etynodiol, Everolimus, Exemestane, Fedratinib, Felbamate, Felodipine, Fendiline, Fentanyl, Fesoterodine, Finasteride, Fish oil, Flibanserin, Flucloxacillin, Fludrocortisone, Fluindione, Flumethasone, Flunarizine, Flunisolide, Flunitrazepam, Fluocinolone acetonide, Fluocinonide, Fluocortolone, Fluorometholone, Fluoxetine, Fluprednidene, Fluprednisolone, Fluprednisolone acetate, Flurandrenolide, Flurazepam, Fluspirilene, Flutamide, Fluticasone, Fluticasone furoate, Fluticasone propionate, Fluvastatin, Fluvoxamine, Fosamprenavir, Fosaprepitant, Fosnetupitant, Fosphenytoin, Fostamatinib, Fulvestrant, Fusidic acid, Galantamine, Gallopamil, Gefitinib, Gemfibrozil, Gestodene, Gestrinone, Gilteritinib, Glasdegib, Glyburide, Granisetron, Grazoprevir, Grepafloxacin, Guanfacine, Halcinonide, Halofantrine, Haloperidol, Halothane, HE3286, Hydrocodone, Hydrocortisone, Hydrocortisone aceponate, Hydrocortisone acetate, Hydrocortisone butyrate, Hydrocortisone cypionate, Hydrocortisone phosphate, Hydrocortisone probutate, Hydrocortisone succinate, Hydrocortisone valerate, Hydroxychloroquine, Hydroxyprogesterone, Hydroxyprogesterone caproate, Hydroxyzine, Ibrutinib, Ibuprofen, Icotinib, Idelalisib, Ifosfamide, Iloperidone, Imatinib, Imidafenacin, Imipramine, Imiquimod, Indacaterol, Indalpine, Indapamide, Indinavir, Ipecac, Irinotecan, Isavuconazole, Isavuconazonium, Isotretinoin, Isradipine, Istradefylline, Itraconazole, Ivabradine, Ivacaftor, Ivermectin, Ivosidenib, Ixabepilone, Ixazomib, Ketamine, Ketazolam, Ketobemidone, Ketoconazole, Lacidipine, Lacosamide, Lansoprazole, Lapatinib, Laquinimod, Larotrectinib, Lefamulin, Lemborexant, Lenvatinib, Lercanidipine, Letrozole, Leuprolide, Levacetylmethadol, Levamlodipine, Levobupivacaine, Levocetirizine, Levomenthol, Levomilnacipran, Levonorgestrel, Lidocaine, Lidoflazine, Linagliptin, Liotrix, Lisuride, Lobeglitazone, Lomerizine, Lomitapide, Loperamide, Lopinavir, Loratadine, Lorazepam, Lorcaserin, Lorpiprazole, Losartan, Loteprednol etabonate, Lovastatin, Lumefantrine, Lurasidone, Lynestrenol, Lysergic acid diethylamide, Macimorelin, Macitentan, Manidipine, Maraviroc, Medrogestone, Medroxyprogesterone acetate, Medrysone, Mefloquine, Megestrol acetate, Melengestrol, Meloxicam, Meperidine, Meprednisone, Mestranol, Methadone, Methaqualone, Methotrexate, Methoxyflurane, Methylergometrine, Methylprednisolone, Methylprednisone, Methyltestosterone, Methysergide, Metoclopramide, Metoprolol, Mexazolam, Mexiletine, Mianserin, Mibefradil, Miconazole, Midazolam, Midecamycin, Midostaurin, Mifepristone, Milnacipran, Mirabegron, Mirtazapine, Modafinil, Mometasone, Mometasone furoate, Montelukast, Morphine, Mycophenolate mofetil, Nabiximols, Naftopidil, Naloxegol, Nateglinide, Nebivolol, Nefazodone, Nelfinavir, Neratinib, Netoglitazone, Netupitant, Nevirapine, Nicardipine, Nicotine, Nifedipine, Niguldipine, Nilotinib, Niludipine, Nilvadipine, Nimesulide, Nimodipine, Nintedanib, Nisoldipine, Nitrazepam, Nitrendipine, Nomegestrol, Nomegestrol acetate, Norelgestromin, Norethisterone, Norethynodrel, Norgestimate, Norgestrel, Nortriptyline, Nylidrin, Odanacatib, Olaparib, Olopatadine, Omeprazole, Ondansetron, Opium, Orphenadrine, Osimertinib, Ospemifene, Otilonium, Oxybutynin, Oxycodone, Oxymorphone, Paclitaxel, Palbociclib, Paliperidone, Palonosetron, Panobinostat, Pantoprazole, Paramethadione, Paramethasone, Parecoxib, Paricalcitol, Paritaprevir, Paroxetine, Pazopanib, Penfluridol, Perampanel, Pergolide, Perhexiline, Perospirone, Perphenazine, Pexidartinib, Phenacetin, Phenprocoumon, Phentermine, Phenytoin, Pimecrolimus, Pimozide, Pinacidil, Pinaverium, Pioglitazone, Piperaquine, Pipotiazine, Pitolisant, Plitidepsin, Polatuzumab vedotin, Pomalidomide, Ponatinib, Posaconazole, Pranlukast, Prasugrel, Prazepam, Praziquantel, Prednicarbate, Prednisolone, Prednisolone acetate, Prednisone, Prednylidene, Pregnenolone, Prenylamine, Pretomanid, Primaquine, Progesterone, Promazine, Promegestone, Propacetamol, Propafenone, Propiverine, Propranolol, Prucalopride, Quazepam, Quetiapine, Quinacrine, Quingestanol, Quinidine, Quinine, Rabeprazole, Ramelteon, Ranolazine, Reboxetine, Regorafenib, Repaglinide, Retapamulin, Ribociclib, Rifabutin, Rifalazil, Rifapentine, Rifaximin, Rilpivirine, Rimexolone, Rimonabant, Riociguat, Risperidone, Ritonavir, Rivaroxaban, Rivoglitazone, Rofecoxib, Roflumilast, Rolapitant, Romidepsin, Ropivacaine, Rosiglitazone, Rotigotine, Roxithromycin, Rucaparib, Rufinamide, Rupatadine, Ruxolitinib, Safinamide, Salmeterol, Saquinavir, Saxagliptin, Segesterone acetate, Selegiline, Seletracetam, Selexipag, Selinexor, Seratrodast, Sertindole, Sertraline, Sevoflurane, Sibutramine, Sildenafil, Silodosin, Simeprevir, Simvastatin, Siponimod, Sirolimus, Sitagliptin, Solifenacin, Sonidegib, Sorafenib, St. John's Wort, Sufentanil, Sulfadiazine, Sulfamethoxazole, Sulfinpyrazone, Sunitinib, Suvorexant, Synthetic Conjugated Estrogens, A, Synthetic Conjugated Estrogens, B, Tacrolimus, Tadalafil, Tamoxifen, Tamsulosin, Tasimelteon, Tasosartan, Taurochenodeoxycholic acid, Tazemetostat, Telaprevir, Telithromycin, Temazepam, Temsirolimus, Tenapanor, Teniposide, Tenofovir, Tenofovir alafenamide, Terbinafine, Terfenadine, Terguride, Terodiline, Tesmilifene, Testosterone, Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone propionate, Testosterone undecanoate, Tetracycline, Tetrahydropalmatine, Tetrandrine, Tezacaftor, Theophylline, Thiamylal, Thiotepa, Tiagabine, Tianeptine, Ticagrelor, Tinidazole, Tiotropium, Tipranavir, Tocofersolan, Tocopherol, Tofacitinib, Tolfenamic acid, Tolterodine, Tolvaptan, Toremifene, Trabectedin, Tramadol, Tranilast, Trastuzumab deruxtecan, Trastuzumab emtansine, Trazodone, Tretinoin, Triamcinolone, Triazolam, Triclabendazole, Trifarotene, Trilostane, Trimebutine, Trimethadione, Trimethoprim, Troleandomycin, Ubrogepant, Udenafil, Ulipristal, Upadacitinib, Valbenazine, Valdecoxib, Vandetanib, Vanoxerine, Vardenafil, Velpatasvir, Vemurafenib, Venetoclax, Venlafaxine, Verapamil, Vicriviroc, Vilanterol, Vilazodone, Vinblastine, Vincristine, Vindesine, Vinflunine, Vinorelbine, Vinpocetine, Vismodegib, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vorapaxar, Voriconazole, Vortioxetine, Voxelotor, Voxilaprevir, Warfarin, WIN 55212-2, Yohimbine, Zafirlukast, Zaleplon, Zanubrutinib, Ziconotide, Zidovudine, Zileuton, Ziprasidone, Zolpidem, Zomepirac, Zonisamide, Zopiclone, Zotepine, Zuclopenthixol
2Cytochrome P450 3A4 inducersAcetaminophen, Amcinonide, Aminoglutethimide, Amprenavir, Apalutamide, Aprepitant, Aprobarbital, Armodafinil, Artemether, Asunaprevir, Avasimibe, Azatadine, Barbital, Beclomethasone dipropionate, Betamethasone, Betamethasone phosphate, Bexarotene, Bosentan, Budesonide, Calcitriol, Carbamazepine, Cefradine, Cenobamate, Cerivastatin, Chlorphenesin, Chlorpromazine, Clevidipine, Clobazam, Clobetasol, Clobetasol propionate, Clocortolone acetate, Clofazimine, Clofibrate, Cloprednol, Clotrimazole, Clozapine, Corticotropin, Cortisone, Cortisone acetate, Cortivazol, Cyclophosphamide, Dabrafenib, Deferasirox, Deflazacort, Delafloxacin, Desonide, Dexamethasone, Dexamethasone isonicotinate, Dicloxacillin, Difluocortolone, Echinacea, Efavirenz, Enasidenib, Enzalutamide, Esketamine, Eslicarbazepine, Eslicarbazepine acetate, Estradiol acetate, Estradiol benzoate, Estradiol cypionate, Estradiol dienanthate, Estradiol valerate, Ethanol, Etoposide, Etravirine, Felbamate, Flucloxacillin, Flunisolide, Fluocinolone acetonide, Fluocinonide, Fluocortolone, Fluorometholone, Fluprednidene, Fluprednidene acetate, Fluticasone, Fluticasone furoate, Formestane, Fosaprepitant, Fosphenytoin, Genistein, Glycerol phenylbutyrate, Griseofulvin, Halometasone, Hydrocortamate, Hydrocortisone, Hydrocortisone aceponate, Hydrocortisone acetate, Hydrocortisone butyrate, Hydrocortisone probutate, Hydrocortisone succinate, Hydrocortisone valerate, Idelalisib, Ifosfamide, Isavuconazole, Isavuconazonium, Ivermectin, Ivosidenib, Ketamine, Lansoprazole, Lenvatinib, Lesinurad, Lumacaftor, Lumefantrine, Medroxyprogesterone acetate, Medrysone, Melengestrol acetate, Meperidine, Meprednisone, Metamizole, Methadone, Methylprednisolone, Methylprednisolone hemisuccinate, Metyrapone, Midostaurin, Mifepristone, Mitotane, Modafinil, Mometasone, Mometasone furoate, Nafcillin, Nevirapine, Nifedipine, Norgestimate, Omeprazole, Oritavancin, Orlistat, Osimertinib, Oxcarbazepine, Oxiconazole, Paclitaxel, Paramethasone, Pegvisomant, Pentobarbital, Perampanel, Pexidartinib, Phenobarbital, Phenylbutazone, Phenytoin, Pioglitazone, Pitolisant, Prednicarbate, Prednisolone, Prednisolone acetate, Prednisolone hemisuccinate, Prednisolone phosphate, Prednisone, Prednisone acetate, Prednylidene, Primidone, Probenecid, Progesterone, Propacetamol, Quinine, Rifabutin, Rifampicin, Rifamycin, Rifapentine, Rifaximin, Rimexolone, Ritonavir, Rofecoxib, Rufinamide, Sarilumab, Seratrodast, Siltuximab, St. John's Wort, Sulfinpyrazone, Tamoxifen, Terbinafine, Terfenadine, Tesmilifene, Testosterone, Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone undecanoate, Thiamylal, Tocilizumab, Topiramate, Topotecan, Trametinib, Triamcinolone, Troglitazone, Vemurafenib, Vinblastine, Vitamin E, Warfarin
3Cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitors6-Deoxyerythronolide B, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin, Abemaciclib, Abiraterone, Acalabrutinib, Acetazolamide, Aldesleukin, Amiodarone, Amphotericin B, Amprenavir, Anastrozole, Aprepitant, Arsenic trioxide, Astemizole, Atazanavir, AVE9633, Azelastine, Azithromycin, Barnidipine, Benidipine, Bicalutamide, Bifonazole, Black cohosh, Boceprevir, Bosutinib, Brefeldin A, Brentuximab vedotin, Bromocriptine, Bryostatin 1, Buprenorphine, Cabergoline, Candicidin, Capsaicin, Carbomycin, Caspofungin, Cenobamate, Ceritinib, Cerivastatin, Cethromycin, Chloramphenicol, Chlorzoxazone, Cimetidine, Ciprofloxacin, Citalopram, Clarithromycin, Clevidipine, Clindamycin, Clofazimine, Clotrimazole, Clozapine, Cobicistat, Colchicine, Coltuximab ravtansine, Conivaptan, Crizotinib, Curcumin, Curcumin sulfate, Cyclosporine, Cyproterone acetate, Dalfopristin, Danazol, Danoprevir, Dapoxetine, Darunavir, Dasatinib, Daunorubicin, Delavirdine, Desipramine, Desvenlafaxine, Dexamethasone, Dexamethasone isonicotinate, Dextropropoxyphene, Diazepam, Diclofenac, Diethylstilbestrol, Dihydroergotamine, Diltiazem, Dimethyl sulfoxide, Dirithromycin, Ditiocarb, Docetaxel, Doramectin, Dovitinib, Doxorubicin, Doxycycline, Dronedarone, Econazole, Edetate disodium anhydrous, Efavirenz, Efonidipine, Elbasvir, Elexacaftor, Elvitegravir, Enasidenib, Epinephrine, Epofolate, Epothilone D, Eprinomectin, Ergotamine, Erlotinib, Erythromycin, Ethanol, Etoposide, Etoricoxib, Ezetimibe, Felodipine, Fidaxomicin, Fluconazole, Fluoxetine, Flurithromycin, Fluticasone, Fluticasone furoate, Fluticasone propionate, Fluvastatin, Fluvoxamine, Fosamprenavir, Fosaprepitant, Fosnetupitant, Fostamatinib, Fusidic acid, Gefitinib, Ginkgo biloba, Glecaprevir, Glyburide, GPI-1485, Haloperidol, Hydralazine, Idelalisib, Ifosfamide, Imatinib, Indalpine, Indinavir, Indisulam, Irbesartan, Isavuconazole, Isavuconazonium, Isradipine, Itraconazole, Ivacaftor, Ixabepilone, Ketazolam, Ketoconazole, Kitasamycin, KOS-1584, Lanreotide, Lansoprazole, Lapatinib, Lenvatinib, Lercanidipine, Lestaurtinib, Letermovir, Levofloxacin, Levosalbutamol, Linagliptin, Lomustine, Loperamide, Lopinavir, Loratadine, Lorvotuzumab mertansine, Losartan, Lovastatin, Luliconazole, Manidipine, Medical Cannabis, Mefloquine, Mepartricin, Mequitazine, Methadone, Methimazole, Methylergometrine, Metronidazole, Metyrapone, Mibefradil, Miconazole, Midazolam, Midecamycin, Midostaurin, Mifepristone, Milnacipran, Miocamycin, Mirtazapine, Mirvetuximab Soravtansine, Mitemcinal, Mitoxantrone, Naloxone, Natamycin, Nefazodone, Nelfinavir, Netupitant, Niacin, Nicardipine, Nicotinamide, Nifedipine, Nilotinib, Nilvadipine, Nitric Oxide, Norfloxacin, Noscapine, Octreotide, Olanzapine, Olaparib, Oleandomycin, Omeprazole, Orphenadrine, Osimertinib, Oxcarbazepine, Oxetacaine, Oxybutynin, Oxymetholone, Palbociclib, Paramethasone, Paroxetine, Pasireotide, Patupilone, Pazopanib, Peppermint oil, Pergolide, Pexidartinib, Phenelzine, Pilocarpine, Pimecrolimus, Pimozide, Piperaquine, Piperine, Posaconazole, Primaquine, Quinidine, Quinine, Quinupristin, Rabeprazole, Raloxifene, Ranitidine, Ranolazine, Reboxetine, Regorafenib, Remacemide, Resveratrol, Ribociclib, Ridaforolimus, Rifamycin, Rilpivirine, Ritonavir, Rokitamycin, Roxithromycin, Rucaparib, Rutin, Sagopilone, Salbutamol, Saquinavir, Saracatinib, Sarilumab, Selamectin, Seproxetine, Simeprevir, Sitaxentan, Solithromycin, Somatostatin, Sorafenib, Stiripentol, Sulfanilamide, Sunitinib, Tamoxifen, Telaprevir, Telithromycin, Teniposide, Terfenadine, Tesmilifene, Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone undecanoate, Tetracycline, Ticagrelor, Tildipirosin, Tilmicosin, Tioconazole, Tipranavir, Tofisopam, Topiroxostat, Topotecan, Toremifene, Trastuzumab emtansine, Triclabendazole, Troleandomycin, Tylosin, Tylvalosin, Vapreotide, Venetoclax, Verapamil, Vinblastine, Voriconazole, WIN 55212-2, Zafirlukast, Zimelidine
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-4 substrate
1UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-4 substratesAmitriptyline, Anastrozole, Asenapine, Clozapine, Cyclobenzaprine, Enasidenib, Ezogabine, Idelalisib, Imidafenacin, Lamotrigine, Midazolam, Olanzapine, Paricalcitol, Pexidartinib, Phenytoin, Tecovirimat, Trifluoperazine, Troglitazone
2UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-4 inhibitorsErtugliflozin
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8 substrate
1UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8 substratesBazedoxifene, Diflunisal, Formoterol, Morphine, Mycophenolate mofetil, Nalmefene, Naproxen, Nintedanib, Propofol, Raloxifene, Troglitazone
2UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8 inhibitorsIsavuconazole
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-10 substrate
1UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-10 substratesBazedoxifene, Etodolac, Losartan, Mycophenolate mofetil, Naproxen, Nintedanib, Propacetamol, Raloxifene, Tamoxifen, Troglitazone
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6 substrate
1UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6 substratesAcetaminophen, Acetylsalicylic acid, Deferiprone, Ferric maltol, Mycophenolate mofetil, Mycophenolic acid, Naproxen, Phenytoin, Propacetamol, Propofol, Troglitazone
2UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6 inhibitorsFosphenytoin, Phenytoin, Troglitazone
3UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6 inducersCarbamazepine
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3 substrate
1UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3 substratesAmbrisentan, Anastrozole, Atorvastatin, Baloxavir marboxil, Candesartan, Candesartan cilexetil, Cyproheptadine, Delafloxacin, Dexibuprofen, Diclofenac, Dolutegravir, Eltrombopag, Enasidenib, Etodolac, Ezetimibe, Ezogabine, Flurbiprofen, Fluvastatin, Gavestinel, Gemfibrozil, Hydromorphone, Ibuprofen, Irbesartan, Lamotrigine, Letermovir, Licofelone, Lorlatinib, Losartan, Lovastatin, Mitiglinide, Morphine, Muraglitazar, Naldemedine, Nalmefene, Naproxen, Pitavastatin, Simvastatin, Telmisartan, Troglitazone
2UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3 inhibitorsDeferasirox, Dovitinib, Flunitrazepam, Gemfibrozil
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 substrate
1UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 substratesAcemetacin, Ambrisentan, Anastrozole, Artenimol, Carbamazepine, Carvedilol, Cenobamate, Codeine, Dabigatran etexilate, Dapagliflozin, Dexibuprofen, Diclofenac, Enasidenib, Epirubicin, Ertugliflozin, Etodolac, Ezetimibe, Flurbiprofen, Fluvastatin, Formoterol, Gemfibrozil, Hydromorphone, Ibuprofen, Indomethacin, Ketorolac, Labetalol, Losartan, Lovastatin, Loxoprofen, Mitiglinide, Morphine, Mycophenolate mofetil, Mycophenolic acid, Nalmefene, Naproxen, Oxazepam, Pitavastatin, Silodosin, Simvastatin, Suprofen, Tamoxifen, Tapentadol, Troglitazone, Vadimezan, Zaltoprofen, Zidovudine
2UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 inhibitorsChenodeoxycholic acid, Dovitinib, Flunitrazepam, Indomethacin, Ketoconazole
3UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 inducersPhenobarbital
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15 substrate
1UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15 substratesAcetaminophen, Dabigatran etexilate, Delafloxacin, Enasidenib, Ezetimibe, Formoterol, Lorazepam, Morphine, Oxazepam, Propacetamol, Troglitazone
2UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15 inducersEstradiol
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1 substrate
1UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1 substratesAbacavir, Acetaminophen, Alvocidib, Atorvastatin, Axitinib, Bictegravir, Binimetinib, Carvedilol, Cerivastatin, Deferasirox, Delafloxacin, Dexibuprofen, Dolutegravir, Eltrombopag, Enasidenib, Eslicarbazepine, Eslicarbazepine acetate, Estradiol, Estradiol acetate, Estradiol benzoate, Estradiol cypionate, Estradiol dienanthate, Estradiol valerate, Ethinylestradiol, Etoposide, Ezetimibe, Ezogabine, Flurbiprofen, Fluvastatin, Fulvestrant, Furosemide, Fusidic acid, Gavestinel, Gemfibrozil, Glipizide, Indacaterol, Indomethacin, Irinotecan, Ketoprofen, Labetalol, Lamotrigine, Letermovir, Levothyroxine, Liothyronine, Losartan, Lovastatin, Metronidazole, Migalastat, Minoxidil, Morphine, Muraglitazar, Mycophenolate mofetil, Mycophenolic acid, Naloxone, Naltrexone, Nintedanib, Phenytoin, Propacetamol, Propofol, Raloxifene, Raltegravir, Simvastatin, Suprofen, Tecovirimat, Tiagabine, Tramadol, Troglitazone, Zidovudine, Zonisamide
2UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1 inhibitorsAdenine, Atazanavir, Dacomitinib, Deferasirox, Eltrombopag, Enasidenib, Erlotinib, Ertugliflozin, Flunitrazepam, Flurbiprofen, Fostamatinib, Gemfibrozil, Glecaprevir, Indinavir, Indomethacin, Ketoconazole, Nilotinib, Paritaprevir, Pazopanib, Pexidartinib, Pibrentasvir, Probenecid, Propofol, Regorafenib, Rucaparib, Silibinin, Sodium aurothiomalate, Sorafenib, Ubrogepant
3UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1 inducersCarbamazepine, Desogestrel, Efavirenz, Ethinylestradiol, Lamotrigine, Nelfinavir, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin, Rifampicin, Ritonavir, Testosterone propionate, Tipranavir, Zidovudine
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1 inhibitor
1UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1 substratesAbacavir, Acetaminophen, Alvocidib, Atorvastatin, Axitinib, Bictegravir, Binimetinib, Carvedilol, Cerivastatin, Deferasirox, Delafloxacin, Dexibuprofen, Dolutegravir, Eltrombopag, Enasidenib, Eslicarbazepine, Eslicarbazepine acetate, Estradiol, Estradiol acetate, Estradiol benzoate, Estradiol cypionate, Estradiol dienanthate, Estradiol valerate, Ethinylestradiol, Etoposide, Ezetimibe, Ezogabine, Flurbiprofen, Fluvastatin, Fulvestrant, Furosemide, Fusidic acid, Gavestinel, Gemfibrozil, Glipizide, Indacaterol, Indomethacin, Irinotecan, Ketoprofen, Labetalol, Lamotrigine, Letermovir, Levothyroxine, Liothyronine, Losartan, Lovastatin, Metronidazole, Migalastat, Minoxidil, Morphine, Muraglitazar, Mycophenolate mofetil, Mycophenolic acid, Naloxone, Naltrexone, Nintedanib, Phenytoin, Propacetamol, Propofol, Raloxifene, Raltegravir, Simvastatin, Suprofen, Tecovirimat, Tiagabine, Tramadol, Troglitazone, Zidovudine, Zonisamide
2UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1 inhibitorsAdenine, Atazanavir, Dacomitinib, Deferasirox, Eltrombopag, Enasidenib, Erlotinib, Ertugliflozin, Flunitrazepam, Flurbiprofen, Fostamatinib, Gemfibrozil, Glecaprevir, Indinavir, Indomethacin, Ketoconazole, Nilotinib, Paritaprevir, Pazopanib, Pexidartinib, Pibrentasvir, Probenecid, Propofol, Regorafenib, Rucaparib, Silibinin, Sodium aurothiomalate, Sorafenib, Ubrogepant
3UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1 inducersCarbamazepine, Desogestrel, Efavirenz, Ethinylestradiol, Lamotrigine, Nelfinavir, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin, Rifampicin, Ritonavir, Testosterone propionate, Tipranavir, Zidovudine
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Solute carrier family 22 member 5 inhibitor
1Solute carrier family 22 member 5 inhibitorsAcetylcholine, Aldosterone, Aminohippuric acid, Ampicillin, Arginine, Azidocillin, Benzylpenicillin, Cefadroxil, Cefalotin, Cefdinir, Cefepime, Cefixime, Cefradine, Ceftazidime, Cephalexin, Cephaloglycin, Choline, Choline salicylate, Cimetidine, Clonidine, Creatine, Cyclacillin, Dactinomycin, Desipramine, Diphenhydramine, Dopamine, Furosemide, Grepafloxacin, Guanidine, Histamine, Levamlodipine, Lidocaine, Lomefloxacin, Metamfetamine, Niacin, Nicotine, Norepinephrine, Norfloxacin, Ofloxacin, Probenecid, Procainamide, Quinidine, Quinine, Sparfloxacin, Thiamine, Verapamil
2Solute carrier family 22 member 5 substratesAmphetamine, Formoterol, Ipratropium, Levocarnitine, Tiotropium
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Solute carrier family 22 member 6 inhibitor
1Solute carrier family 22 member 6 inhibitorsAcetazolamide, Acetylsalicylic acid, Acyclovir, Adefovir dipivoxil, Alprostadil, Aminohippuric acid, Aminophenazone, Amoxicillin, Antipyrine, Aspartame, Ataluren, Baricitinib, Benzylpenicillin, Bumetanide, Cabotegravir, Caprylic acid, Captopril, Carbenicillin, Carprofen, Caspofungin, Cefacetrile, Cefadroxil, Cefalotin, Cefamandole, Cefazolin, Cefoperazone, Cefotaxime, Cefotiam, Cefradine, Ceftazidime, Ceftriaxone, Cephalexin, Chloramphenicol, Chlorothiazide, Chlorpropamide, Cidofovir, Cilastatin, Cimetidine, Cinoxacin, Cloxacillin, Cyclosporine, Cyclothiazide, Dabrafenib, Diclofenac, Diflunisal, Dinoprostone, Dolutegravir, Doxycycline, Ellagic acid, Enalapril, Enasidenib, Etacrynic acid, Ethoxzolamide, Etodolac, Flufenamic acid, Fluorescein, Flurbiprofen, Folic acid, Foscarnet, Furosemide, Ganciclovir, Gentamicin, Glutaric Acid, Glyburide, Hydrochlorothiazide, Ibuprofen, Indomethacin, Istradefylline, Ketoprofen, Latanoprost, Lenvatinib, Losartan, Meclofenamic acid, Methazolamide, Methotrexate, Minocycline, Nafcillin, Nalidixic acid, Naproxen, Nateglinide, Norfloxacin, Novobiocin, Ofloxacin, Oxyphenbutazone, Oxytetracycline, Phenacetin, Phenylbutazone, Piperacillin, Piroxicam, Pravastatin, Probenecid, Riboflavin, Rifampicin, Rucaparib, Salicylic acid, Silibinin, Streptomycin, Sulindac, Tafamidis, Taurocholic acid, Tazobactam, Tetracycline, Tolbutamide, Tolmetin, Topiroxostat, Trifluridine
2Solute carrier family 22 member 6 inducersFurosemide
3Solute carrier family 22 member 6 substratesAcyclovir, Adefovir dipivoxil, Alprostadil, Aminohippuric acid, Bumetanide, Captopril, Cefacetrile, Cefaloridine, Cefazolin, Cefdinir, Cefotiam, Ceftibuten, Ceftizoxime, Cephalexin, Cidofovir, Cimetidine, Citrulline, Conjugated estrogens, Cyclic adenosine monophosphate, Cyclosporine, Didanosine, Dinoprostone, Edaravone, Ellagic acid, Famotidine, Fluorescein, Glutaric Acid, Grepafloxacin, Hydrochlorothiazide, Indomethacin, Lamivudine, Latanoprost, Levofloxacin, Methotrexate, Probenecid, Silibinin, Stavudine, Taurocholic acid, Tazobactam, Tenofovir, Tenofovir alafenamide, Tenofovir disoproxil, Trifluridine, Ubrogepant, Zalcitabine, Zidovudine
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Solute carrier family 22 member 8 substrate
1Solute carrier family 22 member 8 inhibitorsAcetylsalicylic acid, Acyclovir, Aminohippuric acid, Apalutamide, Aspartame, Ataluren, Avatrombopag, Baricitinib, Benzoic acid, Benzylpenicillin, Bumetanide, Cabotegravir, Caprylic acid, Cefacetrile, Cefaclor, Cefadroxil, Cefaloridine, Cefalotin, Cefamandole, Cefazolin, Cefoperazone, Cefotaxime, Cefotiam, Ceftibuten, Ceftizoxime, Ceftriaxone, Cephalexin, Cholic Acid, Cilastatin, Cimetidine, Conjugated estrogens, Dabrafenib, Diclofenac, Dinoprostone, Dolutegravir, Dronedarone, Enalapril, Enasidenib, Esomeprazole, Famotidine, Furosemide, Ganciclovir, Gemfibrozil, Glutaric Acid, Guanidine, Ibuprofen, Indomethacin, Ivosidenib, Ketoprofen, Lansoprazole, Latanoprost, Lenvatinib, Letermovir, Leucovorin, Liothyronine, Liotrix, Melatonin, Mercaptopurine, Methotrexate, Minocycline, Novobiocin, Ouabain, Oxytetracycline, Pantoprazole, Phenylbutazone, Piroxicam, Pradigastat, Pravastatin, Pretomanid, Probenecid, Quinidine, Rifampicin, Rosuvastatin, Rucaparib, Salicylic acid, Tafamidis, Taurocholic acid, Tazobactam, Tenoxicam, Tetracycline, Topiroxostat, trans-2-hydroxycinnamic acid, Zidovudine
2Solute carrier family 22 member 8 inducersMethyltestosterone, Testosterone, Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone undecanoate
3Solute carrier family 22 member 8 substratesAcyclovir, Allopurinol, Aminohippuric acid, Avibactam, Baricitinib, Benzylpenicillin, Budesonide, Cefacetrile, Cefaclor, Cefaloridine, Cefdinir, Cefotiam, Ceftibuten, Ceftizoxime, Cholic Acid, Cimetidine, Conjugated estrogens, Cyclic adenosine monophosphate, Dexamethasone, Dinoprostone, Doripenem, Edaravone, Eluxadoline, Estradiol, Estrone, Famotidine, Fexofenadine, Glutaric Acid, Hydrochlorothiazide, Hydrocortisone, Leucovorin, Levocarnitine, Mercaptopurine, Methotrexate, Oseltamivir, Oxalic Acid, Pemetrexed, Piperacillin, Pravastatin, Quinapril, Ranitidine, Relebactam, Rosuvastatin, Saxagliptin, Sitagliptin, Succinic acid, Taurocholic acid, Tazobactam, Tenofovir, Tenofovir alafenamide, Tenofovir disoproxil, Tetracycline, Valaciclovir, Zidovudine
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Solute carrier family 22 member 8 inhibitor
1Solute carrier family 22 member 8 inhibitorsAcetylsalicylic acid, Acyclovir, Aminohippuric acid, Apalutamide, Aspartame, Ataluren, Avatrombopag, Baricitinib, Benzoic acid, Benzylpenicillin, Bumetanide, Cabotegravir, Caprylic acid, Cefacetrile, Cefaclor, Cefadroxil, Cefaloridine, Cefalotin, Cefamandole, Cefazolin, Cefoperazone, Cefotaxime, Cefotiam, Ceftibuten, Ceftizoxime, Ceftriaxone, Cephalexin, Cholic Acid, Cilastatin, Cimetidine, Conjugated estrogens, Dabrafenib, Diclofenac, Dinoprostone, Dolutegravir, Dronedarone, Enalapril, Enasidenib, Esomeprazole, Famotidine, Furosemide, Ganciclovir, Gemfibrozil, Glutaric Acid, Guanidine, Ibuprofen, Indomethacin, Ivosidenib, Ketoprofen, Lansoprazole, Latanoprost, Lenvatinib, Letermovir, Leucovorin, Liothyronine, Liotrix, Melatonin, Mercaptopurine, Methotrexate, Minocycline, Novobiocin, Ouabain, Oxytetracycline, Pantoprazole, Phenylbutazone, Piroxicam, Pradigastat, Pravastatin, Pretomanid, Probenecid, Quinidine, Rifampicin, Rosuvastatin, Rucaparib, Salicylic acid, Tafamidis, Taurocholic acid, Tazobactam, Tenoxicam, Tetracycline, Topiroxostat, trans-2-hydroxycinnamic acid, Zidovudine
2Solute carrier family 22 member 8 inducersMethyltestosterone, Testosterone, Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone undecanoate
3Solute carrier family 22 member 8 substratesAcyclovir, Allopurinol, Aminohippuric acid, Avibactam, Baricitinib, Benzylpenicillin, Budesonide, Cefacetrile, Cefaclor, Cefaloridine, Cefdinir, Cefotiam, Ceftibuten, Ceftizoxime, Cholic Acid, Cimetidine, Conjugated estrogens, Cyclic adenosine monophosphate, Dexamethasone, Dinoprostone, Doripenem, Edaravone, Eluxadoline, Estradiol, Estrone, Famotidine, Fexofenadine, Glutaric Acid, Hydrochlorothiazide, Hydrocortisone, Leucovorin, Levocarnitine, Mercaptopurine, Methotrexate, Oseltamivir, Oxalic Acid, Pemetrexed, Piperacillin, Pravastatin, Quinapril, Ranitidine, Relebactam, Rosuvastatin, Saxagliptin, Sitagliptin, Succinic acid, Taurocholic acid, Tazobactam, Tenofovir, Tenofovir alafenamide, Tenofovir disoproxil, Tetracycline, Valaciclovir, Zidovudine
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Monocarboxylate transporter 1 substrate
1Monocarboxylate transporter 1 inhibitorsAcetoacetic Acid, alpha-D-quinovopyranose, alpha-Ketoisovalerate, D-Lactic acid, gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid, Lactic acid, Niflumic acid, Probenecid, Pyruvic acid, Quercetin
2Monocarboxylate transporter 1 substratesAcetic acid, Acetoacetic Acid, Aminohippuric acid, Arbaclofen Placarbil, D-Lactic acid, Foscarnet, Glutamic acid, Lactic acid, Methotrexate, Nateglinide, Niacin, Pravastatin, Pyruvic acid, Salicylic acid, Taurocholic acid
3Monocarboxylate transporter 1 antagonistsMersalyl
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Solute carrier family 22 member 7 substrate
1Solute carrier family 22 member 7 inhibitorsBumetanide, Cefalotin, Cefamandole, Cefoperazone, Cefotaxime, Cholic Acid, Cimetidine, Clarithromycin, Dinoprostone, Enalapril, Ganciclovir, Glyburide, Ketoprofen, Minocycline, Oxtriphylline, Oxytetracycline, Probenecid, Rifampicin, Testosterone, Tetracycline, Theophylline
2Solute carrier family 22 member 7 substratesAllopurinol, Aminohippuric acid, Cimetidine, Cyclic adenosine monophosphate, Dinoprostone, Docetaxel, Fluorouracil, Glutaric Acid, Indomethacin, Methotrexate, Pravastatin, Salicylic acid, Tegafur-uracil, Zalcitabine
3Solute carrier family 22 member 7 inducersTestosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone undecanoate
Interacting GroupInteracting Drugs
Valproic acid is a Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1 inhibitor
1Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1 inhibitorsAcetic acid, Alprostadil, Asunaprevir, Atazanavir, Benzbromarone, Benzoic acid, Bilastine, Cholecystokinin, Citric acid, Dipyridamole, Dovitinib, Erlotinib, Estradiol acetate, Estradiol benzoate, Estradiol cypionate, Estradiol dienanthate, Estradiol valerate, Estrone, Gemfibrozil, Genistein, Indinavir, Itraconazole, Lactic acid, Levothyroxine, Naringenin, Nefazodone, Nelfinavir, Niacin, Novobiocin, Oxalic Acid, Pexidartinib, Phthalic Acid, Piroxicam, Quercetin, Reserpine, Rifampicin, Rifamycin, Ritonavir, Saquinavir, Silibinin, Sulfasalazine, Telaprevir, Tetracycline, Tipranavir, Velpatasvir
2Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1 substratesAcetic acid, Asunaprevir, Atorvastatin, Benzylpenicillin, Conjugated estrogens, Diethylstilbestrol, Dinoprostone, Fexofenadine, Glyburide, Ibuprofen, Iloprost, Lactic acid, Latanoprostene bunod, Lifitegrast, Montelukast, Pitavastatin, Pravastatin, Salicylic acid, Simeprevir, Taurocholic acid, Tolbutamide
3Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1 transportersVelpatasvir