|Accession Number||DB00840 (APRD01023)|
Hydroxypropyl cellulose is an ether of cellulose where some of the hydroxyl groups of the cellulose have been hydroxypropylated forming -OCH2CH(OH)CH3 groups. Lacrisertis a formulation of hydroxypropyl cellulose that is used for artificial tears. It is used to treat syndromes characterized by insufficient tear production (keratoconjunctivitis sicca), recurrent corneal erosions, decreased corneal sensitivity, exposure and neuroparalytic keratitis, and as a lubricant for artificial eyes. As a food additive, hydroxypropyl cellulose is used as a thickener and as an emulsion stabilizer.
|External IDs||E 463 / E-463 / Ins no.463 / INS-463|
|Product Ingredients||Not Available|
|Approved Prescription Products|
|Approved Generic Prescription Products||Not Available|
|Approved Over the Counter Products|
|Unapproved/Other Products||Not Available|
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|InChI Key||Not Available|
|IUPAC Name||Not Available|
Used to relieve dryness and irritation caused by reduced tear flow that occurs in certain eye diseases (keratoconjunctivitis sicca), recurrent corneal erosions, decreased corneal sensitivity, exposure and neuroparalytic keratitis, and as a lubricant for artificial eyes.
Hydroxypropyl cellulose (cellulose, 2-hydroxypropyl ether) is a derivative of cellulose with both water solubility and organic solubility. Hydroxypropyl cellulose acts to stabilize and thicken the precorneal tear film and prolong the tear film breakup time which is usually accelerated in patients with dry eye states. Hydroxypropyl cellulose also acts to lubricate and protect the eye. Hydroxypropyl cellulose usually reduces the signs and symptoms resulting from moderate to severe dry eye syndromes, such as conjunctival hyperemia, corneal and conjunctival staining with rose bengal, exudation, itching, burning, foreign body sensation, smarting, photophobia, dryness and blurred or cloudy vision. Progressive visual deterioration which occurs in some patients may be retarded, halted, or sometimes reversed.
|Mechanism of action|
Hydroxypropyl cellulose is a derivative of cellulose that is soluble in both water and organic solvents. It is particularly good at trapping water and producing a film that serves as a barrier to water loss. Hydroxypropyl cellulose possesses good surface activity but does not gel as it forms open helical coils. In general Hydroxypropyl cellulose is a water-soluble thickener, emulsifier and film-former often used in tablet coating.
Studies conducted in rats fed 14 C-labeled hydroxypropyl cellulose demonstrated that when orally administered, hydroxypropyl cellulose is not absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and is quantitatively excreted in the feces.
|Volume of distribution||Not Available|
Hydroxypropyl cellulose is a physiologically inert substance. In a study of rats fed hydroxypropyl cellulose or unmodified cellulose at levels up to 5% of their diet, it was found that the two were biologically equivalent in that neither was metabolized.
|Route of elimination|
Studies conducted in rats fed 14C-labeled hydroxypropyl cellulose demonstrated that when orally administered, hydroxypropyl cellulose is not absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and is quantitatively excreted in the feces.
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LD50=10200 mg/kg (oral, rat)
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|Drug Interactions||No interactions found.|
|Food Interactions||Not Available|
Seiji Orii, Yukio Sasagawa, Akinori Ito, Maruyama, Hiromi, Yoshiteru Sakai, “Process of producing hydroxypropyl cellulose.” U.S. Patent US4292426, issued April, 1964.US4292426
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|FDA label||Download (187 KB)|
|MSDS||Download (73.5 KB)|
|Clinical Trials||Not Available|
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|Experimental Properties||Not Available|
|Predicted Properties||Not Available|
|Predicted ADMET features||Not Available|
|Mass Spec (NIST)||Not Available|