A key intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism. Serves as a precursor of glycogen, can be metabolized into UDPgalactose and UDPglucuronic acid which can then be incorporated into polysaccharides as galactose and glucuronic acid. Also serves as a precursor of sucrose lipopolysaccharides, and glycosphingolipids.
Catalyzes two distinct but analogous reactions: the reversible epimerization of UDP-glucose to UDP-galactose and the reversible epimerization of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine to UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine. The reaction with UDP-Gal plays a critical role in the Leloir pathway of galactose catabolism in which galactose is converted to the glycolytic intermediate glucose 6-phosphate. It contributes to th...
Catalyzes the transfer of glucose from UDP-glucose to glucose-6-phosphate to form alpha,alpha-1,1 trehalose-6-phosphate. Acts with retention of the anomeric configuration of the UDP-sugar donor. Essential for viability of the cells at low temperatures and at elevated osmotic strength.
Catalyzes the formation of dTDP-glucose, from dTTP and glucose 1-phosphate, as well as its pyrophosphorolysis. Is also able to convert non natural substrates such as a wide array of alpha-D-hexopyranosyl, deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl, aminodeoxy-alpha-D-hexopyranosyl and acetamidodeoxy-alpha-D-hexopyranosyl phosphates to their corresponding dTDP- and UDP-nucleotide sugars.
Involved in the metabolism of galactose. Catalyzes the conversion of UDP-galactose (UDP-Gal) to UDP-glucose (UDP-Glc) through a mechanism involving the transient reduction of NAD. It is only active on UDP-galactose and UDP-glucose.
Catalyzes the transfer of glucose (Glc) from uridine diphosphoglucose (UDP-Glc) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-HMC) in double-stranded DNA. Is involved in a DNA modification process to protect the phage genome against its own nucleases and the host restriction endonuclease system.