This compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as pyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates. These are pyrimidine nucleotides with a triphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety lacking a hydroxyl group at position 2.
Catalyzes the reversible phosphorylation of deoxythymidine monophosphate (dTMP) to deoxythymidine diphosphate (dTDP), using ATP as its preferred phosphoryl donor. Situated at the junction of both de novo and salvage pathways of deoxythymidine triphosphate (dTTP) synthesis, is essential for DNA synthesis and cellular growth. Has a broad specificity for nucleoside triphosphates, being highly active with ATP or dATP as phosphate donors, and less active with ITP, GTP, CTP and UTP.
Synthesizes short RNA primers for DNA replication. Unwinds the DNA at the replication forks and generates single-stranded DNA for both leading and lagging strand synthesis. The primase synthesizes short RNA primers on the lagging strand that the polymerase elongates using dNTPs.
Catalyzes the formation of dTDP-glucose, from dTTP and glucose 1-phosphate, as well as its pyrophosphorolysis. Is also able to convert non natural substrates such as a wide array of alpha-D-hexopyranosyl, deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl, aminodeoxy-alpha-D-hexopyranosyl and acetamidodeoxy-alpha-D-hexopyranosyl phosphates to their corresponding dTDP- and UDP-nucleotide sugars.
Ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase activity, thioredoxin disulfide as acceptor
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. R1E contains the binding sites for both substrates and allosteric effectors and carries out the actual reduction of the ribonucleotide.