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Identification
NamePalmitoleic Acid
Accession NumberDB04257  (EXPT02495)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsExperimental
DescriptionNot Available
Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
External Identifiers Not Available
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International BrandsNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Categories
UNII209B6YPZ4I
CAS number373-49-9
WeightAverage: 254.4082
Monoisotopic: 254.224580204
Chemical FormulaC16H30O2
InChI KeySECPZKHBENQXJG-BQYQJAHWSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C16H30O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16(17)18/h7-8H,2-6,9-15H2,1H3,(H,17,18)/b8-7+
IUPAC Name
(9E)-hexadec-9-enoic acid
SMILES
CCCCCC\C=C\CCCCCCCC(O)=O
Pharmacology
IndicationNot Available
Structured Indications Not Available
PharmacodynamicsNot Available
Mechanism of action
TargetKindPharmacological actionActionsOrganismUniProt ID
UDP-3-O-[3-hydroxymyristoyl] N-acetylglucosamine deacetylaseProteinunknownNot AvailableAquifex aeolicus (strain VF5)O67648 details
Fatty-acid peroxygenaseProteinunknownNot AvailableBacillus subtilis (strain 168)O31440 details
Bifunctional cytochrome P450/NADPH--P450 reductaseProteinunknownNot AvailableBacillus megateriumP14779 details
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organismsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNot Available
Food InteractionsNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferencesNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesNot Available
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB Entries
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9945
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9539
Caco-2 permeable+0.8371
P-glycoprotein substrateNon-substrate0.5962
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.9487
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.8964
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.9272
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.7643
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.8954
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.6678
CYP450 1A2 substrateInhibitor0.9107
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8972
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9545
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9467
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9295
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.9349
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.9674
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.6568
BiodegradationReady biodegradable0.811
Rat acute toxicity1.3991 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9133
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.9103
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point-0.1 °CPhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.000447 mg/mLALOGPS
logP6.71ALOGPS
logP5.89ChemAxon
logS-5.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.99ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count13ChemAxon
Refractivity78.2 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability33.37 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 13 and 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentLong-chain fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Long-chain fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Straight chain fatty acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Aquifex aeolicus (strain VF5)
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Udp-3-o-[3-hydroxymyristoyl] n-acetylglucosamine deacetylase activity
Specific Function:
Involved in the biosynthesis of lipid A, a phosphorylated glycolipid that anchors the lipopolysaccharide to the outer membrane of the cell.
Gene Name:
lpxC
Uniprot ID:
O67648
Molecular Weight:
32144.765 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen
Specific Function:
Catalyzes the alpha- and beta-hydroxylation of myristic acid in the presence of hydrogen peroxide.
Gene Name:
cypC
Uniprot ID:
O31440
Molecular Weight:
48108.7 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Bacillus megaterium
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Nadph-hemoprotein reductase activity
Specific Function:
Functions as a fatty acid monooxygenase. Catalyzes hydroxylation of medium and long-chain fatty acids at omega-1, omega-2 and omega-3 positions, with optimum chain lengths of 12-16 carbons (lauric, myristic, and palmitic acids). The reductase domain is required for electron transfer from NADP to cytochrome P450.
Gene Name:
cyp102A1
Uniprot ID:
P14779
Molecular Weight:
117780.49 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
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Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on August 17, 2016 12:24