Accession NumberDB05024
TypeSmall Molecule

CTA018 is a member of a new class of vitamin D analogues with a dual mechanism of action, called Vitamin D Signal Amplifiers. This proprietary new drug is both a potent inhibitor of CYP24 (the enzyme responsible for the breakdown of vitamin D) and a potent activator of vitamin D signaling pathways. CTA018 will be the first drug with this novel dual mechanism of action to enter clinical development. Preclinical studies have shown that CTA018 inhibits the proliferation of rapidly dividing cells such as human epidermal keratinocytes (skin cells) and is also effective in inhibiting pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion which may be involved in the etiology of psoriasis. Cytochroma anticipates that CTA018 will be more potent than currently marketed vitamin D analogues such as calcitriol and calcipotriol and it is expected to have a greater safety index.

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Investigated for use/treatment in kidney disease and psoriasis and psoriatic disorders.

Structured Indications Not Available
PharmacodynamicsNot Available
Mechanism of action

CTA018 is a rationally designed Vitamin D hormone analog that acts as both a potent VDR agonist and CYP24 inhibitor. The Company believes this dual mechanism of action will provide efficacy and safety advantages over existing Vitamin D hormone replacement therapies for SHPT. CTA018 binds to the VDR located in parathyroid cells and triggers a genomic cascade of events resulting in suppression of PTH secretion. It also binds to the substrate binding pocket of CYP24, a cytochrome P450 enzyme that specifically and efficiently catabolizes Vitamin D hormones. By binding to CYP24 and blocking its activity, CTA018 levels in cells are more readily raised to therapeutic levels. Unlike common cytochrome P450 inhibitors (such as ketoconazole) which act non-specifically on all cytochromes, CTA018 specifically targets CYP24, making drug-drug interactions far less likely. The Company believes the novel dual activity of CTA018 will reduce the incidence of clinically-acquired resistance to Vitamin D hormone replacement therapy, allowing greatly improved efficacy at well tolerated dosages.

TargetKindPharmacological actionActionsOrganismUniProt ID
1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) 24-hydroxylase, mitochondrialProteinunknownNot AvailableHumanQ07973 details
Vitamin D3 receptorProteinunknownNot AvailableHumanP11473 details
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organismsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs Not Available
Drug Interactions Not Available
Food InteractionsNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferencesNot Available
External LinksNot Available
ATC CodesNot Available
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Clinical Trials
Clinical Trials
2CompletedTreatmentChronic Kidney Disease (CKD) / Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) / Chronic Renal Insufficiency / Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary1
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Experimental PropertiesNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Predicted ADMET featuresNot Available
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
ClassificationNot classified


Pharmacological action
General Function:
Oxidoreductase activity
Specific Function:
Has a role in maintaining calcium homeostasis. Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent 24-hydroxylation of calcidiol (25-hydroxyvitamin D(3)) and calcitriol (1-alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)). The enzyme can perform up to 6 rounds of hydroxylation of calcitriol leading to calcitroic acid. It also shows 23-hydroxylating activity leading to 1-alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone as end product.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Uniprot Name:
1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) 24-hydroxylase, mitochondrial
Molecular Weight:
58874.695 Da
Pharmacological action
General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Nuclear hormone receptor. Transcription factor that mediates the action of vitamin D3 by controlling the expression of hormone sensitive genes. Recruited to promoters via its interaction with BAZ1B/WSTF which mediates the interaction with acetylated histones, an essential step for VDR-promoter association. Plays a central role in calcium homeostasis.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Uniprot Name:
Vitamin D3 receptor
Molecular Weight:
48288.64 Da
Drug created on October 21, 2007 16:23 / Updated on August 17, 2016 12:24