Identification

Name
CTA018
Accession Number
DB05024
Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Investigational
Description

CTA018 is a member of a new class of vitamin D analogues with a dual mechanism of action, called Vitamin D Signal Amplifiers. This proprietary new drug is both a potent inhibitor of CYP24 (the enzyme responsible for the breakdown of vitamin D) and a potent activator of vitamin D signaling pathways. CTA018 will be the first drug with this novel dual mechanism of action to enter clinical development. Preclinical studies have shown that CTA018 inhibits the proliferation of rapidly dividing cells such as human epidermal keratinocytes (skin cells) and is also effective in inhibiting pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion which may be involved in the etiology of psoriasis. Cytochroma anticipates that CTA018 will be more potent than currently marketed vitamin D analogues such as calcitriol and calcipotriol and it is expected to have a greater safety index.

Synonyms
Not Available
Categories
Not Available
UNII
Not Available
CAS number
Not Available
Weight
Not Available
Chemical Formula
Not Available
InChI Key
Not Available
InChI
Not Available
IUPAC Name
Not Available
SMILES
Not Available

Pharmacology

Indication

Investigated for use/treatment in kidney disease and psoriasis and psoriatic disorders.

Structured Indications
Not Available
Pharmacodynamics
Not Available
Mechanism of action

CTA018 is a rationally designed Vitamin D hormone analog that acts as both a potent VDR agonist and CYP24 inhibitor. The Company believes this dual mechanism of action will provide efficacy and safety advantages over existing Vitamin D hormone replacement therapies for SHPT. CTA018 binds to the VDR located in parathyroid cells and triggers a genomic cascade of events resulting in suppression of PTH secretion. It also binds to the substrate binding pocket of CYP24, a cytochrome P450 enzyme that specifically and efficiently catabolizes Vitamin D hormones. By binding to CYP24 and blocking its activity, CTA018 levels in cells are more readily raised to therapeutic levels. Unlike common cytochrome P450 inhibitors (such as ketoconazole) which act non-specifically on all cytochromes, CTA018 specifically targets CYP24, making drug-drug interactions far less likely. The Company believes the novel dual activity of CTA018 will reduce the incidence of clinically-acquired resistance to Vitamin D hormone replacement therapy, allowing greatly improved efficacy at well tolerated dosages.

TargetActionsOrganism
U1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) 24-hydroxylase, mitochondrialNot AvailableHuman
UVitamin D3 receptorNot AvailableHuman
Absorption
Not Available
Volume of distribution
Not Available
Protein binding
Not Available
Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination
Not Available
Half life
Not Available
Clearance
Not Available
Toxicity
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
Not Available
Food Interactions
Not Available

References

General References
Not Available
External Links
PubChem Substance
347909898

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
2CompletedTreatmentChronic Kidney Disease (CKD) / Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) / Chronic Renal Insufficiency / Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary1
2CompletedTreatmentPsoriasis1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage forms
Not Available
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
Not Available
Predicted ADMET features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
Not Available

Taxonomy

Classification
Not classified

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Oxidoreductase activity
Specific Function
Has a role in maintaining calcium homeostasis. Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent 24-hydroxylation of calcidiol (25-hydroxyvitamin D(3)) and calcitriol (1-alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)). The enzyme can...
Gene Name
CYP24A1
Uniprot ID
Q07973
Uniprot Name
1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) 24-hydroxylase, mitochondrial
Molecular Weight
58874.695 Da
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function
Nuclear hormone receptor. Transcription factor that mediates the action of vitamin D3 by controlling the expression of hormone sensitive genes. Recruited to promoters via its interaction with BAZ1B...
Gene Name
VDR
Uniprot ID
P11473
Uniprot Name
Vitamin D3 receptor
Molecular Weight
48288.64 Da

Drug created on October 21, 2007 16:23 / Updated on November 06, 2017 06:45