Identification

Name
Tyloxapol
Accession Number
DB06439
Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved, Investigational
Description

Tyloxapol is a non-ionic detergent often used as a surfactant.

Synonyms
Not Available
International/Other Brands
Alevaire
Categories
UNII
Y27PUL9H56
CAS number
25301-02-4
Weight
Not Available
Chemical Formula
Not Available
InChI Key
Not Available
InChI
Not Available
IUPAC Name
Not Available
SMILES
Not Available

Pharmacology

Indication

Used as a surfactant to aid liquefaction and removal of mucopurulent (containing mucus and pus) bronchopulmonary secretions, administered by inhalation through a nebulizer or with a stream of oxygen. Also investigated for use/treatment in cystic fibrosis and pediatric indications.

Structured Indications
Not Available
Pharmacodynamics

It is used as a surfactant to aid liquefaction and removal of mucopurulent (containing mucus and pus) bronchopulmonary secretions. Tyloxapol also blocks plasma lipolytic activity, and thus the breakdown of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins.

Mechanism of action

Tyloxapol, when injected IP, blocks plasma lipolytic activity, and thus the breakdown of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. It has also been shown to be inhibitor of lipoprotein lipase, thus preventing triglyceride uptake.

TargetActionsOrganism
ALipoprotein lipase
inhibitor
Human
Absorption
Not Available
Volume of distribution
Not Available
Protein binding
Not Available
Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination
Not Available
Half life
Not Available
Clearance
Not Available
Toxicity

Acute oral LD50 in 1000 mg/kg in mouse and 5000 mg/kg in rat.

Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
Not Available
Food Interactions
Not Available

References

General References
  1. Bhatia AJ, Wade GN: Effects of pregnancy and ovarian steroids on fatty acid synthesis and uptake in Syrian hamsters. Am J Physiol. 1991 Jan;260(1 Pt 2):R153-8. [PubMed:1992816]
External Links
KEGG Drug
D03261
PubChem Substance
175427071
ChemSpider
26330335
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1201548
Therapeutic Targets Database
DCL000254
PharmGKB
PA164743726
Drugs.com
Drugs.com Drug Page
Wikipedia
Tyloxapol
ATC Codes
R05CA01 — Tyloxapol
MSDS
Download (73.4 KB)

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
Not Available

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Dosage forms
Not Available
Prices
Unit descriptionCostUnit
Enuclene drops0.69USD ml
DrugBank does not sell nor buy drugs. Pricing information is supplied for informational purposes only.
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Liquid
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
Not Available
Predicted ADMET features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
Not Available

Taxonomy

Classification
Not classified

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Inhibitor
General Function
Triglyceride lipase activity
Specific Function
The primary function of this lipase is the hydrolysis of triglycerides of circulating chylomicrons and very low density lipoproteins (VLDL). Binding to heparin sulfate proteogylcans at the cell sur...
Gene Name
LPL
Uniprot ID
P06858
Uniprot Name
Lipoprotein lipase
Molecular Weight
53162.07 Da
References
  1. Levine S, Saltzman A: A procedure for inducing sustained hyperlipemia in rats by administration of a surfactant. J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods. 2007 Mar-Apr;55(2):224-6. Epub 2006 Jun 3. [PubMed:16839786]
  2. Rodrigues B, Braun JE, Spooner M, Severson DL: Regulation of lipoprotein lipase activity in cardiac myocytes from control and diabetic rat hearts by plasma lipids. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1992 Sep;70(9):1271-9. [PubMed:1493594]
  3. Sato K, Akiba Y, Horiguchi M: Species differences between chickens and rats in chemical properties of adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase. Comp Biochem Physiol A Physiol. 1997 Nov;118(3):855-8. [PubMed:9406449]

Drug created on March 19, 2008 10:33 / Updated on November 06, 2017 06:45