Identification

Name
Glycerin
Accession Number
DB09462  (EXPT01027, DB04077)
Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved, Investigational
Description

A trihydroxy sugar alcohol that is an intermediate in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 1,2,3-propanetriol
  • 1,2,3-trihydroxypropane
  • Glycerin, anhydrous
  • Glycerin,anhydrous
  • Glycerine
  • glycérine
  • Glycerinum
  • Glycerol
  • glycérol
  • Glyzerin
  • Monoctanoin component D
  • Ölsüß
  • Propanetriol
  • Trihydroxypropane
External IDs
E-422 / Fema no. 2525 / INS No.422 / INS-422 / M 314429 / NSC-9230 / PZN 7474853
Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Coca-Glycerine ControlInjection, solution.525 mL/mLIntradermalAntigen Laboratories, Inc.1974-03-23Not applicableUs
Glycerol-Saline ControlInjection.53 g/mLCutaneous; Intradermal; SubcutaneousAllermed Laboratories, Inc.1974-03-12Not applicableUs
Negative Skin Test Control - GlycerinLiquid50 %PercutaneousJubilant Hollisterstier LlcNot applicableNot applicableCanada
Sterile Diluent for Allergenic ExtractInjection, solution.5 mL/mLIntradermal; SubcutaneousAntigen Laboratories, Inc.1974-03-23Not applicableUs
Synovisol Irrigation Solution 2.6%Solution2.6 %IrrigationBaxter Laboratories1996-09-26Not applicableCanada
Over the Counter Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
3 en 1 Cleanser. Deep CleansingLiquid13 mg/mLTopicalCasmara Cosmetics, Sa2016-06-06Not applicableUs
3 en 1 Cleanser. Deep CleansingLiquid13 mg/mLTopicalCasmara Cosmetics, Sa2016-06-06Not applicableUs
75% Olive Oil MarseilleSoap15 g/100gTopicalInternational Nature Soap Institute2015-06-17Not applicableUs
Ab Duo Whitening ASolution10 g/100mLTopicalGeneral Bio Co., Ltd.2014-12-08Not applicableUs
Ac AllLiquid2 g/100mLTopicalGl Bio Tech2014-10-17Not applicableUs
Actifirm Recovery Toner Gowoonsesang ExpertCream28 mL/140mLCutaneousGOWOONSESANG COSMETICS CO., LTD.2010-06-01Not applicableUs
Active ResurgenceCream.08 g/gTopicalAmi Cosmetic Co.,Ltd.2013-08-01Not applicableUs
Active Resurgence EyeCream.07 mg/mLTopicalAmi Cosmetic Co.,Ltd.2013-08-01Not applicableUs
Active Resurgence SerumLiquid.08 mg/mLTopicalAmi Cosmetic Co.,Ltd.2013-08-01Not applicableUs
Active Resurgence TonerLiquid.08 mg/mLTopicalAmi Cosmetic Co.,Ltd.2013-08-01Not applicableUs
Unapproved/Other Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
2x First EssenceCream4 g/200mLTopicalTonymoly Co., Ltd.2016-05-01Not applicableUs
3ce Liqu Id Eye Liner BlackLiquid.19 g/6.5gTopicalNanda Co., Ltd.2016-08-01Not applicableUs
3ce Liqu Id Eye Liner BrownLiquid.19 g/6.5gTopicalNanda Co., Ltd.2016-08-01Not applicableUs
3D LiftingLiquid.067 mL/2mLTopicalBabor Cosmetics America, Corp.2009-06-012017-07-15Us
AC Clear Sheet MaskPatch1.84 g/23mLTopicalMiguhara2016-01-02Not applicableUs
AC Control Daily MaskSolution1.8 g/101TopicalModecos Co., Ltd.2016-02-01Not applicableUs
All In One Multi Foam CleanserGel6 mg/150mLTopicalWow Ventures2015-05-012017-08-11Us
Allvit RevitalEmulsion2.55 g/50mLTopicalCoway Co., Ltd.2016-12-012017-10-21Us
Allvit Revital SkinLiquid1.9 g/50mLTopicalCoway Co., Ltd.2016-12-012017-10-21Us
Aloe Bha Skin TonerLiquid5.2 g/200mLTopicalBenton Korea2016-07-01Not applicableUs
Mixture Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
7 Select Redness ReliefGlycerin (.0025 mg/mL) + Naphazoline hydrochloride (.00012 mg/mL)Solution / dropsOphthalmic7 Select, Inc2017-03-28Not applicableUs
AdipoWinGlycerin (60 mg/mL) + Dimethicone (5 mg/mL)CreamTopicalSupadelixir Co Ltd2017-01-02Not applicableUs
Advanced DNA Medicated CollectionGlycerin + Lidocaine hydrochlorideKitOral; TopicalAsclemed Usa, Inc1995-07-10Not applicableUs
Advanced DNA Medicated Collection Kit IIGlycerin + Lidocaine hydrochlorideKitOral; TopicalAsclemed Usa, Inc.2014-02-04Not applicableUs
Advanced DNA Medicated Collection Kit IIIGlycerin + Lidocaine hydrochlorideKitOral; TopicalAsclemed Usa, Inc.2014-02-04Not applicableUs
Advanced Eye Relief Dry Eye RejuvenationGlycerin (3 mg/mL) + Propylene glycol (10 mg/mL)Solution / dropsOphthalmicBauch & Lomb Incorporated2010-09-01Not applicableUs
Agarol Eml StrawberryGlycerin (200 mg) + Mineral oil (1.6 ml) + Phenolphthalein (65 mg)EmulsionOralWarner Lambert Canada Inc.1992-12-311997-09-15Canada
Agarol PlainGlycerin (800 mg) + Mineral oil (1.6 ml)EmulsionOralNumark Laboratories, Inc.1998-11-302016-06-02Canada
Agarol Plain EmlGlycerin (800 mg) + Mineral oil (1.6 ml)EmulsionOralWarner Lambert Canada Inc.1992-12-311998-08-17Canada
Agarol Vanilla Laxative LiqGlycerin (200 mg) + Mineral oil (1.6 ml) + Phenolphthalein (65 mg)LiquidOralWarner Lambert Canada Inc.1992-12-311997-09-15Canada
Categories
UNII
PDC6A3C0OX
CAS number
56-81-5
Weight
Average: 92.0938
Monoisotopic: 92.047344122
Chemical Formula
C3H8O3
InChI Key
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C3H8O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h3-6H,1-2H2
IUPAC Name
propane-1,2,3-triol
SMILES
OCC(O)CO

Pharmacology

Indication

It is used as a solvent, emollient, pharmaceutical agent, and sweetening agent.

Structured Indications
Pharmacodynamics

Glycerin is commonly classified as an osmotic laxative but may act additionally or alternatively through its local irritant effects; it may also have lubricating and fecal softening actions. Glycerin suppositories usually work within 15 to 30 minutes.

Mechanism of action

When administered rectally, glycerin exerts a hygroscopic and/or local irritant action, drawing water from the tissues into the feces and reflexively stimulating evacuation. Glycerin decreases intraocular pressure by creating an osmotic gradient between the blood and intraocular fluid, causing fluid to move out of the aqueous and vitreous humors into the bloodstream.

TargetActionsOrganism
APeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta
agonist
Human
UHematopoietic prostaglandin D synthaseNot AvailableHuman
UEndoglucanase GNot AvailableClostridium cellulolyticum (strain ATCC 35319 / DSM 5812 / JCM 6584 / H10)
UGlutathione S-transferase PNot AvailableHuman
UGroup IIE secretory phospholipase A2Not AvailableHuman
UInositol-3-phosphate synthase 1Not AvailableHuman
UC4-dicarboxylate transport transcriptional regulatory protein DctDNot AvailableEnsifer meliloti
UAlcohol dehydrogenase 1BNot AvailableHuman
UInositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 1Not AvailableHuman
UGlycodelinNot AvailableHuman
UAlpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidaseNot AvailableHuman
UCytochrome c4Not AvailablePseudomonas stutzeri
UBacterioferritinNot AvailableDesulfovibrio desulfuricans (strain ATCC 27774 / DSM 6949)
UTGF-beta receptor type-2Not AvailableHuman
UArgininosuccinate synthaseNot AvailableEscherichia coli (strain K12)
UEnolaseNot AvailableEnterococcus hirae
UADP-ribosylation factor 1Not AvailableHuman
UMultidrug resistance protein MexANot AvailablePseudomonas aeruginosa (strain ATCC 15692 / PAO1 / 1C / PRS 101 / LMG 12228)
UBifunctional 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate synthase 1Not AvailableHuman
UHistidinol dehydrogenaseNot AvailableEscherichia coli (strain K12)
UDNA mismatch repair protein MutLNot AvailableEscherichia coli (strain K12)
UGlycerol uptake facilitator proteinNot AvailableEscherichia coli (strain K12)
URibonucleoside-diphosphate reductase 1 subunit betaNot AvailableEscherichia coli (strain K12)
UA/G-specific adenine glycosylaseNot AvailableEscherichia coli (strain K12)
UtRNA (cytosine(38)-C(5))-methyltransferaseNot AvailableHuman
Absorption

Well absorbed orally, poorly absorbed rectally. Studies in humans and animals indicate glycerol is rapidly absorbed in the intestine and the stomach

Volume of distribution

Glycerin is distributed throughout the blood. Although glycerin generally does not appear in ocular fluids, it may enter the orbital sac when the eye is inflamed, with a consequent decrease in osmotic effect.

Protein binding
Not Available
Metabolism

Glycerin is a precursor for synthesis of triacylglycerols and of phospholipids in the liver and adipose tissue. When the body uses stored fat as a source of energy, glycerol and fatty acids are released into the bloodstream. Circulating glycerin does not glycate proteins as do glucose or fructose, and does not lead to the formation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs). In some organisms, the glycerin component can enter the glycolysis pathway directly and, thus, provide energy for cellular metabolism (or, potentially, be converted to glucose through gluconeogenesis). Before glycerol can enter the pathway of glycolysis or gluconeogenesis (depending on physiological conditions), it must be converted to their intermediate glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. Glycerol metabolism is regulated by the enzymes glycerol kinase, (cytosolic) NAD+-dependent G3P dehydrogenase and (mitochondrial) FAD-linked G3P dehydrogenase.

Route of elimination

Approx 7-14% of dose is excreted unchanged in the urine within 2.5 hr.

Half life

30 - 45 minutes

Clearance
Not Available
Toxicity

Glycerol has very low toxicity when ingested ; Rat LD50 (oral)-12600mg/kg Mice LD50 (oral )-4090mg/kg Human TDLo (oral) - 1428mg/kg

Affected organisms
Not Available
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
DrugInteractionDrug group
AfatinibThe serum concentration of Afatinib can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved
BosutinibThe serum concentration of Bosutinib can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved
Brentuximab vedotinThe serum concentration of Brentuximab vedotin can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved
ColchicineThe serum concentration of Colchicine can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved
Dabigatran etexilateThe serum concentration of the active metabolites of Dabigatran etexilate can be increased when Dabigatran etexilate is used in combination with Glycerin.Approved
DoxorubicinThe serum concentration of Doxorubicin can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved, Investigational
EdoxabanThe serum concentration of Edoxaban can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved
EverolimusThe serum concentration of Everolimus can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved
LedipasvirThe serum concentration of Ledipasvir can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved
NaloxegolThe serum concentration of Naloxegol can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved
PazopanibThe serum concentration of Pazopanib can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved
PrucaloprideThe serum concentration of Prucalopride can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved
RanolazineThe serum concentration of Ranolazine can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved, Investigational
RifaximinThe serum concentration of Rifaximin can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved, Investigational
SilodosinThe serum concentration of Silodosin can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved
TopotecanThe serum concentration of Topotecan can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved, Investigational
VincristineThe serum concentration of Vincristine can be increased when it is combined with Glycerin.Approved, Investigational
Food Interactions
Not Available

References

General References
  1. Wikipedia [Link]
  2. Toxnet [Link]
  3. ChemIDplus [Link]
  4. DAILYMED [Link]
External Links
Human Metabolome Database
HMDB00131
KEGG Drug
D00028
KEGG Compound
C00116
PubChem Compound
753
PubChem Substance
347827856
ChemSpider
733
ChEBI
17754
ChEMBL
CHEMBL692
PharmGKB
PA449783
HET
GOL
Wikipedia
Glycerol
ATC Codes
A06AG04 — GlycerolA06AX01 — Glycerol
AHFS Codes
  • 84:24.12 — Basic Ointments and Protectants
  • 56:12.00 — Cathartics and Laxatives
  • 40:36.00 — Irrigating Solutions
  • 48:01.00* — Other Cold and Cough Preparations
  • 36:89.00* — Other Diagnostics
PDB Entries
1ah8 / 1ahp / 1ayf / 1b4e / 1b6g / 1b8f / 1bcs / 1bf6 / 1bg4 / 1bhp
show 14072 more

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
0CompletedBasic SciencePsychology, Social1
1CompletedSupportive CareHealthy People / Healthy Volunteers1
1CompletedTreatmentDry Eye Syndrome (DES)1
1, 2CompletedTreatmentHypersensitivity / Hypersensitivity, Food / Hypersensitivity, Immediate / Peanut Hypersensitivity1
1, 2RecruitingTreatmentHeadache Disorders / Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN)1
2CompletedSupportive CareOccasional Constipation1
2CompletedSupportive CareOral Mucositis1
2CompletedTreatmentConjunctivitis, Seasonal Allergic1
2CompletedTreatmentParkinson's Disease (PD)1
2RecruitingTreatmentThyroid Eye Disease1
2TerminatedTreatmentDry Eye Syndromes1
2, 3CompletedTreatmentConjunctivitis, Viral1
2, 3CompletedTreatmentEye Dryness1
3CompletedPreventionRadiation Dermatitis1
3CompletedTreatmentAtopic Dermatitis (AD)1
3CompletedTreatmentBee Venom Allergy1
3CompletedTreatmentConjunctivitis, Viral1
3CompletedTreatmentDry Eye Syndrome (DES)1
3CompletedTreatmentDry Eye Syndromes1
3CompletedTreatmentExfoliation Syndrome / Glaucoma, Primary Open Angle (POAG)1
3CompletedTreatmentEye Dryness1
3CompletedTreatmentMeningitis, Bacterial1
3CompletedTreatmentOccasional Constipation1
3Unknown StatusTreatmentAdenovirus / Conjunctivitis1
4CompletedNot AvailableEndothelial Graft Rejection1
4CompletedDiagnosticColonoscopy1
4CompletedTreatmentColorectal Cleansing Prior Operation1
4CompletedTreatmentConjunctivitis, Seasonal Allergic2
4CompletedTreatmentDry Eye Syndrome (DES)1
4CompletedTreatmentDry Eye Syndromes2
4CompletedTreatmentGlaucoma1
4CompletedTreatmentGlaucoma, Primary Open Angle (POAG) / Ocular Hypertension1
4CompletedTreatmentOpen-angle Glaucoma (OAG)1
4RecruitingPreventionObesity, Visceral1
4RecruitingPreventionPancreatitis1
4RecruitingTreatmentDentin Hypersensitivity1
4Unknown StatusDiagnosticEye Dryness1
4Unknown StatusTreatmentDermatitis, Contact / Dermatitis, Occupational1
4WithdrawnTreatmentDry Eye Syndrome (DES)1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableDry Eye Syndrome (DES)2
Not AvailableCompletedBasic ScienceDiabetic Macular Edema (DME)1
Not AvailableCompletedBasic ScienceDry Eye Syndrome (DES)1
Not AvailableCompletedBasic ScienceHealthy Volunteers1
Not AvailableCompletedDiagnosticInsulin Resistance1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionEye Dryness1
Not AvailableCompletedScreeningColorectal Cancers1
Not AvailableCompletedSupportive CarePain2
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentDry Eye Syndrome (DES)1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentEye Dryness1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentGlaucoma1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentGlaucoma, Primary Open Angle (POAG) / Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentKeratoconjunctivitis Sicca1
Not AvailableRecruitingBasic ScienceLong-Chain 3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency / Medium-chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency / Normal Volunteers / Trifunctional Protein Deficiency / Very Long-chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency1
Not AvailableRecruitingPreventionVery Low Birth Weight Infant1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentAdenoviral Conjunctivitis / Conjunctivitis1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentAge-related Cataract1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentEye Dryness1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentEye Dryness / Lipid Layer / Liposic / Tear Film / Tears Naturale Forte1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentFeeding Intolerance1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentMeibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) / Sjögren's Syndrome1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentMigraines1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusTreatmentHyperglycemias / Infant, Low Birth Weight1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusTreatmentIntraocular Pressure1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
CreamTopical4 g/200mL
LiquidTopical13 mg/mL
LiquidTopical.19 g/6.5g
LiquidTopical.067 mL/2mL
SoapTopical15 g/100g
SolutionTopical10 g/100mL
PatchTopical1.84 g/23mL
SolutionTopical1.8 g/101
CreamCutaneous28 mL/140mL
CreamTopical.08 g/g
CreamTopical.07 mg/mL
LiquidTopical.08 mg/mL
SuppositoryRectal1.614 g/1
SuppositoryRectal2 g/1
CreamTopical11.55 g/55mL
CreamTopical24.6 g/120mL
CreamTopical12.1 g/55mL
KitOral; Topical
CreamTopical31.5 g/150mL
EmulsionOral
CreamTopical4 mg/mL
GelTopical6 mg/150mL
EmulsionTopical2.55 g/50mL
LiquidTopical1.9 g/50mL
GelTopical6.2 g/31mL
LiquidTopical5.2 g/200mL
GelTopical16 g/200mL
GelTopical
CreamTopical2.85 g/50g
SolutionTopical6.22 g/100mL
PatchTopical1.3 g/26mL
CreamTopical1.8 g/60mL
LiquidTopical4.5 g/150mL
CreamTopical5 g/25g
CreamTopical8.81 g/25g
LiquidTopical25 g/100g
CreamTopical5 g/50mL
SolutionTopical2.8 g/35mL
CreamTopical1.2 g/20mL
SolutionTopical1.65 g/120mL
CreamTopical3 g/30mL
PatchTopical1.89 g/27g
PatchTopical2.7 g/27g
PatchTopical7 g/100g
PatchTopical1.65 g/22mL
Injectable foamTopical12 g/120mL
PatchTopical1.5 g/25g
PatchTopical.8 g/8g
PatchTopical1.2 g/20g
CreamTopical1.8 g/9g
PatchTopical1.7 g/8.5g
CreamTopical.084 g/mL
PowderTopical.0000167 g/g
Solution / dropsAuricular (otic)
LotionTopical6 g/100mL
LotionTopical13 g/100mL
CreamTopical11 g/100mL
CreamTopical5 mg/50mL
CreamTopical4 mg/40mL
ShampooTopical3.075 g/100g
CreamTopical8.06 g/100g
GelTopical11.985 g/100g
LiquidTopical3.075 g/100mL
ShampooTopical3.845 g/100g
CreamTopical6.46 mg/100mL
SprayTopical.075 g/75mL
LiquidTopical10 g/100g
LiquidTopical3.1406 mL/200mL
CreamTopical4.9947 mL/50mL
SolutionTopical9.5 g/100mL
SolutionTopical11 g/100mL
LiquidTopical2.5 g/100g
PatchTopical1.75 g/25g
EmulsionTopical9.6 mg/120mL
SolutionTopical41.85 mg/150mL
SolutionTopical8.13 mg/150mL
CreamTopical1.21 mg/30mL
CreamTopical30 g/150mL
CreamTopical.9 g/30g
CreamTopical1.2 mg/10mL
PatchTopical1.92 mg/32mL
PatchTopical.6 g/20g
PatchTopical1.8 mg/30mL
LiquidTopical8.13 g/100g
GelTopical13.5 g/45g
LiquidTopical.02 g/mL
LiquidTopical25 g/100mL
LiquidTopical6 mg/150mL
CreamTopical2.7 mg/90mL
SolutionTopical19.6 g/200mL
SprayTopical.5 g/50mL
PatchTopical.5 g/25mL
LiquidTopical4 g/100g
LiquidTopical5 g/100mL
CreamTopical2 g/100g
PowderTopical1.8 g/100mL
CreamTopical.15 g/100mL
ShampooTopical.01 g/mL
LiquidTopical.01 g/mL
PatchTopical9 g/51
CreamTopical10 g/50g
LotionTopical
LotionTopical2 g/100mL
GelTopical5 g/100g
LiquidTopical40 g/100mL
GelTopical.01 g/100mL
GelTopical.16 g/160mL
CreamTopical30.75 g/150mL
CreamTopical31.2 g/150mL
LotionTopical32.12 g/400mL
CreamTopical12.9 g/150mL
OintmentTopical5 g/100mL
SprayOral
LiquidOral
CreamTopical.012 g/100mL
LiquidTopical4 g/100mL
CreamTopical.7675 g/100g
CreamTopical6.5 g/100g
GelTopical15 g/150mL
CreamTopical3 mg/mL
LiquidTopical4.8 g/120mL
CreamTopical1.5 mg/30mL
LiquidOphthalmic
Solution / dropsOphthalmic2.5 mg/mL
Kit
CreamTopical200 mg/mL
CreamTopical.08 g/mL
LotionTopical.09 g/mL
LiquidTopical.08 g/mL
CreamTopical.0433 g/mL
CreamTopical.0279 g/mL
PatchTopical2.1 g/101
PatchTopical2.94 g/101
PatchTopical2.1 g/7.5g
CreamTopical6.88 mg/160mL
GelTopical5.6 mg/80mL
Kit
Injection, solutionIntradermal.525 mL/mL
LiquidTopical.04 mg/mL
LiquidTopical.08 g/g
CreamTopical1 g/100mL
PatchTopical.22 g/22g
SoapTopical.1 g/100g
CreamTopical7 mg/35mL
JellyEnteral19.312 g/48.28g
CreamTopical26 mg/130mL
ShampooTopical.001 g/100mL
EmulsionTopical10 g/100mL
GelTopical.2 g/100mL
LiquidRectal2.8 g/1
LiquidRectal5.4 g/1
LiquidTopical1 kg/20kg
CreamTopical15.585 g/100mL
LiquidTopical11.3 g/100mL
LiquidTopical20.009 g/100mL
CreamTopical11.0005 g/100mL
LiquidTopical10.05 g/100mL
CreamTopical10.0002 g/100mL
GelTopical91.16098 g/100mL
LiquidTopical26 g/200mL
GelTopical37.5 g/150mL
LiquidTopical30.78 mL/100mL
LiquidTopical1.6 g/100mL
CreamTopical4.073 g/100mL
CreamTopical1.77 g/50g
SprayTopical.13 g/100mL
CreamTopical1.9 g/30g
LiquidTopical6 g/100g
LotionTopical2 mL/40mL
GelTopical3.75 g/15g
GelTopical.5 g/2g
Paste, dentifriceDental7.68 g/120g
EmulsionTopical
Solution / dropsTopical
GelTopical9.6 g/120mL
GelTopical.57 g/100mL
GelTopical5.088 mL/100mL
CreamTopical1.729 g/100g
KitTopical
LiquidTopical5.006 g/100mL
LiquidTopical2.53045 g/100g
CreamTopical7.05 g/100mL
LiquidTopical8.05 g/100mL
LiquidTopical1 g/100mL
CreamTopical4.07 g/100mL
LiquidTopical4.04 g/100mL
GelTopical4 g/100mL
CreamCutaneous
LiquidTopical.5 g/100mL
CreamTopical8 g/100mL
CreamTopical5 g/100mL
LiquidTopical3 g/100mL
CreamTopical6.1000565 g/100mL
LiquidTopical7.1270547 g/100mL
CreamTopical3 g/100mL
LiquidTopical16 g/100mL
LiquidTopical10 g/100mL
LiquidTopical6 g/100mL
LiquidTopical4.044 g/100mL
LiquidTopical.0125 g/mL
CreamTopical6.3 g/18g
PatchTopical35 1/18g
GelTopical1 g/100mL
PatchTopical1 g/100g
SwabTopical200 mg/.5mL
LiquidAuricular (otic)
PatchTopical1.3 g/25mL
LiquidTopical4.8 g/160mL
GelTopical14.4 g/120mL
GelTopical24 g/120mL
SolutionTopical4.97 mg/mL
CreamTopical1 g/25mL
PatchTopical1.75 mg/101
LiquidTopical10.87 g/100mL
LiquidTopical4.102 g/100mL
LotionTopical10.2 g/100mL
LiquidTopical12 g/100g
LotionTopical5 g/100mL
CreamTopical.025 g/100g
PatchTopical10 g/100g
LiquidTopical20 g/100g
GelTopical30 g/100mL
GelTopical5 g/100mL
SprayTopical5 g/100mL
LiquidTopical.935 g/100mL
CreamTopical53.67 g/250mL
CreamTopical4 g/20mL
LotionTopical35 mg/mL
SolutionOphthalmic1 g/100g
CreamTopical2 g/100mL
LiquidTopical12 g/100mL
LiquidTopical.01 g/100mL
CreamTopical.01 g/100mL
LiquidTopical.0798 g/mL
LiquidTopical11 g/100mL
LiquidTopical1 g/100g
CreamTopical4 g/100mL
CreamTopical10.5 mg/mL
CreamTopical31.65 g/155mL
CreamTopical8.15 g/40mL
CreamRectal; Topical25 g/100mL
GelTopical30 mL/150mL
LiquidTopical.02 g/2mL
CreamTopical29 mg/145mL
GelTopical20 g/100g
PatchTopical70.4 mg/1
CreamTopical1.25 mg/25mL
GelTopical41.85 g/150mL
PatchTopical3.36 g/51
PatchTopical3.36 g/101
PatchTopical3.36 mg/32mL
CreamTopical4.83 g/23mL
CreamTopical4.6 g/23mL
SprayTopical.5 mg/mL
LiquidOral
LiquidTopical995 mg/mL
SuppositoryRectal1.3 g/1
SuppositoryRectal1.2 g/1
SuppositoryRectal2.1 g/1
LiquidTopical100 %
LiquidOral; Topical
LiquidRectal12.5 g/1
SuppositoryRectal2.09 g
SuppositoryRectal1 g
SuppositoryRectal90 %
LiquidOral; Topical100 %
CreamRectal; Topical
LiquidIntradermal; Subcutaneous
LiquidOral100 %
SuppositoryRectal91 %
InjectionCutaneous; Intradermal; Subcutaneous.53 g/mL
SolutionUnknown
GelTopical.5 mg/mL
LiquidTopical100 mg/mL
CreamTopical
SolutionTopical8.7 g/145mL
CreamTopical6.5 g/130mL
CreamTopical11.7 g/130mL
CreamTopical10 g/100g
CreamTopical1.07 g/20mL
CreamTopical10 g/100mL
LotionTopical3 g/100mL
LiquidTopical7 g/100mL
SolutionTopical4 mg/mL
ShampooTopical3.88 mg/mL
CreamTopical28 %
LiquidTopical30 g/150mL
LiquidTopical9 g/300mL
SolutionTopical15.96 g/120mL
SprayTopical.4 g/40mL
CreamTopical.1 g/100mL
CreamTopical.1 g/100g
ShampooTopical.2 g/100mL
CreamTopical4 g/50mL
EmulsionTopical12 g/120mL
LotionTopical10.5 g/150mL
SprayTopical12 g/150mL
SprayTopical7.2 g/120mL
CreamTopical3.5 g/50mL
CreamTopical2.5 g/50mL
LiquidTopical2.00008 g/100mL
CreamTopical11 mg/mL
CreamTopical13 mg/mL
CreamTopical8 mg/mL
LiquidTopical5.740794 g/100mL
CreamTopical.175 mg/5mL
LiquidTopical.0001 g/mL
EmulsionTopical.034 g/mL
EmulsionTopical.02 g/mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic1 g/100mL
LiquidTopical2.5 g/250mL
LotionTopical8 g/200mL
CreamTopical1.67 mg/33mL
CreamTopical.66 mg/33mL
GelVaginal.04 g/g
LiquidTopical15 g/100mL
SolutionVaginal6 g/100g
CreamTopical31 mg/155mL
CreamTopical11.57 mg/50mL
CreamTopical9 mg/45mL
LiquidTopical.8 mg/81
LotionTopical28 mg/140mL
CreamTopical5 mg/25mL
PatchTopical5 g/25g
LiquidTopical28 mg/140mL
LiquidTopical11 g/100g
LiquidTopical9 g/100g
LiquidTopical8 g/100g
CreamTopical8 g/100g
PowderTopical.1 g/g
LiquidTopical.002 g/mL
LiquidTopical.1 g/1.5mL
CreamTopical.06 g/1.5mL
PatchTopical1.61 g/30mL
LiquidTopical.2 g/1.5mL
PatchTopical1 g/25mL
GelTopical5.5 g/100mL
LiquidTopical10.013 g/100mL
CreamTopical8.013 g/100mL
LiquidTopical5 g/100g
LiquidTopical3.2 g/100mL
LiquidTopical3 g/100g
LiquidTopical4.001 g/100mL
CreamTopical18 g/100mL
GelTopical11 g/100mL
CreamTopical8.001 g/100mL
LiquidTopical3.02 g/100mL
LiquidTopical5.5 g/100mL
LiquidTopical2 g/100mL
GelTopical2 g/100g
ShampooTopical4 g/100mL
CreamRectal
GelTopical6.59 g/10mL
GelTopical8.99 g/10mL
GelTopical2 g/10mL
GelTopical2.01 g/10mL
CreamTopical.579998 g/100mL
SwabOral7.5 1/1
SwabOral7.5 g/100g
SwabOral7.5 mL/100mL
SwabTopical.43 mL/10mL
SwabTopical.5 mL/mL
SwabTopical7.5 g/100g
SolutionTopical1.94 mg/60mL
CreamTopical30 mg/mL
CreamTopical.4 mg/40mL
CreamTopical10 mg/mL
OintmentTopical40 mg/g
SoapTopical12 g/60g
PatchTopical
LiquidTopical8.7675 g/100g
PatchTopical.34 g/17g
LiquidTopical.04 g/g
CreamTopical.00007 g/mL
CreamTopical.02 g/mL
CreamTopical.00001 mg/mL
PatchTopical2 g/10g
LiquidTopical.24 g/8mL
LiquidTopical.5 mg/mL
SprayOral29.5 mg/mL
CreamTopical.10295 g/mL
ShampooTopical2 g/100mL
SwabOral.075 g/1
PatchTopical.13 g/3g
GelTopical4.8 g/120mL
PatchTopical.14 g/7g
EnemaRectal80 mL/100mL
LiquidTopical.0224 g/mL
PatchTopical.16 g/1.6g
PatchTopical3 g/101
LiquidTopical.01 g/g
CreamTopical4.2 g/100g
SprayTopical4.8 g/80mL
LotionTopical15 g/300mL
CreamTopical2.005 g/100mL
GelVaginal4 g/100g
LiquidTopical.05205 g/mL
EmulsionTopical.075205 g/mL
CreamTopical11.45 g/50mL
LiquidTopical2 g/100g
PasteOral
SolutionTopical6 g/100mL
GelTopical10 g/200mL
CreamTopical8.6 g/200mL
EmulsionTopical9 g/150mL
LiquidTopical.15 g/150mL
LiquidPercutaneous50 %
SoapTopical1 g/100g
LiquidTopical8.75 g/100g
EmulsionTopical.8 g/100mL
CreamTopical.29 g/30mL
CreamTopical1.4 g/50mL
CreamTopical1.97 g/30mL
CreamTopical3.14 g/50mL
ShampooTopical7.5 g/300g
Solution / dropsOphthalmic.2 g/100mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic2 g/1000mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic.25 g/100mL
LotionTopical16 mg/200mL
SoapTopical12 g/100g
LiquidTopical1.01 mg/2.8mL
LiquidTopical.58 mg/2.8mL
PatchTopical5.56 mg/27mL
LiquidTopical.57 mg/2.8mL
PatchTopical5.55 mg/27mL
GelTopical180 mg/g
SoapTopical8 g/100g
SolutionTopical
SolutionTopical69.8 g/100mL
SuppositoryRectal1 g/1
LiquidTopical.29 g/5mL
EmulsionTopical3.5 mg/35mL
LiquidTopical2.145 g/100g
LiquidTopical3.055 g/100g
LiquidTopical3.005 g/100g
SolutionTopical7.35 g/30mL
LotionTopical20 mg/100mL
CreamTopical24 g/120g
LotionTopical.5 g/200mL
LotionTopical3.38 g/200mL
LotionTopical1.22 g/200mL
LotionTopical6.84 g/180mL
CreamTopical37.8 g/180mL
CreamTopical7 g/35mL
LiquidTopical.05 g/mL
LiquidTopical7 g/100g
SolutionTopical2.37 g/40mL
GelTopical9 g/100mL
LiquidOral4.5 mg/100mL
CreamTopical7 g/100mL
EmulsionTopical6 g/100mL
SprayTopical.5 g/100mL
PatchTopical7.5 g/30g
LotionTopical4 g/100mL
CreamTopical1.2 g/100mL
SolutionOphthalmic
ShampooTopical.02 mg/mL
LiquidTopical.19 g/8g
CreamTopical.05 g/100g
CreamTopical2.92 mg/50mL
EmulsionTopical2.35 mg/125mL
CreamTopical2.55 mg/50mL
GelTopical9.6 mg/160mL
LiquidTopical7.81 mg/150mL
SoapTopical5 g/100g
ClothTopical
CreamTopical28 g/140mL
GelTopical15 g/150g
EmulsionOphthalmic
SolutionTopical2.6 g/40mL
SolutionTopical.21 mg/121
CreamTopical2.53 mg/150mL
CreamTopical1.87 mg/150mL
CreamTopical.25 g/20mL
CreamTopical7.8 mg/mL
CreamTopical1.98 mg/mL
CreamTopical.25 mg/mL
PatchTopical.8 g/16mL
PatchTopical.56 g/14mL
PatchTopical.33 g/3mL
PatchTopical2 g/25mL
CreamTopical2.04 g/30mL
LiquidTopical.100005 g/g
LiquidTopical.03 mg/mL
LiquidNasal
LiquidTopical15 g/100g
LiquidTopical4 g/200mL
PatchTopical1.5 g/50g
LiquidTopical.03 g/g
PatchTopical.05 g/mL
LiquidTopical.07 g/mL
CreamTopical.9 g/9g
CreamTopical.02 g/g
LiquidTopical.018 mg/mL
CreamTopical.000001 g/g
SoapTopical.5 g/100g
CreamTopical6 g/100mL
LotionTopical.4 g/100mL
SoapTopical.4 g/100g
CreamTopical15 mg/100mL
CreamTopical10 mg/100mL
PatchTopical6 g/100g
GelTopical5 mg/mL
GelTopical13.8 mg/100mL
GelTopical2.661 g/100mL
GelTopical.02 g/100mL
LiquidTopical.1 g/100mL
CreamTopical5.05 g/100g
PatchTopical2.1 g/7g
CreamTopical1.33 mg/30mL
LiquidTopical
SprayTopical
CreamCutaneous19.2 g/48g
CreamCutaneous16.8 g/48g
CreamTopical2.49 mL/50mL
CreamTopical9 g/75mL
LotionTopical7.5 g/150mL
LotionTopical6 g/120mL
CreamTopical1.69 mg/60mL
PatchTopical.8 g/101
LiquidTopical5.92 g/150mL
CreamTopical3.3 g/50g
CreamTopical5.82 g/60mL
PatchTopical1.96 g/28g
LiquidTopical13.5 g/150mL
CreamTopical3.5 g/70g
CreamTopical4.2 g/20g
CreamTopical6 g/30mL
GelTopical5 g/25g
PatchTopical1.37 mg/101
CreamTopical10 g/50mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic
CreamTopical36 g/160mL
GelTopical60 g/300mL
GelTopical146.88 g/300mL
CreamTopical5.15 mL/100mL
CreamTopical5.6 g/50g
Injection, solutionIntradermal; Subcutaneous
Injection, solutionIntradermal; Subcutaneous.5 mL/mL
LiquidTopical.06 g/mL
CreamTopical.03 g/mL
CreamTopical.04 g/mL
LiquidTopical.16 g/mL
CreamTopical1.6 mg/80mL
GelTopical4.65 mg/155mL
CreamTopical8 g/40mL
LiquidTopical.03 g/mL
SolutionIrrigation2.6 %
PatchTopical1.84 g/23g
ShampooTopical.04 g/mL
CreamTopical6 g/30g
SolutionTopical.12 mg/101
LiquidTopical6 g/200mL
Injectable foamTopical16.5 g/150mL
CreamTopical10.16 g/40mL
CreamTopical.03 g/g
CreamTopical18 g/90mL
ShampooTopical2 g/100g
CreamTopical24 g/80g
LotionTopical12742.339 mg/145mL
CreamTopical5926.7425 mg/35mL
CreamTopical5.05 g/50g
LotionTopical8377.386 mg/60mL
Injectable foamTopical
CreamTopical1 g/45g
CreamTopical78.1 g/95g
GelTopical.252 g/45g
CreamTopical5.04 g/30mL
LiquidTopical5287.8 mg/140mL
CreamTopical2.1 g/70g
CreamTopical3147.5 mg/50mL
PatchTopical1.5 g/30g
CreamTopical4910.1 mg/50mL
EmulsionTopical9694.3 mg/140mL
LotionTopical503 mg/50mL
CreamTopical1510.8 mg/140mL
LiquidTopical1762.6 mg/140mL
LiquidTopical14100.8 mg/140mL
LotionTopical.008 g/100mL
LiquidTopical3.5 g/100mL
CreamTopical32.7 g/150mL
CreamTopical.1 g/g
LiquidTopical.1 g/mL
LiquidTopical.02 mg/mL
LiquidTopical.015 g/mL
SolutionTopical12.3 g/100mL
CreamTopical.06 g/mL
LiquidTopical.04 g/mL
LiquidTopical.04 g/5mL
LiquidTopical1.005 g/100g
LiquidTopical.01 mg/mL
GelTopical2 g/100mL
GelTopical15 g/100mL
LotionTopical8.28 g/180mL
CreamTopical.05 g/mL
LiquidTopical.001 g/mL
CreamTopical.04 g/g
GelTopical.015 g/mL
CreamTopical5 mg/mL
LiquidTopical.06 g/g
CreamTopical3.43 g/50mL
LiquidTopical2.59 g/150mL
GelTopical91.16 g/100mL
GelTopical91.16098 g/100g
CreamTopical5 g/100g
CreamTopical4 g/100g
SuppositoryRectal83 g/100g
CreamTopical6 mg/150mL
PatchTopical2.3 g/23mL
ExtractTopical13.226 g/100mL
PatchTopical10 g/100mL
LiquidTopical.2 g/100mL
CreamTopical.2 g/100mL
EmulsionTopical2.04 g/100mL
CreamTopical6.2 g/100mL
ConcentrateTopical7 g/100mL
GelVaginal.17 g/g
GelVaginal.306 g/101
GelVaginal.11 g/101
PatchTopical1.57 g/35g
LotionTopical23 %
SuppositoryRectal2.145 g
LiquidVaginal.5 g/100mL
ShampooTopical2.5 g/100mL
SolutionTopical.25 g/5mL
CreamTopical.16 g/8g
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Not Available
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1170.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.9ALOGPS
logP-1.8ChemAxon
logS1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)13.61ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area60.69 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity20.52 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability8.93 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)GC-MSsplash10-0fr2-0910000000-6497c0870b71585c6322
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)GC-MSsplash10-0ktb-0920000000-93408d69acffad6f48af
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)GC-MSsplash10-05mk-0940000000-778ba583836705f8fdf4
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)GC-MSsplash10-00kb-0920000000-2e4b358941c660851f0a
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)GC-MSsplash10-00dj-6920000000-6828d7b00cb31e84fac1
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)GC-MSsplash10-0le9-0940000000-e0b9bada9be26d720326
Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSPredicted GC-MSNot Available
GC-MS Spectrum - EI-BGC-MSsplash10-01ox-9000000000-3fe0c184a891364773a8
GC-MS Spectrum - EI-BGC-MSsplash10-0fr2-0930000000-470b6694b25fde40d80f
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOFGC-MSsplash10-0fr2-0910000000-6497c0870b71585c6322
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOFGC-MSsplash10-0ktb-0920000000-93408d69acffad6f48af
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOFGC-MSsplash10-05mk-0940000000-778ba583836705f8fdf4
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOFGC-MSsplash10-00kb-0920000000-2e4b358941c660851f0a
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOFGC-MSsplash10-00dj-6920000000-6828d7b00cb31e84fac1
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSGC-MSsplash10-0le9-0940000000-e0b9bada9be26d720326
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOFGC-MSsplash10-00kb-0920000000-085a71f40d38f2729036
Mass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)MSsplash10-01ox-9000000000-3706109441e6d3017895
MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)LC-MS/MSsplash10-0a4i-9000000000-d7c139dc01453f61eb99
MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)LC-MS/MSsplash10-0a4l-9000000000-7d7844b4813b038012da
MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, PositiveLC-MS/MSsplash10-0udi-9100000000-16029dbe79f139ab904a
MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80) , PositiveLC-MS/MSsplash10-01ox-9000000000-3fe0c184a891364773a8
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-0006-9000000000-a638e26fe3c3f48563c2
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-004l-9000000000-d3fd9e9abd911eb0f88e
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-0a6r-9000000000-ca218dca3a5d86196d81
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-0006-9000000000-b40367f5ca8d11288fbe
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-0006-9000000000-ba29a0647084e32d8704
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-0abc-9000000000-4cd85379d414c16f95c0
1H NMR Spectrum1D NMRNot Applicable
13C NMR Spectrum1D NMRNot Applicable
1H NMR Spectrum1D NMRNot Applicable
13C NMR Spectrum1D NMRNot Applicable
1H NMR Spectrum1D NMRNot Applicable
[1H,1H] 2D NMR Spectrum2D NMRNot Applicable
[1H,13C] 2D NMR Spectrum2D NMRNot Applicable

Taxonomy

Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar alcohols. These are hydrogenated forms of carbohydrate in which the carbonyl group (aldehyde or ketone, reducing sugar) has been reduced to a primary or secondary hydroxyl group.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Organic oxygen compounds
Class
Organooxygen compounds
Sub Class
Carbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct Parent
Sugar alcohols
Alternative Parents
Secondary alcohols / Polyols / Primary alcohols / Hydrocarbon derivatives
Substituents
Sugar alcohol / Secondary alcohol / Polyol / Hydrocarbon derivative / Primary alcohol / Alcohol / Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular Framework
Aliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
triol, alditol (CHEBI:17754) / Glycerols (C00116) / a sugar alcohol (GLYCEROL)

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Agonist
General Function
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function
Ligand-activated transcription factor. Receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Has a preference for poly-unsaturated fatty acids, such as gamma-lin...
Gene Name
PPARD
Uniprot ID
Q03181
Uniprot Name
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta
Molecular Weight
49902.99 Da
References
  1. ChEMBL [Link]
  2. UniProt [Link]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Protein homodimerization activity
Specific Function
Bifunctional enzyme which catalyzes both the conversion of PGH2 to PGD2, a prostaglandin involved in smooth muscle contraction/relaxation and a potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation, and the con...
Gene Name
HPGDS
Uniprot ID
O60760
Uniprot Name
Hematopoietic prostaglandin D synthase
Molecular Weight
23343.65 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Clostridium cellulolyticum (strain ATCC 35319 / DSM 5812 / JCM 6584 / H10)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Cellulose binding
Specific Function
The biological conversion of cellulose to glucose generally requires three types of hydrolytic enzymes: (1) Endoglucanases which cut internal beta-1,4-glucosidic bonds; (2) Exocellobiohydrolases th...
Gene Name
celCCG
Uniprot ID
P37700
Uniprot Name
Endoglucanase G
Molecular Weight
79775.34 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
S-nitrosoglutathione binding
Specific Function
Conjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles. Regulates negatively CDK5 activity via p25/p35 translocation to prevent neurodegeneration.
Gene Name
GSTP1
Uniprot ID
P09211
Uniprot Name
Glutathione S-transferase P
Molecular Weight
23355.625 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Phospholipase a2 activity
Specific Function
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a preference for arachidonic-containing phospholipids.
Gene Name
PLA2G2E
Uniprot ID
Q9NZK7
Uniprot Name
Group IIE secretory phospholipase A2
Molecular Weight
15988.525 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Inositol-3-phosphate synthase activity
Specific Function
Key enzyme in myo-inositol biosynthesis pathway that catalyzes the conversion of glucose 6-phosphate to 1-myo-inositol 1-phosphate in a NAD-dependent manner. Rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis o...
Gene Name
ISYNA1
Uniprot ID
Q9NPH2
Uniprot Name
Inositol-3-phosphate synthase 1
Molecular Weight
61067.285 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Ensifer meliloti
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Sequence-specific dna binding
Specific Function
Member of the two-component regulatory system DctB/DctD involved in the transport of C4-dicarboxylates. When activated by DctB acts in conjunction with sigma-54 to activate the transcription of dctA.
Gene Name
dctD
Uniprot ID
P13632
Uniprot Name
C4-dicarboxylate transport transcriptional regulatory protein DctD
Molecular Weight
50060.805 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function
Not Available
Gene Name
ADH1B
Uniprot ID
P00325
Uniprot Name
Alcohol dehydrogenase 1B
Molecular Weight
39854.21 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Phosphatidylinositol binding
Specific Function
Intracellular channel that mediates calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum following stimulation by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. Involved in the regulation of epithelial secretion of elect...
Gene Name
ITPR1
Uniprot ID
Q14643
Uniprot Name
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 1
Molecular Weight
313926.375 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Small molecule binding
Specific Function
This protein is, quantitatively, the main protein synthesized and secreted in the endometrium from mid-luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and during the first semester of pregnancy.
Gene Name
PAEP
Uniprot ID
P09466
Uniprot Name
Glycodelin
Molecular Weight
20624.015 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Protein homodimerization activity
Specific Function
Removes terminal alpha-N-acetylgalactosamine residues from glycolipids and glycopeptides. Required for the breakdown of glycolipids.
Gene Name
NAGA
Uniprot ID
P17050
Uniprot Name
Alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase
Molecular Weight
46564.15 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Pseudomonas stutzeri
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Iron ion binding
Specific Function
Diheme, high potential cytochrome c believed to be an intermediate electron donor to terminal oxidation systems.
Gene Name
cc4
Uniprot ID
Q52369
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome c4
Molecular Weight
21741.505 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Desulfovibrio desulfuricans (strain ATCC 27774 / DSM 6949)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Ferroxidase activity
Specific Function
Iron-storage protein, whose ferroxidase center binds Fe(2+) ions, oxidizes them by dioxygen to Fe(3+), and participates in the subsequent Fe(3+) oxide mineral core formation within the central cavi...
Gene Name
bfr
Uniprot ID
Q93PP9
Uniprot Name
Bacterioferritin
Molecular Weight
19881.14 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Type iii transforming growth factor beta receptor binding
Specific Function
Transmembrane serine/threonine kinase forming with the TGF-beta type I serine/threonine kinase receptor, TGFBR1, the non-promiscuous receptor for the TGF-beta cytokines TGFB1, TGFB2 and TGFB3. Tran...
Gene Name
TGFBR2
Uniprot ID
P37173
Uniprot Name
TGF-beta receptor type-2
Molecular Weight
64567.1 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Atp binding
Specific Function
Not Available
Gene Name
argG
Uniprot ID
P0A6E4
Uniprot Name
Argininosuccinate synthase
Molecular Weight
49898.01 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Enterococcus hirae
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Phosphopyruvate hydratase activity
Specific Function
Catalyzes the reversible conversion of 2-phosphoglycerate into phosphoenolpyruvate. It is essential for the degradation of carbohydrates via glycolysis.
Gene Name
eno
Uniprot ID
Q8GR70
Uniprot Name
Enolase
Molecular Weight
46410.935 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Receptor signaling protein activity
Specific Function
GTP-binding protein that functions as an allosteric activator of the cholera toxin catalytic subunit, an ADP-ribosyltransferase. Involved in protein trafficking among different compartments. Modula...
Gene Name
ARF1
Uniprot ID
P84077
Uniprot Name
ADP-ribosylation factor 1
Molecular Weight
20696.62 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (strain ATCC 15692 / PAO1 / 1C / PRS 101 / LMG 12228)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Drug transmembrane transporter activity
Specific Function
The periplasmic linker component of the MexAB-OprM efflux system that confers multidrug resistance. Also functions as the major efflux pump for n-hexane and p-xylene efflux. Over-expression of the ...
Gene Name
mexA
Uniprot ID
P52477
Uniprot Name
Multidrug resistance protein MexA
Molecular Weight
40969.34 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Sulfate adenylyltransferase (atp) activity
Specific Function
Bifunctional enzyme with both ATP sulfurylase and APS kinase activity, which mediates two steps in the sulfate activation pathway. The first step is the transfer of a sulfate group to ATP to yield ...
Gene Name
PAPSS1
Uniprot ID
O43252
Uniprot Name
Bifunctional 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate synthase 1
Molecular Weight
70832.725 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function
Catalyzes the sequential NAD-dependent oxidations of L-histidinol to L-histidinaldehyde and then to L-histidine.
Gene Name
hisD
Uniprot ID
P06988
Uniprot Name
Histidinol dehydrogenase
Molecular Weight
46109.815 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Mismatched dna binding
Specific Function
This protein is involved in the repair of mismatches in DNA. It is required for dam-dependent methyl-directed DNA mismatch repair. May act as a "molecular matchmaker", a protein that promotes the f...
Gene Name
mutL
Uniprot ID
P23367
Uniprot Name
DNA mismatch repair protein MutL
Molecular Weight
67923.04 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Water channel activity
Specific Function
Transporter of glycerol across the cytoplasmic membrane, with limited permeability to water and small uncharged compounds such as polyols.
Gene Name
glpF
Uniprot ID
P0AER0
Uniprot Name
Glycerol uptake facilitator protein
Molecular Weight
29779.71 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase activity, thioredoxin disulfide as acceptor
Specific Function
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. R2 contains the tyrosyl radical required for catalysis.
Gene Name
nrdB
Uniprot ID
P69924
Uniprot Name
Ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase 1 subunit beta
Molecular Weight
43516.885 Da
Kind
Protein
Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Metal ion binding
Specific Function
Adenine glycosylase active on G-A mispairs. MutY also corrects error-prone DNA synthesis past GO lesions which are due to the oxidatively damaged form of guanine: 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxo-dG...
Gene Name
mutY
Uniprot ID
P17802
Uniprot Name
Adenine DNA glycosylase
Molecular Weight
39148.835 Da
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Trna methyltransferase activity
Specific Function
Specifically methylates cytosine 38 in the anticodon loop of tRNA(Asp).
Gene Name
TRDMT1
Uniprot ID
O14717
Uniprot Name
tRNA (cytosine(38)-C(5))-methyltransferase
Molecular Weight
44596.17 Da

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Retinal dehydrogenase activity
Specific Function
Binds free retinal and cellular retinol-binding protein-bound retinal. Can convert/oxidize retinaldehyde to retinoic acid (By similarity).
Gene Name
ALDH1A1
Uniprot ID
P00352
Uniprot Name
Retinal dehydrogenase 1
Molecular Weight
54861.44 Da
References
  1. UniProt [Link]
  2. ChEMBL [Link]
  3. KEGG [Link]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Inducer
General Function
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function
Metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Inactivates a number of drugs and xenobiotics and also bioactivates many xenobiotic substrates to their hepatotoxic ...
Gene Name
CYP2E1
Uniprot ID
P05181
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 2E1
Molecular Weight
56848.42 Da
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256]

Transporters

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Inhibitor
General Function
Xenobiotic-transporting atpase activity
Specific Function
Energy-dependent efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells.
Gene Name
ABCB1
Uniprot ID
P08183
Uniprot Name
Multidrug resistance protein 1
Molecular Weight
141477.255 Da
References
  1. Konishi T, Satsu H, Hatsugai Y, Aizawa K, Inakuma T, Nagata S, Sakuda SH, Nagasawa H, Shimizu M: Inhibitory effect of a bitter melon extract on the P-glycoprotein activity in intestinal Caco-2 cells. Br J Pharmacol. 2004 Oct;143(3):379-87. Epub 2004 Sep 6. [PubMed:15351776]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Inhibitor
General Function
Xenobiotic-transporting atpase activity
Specific Function
Energy-dependent efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells.
Gene Name
ABCB1
Uniprot ID
P08183
Uniprot Name
Multidrug resistance protein 1
Molecular Weight
141477.255 Da
References
  1. UniProt [Link]
  2. ChEMBL [Link]

Drug created on November 30, 2015 12:10 / Updated on December 10, 2017 17:18