This drug entry is a stub and has not been fully annotated. It is scheduled to be annotated soon.

Identification

Name
Salinomycin
Accession Number
DB11544
Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Vet approved
Description
Not Available
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • Procoxacin
Product Ingredients
IngredientUNIICASInChI Key
Salinomycin sodium92UOD3BMEK55721-31-8YPZYGIQXBGHDBH-UZHRAPRISA-M
Categories
UNII
62UXS86T64
CAS number
53003-10-4
Weight
Average: 751.011
Monoisotopic: 750.491813074
Chemical Formula
C42H70O11
InChI Key
KQXDHUJYNAXLNZ-XQSDOZFQSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C42H70O11/c1-11-29(38(46)47)31-15-14-23(4)36(50-31)27(8)34(44)26(7)35(45)30(12-2)37-24(5)22-25(6)41(51-37)19-16-32(43)42(53-41)21-20-39(10,52-42)33-17-18-40(48,13-3)28(9)49-33/h16,19,23-34,36-37,43-44,48H,11-15,17-18,20-22H2,1-10H3,(H,46,47)/t23-,24-,25+,26-,27-,28-,29+,30-,31+,32+,33+,34+,36+,37-,39-,40+,41-,42-/m0/s1
IUPAC Name
(2R)-2-[(2R,5S,6R)-6-[(2S,3S,4S,6R)-6-[(2S,5S,7R,9S,10S,12R,15R)-2-[(2R,5R,6S)-5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]-15-hydroxy-2,10,12-trimethyl-1,6,8-trioxadispiro[4.1.5⁷.3⁵]pentadec-13-en-9-yl]-3-hydroxy-4-methyl-5-oxooctan-2-yl]-5-methyloxan-2-yl]butanoic acid
SMILES
[H][C@@](C)(C(=O)[C@]([H])(CC)[C@@]1([H])O[C@@]2(O[C@@]3(CC[C@](C)(O3)[C@@]3([H])CC[C@](O)(CC)[C@]([H])(C)O3)[C@]([H])(O)C=C2)[C@]([H])(C)C[C@]1([H])C)[C@@]([H])(O)[C@]([H])(C)[C@]1([H])O[C@]([H])(CC[C@]1([H])C)[C@@]([H])(CC)C(O)=O

Pharmacology

Indication
Not Available
Pharmacodynamics
Not Available
Mechanism of action
Not Available
Absorption
Not Available
Volume of distribution
Not Available
Protein binding
Not Available
Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination
Not Available
Half life
Not Available
Clearance
Not Available
Toxicity
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
DrugInteraction
(R)-warfarinThe risk or severity of bleeding can be increased when Salinomycin is combined with (R)-warfarin.
(S)-WarfarinThe risk or severity of bleeding can be increased when Salinomycin is combined with (S)-Warfarin.
4-hydroxycoumarinThe risk or severity of bleeding can be increased when Salinomycin is combined with 4-hydroxycoumarin.
AcenocoumarolThe risk or severity of bleeding can be increased when Salinomycin is combined with Acenocoumarol.
BCG vaccineThe therapeutic efficacy of BCG vaccine can be decreased when used in combination with Salinomycin.
ClorindioneThe risk or severity of bleeding can be increased when Salinomycin is combined with Clorindione.
CoumarinThe risk or severity of bleeding can be increased when Salinomycin is combined with Coumarin.
DicoumarolThe risk or severity of bleeding can be increased when Salinomycin is combined with Dicoumarol.
DiphenadioneThe risk or severity of bleeding can be increased when Salinomycin is combined with Diphenadione.
Ethyl biscoumacetateThe risk or severity of bleeding can be increased when Salinomycin is combined with Ethyl biscoumacetate.
Additional Data Available
  • Extended Description
    Extended Description

    Extended description of the mechanism of action and particular properties of each drug interaction.

    Learn more
  • Severity
    Severity

    A severity rating for each drug interaction, from minor to major.

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  • Evidence Level
    Evidence Level

    A rating for the strength of the evidence supporting each drug interaction.

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  • Action
    Action

    An effect category for each drug interaction. Know how this interaction affects the subject drug.

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Food Interactions
Not Available

References

General References
  1. Potter LM, Blake JP, Blair ME, Bliss BA, Denbow DM: Salinomycin toxicity in turkeys. Poult Sci. 1986 Oct;65(10):1955-9. [PubMed:3797377]
  2. Horrox NE: Salinomycin poisoning in turkeys. Vet Rec. 1984 Jan 14;114(2):52. [PubMed:6719809]
  3. Aleman M, Magdesian KG, Peterson TS, Galey FD: Salinomycin toxicosis in horses. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007 Jun 15;230(12):1822-6. [PubMed:17571983]
  4. Rollinson J, Taylor FG, Chesney J: Salinomycin poisoning in horses. Vet Rec. 1987 Aug 8;121(6):126-8. [PubMed:3672848]
  5. Pott JM: Salinomycin toxicity in pigs. Vet Rec. 1990 Dec 1;127(22):554. [PubMed:2281597]
  6. Vertesy L, Heil K, Fehlhaber HW, Ziegler W: Microbial decomposition of salinomycin. J Antibiot (Tokyo). 1987 Mar;40(3):388-90. [PubMed:3570991]
  7. Stuart JC: Salinomycin poisoning in turkeys. Vet Rec. 1983 Dec 17;113(25):597. [PubMed:6665966]
  8. Kavanagh NT, Sparrow DS: Salinomycin toxicity in pigs. Vet Rec. 1990 Nov 17;127(20):507. [PubMed:2275094]
  9. Harries N: Alberta. Salinomycin toxicity in turkeys. Can Vet J. 1991 Feb;32(2):117. [PubMed:17423737]
  10. Huyben MW, Sol J, Counotte GH, Roumen MP, Borst GH: Salinomycin poisoning in veal calves. Vet Rec. 2001 Aug 11;149(6):183-4. [PubMed:11530905]
External Links
KEGG Drug
D08502
KEGG Compound
C15690
ChemSpider
2342058
RxNav
1311566
ChEBI
80025
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1208572
ZINC
ZINC000085540254
Wikipedia
Salinomycin

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
Not Available

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage forms
Not Available
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Not Available
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00297 mg/mLALOGPS
logP4.48ALOGPS
logP7.51ChemAxon
logS-5.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.45ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area161.21 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count12ChemAxon
Refractivity200.07 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability81.82 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Predicted ADMET features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Taxonomy

Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as diterpene glycosides. These are diterpenoids in which an isoprene unit is glycosylated.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Lipids and lipid-like molecules
Class
Prenol lipids
Sub Class
Terpene glycosides
Direct Parent
Diterpene glycosides
Alternative Parents
Diterpenoids / Fatty alcohols / Branched fatty acids / Heterocyclic fatty acids / Hydroxy fatty acids / Ketals / Beta-hydroxy ketones / Oxanes / Pyrans / Tertiary alcohols
show 8 more
Substituents
Diterpene glycoside / Diterpenoid / Fatty alcohol / Ketal / Branched fatty acid / Heterocyclic fatty acid / Hydroxy fatty acid / Beta-hydroxy ketone / Fatty acyl / Pyran
show 20 more
Molecular Framework
Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
diterpene glycoside (CHEBI:80025)

Transporters

Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Inhibitor
General Function
Xenobiotic-transporting atpase activity
Specific Function
Energy-dependent efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells.
Gene Name
ABCB1
Uniprot ID
P08183
Uniprot Name
Multidrug resistance protein 1
Molecular Weight
141477.255 Da
References
  1. Riccioni R, Dupuis ML, Bernabei M, Petrucci E, Pasquini L, Mariani G, Cianfriglia M, Testa U: The cancer stem cell selective inhibitor salinomycin is a p-glycoprotein inhibitor. Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2010 Jun 15;45(1):86-92. doi: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2010.03.008. Epub 2010 May 4. [PubMed:20444629]
  2. Kim WK, Kim JH, Yoon K, Kim S, Ro J, Kang HS, Yoon S: Salinomycin, a p-glycoprotein inhibitor, sensitizes radiation-treated cancer cells by increasing DNA damage and inducing G2 arrest. Invest New Drugs. 2012 Aug;30(4):1311-8. doi: 10.1007/s10637-011-9685-6. Epub 2011 May 15. [PubMed:21573958]

Drug created on February 26, 2016 10:41 / Updated on March 01, 2020 23:39

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