Idiopathic Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

Also known as: Central hypogonadism / Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism / Kallman syndrome / Fertile eunuch syndrome / Secondary hypogonadism / Hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism / Gonadotrophin deficiency

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB09126Chorionic Gonadotropin (Human)Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), a polypeptide hormone produced by the human placenta. Endogenously produced HCG interacts with the LHCG receptor of the ovary and promotes the maintenance of the corpus luteum during the beginning of pregnancy. This allows the corpus luteum to continuously secrete the hormone progesterone during the first trimester, which is required for maintenance of the uterus and prevents menstruation. In males, HCG also stimulates the production of gonadal steroid hormones by stimulating the interstitial cells (Leydig cells) of the testis to produce androgens. HCG is composed of an alpha and a beta sub-unit. The alpha sub-unit is essentially identical to the alpha subĀ­ units of the human pituitary gonadotropins, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), as well as to the alpha sub-unit of human thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), while the beta subĀ­ units of these hormones differ in amino acid sequence. As a drug product, chorionic gonadotropin is a highly purified pyrogen-free preparation obtained from the urine of pregnant females.
DB01185FluoxymesteroneAn anabolic steroid that has been used in the treatment of male hypogonadism, delayed puberty in males, and in the treatment of breast neoplasms in women.
DB00044Lutropin alfaLutropin alfa is a recombinant human luteinizing hormone produced in yeast with 2 subunits, alpha = 92 residues, beta = 121 residues. It is a heterodimeric glycoprotein made up of monomeric units. Lutropin alfa was the first and only recombinant human form of luteinizing hormone (LH) developed for use in the stimulation of follicular development. Its pharmacological action mimics the biological activity of endogenous LH; an acute rise of LH, or LH surge, in females triggers ovulation and the development of the corpous luteum. In males, LH stimulates Leydig cell to produce testosterone.
DB06710MethyltestosteroneA synthetic anabolic steroid used for treating men with testosterone deficiency or similar androgen replacement therapies. Also, has antineoplastic properties and so has been used secondarily in women with advanced breast cancer. Methyltestosterone is a schedule III drug in the US.
DB00624TestosteroneTestosterone is a steroid sex hormone found in both men and women. In men, testosterone is produced primarily by the Leydig (interstitial) cells of the testes when stimulated by luteinizing hormone (LH). It functions to stimulate spermatogenesis, promote physical and functional maturation of spermatozoa, maintain accessory organs of the male reproductive tract, support development of secondary sexual characteristics, stimulate growth and metabolism throughout the body and influence brain development by stimulating sexual behaviors and sexual drive. In women, testosterone is produced by the ovaries (25%), adrenals (25%) and via peripheral conversion from androstenedione (50%). Testerone in women functions to maintain libido and general wellbeing. Testosterone exerts a negative feedback mechanism on pituitary release of LH and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Testosterone may be further converted to dihydrotestosterone or estradiol depending on the tissue.
DB00094UrofollitropinUrofollitropin is a urinary-derived follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) that is extracted and purified from human urine samples. It consists of two non-covalently linked, non-identical glycoproteins designated as the alpha- and beta- subunits. The alpha- and beta- subunits have 92 and 111 amino acids. The alpha subunit is glycosylated at Asn 51 and Asn 78 while the beta subunit is glycosylated at Asn 7 and Asn 24. Urofollitropin is typically used injected subcutaneously in combination with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to induce ovulation. Urofollitropin may also be used to cause the ovary to produce several follicles, which can then be harvested for use in gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) or in vitro fertilization (IVF).
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB09126Chorionic Gonadotropin (Human)Lutropin-choriogonadotropic hormone receptortarget
DB01185FluoxymesteroneSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
DB01185FluoxymesteroneEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB01185FluoxymesteroneAndrogen receptortarget
DB01185FluoxymesteroneProlactin receptortarget
DB01185FluoxymesteroneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01185FluoxymesteroneCorticosteroid 11-beta-dehydrogenase isozyme 2target
DB00044Lutropin alfaLutropin-choriogonadotropic hormone receptortarget
DB06710MethyltestosteroneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB06710MethyltestosteroneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB06710MethyltestosteroneAndrogen receptortarget
DB06710MethyltestosteroneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB06710MethyltestosteroneSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB06710MethyltestosteroneSerum albumincarrier
DB06710MethyltestosteroneSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
DB06710MethyltestosteroneEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB06710MethyltestosteroneCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneAndrogen receptortarget
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrialenzyme
DB00624TestosteroneSerum albumincarrier
DB00624TestosteroneSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00624TestosteroneSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00624TestosteroneSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB00624TestosteroneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00624TestosteroneSodium/bile acid cotransportertransporter
DB00624TestosteroneSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00624TestosteroneSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
DB00624TestosteroneATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 2A13enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 3A43enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB00624TestosteroneMineralocorticoid receptortarget
DB00094UrofollitropinFollicle-stimulating hormone receptortarget