Hypergonadotropic Hypogonadism

Also known as: Primary Hypogonadism / Primary gonadal failure

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB01185FluoxymesteroneAn anabolic steroid that has been used in the treatment of male hypogonadism, delayed puberty in males, and in the treatment of breast neoplasms in women.
DB06710MethyltestosteroneA synthetic anabolic steroid used for treating men with testosterone deficiency or similar androgen replacement therapies. Also, has antineoplastic properties and so has been used secondarily in women with advanced breast cancer. Methyltestosterone is a schedule III drug in the US.
DB00624TestosteroneTestosterone is a steroid sex hormone found in both men and women. In men, testosterone is produced primarily by the Leydig (interstitial) cells of the testes when stimulated by luteinizing hormone (LH). It functions to stimulate spermatogenesis, promote physical and functional maturation of spermatozoa, maintain accessory organs of the male reproductive tract, support development of secondary sexual characteristics, stimulate growth and metabolism throughout the body and influence brain development by stimulating sexual behaviors and sexual drive. In women, testosterone is produced by the ovaries (25%), adrenals (25%) and via peripheral conversion from androstenedione (50%). Testerone in women functions to maintain libido and general wellbeing. Testosterone exerts a negative feedback mechanism on pituitary release of LH and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Testosterone may be further converted to dihydrotestosterone or estradiol depending on the tissue.
DB13943Testosterone cypionateTestosterone cypionate is a synthetic derivative of testosterone in the form of an oil-soluble 17 (beta)-cyclopentylpropionate ester. Its benefit compared to other testosterone derivatives is the slow rate of release after injection and longer half-life. The characteristics of testosterone cypionate and testosterone enanthate are very similar, therefore both of them tend to be interchangeable.[L1152] It was developed by the company Pharmacia and Upjohn and FDA approved on July 25, 1979.
DB13944Testosterone enanthateTestosterone enanthate is an esterified variant of testosterone that comes as an injectable compound with a slow release rate. It is the first injectable ester preparation of testosterone.[L1158] This slow release is achieved by the presence of the enanthate ester functional group attached to the testosterone molecule.[A31615] This testosterone derivative was developed by Watson pharms Inc and FDA first approved on October 12, 1980. In 2017, about 6.5 million retail prescriptions for testosterone therapy were filled [L4659]. The majority of the prescriptions written were for injectable (66%) and topical (32%) testosterone products. As recent as 1 October 2018, the US FDA approved Antares Pharma Inc.'s Xyosted - a subcutaneous testosterone enanthate product for once-weekly, at-home self-administration with an easy-to-use, single dose, disposable autoinjector [L4659]. As the first subcutaneous autoinjector product designed for testosterone replacement therapy, this innovative formulation removes transfer concerns commonly associated with testosterone gels and potentially reduces the need for in-office/in-clinic injection procedures that may inconvenience patients with frequent visits to the clinic [L4659].
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateTestosterone undecanoate is the ester prodrug of testosterone and has a midchain fatty acid at the 17Beta position. [A176753] It is available as an intramuscular injection and as an oral capsule, and is indicated for treatment of testosterone deficiency. [F4247][FDA Label] It should be noted that testosterone undecanoate is only indicated for treatment of hypogonadal conditions with structural or genetic etiologies and should not be used to manage "age-related hypogonadism". [FDA Label]
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB01185FluoxymesteroneSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
DB01185FluoxymesteroneEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB01185FluoxymesteroneAndrogen receptortarget
DB01185FluoxymesteroneProlactin receptortarget
DB01185FluoxymesteroneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01185FluoxymesteroneCorticosteroid 11-beta-dehydrogenase isozyme 2target
DB06710MethyltestosteroneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB06710MethyltestosteroneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB06710MethyltestosteroneAndrogen receptortarget
DB06710MethyltestosteroneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB06710MethyltestosteroneSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB06710MethyltestosteroneSerum albumincarrier
DB06710MethyltestosteroneSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
DB06710MethyltestosteroneEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB06710MethyltestosteroneCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneAndrogen receptortarget
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrialenzyme
DB00624TestosteroneSerum albumincarrier
DB00624TestosteroneSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00624TestosteroneSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00624TestosteroneSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB00624TestosteroneP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00624TestosteroneSodium/bile acid cotransportertransporter
DB00624TestosteroneSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00624TestosteroneSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
DB00624TestosteroneATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 2A13enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneCytochrome P450 3A43enzyme
DB00624TestosteroneEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB00624TestosteroneMineralocorticoid receptortarget
DB13943Testosterone cypionateAndrogen receptortarget
DB13943Testosterone cypionateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB13943Testosterone cypionateAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB13943Testosterone cypionateCholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrialenzyme
DB13943Testosterone cypionateSerum albumincarrier
DB13943Testosterone cypionateSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
DB13943Testosterone cypionateCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB13943Testosterone cypionateCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB13943Testosterone cypionateSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB13943Testosterone cypionateSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB13943Testosterone cypionateSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB13943Testosterone cypionateP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB13943Testosterone cypionateSodium/bile acid cotransportertransporter
DB13943Testosterone cypionateSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB13943Testosterone cypionateSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
DB13943Testosterone cypionateATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB13943Testosterone cypionateCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB13943Testosterone cypionateCytochrome P450 2A13enzyme
DB13943Testosterone cypionateCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB13943Testosterone cypionateCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB13943Testosterone cypionateCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB13943Testosterone cypionateCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB13943Testosterone cypionateCytochrome P450 3A43enzyme
DB13943Testosterone cypionateEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB13943Testosterone cypionateMineralocorticoid receptortarget
DB13943Testosterone cypionate3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenaseenzyme
DB13943Testosterone cypionateCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateAndrogen receptortarget
DB13944Testosterone enanthateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateCholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrialenzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateSerum albumincarrier
DB13944Testosterone enanthateSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
DB13944Testosterone enanthateCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB13944Testosterone enanthateSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB13944Testosterone enanthateSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB13944Testosterone enanthateP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB13944Testosterone enanthateSodium/bile acid cotransportertransporter
DB13944Testosterone enanthateSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB13944Testosterone enanthateSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
DB13944Testosterone enanthateATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB13944Testosterone enanthateCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateCytochrome P450 2A13enzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateCytochrome P450 3A43enzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB13944Testosterone enanthateMineralocorticoid receptortarget
DB13944Testosterone enanthate3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenaseenzyme
DB13944Testosterone enanthateCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateAndrogen receptortarget
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateCholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrialenzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateSerum albumincarrier
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateSodium/bile acid cotransportertransporter
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateCytochrome P450 2A13enzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateCytochrome P450 3A43enzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateMineralocorticoid receptortarget
DB13946Testosterone undecanoate3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenaseenzyme
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateMultidrug and toxin extrusion protein 1transporter
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB13946Testosterone undecanoateCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme