Corneal Inflammation

Also known as: Keratitis / Keratitis, unspecified / Inflammation corneal / Keratitis NOS / Unspecified keratitis

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00626BacitracinBacitracin is a mixture of related cyclic polypeptides produced by organisms of the licheniformis group of Bacillus subtilis var Tracy. Its unique name derives from the fact that the bacillus producing it was first isolated in 1943 from a knee scrape from a girl named Margaret Tracy. It is synthesized via the activity of nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs). As a toxic and difficult-to-use antibiotic, bacitracin doesn't work well orally. However, it is very effective topically.
DB01285CorticotropinCorticotropin (ACTH or adrenocorticotropic hormone) is a polypeptide hormone produced and secreted by the pituitary gland. It is an important player in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.
DB01380Cortisone acetateCortisone acetate is a steroid hormone that has both glucocoriticoid and mineral corticoid activities. Corticosteroids are used to provide relief for inflamed areas of the body. They lessen swelling, redness, itching, and allergic reactions. They are often used as part of the treatment for a number of different diseases, such as severe allergies or skin problems, asthma, or arthritis. Endogenous glucocorticoids and some synthetic corticoids have high affinity to the protein transcortin (also called CBG, corticosteroid-binding protein), whereas all of them bind albumin. Glucocorticoids also bind to the cytosolic glucocorticoid receptor.
DB01234DexamethasoneAn anti-inflammatory 9-fluoro-glucocorticoid.
DB00741HydrocortisoneThe main glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.
DB00840Hydroxypropyl celluloseHydroxypropyl cellulose is an ether of cellulose where some of the hydroxyl groups of the cellulose have been hydroxypropylated forming -OCH2CH(OH)CH3 groups. Lacrisertis a formulation of hydroxypropyl cellulose that is used for artificial tears. It is used to treat syndromes characterized by insufficient tear production (keratoconjunctivitis sicca), recurrent corneal erosions, decreased corneal sensitivity, exposure and neuroparalytic keratitis, and as a lubricant for artificial eyes. As a food additive, hydroxypropyl cellulose is used as a thickener and as an emulsion stabilizer.
DB00959MethylprednisoloneA prednisolone derivative with similar anti-inflammatory action.
DB00994NeomycinA component of neomycin that is produced by Streptomyces fradiae. On hydrolysis it yields neamine and neobiosamine B. (From Merck Index, 11th ed). Neomycin is a bactericidal aminoglycoside antibiotic that binds to the 30S ribosome of susceptible organisms. Binding interferes with mRNA binding and acceptor tRNA sites and results in the production of non-functional or toxic peptides.
DB00860PrednisoloneA glucocorticoid with the general properties of the corticosteroids. It is the drug of choice for all conditions in which routine systemic corticosteroid therapy is indicated, except adrenal deficiency states.
DB00635PrednisoneA synthetic anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid derived from cortisone. It is biologically inert and converted to prednisolone in the liver.
DB01284TetracosactideTetracosactide (also known as Cosyntropin) is a synthetic peptide that is identical to the 24-amino acid segment (sequence: SYSMEHFRWGKPVGKKRRPVKVYP) at the N-terminal of adrenocorticotropic hormone. ACTH (1-24), a segment similar in all species, contains the biological activity that stimulates production of corticosteroids in the adrenal cortex. Tetracosactide exhibits the same activity as natural ACTH with regard to all its biological activities. The complex results in a product whose absorption in man is effected over a longer period of time as compared to corticotropin. Therefore, therapy may be maintained with less frequent administration.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00626BacitracinInsulin-degrading enzymetarget
DB00626BacitracinC55-isoprenyl pyrophosphatetarget
DB01285CorticotropinAdrenocorticotropic hormone receptortarget
DB01285Corticotropin3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Delta 5-->4-isomerase type 2enzyme
DB01285Corticotropin25-hydroxyvitamin D-1 alpha hydroxylase, mitochondrialenzyme
DB01285Corticotropin1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) 24-hydroxylase, mitochondrialenzyme
DB01285CorticotropinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01380Cortisone acetateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01380Cortisone acetateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01234DexamethasoneAnnexin A1target
DB01234DexamethasoneNitric oxide synthase, inducibletarget
DB01234DexamethasoneNuclear receptor subfamily 0 group B member 1target
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneBile salt export pumptransporter
DB01234DexamethasoneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneCholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrialenzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneSteroid 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20 lyaseenzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A43enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 4A11enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB00741HydrocortisoneAnnexin A1target
DB00741HydrocortisoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00741HydrocortisoneSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
DB00741HydrocortisoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00741HydrocortisoneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00741HydrocortisoneCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00741HydrocortisoneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00741HydrocortisoneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00741HydrocortisoneATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00741HydrocortisoneCytochrome P450 11B1, mitochondrialenzyme
DB00741HydrocortisoneCytochrome P450 11B2, mitochondrialenzyme
DB00741HydrocortisoneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00741HydrocortisoneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00741HydrocortisoneCorticosteroid 11-beta-dehydrogenase isozyme 2target
DB00741Hydrocortisone3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Delta 5-->4-isomerase type 1target
DB00741HydrocortisoneSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00959MethylprednisoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00959MethylprednisoloneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00994Neomycin30S ribosomal protein S12target
DB00994Neomycin16S rRNAtarget
DB00994NeomycinExtracellular calcium-sensing receptortarget
DB00860PrednisoloneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00860PrednisoloneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00860PrednisoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00860PrednisoloneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00860PrednisoloneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00635PrednisoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00635PrednisoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00635PrednisoneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00635PrednisoneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00635PrednisoneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00635PrednisoneSerum albumincarrier
DB00635PrednisoneCorticosteroid 11-beta-dehydrogenase isozyme 1target
DB01284TetracosactideAdrenocorticotropic hormone receptortarget
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB13926Cenegermin1 / 2Completed1
DB00818PropofolNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00899RemifentanilNot AvailableCompleted1
DB01236SevofluraneNot AvailableCompleted1