Conjunctivitis, Seasonal Allergic

Also known as: Conjunctivitis, Allergic / Allergic conjunctivitis / Seasonal Allergic Conjunctivitis / Allergic Conjunctivitis (AC) / Conjunctivitides, Allergic / Atopic conjunctivitis / Conjunctivitis allergic

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB06766AlcaftadineAlcaftadine is a H1 histamine receptor antagonist indicated for the prevention of itching associated with allergic conjunctivitis. This drug was approved in July 2010.
DB00972AzelastineAzelastine, a phthalazine derivative, is an antihistamine and mast cell stabilizer available as a nasal spray for hay fever and as eye drops for allergic conjunctivitis. Azelastine is also available as a combination product of azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate called Dymista™. Dymista™ is indicated in patient over 12 years old for symptomatic relief of seasonal allergic rhinitis.
DB04890BepotastineBepotastine is a non-sedating, selective antagonist of the histamine 1 (H1) receptor. Bepotastine was approved in Japan for use in the treatment of allergic rhinitis and uriticaria/puritus in July 2000 and January 2002, respectively, and is marketed by Tanabe Seiyaku Co., Ltd. under the brand name Talion. It is available in oral and opthalmic dosage forms in Japan. The opthalmic solution is FDA approved since Sept 8, 2009 and is under the brand name Bepreve.
DB00748CarbinoxamineCarbinoxamine is a first generation antihistamine that competes with free histamine for binding at HA-receptor sites. This antagonizes the effects of histamine on HA-receptors, leading to a reduction of the negative symptoms brought on by histamine HA-receptor binding. The product label for carbinoxamine as an over the counter cough and cold medicine is being modified to state "do not use" in children under 4 years of age in order to prevent and reduce misuse, as many unapproved carbinoxamine-containing preparations contained inappropriate labeling, which promoted unapproved uses (including management of congestion, cough, the common cold, and the use in children under 2 years of age), which can potentially cause serious health risks.
DB01380Cortisone acetateCortisone acetate is a steroid hormone that has both glucocoriticoid and mineral corticoid activities. Corticosteroids are used to provide relief for inflamed areas of the body. They lessen swelling, redness, itching, and allergic reactions. They are often used as part of the treatment for a number of different diseases, such as severe allergies or skin problems, asthma, or arthritis. Endogenous glucocorticoids and some synthetic corticoids have high affinity to the protein transcortin (also called CBG, corticosteroid-binding protein), whereas all of them bind albumin. Glucocorticoids also bind to the cytosolic glucocorticoid receptor.
DB00434CyproheptadineA serotonin antagonist and a histamine H1 blocker used as antipruritic, appetite stimulant, antiallergic, and for the post-gastrectomy dumping syndrome, etc.
DB01234DexamethasoneAn anti-inflammatory 9-fluoro-glucocorticoid.
DB09555Dexchlorpheniramine maleateDexchlorpheniramine is the S-enantiomer of chlorpheniramine which is a 1st generation anti-histamine. Dexchlorpheniramine has more pharmacological activity than the R and so is more potent than the racemic mixture.
DB00586DiclofenacDiclofenac is a phenylacetic acid derivative and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).[label] NSAIDs inhibit cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and-2 which are the enzyme responsible for producing prostaglandins (PGs). PGs contribute to inflammation and pain signalling. Diclofenac, like other NSAIDs, is often used as first line therapy for acute and chronic pain and inflammation from a variety of causes. Diclofenac was the product of rational drug design based on the structures of [phenylbutazone], [mefenamic acid], and [indomethacin].[A180796] The addition of two chlorine groups in the ortho position of the phenyl ring locks the ring in maximal torsion which appears to be related to increased potency. It is often used in combination with [misoprostol] to prevent NSAID-induced gastric ulcers. Diclofenac was first approved by the FDA in July 1988 under the trade name Voltaren, marketed by Novartis (previously Ciba-Geigy).[L7360]
DB01084EmedastineEmedastine is an antihistamine used in eye drops to treat allergic conjunctivitis.
DB00751EpinastineEpinastine is used for the prevention of itching associated with allergic conjunctivitis. It has a multi-action effect that inhibits the allergic response in 3 ways: 1. stabilizes mast cells by preventing mast cell degranulation to control the allergic response, 2. prevents histamine binding to both the H1- and H2-receptors to stop itching and provide lasting protection, and 3. prevents the release of proinflammatory chemical mediators from the blood vessel to halt progression of the allergic response.
DB00741HydrocortisoneThe main glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.
DB00465KetorolacKetorolac is a Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and is commercially available as an oral tablet, injectable, nasal spray and as an ophthalmic solution.[L6358][L6508][L6523][L6526][L6532] It's analgesic properties make it a useful pain management tool across many settings including postoperative pain, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, menstrual disorders, headaches, spinal and soft tissue pain, and ankylosing spondylitis.[L6520] Impressively, ketorolac has a similar efficacy to standard doses of morphine and meperidine making it a useful opioid sparing agent.[L6511]
DB00920KetotifenA cycloheptathiophene blocker of histamine H1 receptors and release of inflammatory mediators. It has been proposed for the treatment of asthma, rhinitis, skin allergies, and anaphylaxis.
DB00873LoteprednolNot Available
DB00959MethylprednisoloneA prednisolone derivative with similar anti-inflammatory action.
DB00716NedocromilA pyranoquinolone derivative that inhibits activation of inflammatory cells which are associated with asthma, including eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, mast cells, monocytes, and platelets.
DB00768OlopatadineOlopatadine is a selective histamine H1 antagonist and mast cell stabilizer that works by attenuating inflammatory and allergic reactions. It is a structural analog of [doxepin], which has a minimal anti-allergic activity.[L6790] Olopatadine works by blocking the effects of histamine, which is a primary inflammatory mediator that causes inflammatory and allergic reactions. An ophthalmic solution of olopatadine was approved by the FDA and European Union for the treatment of seasonal and perennial allergic conjunctivitis in 1996 and 2002, respectively.[A1172] In comparison to other anti-allergenic ophthalmic medications, olopatadine displays a good comfort and tolerability profile since it does not cause perturbation of cell membranes.[A179809] Olopatadine is used for the symptomatic treatment of ocular itching associated with allergic conjunctivitis in ophthalmic formulations and seasonal allergic rhinitis in intranasal formulations. It is currently marketed under several brand names, including Pazeo, Patanase, and Opatanol.
DB01620PheniraminePheniramine is a first generation antihistamine in the alkylamine class, similar to [brompheniramine] and [chlorpheniramine].[A181628] It is used in some over-the-counter allergy as well as cold & flu products in combination with other drugs. Pheniramine's use as an anti-allergy medication has largely been supplanted by second generation antihistamines such as [cetirazine] and [loratidine].
DB00860PrednisoloneA glucocorticoid with the general properties of the corticosteroids. It is the drug of choice for all conditions in which routine systemic corticosteroid therapy is indicated, except adrenal deficiency states.
DB00635PrednisoneA synthetic anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid derived from cortisone. It is biologically inert and converted to prednisolone in the liver.
DB01069PromethazineA phenothiazine derivative with histamine H1-blocking, antimuscarinic, and sedative properties. It is used as an antiallergic, in pruritus, for motion sickness and sedation, and also in animals.
DB00427TriprolidineFirst generation histamine H1 antagonist used in allergic rhinitis; asthma; and urticaria. It is a component of cough and cold medicines. It may cause drowsiness.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB06766AlcaftadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00972AzelastineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00972AzelastineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB04890BepotastineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00748CarbinoxamineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01380Cortisone acetateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01380Cortisone acetateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01380Cortisone acetateCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00434Cyproheptadine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB00434CyproheptadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00434CyproheptadineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00434CyproheptadineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00434CyproheptadineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00434Cyproheptadine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
DB00434CyproheptadineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00434Cyproheptadine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
DB01234DexamethasoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01234DexamethasoneAnnexin A1target
DB01234DexamethasoneNitric oxide synthase, inducibletarget
DB01234DexamethasoneNuclear receptor subfamily 0 group B member 1target
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneBile salt export pumptransporter
DB01234DexamethasoneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneSteroid 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20 lyaseenzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A43enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 4A11enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 11B1, mitochondrialenzyme
DB09555Dexchlorpheniramine maleateCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB09555Dexchlorpheniramine maleateHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB09555Dexchlorpheniramine maleateSolute carrier family 22 member 1carrier
DB09555Dexchlorpheniramine maleateSolute carrier family 22 member 2carrier
DB09555Dexchlorpheniramine maleateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00586DiclofenacProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00586DiclofenacProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00586DiclofenacCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00586DiclofenacCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00586DiclofenacCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00586DiclofenacCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00586DiclofenacSerum albumincarrier
DB00586DiclofenacMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB00586DiclofenacMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
DB00586DiclofenacSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00586DiclofenacSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00586DiclofenacSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1C1transporter
DB00586DiclofenacSolute carrier family 22 member 11transporter
DB00586DiclofenacUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00586DiclofenacCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00586DiclofenacCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00586DiclofenacCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DB00586DiclofenacCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00586DiclofenacSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00586DiclofenacBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00586DiclofenacUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00586DiclofenacUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00586DiclofenacUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB00586DiclofenacArachidonate 5-lipoxygenaseenzyme
DB00586DiclofenacSodium channel protein type 4 subunit alphatransporter
DB00586DiclofenacAcid-sensing ion channel 1transporter
DB00586DiclofenacPotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily KQT member 2transporter
DB00586DiclofenacPotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily KQT member 3transporter
DB00586DiclofenacPhospholipase A2, membrane associatedenzyme
DB01084EmedastineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00751EpinastineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00751EpinastineHistamine H2 receptortarget
DB00751EpinastineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00751EpinastineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00751Epinastine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB00751Epinastine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
DB00751EpinastineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00751EpinastineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00751EpinastineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00751EpinastineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00741HydrocortisoneAnnexin A1target
DB00741HydrocortisoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00741HydrocortisoneSex hormone-binding globulincarrier
DB00741HydrocortisoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00741HydrocortisoneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00741HydrocortisoneCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00741HydrocortisoneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00741HydrocortisoneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00741HydrocortisoneCytochrome P450 11B1, mitochondrialenzyme
DB00741HydrocortisoneCytochrome P450 11B2, mitochondrialenzyme
DB00741HydrocortisoneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00741HydrocortisoneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00741HydrocortisoneCorticosteroid 11-beta-dehydrogenase isozyme 2target
DB00741Hydrocortisone3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Delta 5-->4-isomerase type 1target
DB00741HydrocortisoneSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00465KetorolacProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00465KetorolacProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00465KetorolacUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00465KetorolacCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00465KetorolacCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00920KetotifenHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00920Ketotifen6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, decarboxylatingtarget
DB00959MethylprednisoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00959MethylprednisoloneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00716NedocromilCysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1target
DB00716NedocromilCysteinyl leukotriene receptor 2target
DB00716NedocromilProstaglandin D2 receptortarget
DB00716NedocromilfMet-Leu-Phe receptortarget
DB00716NedocromilHeat shock protein HSP 90-alphatarget
DB00768OlopatadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-A1target
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-A12target
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-Btarget
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-A13target
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-A2target
DB00768OlopatadineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00768OlopatadineSerum albumincarrier
DB00768OlopatadineDimethylaniline monooxygenase [N-oxide-forming] 1enzyme
DB00768OlopatadineDimethylaniline monooxygenase [N-oxide-forming] 3enzyme
DB00768OlopatadineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00768OlopatadineHistamine H2 receptortarget
DB00768OlopatadineHistamine H3 receptortarget
DB01620PheniramineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01620PheniramineNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 3target
DB01620PheniramineHistamine H4 receptortarget
DB00860PrednisoloneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00860PrednisoloneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00860PrednisoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00860PrednisoloneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00860PrednisoloneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00635PrednisoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00635PrednisoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00635PrednisoneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00635PrednisoneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00635PrednisoneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00635PrednisoneSerum albumincarrier
DB00635PrednisoneCorticosteroid 11-beta-dehydrogenase isozyme 1target
DB00635PrednisoneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01069PromethazineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB01069PromethazineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB01069PromethazineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01069Promethazine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01069PromethazineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01069PromethazineHistamine H2 receptortarget
DB00427TriprolidineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB01146Diphenylpyraline1 / 2Unknown Status1
DB11057Mineral oil2Completed1
DB11077Polyethylene glycol 4002Completed1
DB11060Polyvinyl alcohol2Completed1
DB09153Sodium chloride2Completed1
DB00864Tacrolimus2Unknown Status1
DB04890Bepotastine2 / 3Completed1
DB06766Alcaftadine4Unknown Status2
DB04890Bepotastine4Unknown Status2
DB00588Fluticasone propionate4Completed2
DB00873Loteprednol4Active Not Recruiting1
DB14596Loteprednol etabonate4Completed1
DB11057Mineral oil4Completed1
DB11077Polyethylene glycol 4004Completed1
DB11060Polyvinyl alcohol4Completed1
DB00860Prednisolone4Active Not Recruiting1
DB01839Propylene glycol4Completed1
DB09153Sodium chloride4Completed2
DB06766AlcaftadineNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00751EpinastineNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00768OlopatadineNot AvailableCompleted1