Severe Pain

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00316AcetaminophenAn analgesic drug used alone or in combination with opioids for pain management, and as an antipyretic agent.
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidA salicylate used to treat pain, fever, inflammation, migraines, and reducing the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events.
DB00921BuprenorphineA partial opioid agonist used for management of severe pain that is not responsive to alternative treatments. Also used for maintenance treatment of opioid addiction.
DB00611ButorphanolAn opioid agonist-antagonist used to treat moderate to severe pain.
DB09061CannabidiolAn active cannabinoid used as an adjunctive treatment for the management of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome and symptomatic relief of moderate to severe neuropathic pain or other painful conditions, like cancer.
DB00318CodeineAn opioid analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain when the use of an opioid is indicated.
DB01551DihydrocodeineAn opioid analgesic agent used for the management of pain severe enough to require an opioid analgesic and for which alternative treatments are inadequate.
DB00956HydrocodoneAn opioid agonist used as an analgesic and antitussive agent.
DB01050IbuprofenAn NSAID and non-selective COX inhibitor used to treat mild-moderate pain, fever, and inflammation.
DB00854LevorphanolAn opioid analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain.
DB00454MeperidineAn opioid agonist with analgesic and sedative properties used to manage severe pain.
DB00333MethadoneAn opioid analgesic indicated for management of severe pain that is not responsive to alternative treatments. Also used to aid in detoxification and maintenance treatment of opioid addiction.
DB01028MethoxyfluraneFor use in the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia
DB00295MorphineAn opioid agonist used for the relief of moderate to severe acute and chronic pain.
DB00844NalbuphineAn opioid agonist-antagonist used to treat pain, for pre and postoperative analgesia, and for analgesia in labor and delivery.
DB01183NaloxoneAn opioid receptor antagonist used to rapidly reverse an opioid overdose. Also included in some drug formulations as an abuse deterrent to prevent injection.
DB00704NaltrexoneA narcotic antagonist used in opioid overdose.
DB00497OxycodoneAn opioid used in the management of moderate to severe pain.
DB01192OxymorphoneAn opioid analgesic used in the management of moderate-to-severe pain and for analgesic therapies.
DB00652PentazocineAn analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain.
DB00193TramadolA centrally-acting opioid agonist and SNRI (serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor) used for the management of moderate to severe pain in adults.
DB09120ZucapsaicinA topical analgesic used as an adjunct to relieve severe pain of osteoarthritis of the knee in selected adult patients.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00316AcetaminophenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00316AcetaminophenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00316AcetaminophenCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00316AcetaminophenCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenSulfotransferase 1A1enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenSulfotransferase 1A3/1A4enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenArylamine N-acetyltransferase 2enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenProstaglandin E synthase 3target
DB00316AcetaminophenTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1target
DB00316AcetaminophenSerum albumincarrier
DB00316AcetaminophenFatty-acid amide hydrolase 1enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenGlutathione S-transferase Penzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenGlutathione S-transferase Mu 1enzyme
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidAldo-keto reductase family 1 member C1target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acid5'-AMP-activated protein kinasetarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidEndothelin-1 receptortarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCellular tumor antigen p53target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acid78 kDa glucose-regulated proteintarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidRibosomal protein S6 kinase alpha-3target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidNF-kappa-B inhibitor alphatarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidTumor necrosis factor-inducible gene 6 proteintarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCaspase-1target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCaspase-3target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidInhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit betatarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidExtracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidG1/S-specific cyclin-D1target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidMyc proto-oncogene proteintarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidProliferating cell nuclear antigentarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCyclin Atarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6enzyme
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidArylamine N-acetyltransferase 2enzyme
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00921BuprenorphineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00921BuprenorphineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00921BuprenorphineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00921BuprenorphineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00921BuprenorphineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00921BuprenorphineATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00921BuprenorphineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00921BuprenorphineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00921BuprenorphineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00921BuprenorphineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00921BuprenorphineDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00921BuprenorphineCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DB00921BuprenorphineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00921BuprenorphineNociceptin receptortarget
DB00611ButorphanolKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00611ButorphanolMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00611ButorphanolDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB09061CannabidiolCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB09061CannabidiolCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB09061CannabidiolCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB09061CannabidiolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB09061CannabidiolCannabinoid receptor 1target
DB09061CannabidiolCannabinoid receptor 2target
DB09061CannabidiolG-protein coupled receptor 12target
DB09061CannabidiolGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB09061CannabidiolGlycine receptor (alpha-1/beta)target
DB09061CannabidiolGlycine receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB09061CannabidiolN-arachidonyl glycine receptortarget
DB09061CannabidiolG-protein coupled receptor 55target
DB09061Cannabidiol5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB09061Cannabidiol5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB09061CannabidiolNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
DB09061CannabidiolDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB09061CannabidiolMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB09061CannabidiolPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammatarget
DB09061CannabidiolCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB09061CannabidiolArylalkylamine N-acetyltransferaseenzyme
DB09061CannabidiolCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB09061CannabidiolFatty-acid amide hydrolase 1enzyme
DB09061CannabidiolArachidonate 5-lipoxygenaseenzyme
DB09061CannabidiolArachidonate 15-lipoxygenaseenzyme
DB09061CannabidiolQuinone oxidoreductaseenzyme
DB09061CannabidiolMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
DB09061CannabidiolATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB09061CannabidiolEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 1transporter
DB09061CannabidiolTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1target
DB09061CannabidiolVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Gtarget
DB09061CannabidiolVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Htarget
DB09061CannabidiolVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Itarget
DB09061CannabidiolTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily A member 1target
DB09061CannabidiolTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 8target
DB09061CannabidiolTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 2target
DB09061CannabidiolTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 3target
DB09061CannabidiolTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 4target
DB09061CannabidiolVoltage-dependent anion-selective channel protein 1target
DB09061Cannabidiol5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
DB09061CannabidiolAdenosine receptor A1target
DB09061CannabidiolProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB09061CannabidiolProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB09061CannabidiolAcetyl-CoA acetyltransferase, mitochondrialtarget
DB09061CannabidiolSteroid 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20 lyasetarget
DB09061Cannabidiol3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductasetarget
DB09061CannabidiolGlutathione reductase, mitochondrialtarget
DB09061CannabidiolGlutathione peroxidase 1target
DB09061CannabidiolIndoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1target
DB09061CannabidiolCytochrome P450 1B1target
DB09061CannabidiolNAD(P)H dehydrogenase [quinone] 1target
DB09061CannabidiolCatalasetarget
DB09061CannabidiolCytochrome P450 3A5target
DB09061CannabidiolCytochrome P450 2D6target
DB09061CannabidiolSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]target
DB09061CannabidiolCytochrome P450 1A2target
DB09061CannabidiolCytochrome P450 3A7target
DB09061CannabidiolArylalkylamine N-acetyltransferasetarget
DB09061CannabidiolN-acylethanolamine-hydrolyzing acid amidasetarget
DB00318CodeineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00318CodeineDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00318CodeineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00318CodeineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00318CodeineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00318CodeineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00318CodeineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00318CodeineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB01551DihydrocodeineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01551DihydrocodeineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00956HydrocodoneMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00956HydrocodoneDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00956HydrocodoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00956HydrocodoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00956HydrocodoneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00956HydrocodoneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00956HydrocodoneSigma non-opioid intracellular receptor 1target
DB01050IbuprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB01050IbuprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB01050IbuprofenCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenSerum albumincarrier
DB01050IbuprofenMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB01050IbuprofenMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 11transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB01050IbuprofenP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB01050IbuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenApoptosis regulator Bcl-2target
DB01050IbuprofenThrombomodulintarget
DB01050IbuprofenFatty acid-binding protein, intestinaltarget
DB01050IbuprofenPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammatarget
DB01050IbuprofenCystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulatortarget
DB01050IbuprofenPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphatarget
DB01050IbuprofenPlatelet glycoprotein Ib alpha chaintarget
DB01050IbuprofenProtein S100-A7target
DB01050IbuprofenAlpha-methylacyl-CoA racemaseenzyme
DB01050IbuprofenCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00854LevorphanolMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00854LevorphanolDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00854LevorphanolKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00454MeperidineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00454MeperidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00454MeperidineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00454MeperidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 1target
DB00454MeperidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Btarget
DB00454MeperidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Atarget
DB00454MeperidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Ctarget
DB00454MeperidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Dtarget
DB00454MeperidineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00454MeperidineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00454MeperidineSerum albumincarrier
DB00454MeperidineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
DB00454MeperidineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptortarget
DB00454MeperidineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00454MeperidineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00454MeperidineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00454MeperidineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00454MeperidineLiver carboxylesterase 1target
DB00454MeperidineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00333MethadoneNMDA receptortarget
DB00333MethadoneMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00333MethadoneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00333MethadoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00333MethadoneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00333MethadoneDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00333MethadoneCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00333MethadoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00333MethadoneP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00333MethadoneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00333MethadoneCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DB00333MethadoneCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00333MethadoneCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DB00333MethadoneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00333Methadone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
DB00333MethadoneAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
DB00333MethadoneSerum albumincarrier
DB00333MethadoneNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
DB00333MethadoneNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00333MethadoneNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00333MethadoneNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-2target
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
DB01028MethoxyfluraneATP synthase subunit delta, mitochondrialtarget
DB01028MethoxyfluraneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1target
DB01028MethoxyfluraneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01028MethoxyfluranePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1target
DB01028MethoxyfluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
DB01028MethoxyfluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00295MorphineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00295MorphineDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00295MorphineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00295MorphineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00295MorphineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00295MorphineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB00295MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00295MorphineLymphocyte antigen 96target
DB00295MorphineSerum albumincarrier
DB00844NalbuphineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00844NalbuphineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00844NalbuphineDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB01183NaloxoneMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB01183NaloxoneEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB01183NaloxoneCyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 1target
DB01183NaloxoneDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB01183NaloxoneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB01183NaloxoneP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB01183NaloxoneKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB01183NaloxoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01183NaloxoneSerum albumincarrier
DB01183NaloxoneToll-like receptor 4target
DB01183NaloxoneLiver carboxylesterase 1target
DB01183NaloxoneUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00704NaltrexoneMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00704NaltrexoneKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00704NaltrexoneDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00704NaltrexoneHCG20471, isoform CRA_ctarget
DB00704NaltrexoneUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00497OxycodoneMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00497OxycodoneKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00497OxycodoneDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00497OxycodoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00497OxycodoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00497OxycodoneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00497OxycodoneSerum albumincarrier
DB00497Oxycodonealpha1-acid glycoproteincarrier
DB01192OxymorphoneMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB01192OxymorphoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01192OxymorphoneDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB01192OxymorphoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00652PentazocineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00652PentazocineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00652PentazocineSigma non-opioid intracellular receptor 1target
DB00193TramadolMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00193TramadolSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00193Tramadol5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
DB00193TramadolKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00193TramadolSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00193TramadolCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00193TramadolDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00193TramadolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00193TramadolCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00193TramadolAlpha-7 nicotinic cholinergic receptor subunittarget
DB00193TramadolMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00193TramadolMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00193TramadolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00193TramadolP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00193TramadolNeurokinin 1 receptortarget
DB00193TramadolSodium channel protein type 2 subunit alphatarget
DB00193TramadolTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1target
DB00193TramadolNMDA receptortarget
DB00193TramadolAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00193TramadolAlpha-2 adrenergic receptorstarget
DB09120ZucapsaicinTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1target
DB09120ZucapsaicinCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB09120ZucapsaicinCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB09120ZucapsaicinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB09120ZucapsaicinCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB01183NaloxoneNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00497OxycodoneNot AvailableCompleted1