Secondary Preventions

Also known as: Secondary Prevention / Prophylaxis / Prophylaxis NOS / Prevention

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidAlso known as _Aspirin_, acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is a commonly used drug for the treatment of pain and fever due to various causes. Acetylsalicylic acid has both anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effects. This drug also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of blood clots stroke, and myocardial infarction (MI) [FDA label]. Interestingly, the results of various studies have demonstrated that long-term use of acetylsalicylic acid may decrease the risk of various cancers, including colorectal, esophageal, breast, lung, prostate, liver and skin cancer [A177325]. Aspirin is classified as a _non-selective cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor_ [A32682, A177268] and is available in many doses and forms, including chewable tablets, suppositories, extended release formulations, and others [L5968]. Acetylsalicylic acid is a very common cause of accidental poisoning in young children. It should be kept out of reach from young children, toddlers, and infants [FDA label].
DB00175PravastatinPravastatin is the 6-alpha-hydroxy acid form of [mevastatin].[T303] Pravastatin was firstly approved in 1991 becoming the second available statin in the United States. It was the first statin administered as the active form and not as a prodrug.[T274] This drug was developed by Sankyo Co. Ltd.; however, the first approved pravastatin product was developed by Bristol Myers Squibb and FDA approved in 1991.[L6142] Pravastatin is made through a fermentation process in which [mevastatin] is first obtained. The manufacturing process is followed by the hydrolysis of the lactone group and the biological hydroxylation with _Streptomyces carbophilus_ to introduce the allylic 6-alcohol group.[T239]
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidAldo-keto reductase family 1 member C1target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acid5'-AMP-activated protein kinasetarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidEndothelin-1 receptortarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidNuclear factor kappa b beta subunittarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCellular tumor antigen p53target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acid78 kDa glucose-regulated proteintarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidRibosomal protein S6 kinase alpha-3target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidNF-kappa-B inhibitor alphatarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidTumor necrosis factor-inducible gene 6 proteintarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCaspase-1target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCaspase-3target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidInhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit betatarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidExtracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidG1/S-specific cyclin-D1target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidMyc proto-oncogene proteintarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidProliferating cell nuclear antigentarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCyclin Atarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6enzyme
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidArylamine N-acetyltransferase 2enzyme
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00175Pravastatin3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductasetarget
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB00175PravastatinMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00175PravastatinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier family 22 member 11transporter
DB00175PravastatinATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00175PravastatinMonocarboxylate transporter 1transporter
DB00175PravastatinBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acid3Completed1
DB06695Dabigatran etexilate3Completed1
DB06695Dabigatran etexilate3Recruiting1
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00758ClopidogrelNot AvailableCompleted1