Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis (SAR)

Also known as: Seasonal Allergic rhinitis / Seasonal Allergic Rhinitides / Pollen allergy / Allergy to pollen / Seasonal allergy / Allergic rhinitis due to pollen / Vasomotor and allergic rhinitis / Pollinosis / Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal / Hay fever

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB09488AcrivastineAcrivastine is a triprolidine analog antihistamine indicated for the treatment of allergies and hay fever. As an H1 receptor antagonist, it functions by blocking the action of histamine at this receptor thereby preventing the symptoms associated with histamine release such as pruritis, vasodilation, hypotension, edema, bronchoconstriction, and tachycardia. Acrivastine is currently available in combination with pseudoephedrine as the FDA-approved product Semprex-D.
DB00972AzelastineAzelastine, a phthalazine derivative, is an antihistamine and mast cell stabilizer available as a nasal spray for hay fever and as eye drops for allergic conjunctivitis. Azelastine is also available as a combination product of azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate called Dymista™. Dymista™ is indicated in patient over 12 years old for symptomatic relief of seasonal allergic rhinitis.
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateBeclomethasone dipropionate is a prodrug of the free form, beclomethasone (beclomethasone-17-monopropionate). An anti-inflammatory, synthetic corticosteroid, it is used topically as an anti-inflammatory agent and in aerosol form for the treatment of asthma and allergic rhinitis (seasonal and perennial). Beclometasone dipropionate is also being investigated for oral treatment in mild-to-moderate Crohn's disease of ileal or ileal-right colonic localisation and for "topical" use mild-to-moderate graft versus host disease. It is marketed under several brand names such as Qnasl (US) and Rivanase AQ (Canada).
DB01410CiclesonideCiclesonide is a glucocorticoid used to treat obstructive airway diseases. It is marketed under the brand name Alvesco.
DB01380Cortisone acetateCortisone acetate is a steroid hormone that has both glucocoriticoid and mineral corticoid activities. Corticosteroids are used to provide relief for inflamed areas of the body. They lessen swelling, redness, itching, and allergic reactions. They are often used as part of the treatment for a number of different diseases, such as severe allergies or skin problems, asthma, or arthritis. Endogenous glucocorticoids and some synthetic corticoids have high affinity to the protein transcortin (also called CBG, corticosteroid-binding protein), whereas all of them bind albumin. Glucocorticoids also bind to the cytosolic glucocorticoid receptor.
DB01003Cromoglicic acidA chromone complex that acts by inhibiting the release of chemical mediators from sensitized mast cells. It is used in the prophylactic treatment of both allergic and exercise-induced asthma, but does not affect an established asthmatic attack.
DB00434CyproheptadineA serotonin antagonist and a histamine H1 blocker used as antipruritic, appetite stimulant, antiallergic, and for the post-gastrectomy dumping syndrome, etc. [PubChem]
DB00967DesloratadineDesloratadine is a second generation, tricyclic antihistamine that which has a selective and peripheral H1-antagonist action. It is the active descarboethoxy metabolite of loratidine (a second generation histamine). Desloratidine has a long-lasting effect and does not cause drowsiness because it does not readily enter the central nervous system.
DB01234DexamethasoneAn anti-inflammatory 9-fluoro-glucocorticoid. [PubChem]
DB00950FexofenadineFexofenadine hydrochloride (Allegra) is an antihistamine drug used in the treatment of hayfever and similar allergy symptoms. It was developed as a successor of and alternative to terfenadine. Fexofenadine, like other second and third-generation antihistamines, does not readily pass through the blood-brain barrier, and so causes less drowsiness than first-generation histamine-receptor antagonists.
DB08906Fluticasone furoateFluticasone furoate is a synthetic trifluorinated corticosteroid with potent anti-inflammatory activity. Despite the similarity in the names, fluticasone furoate and fluticasone propionate are different drugs with different properties. It is marketed under the brand name, Veramyst in the US by GlaxoSmithKline for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). FDA approved on April 27, 2007. Fluticasone furoate is available as a combination product with vilanterol, a long-acting beta-2 agonist, under the tradename Breo Ellipta. Approved by the FDA in 2013, its use is indicated for the long-term, once-daily maintenance treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with COPD, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. It is also indicated for once-daily maintenance treatment of asthma in patients aged 18 or older with reversible obstructive airways disease.
DB06282LevocetirizineLevocetirizine is a third-generation non-sedative antihistamine indicated for the relief of symptoms associated with seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis and uncomplicated skin manifestations of chronic idiopathic urticaria. It was developed from the second-generation antihistamine cetirizine. Levocetirizine is the R-enantiomer of the cetirizine racemate. Levocetirizine is an inverse agonist that decreases activity at histamine H1 receptors. This in turn prevents the release of other allergy chemicals and increased blood supply to the area, and provides relief from the typical symptoms of hay fever. It does not prevent the actual release of histamine from mast cells. Levocetirizine was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration on May 25, 2007 and is marketed under the brand XYZAL® by sanofi-aventis U.S. LLC.
DB00455LoratadineLoratadine is a derivative of azatadine and a second-generation histamine H1 receptor antagonist used in the treatment of allergic rhinitis and urticaria. Unlike most classical antihistamines (histamine H1 antagonists) it lacks central nervous system depressing effects such as drowsiness. [PubChem]
DB00959MethylprednisoloneA prednisolone derivative with similar anti-inflammatory action. [PubChem]
DB00471MontelukastMontelukast is a leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA) used for the maintenance treatment of asthma and to relieve symptoms of seasonal allergies. It is usually administered orally. Montelukast blocks the action of leukotriene D4 on the cysteinyl leukotriene receptor CysLT1 in the lungs and bronchial tubes by binding to it. This reduces the bronchoconstriction otherwise caused by the leukotriene, and results in less inflammation. Because of its method of operation, it is not useful for the treatment of acute asthma attacks. Again because of its very specific locus of operation, it does not interact with other allergy medications such as theophylline. Montelukast is marketed in United States and many other countries by Merck & Co. with the brand name Singulair®. It is available as oral tablets, chewable tablets, and oral granules. In India and other countries, it is also marketed under the brand name Montair®, produced by Indian company Cipla.
DB00768OlopatadineUsed to treat allergic conjunctivitis (itching eyes), olopatadine inhibits the release of histamine from mast cells. It is a relatively selective histamine H1 antagonist that inhibits the in vivo and in vitro type 1 immediate hypersensitivity reaction including inhibition of histamine induced effects on human conjunctival epithelial cells.
DB00860PrednisoloneA glucocorticoid with the general properties of the corticosteroids. It is the drug of choice for all conditions in which routine systemic corticosteroid therapy is indicated, except adrenal deficiency states. [PubChem]
DB01069PromethazineA phenothiazine derivative with histamine H1-blocking, antimuscarinic, and sedative properties. It is used as an antiallergic, in pruritus, for motion sickness and sedation, and also in animals. [PubChem]
DB00427TriprolidineFirst generation histamine H1 antagonist used in allergic rhinitis; asthma; and urticaria. It is a component of cough and cold medicines. It may cause drowsiness.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB09488AcrivastineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00972AzelastineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00972AzelastineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00972AzelastineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionateCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01410CiclesonideCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB01410CiclesonideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01410CiclesonideCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01410CiclesonideGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01410CiclesonideLiver carboxylesterase 1enzyme
DB01380Cortisone acetateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01380Cortisone acetateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01003Cromoglicic acidCalcium-activated potassium channel subunit alpha-1target
DB01003Cromoglicic acidProtein S100-Ptarget
DB00434Cyproheptadine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB00434CyproheptadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00434CyproheptadineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00434CyproheptadineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00434CyproheptadineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00434Cyproheptadine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
DB00434CyproheptadineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00434Cyproheptadine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
DB00967DesloratadineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00967DesloratadineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00967DesloratadineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00967DesloratadineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00967DesloratadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00967DesloratadineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrialenzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneSteroid 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20 lyaseenzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 3A43enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneCytochrome P450 4A11enzyme
DB01234DexamethasoneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB01234DexamethasoneNuclear receptor subfamily 0 group B member 1target
DB01234DexamethasoneAnnexin A1target
DB01234DexamethasoneNitric oxide synthase, inducibletarget
DB01234DexamethasoneNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB01234DexamethasoneBile salt export pumptransporter
DB01234DexamethasoneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB01234DexamethasoneATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00950FexofenadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00950FexofenadineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00950FexofenadineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB00950FexofenadineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00950FexofenadineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00950FexofenadineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00950FexofenadineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB08906Fluticasone furoateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB08906Fluticasone furoateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB08906Fluticasone furoateMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB06282LevocetirizineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB06282LevocetirizineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00455LoratadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00455LoratadineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00455LoratadineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00455LoratadinePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2target
DB00959MethylprednisoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00959MethylprednisoloneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00959MethylprednisoloneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00471MontelukastCysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1target
DB00471MontelukastArachidonate 5-lipoxygenasetarget
DB00471MontelukastCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00471MontelukastCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00471MontelukastCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00471MontelukastSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB00471MontelukastProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DB00471MontelukastCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00768OlopatadineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-A1target
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-A12target
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-Btarget
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-A13target
DB00768OlopatadineProtein S100-A2target
DB00768OlopatadineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00860PrednisoloneCorticosteroid-binding globulincarrier
DB00860PrednisoloneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00860PrednisoloneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00860PrednisoloneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00860PrednisoloneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00860PrednisoloneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB01069PromethazineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB01069PromethazineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB01069PromethazineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01069Promethazine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB01069PromethazineCalmodulintarget
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01069PromethazineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01069PromethazineHistamine H2 receptortarget
DB00427TriprolidineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00427TriprolidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB05875substance P1Active Not Recruiting1
DB00619Imatinib1 / 2Completed1
DB00764Mometasone1 / 2Completed1
DB00972Azelastine2Completed1
DB00972Azelastine2Unknown Status1
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionate2Completed1
DB04890Bepotastine2Completed1
DB11591Bilastine2Completed3
DB01222Budesonide2Completed3
DB00341Cetirizine2Completed2
DB00967Desloratadine2Completed1
DB00950Fexofenadine2Completed1
DB00588Fluticasone propionate2Completed1
DB12137GSK-2560662Completed3
DB00764Mometasone2Completed2
DB01062Oxybutynin2Completed1
DB00935Oxymetazoline2Completed1
DB00852Pseudoephedrine2Completed1
DB11658QAV-6802Completed1
DB12562Setipiprant2Completed1
DB00972Azelastine3Completed10
DB00972Azelastine3Unknown Status1
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionate3Completed2
DB11591Bilastine3Completed3
DB01222Budesonide3Completed1
DB00341Cetirizine3Completed2
DB01410Ciclesonide3Completed2
DB00967Desloratadine3Completed3
DB08906Fluticasone furoate3Completed3
DB00588Fluticasone propionate3Completed8
DB00588Fluticasone propionate3Unknown Status1
DB00455Loratadine3Completed6
DB00764Mometasone3Completed4
DB00471Montelukast3Completed7
DB00388Phenylephrine3Completed2
DB10394Phleum pratense pollen3Completed2
DB12562Setipiprant3Completed1
DB00620Triamcinolone3Completed1
DB00972Azelastine4Completed1
DB00394Beclomethasone dipropionate4Completed1
DB11591Bilastine4Active Not Recruiting1
DB00341Cetirizine4Completed4
DB00341Cetirizine4Unknown Status1
DB00169Cholecalciferol4Completed1
DB00967Desloratadine4Completed9
DB00950Fexofenadine4Completed7
DB08906Fluticasone furoate4Completed5
DB00588Fluticasone propionate4Completed3
DB06282Levocetirizine4Completed3
DB00455Loratadine4Completed1
DB00764Mometasone4Active Not Recruiting1
DB00764Mometasone4Terminated1
DB00471Montelukast4Completed1
DB00471Montelukast4Unknown Status1
DB00768Olopatadine4Completed1
DB00860Prednisolone4Active Not Recruiting1
DB06815Pyrithione zinc4Completed1
DB00341CetirizineNot AvailableCompleted3
DB08906Fluticasone furoateNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00588Fluticasone propionateNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00764MometasoneNot AvailableCompleted1
DB02262Orotic AcidNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00852PseudoephedrineNot AvailableCompleted2