Glutathione S-transferase A2

Details

Name
Glutathione S-transferase A2
Synonyms
  • 2.5.1.18
  • GST class-alpha member 2
  • GST HA subunit 2
  • GST-gamma
  • GST2
  • GSTA2-2
  • GTH2
Gene Name
GSTA2
Organism
Humans
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0011580|Glutathione S-transferase A2
MAEKPKLHYSNIRGRMESIRWLLAAAGVEFEEKFIKSAEDLDKLRNDGYLMFQQVPMVEI
DGMKLVQTRAILNYIASKYNLYGKDIKEKALIDMYIEGIADLGEMILLLPFSQPEEQDAK
LALIQEKTKNRYFPAFEKVLKSHGQDYLVGNKLSRADIHLVELLYYVEELDSSLISSFPL
LKALKTRISNLPTVKKFLQPGSPRKPPMDEKSLEESRKIFRF
Number of residues
222
Molecular Weight
25663.675
Theoretical pI
9.07
GO Classification
Functions
glutathione transferase activity
Processes
epithelial cell differentiation / glutathione derivative biosynthetic process / glutathione metabolic process / small molecule metabolic process / xenobiotic metabolic process
Components
cytosol / extracellular exosome
General Function
Glutathione transferase activity
Specific Function
Conjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane Regions
Not Available
Cellular Location
Cytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0011581|Glutathione S-transferase A2 (GSTA2)
ATGGCAGAGAAGCCCAAGCTCCACTACTCCAATATACGGGGCAGAATGGAGTCCATCCGG
TGGCTCCTGGCTGCAGCTGGAGTAGAGTTTGAAGAGAAATTTATAAAATCTGCAGAAGAT
TTGGACAAGTTAAGAAATGATGGATATTTGATGTTCCAGCAAGTGCCAATGGTTGAGATT
GATGGGATGAAGCTGGTGCAGACCAGAGCCATTCTCAACTACATTGCCAGCAAATACAAC
CTCTATGGGAAAGACATAAAGGAGAAAGCCCTGATTGATATGTATATAGAAGGTATAGCA
GATTTGGGTGAAATGATCCTTCTTCTGCCCTTTAGTCAACCTGAGGAACAAGATGCCAAG
CTTGCCTTGATCCAAGAGAAAACAAAAAATCGCTACTTCCCTGCCTTTGAAAAAGTCTTA
AAGAGCCACGGACAAGACTACCTTGTTGGCAACAAGCTGAGCCGGGCTGACATTCACCTG
GTGGAACTTCTCTACTACGTGGAAGAGCTTGACTCTAGCCTTATTTCCAGCTTCCCTCTG
CTGAAGGCCCTGAAAACCAGAATCAGTAACCTGCCCACAGTGAAGAAGTTTCTACAGCCT
GGCAGCCCAAGGAAGCCTCCCATGGATGAGAAATCTTTAGAAGAATCAAGGAAGATTTTC
AGGTTTTAA
Chromosome Location
6
Locus
6p12.1
External Identifiers
ResourceLink
UniProtKB IDP09210
UniProtKB Entry NameGSTA2_HUMAN
GenBank Protein ID306811
GenBank Gene IDM16594
GenAtlas IDGSTA2
HGNC IDHGNC:4627
General References
  1. Rhoads DM, Zarlengo RP, Tu CP: The basic glutathione S-transferases from human livers are products of separate genes. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1987 May 29;145(1):474-81. [PubMed:3036131]
  2. Rohrdanz E, Nguyen T, Pickett CB: Isolation and characterization of the human glutathione S-transferase A2 subunit gene. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1992 Nov 1;298(2):747-52. [PubMed:1329668]
  3. Klone A, Hussnatter R, Sies H: Cloning, sequencing and characterization of the human alpha glutathione S-transferase gene corresponding to the cDNA clone pGTH2. Biochem J. 1992 Aug 1;285 ( Pt 3):925-8. [PubMed:1497629]
  4. Mungall AJ, Palmer SA, Sims SK, Edwards CA, Ashurst JL, Wilming L, Jones MC, Horton R, Hunt SE, Scott CE, Gilbert JG, Clamp ME, Bethel G, Milne S, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Ambrose KD, Andrews TD, Ashwell RI, Babbage AK, Bagguley CL, Bailey J, Banerjee R, Barker DJ, Barlow KF, Bates K, Beare DM, Beasley H, Beasley O, Bird CP, Blakey S, Bray-Allen S, Brook J, Brown AJ, Brown JY, Burford DC, Burrill W, Burton J, Carder C, Carter NP, Chapman JC, Clark SY, Clark G, Clee CM, Clegg S, Cobley V, Collier RE, Collins JE, Colman LK, Corby NR, Coville GJ, Culley KM, Dhami P, Davies J, Dunn M, Earthrowl ME, Ellington AE, Evans KA, Faulkner L, Francis MD, Frankish A, Frankland J, French L, Garner P, Garnett J, Ghori MJ, Gilby LM, Gillson CJ, Glithero RJ, Grafham DV, Grant M, Gribble S, Griffiths C, Griffiths M, Hall R, Halls KS, Hammond S, Harley JL, Hart EA, Heath PD, Heathcott R, Holmes SJ, Howden PJ, Howe KL, Howell GR, Huckle E, Humphray SJ, Humphries MD, Hunt AR, Johnson CM, Joy AA, Kay M, Keenan SJ, Kimberley AM, King A, Laird GK, Langford C, Lawlor S, Leongamornlert DA, Leversha M, Lloyd CR, Lloyd DM, Loveland JE, Lovell J, Martin S, Mashreghi-Mohammadi M, Maslen GL, Matthews L, McCann OT, McLaren SJ, McLay K, McMurray A, Moore MJ, Mullikin JC, Niblett D, Nickerson T, Novik KL, Oliver K, Overton-Larty EK, Parker A, Patel R, Pearce AV, Peck AI, Phillimore B, Phillips S, Plumb RW, Porter KM, Ramsey Y, Ranby SA, Rice CM, Ross MT, Searle SM, Sehra HK, Sheridan E, Skuce CD, Smith S, Smith M, Spraggon L, Squares SL, Steward CA, Sycamore N, Tamlyn-Hall G, Tester J, Theaker AJ, Thomas DW, Thorpe A, Tracey A, Tromans A, Tubby B, Wall M, Wallis JM, West AP, White SS, Whitehead SL, Whittaker H, Wild A, Willey DJ, Wilmer TE, Wood JM, Wray PW, Wyatt JC, Young L, Younger RM, Bentley DR, Coulson A, Durbin R, Hubbard T, Sulston JE, Dunham I, Rogers J, Beck S: The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6. Nature. 2003 Oct 23;425(6960):805-11. [PubMed:14574404]
  5. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334]
  6. Ahmad H, Singhal SS, Saxena M, Awasthi YC: Characterization of two novel subunits of the alpha-class glutathione S-transferases of human liver. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993 Feb 13;1161(2-3):333-6. [PubMed:8431482]
  7. Hayes JD, Kerr LA, Cronshaw AD: Evidence that glutathione S-transferases B1B1 and B2B2 are the products of separate genes and that their expression in human liver is subject to inter-individual variation. Molecular relationships between the B1 and B2 subunits and other Alpha class glutathione S-transferases. Biochem J. 1989 Dec 1;264(2):437-45. [PubMed:2604726]
  8. Zeng K, Rose JP, Chen HC, Strickland CL, Tu CP, Wang BC: A surface mutant (G82R) of a human alpha-glutathione S-transferase shows decreased thermal stability and a new mode of molecular association in the crystal. Proteins. 1994 Nov;20(3):259-63. [PubMed:7892174]
  9. Tars K, Olin B, Mannervik B: Structural basis for featuring of steroid isomerase activity in alpha class glutathione transferases. J Mol Biol. 2010 Mar 19;397(1):332-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2010.01.023. Epub 2010 Jan 18. [PubMed:20083122]
  10. Tetlow N, Liu D, Board P: Polymorphism of human Alpha class glutathione transferases. Pharmacogenetics. 2001 Oct;11(7):609-17. [PubMed:11668220]
  11. Bian Y, Song C, Cheng K, Dong M, Wang F, Huang J, Sun D, Wang L, Ye M, Zou H: An enzyme assisted RP-RPLC approach for in-depth analysis of human liver phosphoproteome. J Proteomics. 2014 Jan 16;96:253-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2013.11.014. Epub 2013 Nov 22. [PubMed:24275569]

Drug Relations

Drug Relations
DrugBank IDNameDrug groupPharmacological action?ActionsDetails
DB00608Chloroquineapproved, investigational, vet_approvedunknownDetails
DB00143Glutathioneapproved, investigational, nutraceuticalunknownDetails
DB00143Glutathioneapproved, investigational, nutraceuticalunknownsubstrateDetails
DB00163Vitamin Eapproved, nutraceutical, vet_approvedunknowninducerDetails
DB00636Clofibrateapproved, investigationalunknowninhibitorDetails
DB00903Etacrynic acidapproved, investigationalunknowninhibitorDetails
DB01008Busulfanapproved, investigationalunknownsubstrateDetails
DB00993AzathioprineapprovedunknownsubstrateDetails
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateapproved, nutraceutical, vet_approvedunknowninducerDetails
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateapproved, nutraceutical, vet_approvedunknowninducerDetails