Glutathione S-transferase Mu 1

Details

Name
Glutathione S-transferase Mu 1
Synonyms
  • 2.5.1.18
  • GST class-mu 1
  • GST HB subunit 4
  • GST1
  • GSTM1-1
  • GSTM1a-1a
  • GSTM1b-1b
  • GTH4
Gene Name
GSTM1
Organism
Humans
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0037080|Glutathione S-transferase Mu 1
MPMILGYWDIRGLAHAIRLLLEYTDSSYEEKKYTMGDAPDYDRSQWLNEKFKLGLDFPNL
PYLIDGAHKITQSNAILCYIARKHNLCGETEEEKIRVDILENQTMDNHMQLGMICYNPEF
EKLKPKYLEELPEKLKLYSEFLGKRPWFAGNKITFVDFLVYDVLDLHRIFEPKCLDAFPN
LKDFISRFEGLEKISAYMKSSRFLPRPVFSKMAVWGNK
Number of residues
218
Molecular Weight
25711.555
Theoretical pI
6.67
GO Classification
Functions
enzyme binding / glutathione binding / glutathione transferase activity / protein homodimerization activity
Processes
cellular detoxification of nitrogen compound / glutathione derivative biosynthetic process / glutathione metabolic process / nitrobenzene metabolic process / small molecule metabolic process / xenobiotic catabolic process / xenobiotic metabolic process
Components
cytoplasm / cytosol
General Function
Protein homodimerization activity
Specific Function
Conjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane Regions
Not Available
Cellular Location
Cytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0020484|Glutathione S-transferase Mu 1 (GSTM1)
ATGCCCATGATACTGGGGTACTGGGACATCCGCGGGCTGGCCCACGCCATCCGCCTGCTC
CTGGAATACACAGACTCAAGCTATGAGGAAAAGAAGTACACGATGGGGGACGCTCCTGAT
TATGACAGAAGCCAGTGGCTGAATGAAAAATTCAAGCTGGGCCTGGACTTTCCCAATCTG
CCCTACTTGATTGATGGGGCTCACAAGATCACCCAGAGCAACGCCATCTTGTGCTACATT
GCCCGCAAGCACAACCTGTGTGGGGAGACAGAAGAGGAGAAGATTCGTGTGGACATTTTG
GAGAACCAGACCATGGACAACCATATGCAGCTGGGCATGATCTGCTACAATCCAGAATTT
GAGAAACTGAAGCCAAAGTACTTGGAGGAACTCCCTGAAAAGCTAAAGCTCTACTCAGAG
TTTCTGGGGAAGCGGCCATGGTTTGCAGGAAACAAGATCACTTTTGTAGATTTTCTCGTC
TATGATGTCCTTGACCTCCACCGTATATTTGAGCCCAAGTGCTTGGACGCCTTCCCAAAT
CTGAAGGACTTCATCTCCCGCTTTGAGGGCTTGGAGAAGATCTCTGCCTACATGAAGTCC
AGCCGCTTCCTCCCAAGACCTGTGTTCTCAAAGATGGCTGTCTGGGGCAACAAGTAG
Chromosome Location
1
Locus
1p13.3
External Identifiers
ResourceLink
UniProtKB IDP09488
UniProtKB Entry NameGSTM1_HUMAN
GenBank Protein ID31924
GenBank Gene IDX08020
GenAtlas IDGSTM1
HGNC IDHGNC:4632
General References
  1. DeJong JL, Chang CM, Whang-Peng J, Knutsen T, Tu CP: The human liver glutathione S-transferase gene superfamily: expression and chromosome mapping of an Hb subunit cDNA. Nucleic Acids Res. 1988 Sep 12;16(17):8541-54. [PubMed:3419925]
  2. Seidegard J, Vorachek WR, Pero RW, Pearson WR: Hereditary differences in the expression of the human glutathione transferase active on trans-stilbene oxide are due to a gene deletion. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Oct;85(19):7293-7. [PubMed:3174634]
  3. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334]
  4. Zhong S, Spurr NK, Hayes JD, Wolf CR: Deduced amino acid sequence, gene structure and chromosomal location of a novel human class Mu glutathione S-transferase, GSTM4. Biochem J. 1993 Apr 1;291 ( Pt 1):41-50. [PubMed:8471052]
  5. Mera N, Ohmori S, Itahashi K, Kiuchi M, Igarashi T, Rikihisa T, Kitada M: Immunochemical evidence for the occurrence of Mu class glutathione S-transferase in human fetal livers. J Biochem. 1994 Aug;116(2):315-20. [PubMed:7822249]
  6. Tsuchida S, Maki T, Sato K: Purification and characterization of glutathione transferases with an activity toward nitroglycerin from human aorta and heart. Multiplicity of the human class Mu forms. J Biol Chem. 1990 May 5;265(13):7150-7. [PubMed:2110160]
  7. Alin P, Mannervik B, Jornvall H: Structural evidence for three different types of glutathione transferase in human tissues. FEBS Lett. 1985 Mar 25;182(2):319-22. [PubMed:3979555]
  8. Mannervik B, Alin P, Guthenberg C, Jensson H, Tahir MK, Warholm M, Jornvall H: Identification of three classes of cytosolic glutathione transferase common to several mammalian species: correlation between structural data and enzymatic properties. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985 Nov;82(21):7202-6. [PubMed:3864155]
  9. Singhal SS, Ahmad H, Sharma R, Gupta S, Haque AK, Awasthi YC: Purification and characterization of human muscle glutathione S-transferases: evidence that glutathione S-transferase zeta corresponds to a locus distinct from GST1, GST2, and GST3. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1991 Feb 15;285(1):64-73. [PubMed:1846734]
  10. Singhal SS, Saxena M, Awasthi S, Ahmad H, Sharma R, Awasthi YC: Gender related differences in the expression and characteristics of glutathione S-transferases of human colon. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 Nov 15;1171(1):19-26. [PubMed:1420361]
  11. Hubbard MJ, McHugh NJ: Human ERp29: isolation, primary structural characterisation and two-dimensional gel mapping. Electrophoresis. 2000 Nov;21(17):3785-96. [PubMed:11271497]
  12. Comstock KE, Sanderson BJ, Claflin G, Henner WD: GST1 gene deletion determined by polymerase chain reaction. Nucleic Acids Res. 1990 Jun 25;18(12):3670. [PubMed:2362832]
  13. Pearson WR, Vorachek WR, Xu SJ, Berger R, Hart I, Vannais D, Patterson D: Identification of class-mu glutathione transferase genes GSTM1-GSTM5 on human chromosome 1p13. Am J Hum Genet. 1993 Jul;53(1):220-33. [PubMed:8317488]
  14. Patskovsky YV, Patskovska LN, Listowsky I: Functions of His107 in the catalytic mechanism of human glutathione S-transferase hGSTM1a-1a. Biochemistry. 1999 Jan 26;38(4):1193-202. [PubMed:9930979]
  15. Patskovsky Y, Patskovska L, Almo SC, Listowsky I: Transition state model and mechanism of nucleophilic aromatic substitution reactions catalyzed by human glutathione S-transferase M1a-1a. Biochemistry. 2006 Mar 28;45(12):3852-62. [PubMed:16548513]

Drug Relations

Drug Relations
DrugBank IDNameDrug groupPharmacological action?ActionsDetails
DB00143Glutathioneapproved, investigational, nutraceuticalunknownDetails
DB01834(9R,10R)-9-(S-glutathionyl)-10-hydroxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthreneexperimentalunknownDetails
DB02165Zinc TrihydroxideexperimentalunknownDetails
DB02458S-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)glutathioneexperimentalunknownDetails
DB033145-fluorotryptophanexperimentalunknownDetails
DB04187(9S,10S)-9-(S-glutathionyl)-10-hydroxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthreneexperimentalunknownDetails
DB01008Busulfanapproved, investigationalunknownsubstrateDetails
DB00515CisplatinapprovedunknownsubstrateDetails
DB00958CarboplatinapprovedunknownsubstrateDetails
DB00526Oxaliplatinapproved, investigationalunknownsubstrateDetails
DB00993AzathioprineapprovedunknownsubstrateDetails
DB11672Curcuminapproved, experimental, investigationalunknowninhibitorDetails
DB14635Curcumin sulfateexperimentalunknownDetails