Peptidyl-glycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase

Details

Name
Peptidyl-glycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase
Synonyms
  • PAM
Gene Name
PAM
Organism
Humans
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0004317|Peptidyl-glycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase
MAGRVPSLLVLLVFPSSCLAFRSPLSVFKRFKETTRPFSNECLGTTRPVVPIDSSDFALD
IRMPGVTPKQSDTYFCMSMRIPVDEEAFVIDFKPRASMDTVHHMLLFGCNMPSSTGSYWF
CDEGTCTDKANILYAWARNAPPTRLPKGVGFRVGGETGSKYFVLQVHYGDISAFRDNNKD
CSGVSLHLTRLPQPLIAGMYLMMSVDTVIPAGEKVVNSDISCHYKNYPMHVFAYRVHTHH
LGKVVSGYRVRNGQWTLIGRQSPQLPQAFYPVGHPVDVSFGDLLAARCVFTGEGRTEATH
IGGTSSDEMCNLYIMYYMEAKHAVSFMTCTQNVAPDMFRTIPPEANIPIPVKSDMVMMHE
HHKETEYKDKIPLLQQPKREEEEVLDQGDFYSLLSKLLGEREDVVHVHKYNPTEKAESES
DLVAEIANVVQKKDLGRSDAREGAEHERGNAILVRDRIHKFHRLVSTLRPPESRVFSLQQ
PPPGEGTWEPEHTGDFHMEEALDWPGVYLLPGQVSGVALDPKNNLVIFHRGDHVWDGNSF
DSKFVYQQIGLGPIEEDTILVIDPNNAAVLQSSGKNLFYLPHGLSIDKDGNYWVTDVALH
QVFKLDPNNKEGPVLILGRSMQPGSDQNHFCQPTDVAVDPGTGAIYVSDGYCNSRIVQFS
PSGKFITQWGEESSGSSPLPGQFTVPHSLALVPLLGQLCVADRENGRIQCFKTDTKEFVR
EIKHSSFGRNVFAISYIPGLLFAVNGKPHFGDQEPVQGFVMNFSNGEIIDIFKPVRKHFD
MPHDIVASEDGTVYIGDAHTNTVWKFTLTEKLEHRSVKKAGIEVQEIKEAEAVVETKMEN
KPTSSELQKMQEKQKLIKEPGSGVPVVLITTLLVIPVVVLLAIAIFIRWKKSRAFGDSEH
KLETSSGRVLGRFRGKGSGGLNLGNFFASRKGYSRKGFDRLSTEGSDQEKEDDGSESEEE
YSAPLPALAPSSS
Number of residues
973
Molecular Weight
108331.35
Theoretical pI
6.39
GO Classification
Functions
copper ion binding / L-ascorbic acid binding / peptidylamidoglycolate lyase activity / peptidylglycine monooxygenase activity / zinc ion binding
Processes
peptide amidation
Components
extracellular exosome / integral component of membrane / membrane
General Function
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function
Bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes 2 sequential steps in C-terminal alpha-amidation of peptides. The monooxygenase part produces an unstable peptidyl(2-hydroxyglycine) intermediate that is dismutated to glyoxylate and the corresponding desglycine peptide amide by the lyase part. C-terminal amidation of peptides such as neuropeptides is essential for full biological activity.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane Regions
864-887
Cellular Location
Membrane
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0016711|Peptidyl-glycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase (PAM)
ATGGCTGGCCGCGTCCCTAGCCTGCTAGTTCTCCTTGTTTTTCCAAGCAGCTGTTTGGCT
TTCCGAAGCCCACTTTCTGTCTTTAAGAGGTTTAAAGAAACTACCAGACCATTTTCCAAT
GAATGTCTTGGTACCACCAGACCCGTAGTTCCTATTGATTCATCAGATTTTGCATTGGAT
ATTCGCATGCCTGGGGTTACACCTAAACAGTCCGATACATACTTCTGCATGTCTATGCGA
ATACCAGTGGATGAGGAAGCCTTCGTGATTGACTTCAAGCCTCGAGCCAGCATGGATACT
GTCCATCACATGTTACTTTTTGGATGCAATATGCCTTCATCCACTGGAAGTTACTGGTTT
TGTGATGAAGGAACCTGTACAGATAAAGCCAATATTCTGTATGCCTGGGCGAGAAATGCT
CCCCCTACCCGGCTCCCCAAAGGTGTTGGATTCAGAGTTGGAGGAGAGACTGGAAGTAAA
TACTTTGTACTACAGGTACACTATGGGGATATTAGTGCTTTTAGAGATAATAACAAGGAC
TGTTCTGGTGTGTCCTTACACCTCACACGTCTGCCACAGCCTTTAATTGCTGGCATGTAC
CTTATGATGTCTGTTGACACTGTTATCCCAGCAGGAGAAAAAGTGGTGAATTCTGACATT
TCATGCCATTATAAAAATTATCCAATGCATGTCTTTGCCTATAGAGTTCACACTCACCAT
TTAGGTAAGGTAGTAAGTGGATACAGAGTAAGAAATGGACAGTGGACACTGATTGGACGG
CAGAGCCCTCAGCTGCCACAGGCTTTCTACCCTGTGGGGCATCCAGTTGATGTAAGTTTT
GGTGACCTACTGGCTGCAAGATGTGTATTCACTGGTGAAGGAAGGACAGAAGCCACACAC
ATTGGTGGCACGTCTAGTGATGAAATGTGCAACTTATACATTATGTATTACATGGAAGCC
AAGCATGCAGTTTCTTTCATGACCTGTACCCAGAATGTAGCTCCAGATATGTTCAGAACC
ATACCACCAGAGGCCAACATTCCAATTCCCGTGAAGTCTGATATGGTTATGATGCATGAA
CATCATAAAGAAACAGAATATAAAGATAAGATTCCTTTACTACAGCAGCCAAAACGAGAA
GAAGAAGAAGTGTTAGACCAGGGTGATTTCTATTCACTACTTTCCAAGCTGCTAGGAGAA
AGGGAAGATGTTGTTCATGTGCACAAATATAATCCTACAGAAAAGGCAGAATCAGAGTCA
GACCTGGTAGCTGAGATTGCAAATGTAGTCCAAAAAAAGGATCTTGGTCGATCTGATGCC
AGAGAGGGTGCAGAACATGAGAGGGGTAATGCTATTCTTGTCAGAGACAGAATTCACAAA
TTCCACAGACTAGTATCTACCTTGAGGCCACCAGAGAGCAGAGTTTTCTCATTACAGCAG
CCCCCACCTGGTGAAGGCACCTGGGAACCAGAACACACAGGAGATTTCCACATGGAAGAG
GCACTGGATTGGCCTGGAGTATACTTGTTACCAGGCCAGGTTTCTGGGGTGGCTCTAGAC
CCTAAGAATAACCTGGTGATTTTCCACAGAGGTGACCATGTCTGGGATGGAAACTCGTTT
GACAGCAAGTTTGTTTACCAGCAAATAGGACTCGGACCAATTGAAGAAGACACTATTCTT
GTCATAGATCCAAATAATGCTGCAGTACTCCAGTCCAGTGGAAAAAATCTGTTTTACTTG
CCACATGGCTTGAGTATAGATAAAGATGGGAATTATTGGGTCACAGACGTGGCTCTCCAT
CAGGTGTTCAAACTGGATCCAAACAATAAAGAAGGCCCTGTATTAATCCTGGGAAGGAGC
ATGCAACCAGGCAGTGACCAGAATCACTTCTGTCAACCCACTGATGTGGCTGTGGATCCA
GGCACTGGAGCCATTTATGTATCAGATGGTTACTGCAACAGCAGGATTGTGCAGTTTTCA
CCAAGTGGAAAGTTCATCACACAGTGGGGAGAAGAGTCTTCAGGGAGCAGTCCTCTGCCA
GGCCAGTTCACTGTTCCTCACAGCTTGGCTCTTGTGCCTCTTTTGGGCCAATTATGTGTG
GCAGACCGGGAAAATGGTCGGATCCAGTGTTTTAAAACTGACACCAAAGAATTTGTGAGA
GAGATTAAGCATTCATCATTTGGAAGAAATGTATTTGCAATTTCATATATACCAGGCTTG
CTCTTTGCAGTGAATGGGAAGCCTCATTTTGGGGACCAAGAACCTGTACAAGGATTTGTG
ATGAACTTTTCCAATGGGGAAATTATAGACATCTTCAAGCCAGTGCGCAAGCACTTTGAT
ATGCCTCATGATATTGTTGCATCTGAAGATGGGACTGTGTACATTGGAGATGCTCATACC
AACACCGTGTGGAAGTTCACCTTGACTGAGAAATTGGAACATCGATCAGTTAAAAAGGCT
GGCATTGAGGTCCAGGAAATCAAAGAAGCCGAGGCAGTTGTTGAAACCAAAATGGAGAAC
AAACCCACCTCCTCAGAATTGCAGAAGATGCAAGAGAAACAGAAACTGATCAAAGAGCCA
GGCTCGGGAGTGCCTGTTGTTCTCATTACAACCCTTCTGGTTATTCCGGTGGTTGTCCTG
CTGGCCATTGCCATATTTATTCGGTGGAAAAAATCAAGGGCCTTTGGAGCAGATTCTGAA
CACAAACTCGAGACGAGTTCAGGAAGAGTACTGGGAAGATTTAGAGGAAAGGGAAGTGGA
GGCTTAAACCTTGGTAATTTCTTTGCAAGCCGTAAGGGCTACAGTCGAAAAGGGTTTGAC
CGGCTTAGCACTGAGGGCAGTGACCAAGAGAAAGAGGATGATGGAAGTGAATCAGAAGAG
GAGTATTCAGCACCTCTGCCTGCGCTCGCACCTTCCTCCTCCTGA
Chromosome Location
5
Locus
5q14-q21
External Identifiers
ResourceLink
UniProtKB IDP19021
UniProtKB Entry NameAMD_HUMAN
GenBank Protein ID189595
GenBank Gene IDM37721
GenAtlas IDPAM
HGNC IDHGNC:8596
General References
  1. Glauder J, Ragg H, Rauch J, Engels JW: Human peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase: cDNA, cloning and functional expression of a truncated form in COS cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1990 Jun 15;169(2):551-8. [PubMed:2357221]
  2. Tateishi K, Arakawa F, Misumi Y, Treston AM, Vos M, Matsuoka Y: Isolation and functional expression of human pancreatic peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1994 Nov 30;205(1):282-90. [PubMed:7999037]
  3. Satani M, Takahashi K, Sakamoto H, Harada S, Kaida Y, Noguchi M: Expression and characterization of human bifunctional peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase. Protein Expr Purif. 2003 Apr;28(2):293-302. [PubMed:12699694]
  4. Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K, Kimura K, Makita H, Sekine M, Obayashi M, Nishi T, Shibahara T, Tanaka T, Ishii S, Yamamoto J, Saito K, Kawai Y, Isono Y, Nakamura Y, Nagahari K, Murakami K, Yasuda T, Iwayanagi T, Wagatsuma M, Shiratori A, Sudo H, Hosoiri T, Kaku Y, Kodaira H, Kondo H, Sugawara M, Takahashi M, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Furuya T, Kikkawa E, Omura Y, Abe K, Kamihara K, Katsuta N, Sato K, Tanikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ninomiya K, Ishibashi T, Yamashita H, Murakawa K, Fujimori K, Tanai H, Kimata M, Watanabe M, Hiraoka S, Chiba Y, Ishida S, Ono Y, Takiguchi S, Watanabe S, Yosida M, Hotuta T, Kusano J, Kanehori K, Takahashi-Fujii A, Hara H, Tanase TO, Nomura Y, Togiya S, Komai F, Hara R, Takeuchi K, Arita M, Imose N, Musashino K, Yuuki H, Oshima A, Sasaki N, Aotsuka S, Yoshikawa Y, Matsunawa H, Ichihara T, Shiohata N, Sano S, Moriya S, Momiyama H, Satoh N, Takami S, Terashima Y, Suzuki O, Nakagawa S, Senoh A, Mizoguchi H, Goto Y, Shimizu F, Wakebe H, Hishigaki H, Watanabe T, Sugiyama A, Takemoto M, Kawakami B, Yamazaki M, Watanabe K, Kumagai A, Itakura S, Fukuzumi Y, Fujimori Y, Komiyama M, Tashiro H, Tanigami A, Fujiwara T, Ono T, Yamada K, Fujii Y, Ozaki K, Hirao M, Ohmori Y, Kawabata A, Hikiji T, Kobatake N, Inagaki H, Ikema Y, Okamoto S, Okitani R, Kawakami T, Noguchi S, Itoh T, Shigeta K, Senba T, Matsumura K, Nakajima Y, Mizuno T, Morinaga M, Sasaki M, Togashi T, Oyama M, Hata H, Watanabe M, Komatsu T, Mizushima-Sugano J, Satoh T, Shirai Y, Takahashi Y, Nakagawa K, Okumura K, Nagase T, Nomura N, Kikuchi H, Masuho Y, Yamashita R, Nakai K, Yada T, Nakamura Y, Ohara O, Isogai T, Sugano S: Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. Nat Genet. 2004 Jan;36(1):40-5. Epub 2003 Dec 21. [PubMed:14702039]
  5. Schmutz J, Martin J, Terry A, Couronne O, Grimwood J, Lowry S, Gordon LA, Scott D, Xie G, Huang W, Hellsten U, Tran-Gyamfi M, She X, Prabhakar S, Aerts A, Altherr M, Bajorek E, Black S, Branscomb E, Caoile C, Challacombe JF, Chan YM, Denys M, Detter JC, Escobar J, Flowers D, Fotopulos D, Glavina T, Gomez M, Gonzales E, Goodstein D, Grigoriev I, Groza M, Hammon N, Hawkins T, Haydu L, Israni S, Jett J, Kadner K, Kimball H, Kobayashi A, Lopez F, Lou Y, Martinez D, Medina C, Morgan J, Nandkeshwar R, Noonan JP, Pitluck S, Pollard M, Predki P, Priest J, Ramirez L, Retterer J, Rodriguez A, Rogers S, Salamov A, Salazar A, Thayer N, Tice H, Tsai M, Ustaszewska A, Vo N, Wheeler J, Wu K, Yang J, Dickson M, Cheng JF, Eichler EE, Olsen A, Pennacchio LA, Rokhsar DS, Richardson P, Lucas SM, Myers RM, Rubin EM: The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 5. Nature. 2004 Sep 16;431(7006):268-74. [PubMed:15372022]
  6. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334]
  7. Yu W, Andersson B, Worley KC, Muzny DM, Ding Y, Liu W, Ricafrente JY, Wentland MA, Lennon G, Gibbs RA: Large-scale concatenation cDNA sequencing. Genome Res. 1997 Apr;7(4):353-8. [PubMed:9110174]
  8. Yun HY, Keutmann HT, Eipper BA: Alternative splicing governs sulfation of tyrosine or oligosaccharide on peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase. J Biol Chem. 1994 Apr 8;269(14):10946-55. [PubMed:8144680]
  9. Caldwell BD, Darlington DN, Penzes P, Johnson RC, Eipper BA, Mains RE: The novel kinase peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase cytosolic interactor protein 2 interacts with the cytosolic routing determinants of the peptide processing enzyme peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase. J Biol Chem. 1999 Dec 3;274(49):34646-56. [PubMed:10574929]
  10. Olsen JV, Blagoev B, Gnad F, Macek B, Kumar C, Mortensen P, Mann M: Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks. Cell. 2006 Nov 3;127(3):635-48. [PubMed:17081983]
  11. Dephoure N, Zhou C, Villen J, Beausoleil SA, Bakalarski CE, Elledge SJ, Gygi SP: A quantitative atlas of mitotic phosphorylation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Aug 5;105(31):10762-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0805139105. Epub 2008 Jul 31. [PubMed:18669648]
  12. Rigbolt KT, Prokhorova TA, Akimov V, Henningsen J, Johansen PT, Kratchmarova I, Kassem M, Mann M, Olsen JV, Blagoev B: System-wide temporal characterization of the proteome and phosphoproteome of human embryonic stem cell differentiation. Sci Signal. 2011 Mar 15;4(164):rs3. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.2001570. [PubMed:21406692]

Drug Relations

Drug Relations
DrugBank IDNameDrug groupPharmacological action?ActionsDetails
DB02598N-Alpha-Acetyl-3,5-DiiodotyrosylglycineexperimentalunknownDetails
DB04150Threonine DerivativeexperimentalunknownDetails
DB00126Ascorbic acidapproved, nutraceuticalunknownDetails
DB09130Copperapproved, investigationalyescofactorDetails