Desipramine hydrochlorideProduct ingredient for Desipramine

Name
Desipramine hydrochloride
Drug Entry
Desipramine

Desipramine hydrochloride is a dibenzazepine-derivative tricyclic antidepressant (TCA). TCAs are structurally similar to phenothiazines. They contain a tricyclic ring system with an alkyl amine substituent on the central ring. In non-depressed individuals, desipramine does not affect mood or arousal, but may cause sedation. In depressed individuals, desipramine exerts a positive effect on mood. TCAs are potent inhibitors of serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake. Secondary amine TCAs, such as desipramine and nortriptyline, are more potent inhibitors of norepinephrine reuptake than tertiary amine TCAs, such as amitriptyline and doxepine. TCAs also down-regulate cerebral cortical β-adrenergic receptors and sensitize post-synaptic serotonergic receptors with chronic use. The antidepressant effects of TCAs are thought to be due to an overall increase in serotonergic neurotransmission. TCAs also block histamine-H1 receptors, α1-adrenergic receptors and muscarinic receptors, which accounts for their sedative, hypotensive and anticholinergic effects (e.g. blurred vision, dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention), respectively. See toxicity section below for a complete listing of side effects. Desipramine exerts less anticholinergic and sedative side effects compared to tertiary amine TCAs, such as amitriptyline and clomipramine. Desipramine may be used to treat depression, neuropathic pain (unlabeled use), agitation and insomnia (unlabeled use) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (unlabeled use).

Accession Number
DBSALT000042
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Not Available
UNII
1Y58DO4MY1
CAS Number
58-28-6
Weight
Average: 302.842
Monoisotopic: 302.154976453
Chemical Formula
C18H23ClN2
InChI Key
XAEWZDYWZHIUCT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C18H22N2.ClH/c1-19-13-6-14-20-17-9-4-2-7-15(17)11-12-16-8-3-5-10-18(16)20;/h2-5,7-10,19H,6,11-14H2,1H3;1H
IUPAC Name
(3-{2-azatricyclo[9.4.0.0³,⁸]pentadeca-1(15),3,5,7,11,13-hexaen-2-yl}propyl)(methyl)amine hydrochloride
SMILES
Cl.CNCCCN1C2=CC=CC=C2CCC2=CC=CC=C12
External Links
PubChem Compound
65327
ChemSpider
58811
ChEBI
4449
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1696
Wikipedia
Desipramine
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0396 mg/mLALOGPS
logP4.02ALOGPS
logP3.9ChemAxon
logS-3.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)10.02ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area15.27 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity85.31 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability32.05 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon