Rosuvastatin calciumProduct ingredient for Rosuvastatin

Name
Rosuvastatin calcium
Drug Entry
Rosuvastatin

Rosuvastatin, also known as the brand name product Crestor, is a lipid-lowering drug that belongs to the statin class of medications, which are used to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease and manage elevated lipid levels by inhibiting the endogenous production of cholesterol in the liver. More specifically, statin medications competitively inhibit the enzyme hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) Reductase,24 which catalyzes the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonic acid and is the third step in a sequence of metabolic reactions involved in the production of several compounds involved in lipid metabolism and transport including cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (sometimes referred to as "bad cholesterol"), and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL). Prescribing of statin medications is considered standard practice following any cardiovascular events and for people with a moderate to high risk of development of CVD, such as those with Type 2 Diabetes. The clear evidence of the benefit of statin use coupled with very minimal side effects or long term effects has resulted in this class becoming one of the most widely prescribed medications in North America.15,21

Rosuvastatin and other drugs from the statin class of medications including atorvastatin, pravastatin, simvastatin, fluvastatin, and lovastatin are considered first-line options for the treatment of dyslipidemia.15,21 This is largely due to the fact that cardiovascular disease (CVD), which includes heart attack, atherosclerosis, angina, peripheral artery disease, and stroke, has become a leading cause of death in high-income countries and a major cause of morbidity around the world.14 Elevated cholesterol levels, and in particular, elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels, are an important risk factor for the development of CVD.15,38 Use of statins to target and reduce LDL levels has been shown in a number of landmark studies to significantly reduce the risk of development of CVD and all-cause mortality.16,17,18,26,31 Statins are considered a cost-effective treatment option for CVD due to their evidence of reducing all-cause mortality including fatal and non-fatal CVD as well as the need for surgical revascularization or angioplasty following a heart attack.15,21 Evidence has shown that even for low-risk individuals (with <10% risk of a major vascular event occurring within 5 years) statins cause a 20%-22% relative reduction in major cardiovascular events (heart attack, stroke, coronary revascularization, and coronary death) for every 1 mmol/L reduction in LDL without any significant side effects or risks.19,20

While all statin medications are considered equally effective from a clinical standpoint, rosuvastatin is considered the most potent; doses of 10 to 40mg rosuvastatin per day were found in clinical studies to result in a 45.8% to 54.6% decreases in LDL cholesterol levels, which is about three-fold more potent than atorvastatin's effects on LDL cholesterol.22,4 However, the results of the SATURN trial26 concluded that despite this difference in potency, there was no difference in their effect on the progression of coronary atherosclerosis.

Rosuvastatin is also a unique member of the class of statins due to its high hydrophilicity which increases hepatic uptake at the site of action, low bioavailability, and minimal metabolism via the Cytochrome P450 system.37 This last point results in less risk of drug-drug interactions compared to atorvastatin, lovastatin, and simvastatin, which are all extensively metabolized by Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4, an enzyme involved in the metabolism of many commonly used drugs.29 Drugs such as ciclosporin, gemfibrozil, and some antiretrovirals are more likely to interact with this statin through antagonism of OATP1B1 organic anion transporter protein 1B1-mediated hepatic uptake of rosuvastatin.43,44

Accession Number
DBSALT000154
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Not Available
UNII
83MVU38M7Q
CAS Number
147098-20-2
Weight
Average: 1001.137
Monoisotopic: 1000.283510167
Chemical Formula
C44H54CaF2N6O12S2
InChI Key
LALFOYNTGMUKGG-JGMJEEPBSA-L
InChI
InChI=1S/2C22H28FN3O6S.Ca/c2*1-13(2)20-18(10-9-16(27)11-17(28)12-19(29)30)21(14-5-7-15(23)8-6-14)25-22(24-20)26(3)33(4,31)32;/h2*5-10,13,16-17,27-28H,11-12H2,1-4H3,(H,29,30);/q;;+2/p-2/b2*10-9+;
IUPAC Name
calcium bis((3R,5S,6E)-7-[4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(N-methylmethanesulfonamido)-6-(propan-2-yl)pyrimidin-5-yl]-3,5-dihydroxyhept-6-enoate)
SMILES
[Ca++].[H]\C(=C(\[H])[C@@]([H])(O)C[C@@]([H])(O)CC([O-])=O)C1=C(N=C(N=C1C1=CC=C(F)C=C1)N(C)S(C)(=O)=O)C(C)C.[H]\C(=C(\[H])[C@@]([H])(O)C[C@@]([H])(O)CC([O-])=O)C1=C(N=C(N=C1C1=CC=C(F)C=C1)N(C)S(C)(=O)=O)C(C)C
External Links
PubChem Compound
5282455
ChemSpider
10609890
ChEBI
1223018
ChEMBL
CHEMBL3186651
Wikipedia
Rosuvastatin
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00936 mg/mLALOGPS
logP4.19ALOGPS
logP1.92ChemAxon
logS-5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area143.75 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count18ChemAxon
Refractivity132.28 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability47.97 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon