Morphine tartrateProduct ingredient for Morphine

Name
Morphine tartrate
Drug Entry
Morphine

Morphine, the main alkaloid of opium, was first obtained from poppy seeds in 1805.1 It is a potent analgesic, though its use is limited due to tolerance, withdrawal, and the risk of abuse.2 Morphine is still routinely used today, though there are a number of semi-synthetic opioids of varying strength such as codeine, fentanyl, methadone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, meperidine, and oxycodone.

Morphine was granted FDA approval in 1941.13

Accession Number
DBSALT002223
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Not Available
UNII
U3NSU23LHD
CAS Number
302-31-8
Weight
Average: 720.772
Monoisotopic: 720.289424865
Chemical Formula
C38H44N2O12
InChI Key
SVTKSKRNLMAUKF-HAIKCVHQSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/2C17H19NO3.C4H6O6/c2*1-18-7-6-17-10-3-5-13(20)16(17)21-15-12(19)4-2-9(14(15)17)8-11(10)18;5-1(3(7)8)2(6)4(9)10/h2*2-5,10-11,13,16,19-20H,6-8H2,1H3;1-2,5-6H,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)/t2*10-,11+,13-,16-,17-;1-,2-/m001/s1
IUPAC Name
bis((1S,5R,13R,14S,17R)-4-methyl-12-oxa-4-azapentacyclo[9.6.1.0^{1,13}.0^{5,17}.0^{7,18}]octadeca-7(18),8,10,15-tetraene-10,14-diol); (2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid
SMILES
O[C@H]([C@@H](O)C(O)=O)C(O)=O.CN1CC[C@]23[C@H]4OC5=C(O)C=CC(C[C@@H]1[C@@H]2C=C[C@@H]4O)=C35.CN1CC[C@]23[C@H]4OC5=C(O)C=CC(C[C@@H]1[C@@H]2C=C[C@@H]4O)=C35
External Links
ChemSpider
4514269
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility10.2 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.99ALOGPS
logP0.9ChemAxon
logS-1.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)10.26ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.12ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area52.93 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity80.12 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability30 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings10ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon